第二部分
六级阅读天天练

  1. Perseverance
Of all the advantageous characteristics to have, I think that perseverance play s the greatest role in one’s success. Other characteristics, such as intelligence, confidence, and honesty, are no doubt important, but they do not necessarily guarantee success. Perseverance offers no guarantees either, but I believe that this trait offers one more opportunity to succeed. There are several reasons why perseverance often leads to success. First of all, a man who has perseverance does not give up after a failure. He tries again and can, therefore, learn from his mistakes. Second, a persistent person is usually a hard worker, and hard work is an important ingredient in success. Last, with perseverance comes a certain amount of confidence ? the confidence that one will eventually succeed. For all of these reasons, I believe that perseverance is the most important characteristic to have. It is easily combined with other traits such as diligence and confidence to increase the chances of success. However, without perseverance, one’s success may be more dependent on luck than anything else. 参考译文: 参考译文: 毅力 我认为一个人能否成功,毅力在所有的优点中扮演了最重要的角色。虽然其他的特点,比如聪明才智、 信心和诚实都无疑很重要,但是并不能保证一定能使人成功。虽然有毅力也无法保证能成功,但是我相信这 个特质会让人有更多的成功的机会。 有毅力就容易成功的原因有好几个。首先,有毅力的人在失败之后不会放弃。他们会再试一次,因此就 能从错误中学习。其次,不屈不挠的人通常都十分努力,而努力就是成功的重要因素。最后,有毅力就会产 生一定程度的信心??相信自己终究会成功。 基于这些原因,我认为毅力是必须拥有的最重要的特质。毅力很容易就能和其他特点相结合,比如勤勉 与信心,这样便能增加成功的机会。然而,如果没有毅力,一个人的成功可能就会需要多靠运气,而不是其 他的特质。

  2. Learning about Life
As we grow, we learn many things about life. Some of these lessons are easy and some are difficult. What is the best way to learn them? Some believe that they can learn best by listening to the advice of others, while some people believe that it is better to learn through personal experience. Both methods have their advantages. In the first case, learning by listening to others, we have the benefit of learning from others’ mistakes and are thus being able to avoid them ourselves. We can take advantage of the experience and wisdom of our friends and family. This will help us to make better decisions and avoid costly errors. Furthermore, the people who know us well can advise us effectively because they understand our strengths and weak nesses. At the same time, they are sometimes able to see situations more objectively than we are. In the second case, learning through doing, we have the advantage of gaining meaningful experience. We will
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no doubt better remember the lessons we learn when we enjoy the rewards or suffer the consequences ourselves. Moreover, we can often develop other skills through personal experience and can learn from our mistakes. Finally, no two people are exactly alike. Therefore, what family and friends think may be suitable for them, but not appropriate for us. Given a choice between these two ways of learning about life, I would still choose the former, learning through the advice of others. This is because I believe I should take advantage of all the resources available, and the experiences of my family and friends are a valuable resource. For example, if I were preparing to take my first trip abroad on my own, the advice of others who have already experienced such a trip could only help me. Just as we can learn from history, we can learn from the past actions of those close to us. In conclusion, I find advantages in both ways of learning. Although I prefer to learn by listening to the advice of others, that does not mean I will forgo learning through my own experiences. It does mean, however, that I will approach new experiences with the added benefit of my family and friends’ good advice. 参考译文: 参考译文: 学习人生 在成长过程中,我们会学到生活中的许多事情。其中有些教训很简单,而有些却很困难。什么是获取教 训最好的方法?有些人认为,他们可以通过听取别人的建议而获得最好的学习效果,而有些人却认为最好是 通过亲身体验来学习。这两种方法各有优点。 第一种方法是听取别人的建议而学习, 因为我们可以从别人所犯过的错误中学习, 避免再犯相同的错误。 我们还可以利用家人和朋友的经验或智慧来帮助我们做出更好的决定,避免犯下代价高昂的错误。此外,因 为他们了解我们,知道我们的优缺点,所以能提供有用的建议。同时,他们对于事情的看法有时比我们客观。 第二种方法是从做中学,这样我们可以因为得到宝贵的经验而获益。毫无疑问,当我们因为自己所做的 事情而享受成果或承担后果时,我们会对这些教训记忆得更加深刻。此外,通过亲身体验,可以培养其他的 技巧,而且也能从错误中学习。最后,没有两个人是完全相同的,因此,家人或朋友的想法也许只适合他们 自己,不见得适合我们。 若要我从这两种学习人生的方法中选一个,我仍然会选择前者,也就是从别人的建议中学习。因为我认 为,应该利用所有可获得的资源,而家人与朋友的经验就是宝贵的资源。例如,如果我初次要准备自己出国 旅行,那么有类似出国旅行经验的人所提供的建议对我就很有帮助。正如我们能从历史中学习一样,我们也 能从周围的人的经验中学习。 总之,我认为这两种学习方法各有优点。尽管我比较喜欢听取别人的建议,但这不表示我就不会亲身去 体验。然而,这确实意味着我除了会体验新的经验,同时还要听取家人与朋友提供的忠告,这样才能获得更 大的益处。

  3. Keeping Customs
When people move to another country, they not only face a different environment and language, but also different customs. Every culture has its own customs, and all of them aver valuable. However, deciding how to deal with the problem of unfamiliar customs is a challenge for many immigrants. Some choose to follow the customs of their new country, while others prefer to adhere to their own customs. Each of these choices has some advantages as explained below. When people choose to follow the customs of their adopted country, they may find that it helps them to adapt more quickly to the new society. They have something to discuss and share with their new neighbors, and sharing
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customs is one way for people to feel closer to one another. Thus, following the new customs may help immigrants feel more at home. It may also help them to see the positive things in their new environment and do forget their feelings of homesickness. On the other hand, those who choose to continue following their own customs may also find that it helps them feel more at home. There are many things to adjust to in another country, and following their traditional customs may help people feel more secure in the new surroundings. More importantly, our customs are a part of us. They are an expression of the culture that has shaped us. This is something that most of us would like to pass down to our children and share with others. Sharing our old customs can also bring us closer to our new neighbors. To sum up, our customs have value and are an important part of our culture. Therefore, I don’t believe that we should abandon our traditional customs when we move to another country. At the same time, I believe that we should learn about the customs of our new home and follow those that appeal to us. In this way, we can remember and celebrate our old culture while adapting to our new one. 参考译文: 参考译文: 保存习俗 当人们搬到另一个国家后,不仅要面对不同的环境和语言,还要面对不同的风俗习惯。每种文化都有其 风俗习惯,而且都非常重要。然而,如何应付因不熟悉习俗所产生的问题,对许多移民而言都是一项挑战。 有些人选择遵从新国家的风俗习惯,有些人则宁可坚守自己国家的风俗习惯。如以下所解释的,这两种选择 都有一些优点。 当人们选择遵从他们移入国家的风俗习惯时,他们可能会觉得这样有助于更快地适应新的社会。和新邻 居有话题和聊,有东西可以分享,而且拥有相同的风俗习惯,有助于使移民感到更舒服自在,也会帮助他们 看到新环境的优点,忘掉思乡的情绪。 另一方面,那些选择坚持自己本国风俗习惯的人是因为觉得这样做有助于让他们觉得更自在。要适应另 一个国家,有很多事要做,而遵从传统的风俗习惯会让人在陌生的环境中觉得较有安全感。更重要的是,风 俗习惯是我们的一部分,能表达出塑造我们的文化原貌,这是我们大多数人都想传承给自己的小孩并和他人 分享的东西。和新邻居分享我们的传统习俗也可以使我们和新邻居更亲近。 总之,风俗习惯有其价值,并且是我们文化中很重要的一部分。因此,我不认为当我们搬到新的国家时 就应该抛弃传统习俗。同时,我认为我们应该学习新家园的风俗习惯,遵从其中那些我们所喜爱的。如此一 来,我们一方面能够适应新的文化,同时也能保持并颂扬自己旧有的文化。

  4. Planning Activities
In this busy society, our free time is very valuable to us. It is important that we take some time to relax and renew our energy in order to face the challenges ahead of us. Different people like to spend their leisure time in different ways. Some like to plan their activities so that they can make the most of the time available while others prefer not to plan anything. Both schools of thought have their advantages. When people carefully plan their leisure time, they will not waste any time on decision making or last-minute preparations. This saves them time and, therefore, makes them feel that they have more free time to enjoy. Planning ahead also allows people to take advantage of the opportunity to participate in certain restricted activities. For example, by planning ahead, they can buy tickets for a concert or play that may later be sold out. Finally, being better prepared for an activity not only saves time but can make the outing more fun and more meaningful. It is not much fun to make a spontaneous trip to the beach only to find you have left your swimsuit at home.
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However, unplanned leisure time also has its advantages. With no commitment to take part in a certain activity or meet a friend at a certain hour, the non-planner can take advantage of last minute changes and opportunities. Furthermore, he will not be disappointed should his plans fall through, because he has made none. On the other hand, if someone has looked forward to a baseball game all week, it is very disappointing if it is cancelled due to rain. Last but not least, unplanned leisure time can be more relaxing. During the work week, we must all be punctual and face deadlines. Some people prefer to make their free time as different from that as possible. Although both planned and unplanned leisure time have their benefits, I still prefer to plan my free time activities. My free time is limited, and so I want to make the best use of it. By planning ahead, I can take part in the activities that I want and spend time with the people I want to see. And in case my plans should be changed by unforeseen circumstances, I can always go to Plan B. 参考译文: 参考译文: 规划活动 在这个忙碌的社会中,空闲时间对我们而言是非常珍贵的。找个时间放松一下并且恢复精力以面对接踵 而来的挑战是很重要的。每个人喜欢的休闲方式各不相同。有些人喜欢规划活动以充分利用休闲时间,而有 些人却宁愿不做任何规划。这两种想法都各有优点。 当人们仔细规划休闲时间后,就不会浪费时间做决定,或是最后才匆促地准备。这样做能节省时间,因 此会让他们觉得可以享有更多的空闲时间。 事先规划也让人们可以利用机会去参加某些受限制的活动。 例如, 假如事先有规划,就可买到晚一点就买不到的音乐会或戏剧演出的门票。最后,为活动做好准备不仅可以节 省时间,还能让旅游更添乐趣和意义。当你一时兴起去海边玩,而到达之后才发现泳衣放在家里时,可能就 太扫兴了。 然而,对休闲时间不作任何规划也有好处。因为不用参加特定的活动,也没有和朋友相约在某个时间见 面,所以不作规划的人就能在最后一刻改变主意并利用机会。而且,假使有人一整个礼拜都在期待能去看棒 球比赛,若球赛因雨取消,这实在是一件非常令人失望的事。最后
 

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