英语六级复习资料(完整版)
英语六级复习专题一完形填空-固定搭配

  1.

  1. account for 说明…的原因,是…的原因

  2. ccuse…of… 控告;谴责

  3. allow for 考虑到,顾及,为…留出预地

  4. appeal to 诉诸,诉请裁决(或证实等)

  5. bring about 导致,引起

  6. call off 取消

  7. care for 照顾,照料;喜欢

  8. check in (在旅馆、机场等)登记,报到

  9. check out 结帐后离开,办妥手续离去

  10. come up with 提出,提供,想出

  11. count on/upon 依靠,指望

  12. count up 共计,算出…的总数

  13. draw up 起草,拟订;(使)停住

  14. fall back on 借助于,依靠

  15. get at 够得着,触及;意思是,意指;查明,发现;指责

  16. go in for 从事,参加;爱好

  17. hang on to 紧紧抓住;保留(某物)

  18. turn out 制造,生产;结果是;驱逐;关掉,旋熄

  19. take over 接受,接管;借用,承袭

  20. take in 接受,吸收,接纳;理解,领会;欺骗;包括

  21. stick out (把…)坚持到底;突出,显眼

  22. stick to 坚持,忠于,信守;紧跟,紧随;粘贴在…上

  23. set out 陈述,阐明;动身,起程;开始;摆放

  24. set forth 阐明,陈述

  25. set about 开始,着手

  26. put in for 正式申请

  27. refer to…as… 把…称作,把…当作

  28. pay off 还清(债);付清工资解雇(某人);向…行贿;得到好结果,取得成功

  29. make up for 补偿,弥补

  30. look over 把…看一遍,把…过目;察看,参观

  31. look through 详尽核查;(从头至尾)浏览

  32. live on 靠…生活,以…为食物lie in (问题、事情等)在于

  33. lie in (问题、事情等)在于

  34. let go(of) 放开,松手

  35. hold out 维持,保持;坚持(要求),不屈服

  36. hold back 踌躇,退缩;阻止,抑制;隐瞒,保守(秘密等)

  37. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事

  38. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用。

  39. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把。.归因于.., 认为。.是。.的结果

  40. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

  41. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义

  42. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。

  43. get the better of (=defeat sb。) 打败, 胜过。

  44. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生、

  45. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

  46. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)

  47. take the floor 起立发言

  48. be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词是能够被…的

  49. compare…with … 把…与…比较

  50. compare…to… 把…比作…

  51. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb。) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)

  52. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth。)喜欢, 取乐

  53. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐

  54. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西

  55. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物

  56. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办

  57. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食

  58. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…

  59. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉

  60. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议

  61. in dispute 在争议中

  62. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同

  63. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别

  64. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开

  65. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压

  66. come off duty 下班

  67. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外 at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上 at large(=at full length; with details)详细地

  68. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

  69. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到 。

  70. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。

  71. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。

  72. abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守

  73. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc。) 遵守, 依从

  74. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用。

  75. apply to 与…有关;适用

  76. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。

  77. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

  78. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以… 为羞耻

  79. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth。) 向…保证, 使…确信。

  80. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结

  81. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料

  82. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据

  83. on one’s own account
  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责
  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…。.重要性。

  84. take…into account(=consider)把.。.考虑进去

  85. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。

  86. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。

  87. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。

  88. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially ) 熟悉

  89. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

  90. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

  91. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

  92. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

  93. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

  94. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

  95. adjust。.(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
英语六级复习专题二翻译-语法精要
Ⅰ动词(时态,语态,用法,省略,一致性等)
时态

  1)现在完成进行时态 (have/has been + -ing 分词构成): 动作或状态从过去某时开始,继续到现在,可能继续下去,也可能刚刚结束.
I’ve been writing letters for an hour.
I’ve been sitting in the garden.

  2)过去完成进行时(由had been + ing分词构成): 过去某个时刻以前一直在进行的动作
I’d been working for some time when he called.
We had been waiting for her for two hours by the time she came.

  3)将来完成进行时: 将来某个时刻以前一直在进行的动作.
By next summer, he will have been working here for twenty years.
In another month’s time she’ll have been studying here for three years.

  4)将来完成时(由shall/will have + 过去分词构成): 将来某时会业已发生的事.
I shall have finished this one before lunch.
They’ll have hit the year’s target by the end of October.
语态
可以有两种被动结构的类型,例如:
He was said to be jealous of her success.
It was said that he was jealous of her success.
能同时适用于上述两个句型的主动词通常都是表示“估计”,“相信”等意义的动词,常见的有assume,believe,expect,fear,feel,know,presume,report,say,suppose,understand等.
It is supposed that the ship has been sunk.
The ship is supposed to have been sunk.
担当be supposed to 与不定式的一般形式搭配时往往表示不同的意义.例如:
Why are you driving so fast in this area? You are supposed to know the speed to know the speed limit. (你应该晓得速度限制)
双宾语及宾补结构的被动语态
双宾语结构的被动语态: 双宾语结构变为被动语态时,可以把主动结构中的一个宾语变为主语,另一个宾语仍然保留在谓语后面,但多数是把间接宾语变为主语.
He was asked a number of questions at the press conference.
Two days were allowed them for making the necessary preparations.
宾补结构的被动语态:
She was called Big Sister by everybody.
Then he was made a squad leader.
He was considered quite qualified for the job.
The room was always kept clean and tidy.
短语动词
Vi + adv
The plane took off two hours late.
Vi + prep
They looked round the Cathedral.
Vi + prep (有被动语态)
She’s looking after her sister’s children.
The children were always well looked after.
Vi + adv + prep
I began to look forward to their visits.
Vt + O + adv
Some women choose to stay at home and bring up their children.
The children were brought up by their mother.
They took him on.
Vt + adv + O (无被动语态)
I am trying to give up smoking.
Vt + O + prep
We talked Donald into agreement.
省略
在以as, than, when, if, unless等引导的从句中的省略: 在有些状语从句中,如果谓语包含有动词be,主语又和主句的主语一致a),或者主语是it b),就常常可以把从句中的主语和谓语的一部分(特别是动词be)省略掉.
Look out for cars when crossing the street.
When taken according to the directions, the drug has no side effects.
While there he joined in voluntary labour on a project.
Although not yet six months old, she was able to walk without support.
If not well managed, irrigation can be harmful.
Though reduced in numbers, they gained in fighting capacity.
This viewpoint, however understandable, is wrong.
Enemies, once discovered, were tightly encircled and completely wiped out.
She hurriedly left the room as though/if angry.
She worked extremely hard though still rather poor in health.
Fill in the application as instructed.
Whenever known, such facts should be reported.
The documents will be returned as soon as signed.
He said that no acrobat could ever perform those daring feats unless trained very young.
Once having made a promise, you should keep it.
If necessary I’ll have the letter duplicated.
Fill in the blanks with articles where(ver) necessary.
If possible, I should like to have two copies of it.
As scheduled, they met on January 20 at the Chinese Embassy.
在以than a) 或 as b) 引起的从句中,常会有一些成分省略.
He told me not to use more material than (it is) necessary.
We should think more of the collective than of ourselves.
They worked with as much enthusiasm as young people (did).
He is now a vice-manager, but still often works in the kitchen as before.
Their training is free, as is all education.
We will, as always, stand on your side.
错误的省略
His life is as fully committed to books as anyone I know.
While standing there in her nightgown, two bullets struck the wall beside her.
一致
如果主语是单数,尽管后面跟有with, together with, as well as, as much as, no less than, more than等引导的短语,谓语动词仍旧用单数形式.
Terry, along with her friend, goes skating every Saturday.
An expert, together with some assistants, was sent to help in this work.
The captain, as well as the coaches, was disappointed in the team.
代词作主语时的一致
each, either, neither和由some, any, no, every构成的复合代词,都作单数看待.
Each of us has something to say.
Is everybody ready?
Somebody is using the phone.
Neither of us has gone through regular training.
Has either of them told you?
some, few, both, many 等作复数
some 可后接复数,也可接单数,表示某一.
none作复数看待时较多,但也有时作单数看待,主要看说话人脑中联系想到的是复数还是单数概念, 但none 在代表不可数的东西时总是看作单数:
None of the books are easy enough for us
None of us seem to have thought of it.
None (= not a single one) of us has got a camera.
None (= nobody) has felt it more keenly than she did.
None of this worries me.
all 和most 可后接复数,也可接不可数名词 (all of the…, most of the …), 动词用单数.
由and 或 both… and 连接名词词组时, 后用复数; 由not only…but (also), either…or, neither…nor或 or 连接的并列主语, 谓语通常和最邻近的主语一致.
Not only the switches but also the old writing has been changed.
My sister or my brother is likely to be at home.
Either you or Mr Yang is to do the work.
Neither my wife nor I myself am able to persuade my daughter to change her mind.
如果一个句子是由there 或here引导, 而主语又不止一个, 谓语通常也和最邻近的那个主语一致.
There was carved in the board a dragon and a phoenix.
Here is a pen, a few envelopes and some paper for you.
people, police, cattle, poultry (家禽), militia (民兵) 等通常都用作复数.
Cattle are grazing on the pasture.
The police are looking for him.
有些集体名词有时作单数看待, 有时作复数看待, 主要根据意思来决
 

相关内容

英语六级复习资料(完整版)

   英语六级复习资料(完整版) 英语六级复习专题一完形填空-固定搭配 1. 1. account for 说明…的原因,是…的原因 2. ccuse…of… 控告;谴责 3. allow for 考虑到,顾及,为…留出预地 4. appeal to 诉诸,诉请裁决(或证实等) 5. bring about 导致,引起 6. call off 取消 7. care for 照顾,照料;喜欢 8. check in (在旅馆、机场等)登记,报到 9. check out 结帐后离开,办妥手续离去 10 ...

英语六级复习资料(完整版)

   特别说明 此资料来自豆丁网(http://www.docin.com/) 您现在所看到的文档是使用下载器所生成的文档 此文档的原件位于 http://www.docin.com/p-116568388.html 感谢您的支持 抱米花 http://blog.sina.com.cn/lotusbaob ...

大学英语六级复习资料(完整版)

   英语六级复习资料(完整版) 英语六级复习专题一完形填空-固定搭配 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. account for 说明…的原因,是…的原 因 ccuse…of… 控告;谴责 allow for 考虑到,顾及,为…留出预 地 appeal to 诉诸,诉请裁决 ...

英语六、四级复习资料

   英语四六级写作 三招从容应对词汇匮乏 在四、六级作文中,词汇量不足是影响成绩的一个重要因素。一个意思往往因为一个单词不会而表达不清,一个好的句子也会因为一个词汇想不起来而不能完成。如何应付这种情况使写作顺利进行下去?新东方在线网络课堂四、六级辅导团队经过精心总结,给大家提出以下三点简便易行的应急小技巧,希望能帮忙大家在考前最后阶段提高写作水平。 重磅阅读 1、试用笼统词 英语(论坛)语言中笼统词有have, take 等,笼统词的重要特点在于意义广泛,搭配性强,构成词组后可以替代众多具体动词。 ...

英语六级复习资料(完整版)

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

英语四级复习资料

   英语四级听力 60 个高频词组 hold sth to account 与 ....对 证 , 核 实 appear to 似乎,好像 apply sth to sth 把...适用于... ensure sb to do sth 保证某人做某事 assure sb of sth 使某人确信某事 attach importance to = pay/ call attention to 关注,重视 be bound to 肯定,一定 when it comes to 当谈论到...,涉及到. ...

英语四级复习资料

   ? Potluck Party : 一种聚餐方式, 主人准备场地和餐具, 参加的人必须带一道菜或准备饮料, 最好事先问问主人的意思。 ?Pull over!把车子开到旁边。 ?Drop me a line!写封信给我。 ?Give me a ring. = Call me!来个电话吧! ?For here or to go?堂食或外卖。 ?cool; That's cool! 等於台湾年轻人常用的囗语“酷!,表示不赖嘛!用于人或事均可。 ” ?What's up? = What's happ ...

英语四级复习资料

   四 级 复 习 资 料 目录 第一部分.听力部分…………………………………………………………2 第一部分.听力部分…………………………………………………………2 ………………………………………………………… 第二部分. 最新英语四级高频词汇……………………………………… ………………………………………23 第二部分. 最新英语四级高频词汇………………………………………23 第三部分.四级阅读笔记……………………………………………………31 第三部分.四级阅读笔记……………………………………… ...

英语四级复习资料

   2010 年四六级考试流程以及注意事项+710 分计分原理和简单换算+100 个高频词汇+100 个 高频词组搭配(考前必看,考后自己算分咯。) 大学英语四级考试流程 8:509:00 试音时间 9:009:10 播放考场指令,发放作文考卷 9:10 取下耳机,开始作文考试 9:35 发放含有快速阅读的试题册(但 9:40 才允许开始做) 9:409:55 做快速阅读 9:5510:00 收答题卡一(即作文和快速阅读) 9:5510:00 重新戴上耳机,试音寻台,准备听力考试 10:00 开 ...

英语四级复习资料

   十个典型的句子 1. Long before children are able to speak or understand a language, they communicate through facial expressions and by making noises. 1.儿童在能说或能听懂语言之前,很久就会通过面部表情和靠发出噪声来与人交流了. 2. The chief foods eaten in any country depend largely on what gro ...

热门内容

专升本英语词汇试题

   专升本英语词汇试题 易混型 A.同根词 . 1.I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into when judging my examination. A)regard B)counting C)account D)observation 2.Thoughout his life, Henry Moore an interest in encouraging art in the city of Leeds. A)contained B ...

初中英语单词表2182

   2010.7 英语词汇 2182 个 26 页 初中英语词汇表 注 : 名词 n adv 副词 phr.短语 v 动词 adj 形容词 prep 介词 conj 连词 num 数词 第一册 1833 1 what pron 什么 2 is v 是 3 what's what is 的缩写形式 4 your pron 你的,你们的 5 name n 名字 6 my pron 我的 7 I pron 我 8 am v 是 9 I'm I am 的缩写形式 10 in prep 在...里(内,上 ...

大学英语四级词汇带音标1

   英语四级词汇表 A ????abandon/ ?’b?nd?n/ vt.丢弃;放弃,抛弃   aboard/ ?’b?:d/ ad.在船(车)上;上船   absolute/ ‘?bs?lu:t/ a.绝对的;纯粹的   absolutely/ ‘?bs?lu:tli/ ad.完全地;绝对地   absorb/ ?b’s?:b/ vt.吸收;使专心   abstract/ ’?bstr?kt/ n.摘要   abundant/ ?’bΛnd?nt/ a.丰富的;大量的   abuse/ ?’ ...

三大要诀应对大学英语四六级听力考试

   三大要诀应对大学英语四六级听力考试 在四六级考试的听力测试中, 不少同学感觉到平时的听力训练所提高听力能 力很难发挥出来,这主要是因为他们没有把握住做题要领.一般说来,在考试中 要做到以下几点: 先看后听:充分利用听力考试正式开始前 2 分钟的时间或者放 directions 的时间, 将试题的选项浏览一遍, 在浏览过程中, 注意划出选项中重复次数在 量 词以上的名词,动词和形容词以及专用名词和数字,因为这些词一般会在录音中 出现.通过这些词,也可以对题目录音的主要内容进行预测.除此之外, ...

医学英语常用表达

   医学英语常用表达 I. Names of Health Care Organizations and Medical Personnel I-1. Names of Health Care Organizations 卫生部:Ministry of Public Health 国家医药管理局: State Administration of Medicine and Drugs 国家中医药管理局:State Administration of Traditional Chinese M ...