A 19
  95.1 my view on the negative effects of some advertisements
社会上的广告现象越来越多,很多的广告对我们的社会有不良的影响-〉 (广告如何多: 路边大型广告,报纸一半是广告,电线杆上垃圾广告,电视商业广告频繁。 ) Today we live in a world of advertisement. Ads appear on broad side boards, take up much of newspaper coverage, slip their way onto walls and constantly interrupt TV programs. However pervasive they are, (尽管他们四处充斥)they always produce a negative influence. 从观点的多个层次描写:
  1.白日抢劫??卖家通过弯曲夸大事实来欺骗消费者购买(化 妆品) ;
  2.种下不良消费习惯或者价值观(香烟) ;
  3.污染环境(牛皮癣和校园商业海报) 。 To begin with, daylight robbery is made everyday occurrence (白日抢劫每天都 在发生)as a result of the negative effects of ads. Harmful ads exaggerate the functions and distort/ignore the facts.(夸大功能,歪曲事实) Every means is tried to hook people into buying(为了诱导人们消费,不择手段). Make-up promotion is a typical case in point.(化妆品促销就是一个典型的例子) Furthermore, misleading ads plant in the mind (在脑海中植下)of consumers, especially young people, a bad consumption habit or, even worse, corrupt values. For proof, look no further than cigarette selling. (香烟销售就是一个典型的例子)Ads with the image of a smoking pop star broadcast an irresistible message.(传递无法抗拒的信息) Last but not least, easily-printed posters and handouts have polluted our environment. 个人认为广告负面效应不可避免,要通过严格的法律来减少危害,同时开动脑精,远离 它们。 Personally, no one can avoid the negative influence. However, we need to step up law enforcement (加强执法)to minimize the harm of such ads. Meanwhile, as consumers, we need to use our head and keep our distance.
TwoB 19
  96.1 Two-day weekend
--〉 工作效率提高, 物质生活富足, 人们可能享受 2 天周末制, (除了工作效率之外: ?〉 人们对生活水平的期待。 ) As the productivity improves, our society becomes more affluent than ever before. As a result of such social advance, a 2-day weekend seems not just possible but also feasible. 从正反两方面描写,每个方面可以从多个角度来论述:
  1.有人欢呼,原因如下:
  1)更长 的休息时间, 更好的调整精力, 更高的效率为新的一周做好准备; 更长的时间与家人分享,
  2) 更加融洽家庭关系; 可以进行适当距离的旅游,
  3) 更好的享受生活。
  2.有人反对, 原因如下:
  1)在某种程度上不利于生产和生活(减少产出,办事不方便) ;
  2)降低效率(周末未完之事 必须拖拉两天;周末活动过多造成假期疲劳) 。 The proponents (支持者) happily welcome a 2-day weekend for the following reasons. Firstly, a 2-day weekend ensures more time for rest(确保足够的时间休息). People can better recover from 5 days hard work(可以更好的从天的工作中恢复过来) and get more refreshed and productive for the coming week. Secondly, a 2-day weekend allows more time to share with one’s family. Thirdly, 2 days make possible(使?成为可 能) short-distance travels, so that people needn’t rush through a destination (在 一个游玩的目的地走马观花)and can enjoy more of life(更好的享受生活). On the other hand, the opponents(反对者)argue an extended weekend(延长了的周末) causes
incontinences of some kind (某种程度的不便)to life and harm to economy, as workers in service agencies (服务行业)and in companies leave position for leisure and recreation.(离职去娱乐享受) What’s more, a longer weekend reduces efficiency (降低效率) and does not necessarily promise (确保)more energy for a new week. Anything that happens on Friday but can’ be finished within that day has to be delayed t even longer. After people finish an ambitious travel, they feel exhausted than refueled. (他们感到很疲劳而不是充电了) 个人认为是好事,但是要多方面努力,享受好处的同时尽量避免坏处。 As for me, I readily welcome the 2-day weekend. Still, we need to make joint efforts to minimize the disadvantages while enjoying a happier life.
luck? C 19
  98.6 do lucky numbers really bring luck?
--〉 中国这个社会长期以来的传统:喜欢吉祥的数字。 数字和运气之间有必然的联系么? --〉 (如何喜欢:重要事件选择黄道吉日,如婚庆,开业;手机号码选择吉祥数字等等举不胜 举。 ) It’s a tradition in the Chinese culture to associate lucky numbers with good luck. We select good days for big events like wedding and business ceremonies; we cast huge money for a good phone number or a car plate. Similar examples simply abound in this country (这样的例子举不胜举) However, does this magical relationship exist? . 从正反两方面描写,每个方面可以从多个角度来论述:
  1.有人坚信,原因如下:
  1)几千 年的民族传统肯定有他的道理;
  2)偶尔的神奇现象也能增加信心。2 .不相信的人也有自己 的理由:
  1)数字只是人类发明的符号,与运气无关。
  2)如果不遵守科学规律,任何数字都 不能确保幸运(车祸) 。 Those who believe argue that such a tradition dates back thousands of years (这个传统有几千年的历史了). There must be a reason. In addition, occasional coincidences(偶尔的巧合) in history and in life even add to their confidence(增 强了他们对这个信心). By contrast, those who don’t believe also have their reasons. For one thing, numbers are nothing but man-made symbols. How can they have anything to do with luck? For another, however lucky the numbers are(不管这个数字都么的吉 祥), accidents can’t be avoided if we turn a blind eye to science(无视科学), say, driving a car while being drunk. 个人认为数字和运气没有必然联系,因此不能当真。同时尊重这样的一个传统。 From my point of view, there is never any relation between lucky numbers and good luck. While we keep this tradition, we should never take it too seriously. 一、用形容词“very”“single”等表示强调 , Red Army fought a battle on this very spot. 红军就在此地打过一仗。 Not a single person has been in the office this afternoon. 今天下午竟然没有一 个人来过办公室。 二、用反身代词表示强调 I myself will see her off at the station. 我将亲自到车站为她送行。 You can do it well yourself. 你自己能做好这件事情。
三、用助词“do”表示强调 The baby is generally healthy, but every now and then she does catch a cold. 那孩子的健康状况尚好,但就是偶尔患感冒。 Do be quiet. I told you I had a headache. 务必安静,我告诉过你,我头疼。 四、用副词“very”“only”“even”“too”“just”等表示强调 , , , , He drank it to the very last drop.他把它喝得一干二净。 Only in this way can we wipe out the enemy troops. 只有用这样的方法我们才能消 灭敌军。 He didn’t answer even my letter.他甚至连我的信都不回。 I will too go! 我要去的! The scenery is just superb. 风景真是美极了。 五、用“...and that”“...and those”“not...too much”“否定加否定”等结构表示强 , , , 调 They fulfilled the task, and that in a few days. 他们在几天内完成的就是那项 任务。 I gave her some presents, and those the day before yesterday. 前天我送给她的 就是那些礼物。 I can’t thank you too much. 我无论怎样感谢你都不过份。 I am not unfaithful to you. 我对你无比忠诚。 六、用短语“in every way”“in no way”“by all means”“by no means”“only too” , , , , , “all too”“but too”“in heaven”“in the world”“in hell”“on earth”“under , , , , , , the sun”等表示强调 His behaviour was in every way perfect. 他的举止确实无可挑剔。 By all means take your son with you. 你一定要把儿子带来。 The news was only too true. 这消息确实是事实。 It was over all too soon! 此事的确了结得很快! Where in heaven were you then?当时你到底在哪里? Nobody under the sun would buy that car. 确实没有人会买那辆车。 七、用倒装句表示强调 Dishonest he is! 他的确不诚实! In wine is the truth. 酒后吐真言。 八、用强调句型表示强调 It was the headmaster who opened the door for me. 正是校长为我开的门。 It was yesterday that we carried out that experiment. 就是在昨天我们做了那个 实验。
预测
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the
topic The Moonlight Clan. You should write at least 150 words, and base your
composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1)现在很多年轻人每个月都把自己赚的钱花光,他们被称作“月光族”
  2)有人认为这是一种时尚的消费观念,但很多人反对这样消费
  3)我对此的看法是…… 【思路点拨】 本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第 1 点指出一种现象,提纲第 2 点针对该现象提出两种不同 的观点,提纲第 3 点要求表明“我”的看法,由此可判断本文应为对比选择型作文。 根据所给提纲,本文应包含以下内容:描述“月光族”现象,引出对这一现象的不同看法; 对比阐述两种看法各自的理由;表明“我”对“月光族”的看法并说明理由。 【参考范文】
The Moonlight Clan
Nowadays, more and more people, especially the young are joining in the army of “the moonlight clan”. These people exhaust their earnings every month without any savings. Many people think this is a fashionable life style, while other people object to this kind of consumption style. Those who support “the moonlight clan” think that “the moonlight clan” knows how to enjoy life and have a higher life quality. However, other people criticize “the moonlight clan”. They say that the consumption habit of “the moonlight clan” is unhealthy and sometimes wasteful. In addition, no savings will place “the moonlight clan” in a difficult position in case of unexpected expenses. Weighing these two arguments, I prefer the latter one. In my eyes, though “the moonlight clan” may acquire temporary satisfaction from their consumption, in the long term, it is unfavorable to their family and career. Just as a proverb says, one should always prepare for a rainy day.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the
topic Internet and Piracy. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1)网络几乎已经渗透到人们生活和工作的方方面面,包括我们的一些个人隐私
  2)网络会对个人隐私产生哪些影响
  3)你认为应该如何保障我们在网络上的个人隐私 【思路点拨】 本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第 1 点指出一种现象,提纲第 2 点要求分析该现象带来 的负面影响,提纲第 3 点要求说明应该如何防止该负面影响,由此可判断本文应为问题解决 型作文。 根据所给提纲,本文应包含以下内容:描述如今网络在人们生活和工作的重要地位,引 出网络对隐私的侵犯这一问题;分析网络对个人隐私产生的主要影响;说明应该如何保障网 络上的个人隐私。 【参考范文】
Internet and Piracy
Internet has penetrated into all the aspects of our life and work. We can study and work by it; we can find a job by it; we can communicate by it; we can entertain by it; we can buy and sell by it. We can do almost everything on the Internet, and almost anywhere anytime. However, at the same time Internet provides services for us, it is inevitably invading our privacy to some degree. The services on most websites require our registering. If we want to enjoy these services, we have to provide much private information, including our names, gender, address, telephone number and sometimes bank account. Due to the poor Internet administration and weak network security, our information might be open, stolen or sold. Even sometimes the information will be misused by the criminals. Considering the above-mentioned, we must enhance the alertness when using the Internet. First, when we need Internet service, we should always log on those big legal websites. Second, if the service requires important private information, you should think twice before you type in it.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition
on the topic The Popularity of Blog. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1)近年来“博客”越来越流行,许多人利用“博客”来表达心声、交流想法
  2)博客流行的原因
  3)目前的博客中可能存在的问题 【思路点拨】 本题属于提纲式文字命题
 

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