【话题分析】 和谐社会是目前中国建设的目标之一,是比较热门的社会话题。报纸、杂志、电视新闻等, 经常讨论此话题。考生应多关注社会新闻,为写作收集素材。 【范文解析】
Nowadays, it seems known to everybody that one of the objectives of China's modern construction is to build a harmonious society. All of a sudden, "a harmonious society" has become a frequently-used phrase in media news, newspaper etc. It is the trend of China's development. But what is a harmonious society? In my mind, there are several aspects included in building a harmonious society. First, a harmonious society has democracy in its politics to ensure the maximum benefits of the people. Second, a harmonious society has equality and justice to protect the rights of every citizen. Third, a harmonious society has good faith and friendly relation between people to create a favorable atmosphere for living and doing business. Forth, a harmonious society has energy to make sure its creativity. Fifth, a harmonious society has stability and order to provide people with a comfortable environment. Sixth, a harmonious society has harmony between humankind and nature for a sustainable development of economy. To be true, it needs joint efforts of every person in China to realize this great goal. For me, I am a student in college. What I can do is develop good relations with people around me, help others as much as possible, spread this awareness to as many people as possible, laying a foundation for this tall building.
文章一开始就提到目前中国现代化建设的目标之一,就是构建和谐社会。一时之间,构建社 会成为中国发展的趋势。 第二段从六个方面讲述了和谐社会的内涵:
  1)民主政治,保证人们的最大利益;
  2)公平正 义,保证每个公民的权利;
  3)诚信友好,为生活和生产提供良好环境;
  4)充满活力,确保 社会的创造力;
  5)稳定有序,保证生活平稳安定;
  6)人与自然和谐相处,实现经济可持续 性发展。 第三段从自身出发,讨论在构建和谐社会时自己该如何做。作为一名学生,作者认为:和周 围人发展友好关系,乐于助人,传播“和谐社会”的意识,为这个宏伟目标奠定基础。 【高分妙招】 六级作文很贴近国家大事, 因为对时事政治的了解是对当代大学生的要求之一。 出现一个新 的命题,考生应多关注其内涵及相关评论,这样写作过程中才能做到“胸有成竹” ,写出来 的作文才“言之有物” 。 预测作文(一)
Aging Before Wealthy
  1. 物价上涨,通货膨胀,社会压力越来越大,很多白领出现“未富先老”的现象。
  2. 作为一个大学生,走出校门后,你将如何应对这种情况。 【范文】
Stress has been around human beings ever since its existence; it is an unavoidable consequence of life. In current society, everyone is required to work in a fast pace with the competition getting more and more hectic. What one earns does not make ends meet. Therefore a lot of white collars are suffering from “aging before wealthy”. As university students, we will face those issues in no time. The first thing we should do is to stay positive. Secondly, knowledge is power. A competent person will accomplish his/her goal easier than others. So when we are still in campus, we shall spend more time in improving our skills, as well as broadening our horizons. In addition, everyone needs to learn stress management that suits them in order to cope with the current pace of the society. All in all, by following the above steps and recognizing the seriousness of the reality, I am quite confident that we can face the future challenges and eventually survive.
【点评】 首段交待“未富先老”的历史和社会背景,先讲压力自古有之,后讲现代社会的压力更大。 不仅如此, 收入与支出的不和谐更是导致当今社会白领压力过大的重要原因。 三句话步步深 入,层层递进。 “收支不平衡”使用 what one earns does not make ends meet。 第二段提供了三个应对措施。第一是从心理上保持乐观积极。第二是增强自身的业务技能。 第三是进行压力管理。整段长短句结合,在表达“某人应该做某事”这个意思时,分别使用 了 sb. should do, sb. shall do, sb. needs to do 等,使语言更加丰富。另外,在遇到和就业压力、升学压力、生存压力、心理健康等话 题时,可供参考的短语和词组有:hectic(疯狂的)competition, suffer from, stay positive, a competent person(有竞争力的人) ,stress management, cope with, confident 和 survive.。 预测作文(二) Audaciousness (出位)
  1. 目前,互联网上有很多出位的现象,比如裸奔 (streaking) 等。
  2. 是不是在新时代要获取关注,就要靠出位呢?
  3. 你如何看待这种现象? 【范文】
Currently, audaciousness online like streaking has grabbed many people’s attention. It seems that in order to be famous, people have to resort to audaciousness. However, I believe that audaciousness may not be a proper way to draw public attention and realize one’s self-value. To acquire fame and success, one has to consider three basic factors, namely goal, methods, and persistence. First, one needs to set a
crystal-clear goal. This goal should aim at achieving the wholesomeness of the society. Second, one has to make the most of the mass media, since we are in an information age, and people gain news from various kinds of ways. Finally, persistence makes sure that success is within one’s reach. In conclusion, by doing right things at the right time, we can also grab the public’s attention. Yet it is without doubt that audaciousness is not a good choice.
【点评】 第一句话开门见山, sth. has grabbed 用 (抓住) sb’ attention。 s 接下来使用的 “have to resort to”表现了一种被迫和无奈之感,但转折词 however 马上话锋一转,引出了作者的观点。在 表达对像搏出位这样的社会现象时,切不可武断使用 bad 一类的词语进行价值评判。 一会显 得措辞鲁莽,二会显得过于主观。所以这里推荐使用 sth. be/not be a proper way to do sth. else. 以显示客观中立。 第二段讲了对出位的认识。 文章没有直接讲这种行为的优点或缺点, 而是从追求成功的角度 阐释一个人应该具备目标、 达到目标的方法和坚持不懈的毅力。 言下之意是间接否定了出位。 比较好的表达有:明确的目标(crystal-clear goal) ,社会完整(the wholesomeness of the society) ,充分利用(make the most of ) ,志在必 得(sth. is within one’s reach.) 。最后一段是重申主题和作者的立场。 预测作文(三) Marriage: Is it still a tradition?
  1. 剩男剩女越来越多。
  2. 传统的成家立业、结婚思想是否会发生变化?
  3. 未来社会是否会有更多的人选择不结婚,单身过日子,谈谈你的看法。 【范文】
Marriage, what a holy and inspiring word for human beings is. However, with the passage of time, the concept of marriage changes dramatically, as can be seen from the increasing numbers of single men and women in contemporary society. From my perspective, this interesting phenomenon well reflects the young’s value shift in the aspect of marriage, family and so forth. First, the substantial development of our nation’s economy greatly changes the way young people treat marriage. They are more financially independent and attempt to seek individual freedom. Second, young people are becoming growingly competitive that they subconsciously raise the standards of their ideal partners, which lead to the fact that many find it hard to find their perfect matches. As far as I am concerned, I strongly believe that single life is not the main trend in the long run for both men and women, because marriage can bring a lot happiness to us. Accordingly, the future of marriage will still be promising.
【点评】 首句欲抑先扬, 指出婚姻是 holy and inspiring 神圣并振奋人心的) 接着通过转折词 however, ( 。 状语 with the passage of
time,非限制性定语从句和被动语态 as can be seen 的使用,使句子结构丰富,并不失连贯性 与逻辑性。 第二段讲述了年轻人婚姻观发生转变的社会和个人原因。 最后一段表达自己对婚姻乐观积极 的观点。值得一提的是此文中的副词和状语。副词如 dramatically, greatly, financially, growingly, subconsciously, strongly 等使它们修饰的动词和形容词更加形象生动;另外,中文里的动词在英语中通常可 以用副词和状语来处理。如第一段中的 with the passage of time(随着时间的流逝)。 预测作文(四) Government Officials and Their Words
  1. 最近不断有官员爆出“雷人”话语,令人咋舌。
  2. 你如何看待这种现象?
  3. 请反思这种现象背后的原因。 【范文】
It is reported that floods of stunning words have burst into our society out of the mouths of some government officials. Some of those words are really astonishing and audacious, which arouse significant concern among the public. As for me, I think that there are two major reasons accounting for this controversial issue. One is the misinterpretation of the mass media. It is universally acknowledged that lots of media exaggerate or uglify the facts in order to gain more attention from the public and achieve more profit. So they may have defamed some of the remarks made by the government officials so as to win the mass attention. Another reason is the government officials themselves. It is true that increasing numbers of officials fail to behave appropriately in public due to their lack of social etiquettes and poor education, which result in their improper remarks. In general, I do hope our government officials can build up an upright and respectable image for the public and minimize the negative influence of those stunning words.
【点评】 第一段使用了被动语态来描述一个社会现象,使文章客观。在形容相关官员的“雷人”话语 时,用了 stunning, astonishing 和 audacious 三个词,语言丰富而深刻。 接下来解释了“雷人”话语频现的原因。第一是大众传媒的误读(misinterpretation) 。表达 “it is universally acknowledged that”语出英国小说家简?奥斯汀的名著《傲慢与偏见》的第一句话:It is a universally acknowledged truth that a young man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife, 译为“……是一件举世公认的真理” 。在重复“误读”这个信息时,用了 exaggerate(夸大) 、 uglify(丑化)和 defame(使名誉扫地)来替代,不仅避免了一词多用,还挖掘了误读的真 正涵义。另一个原因是政府官员自身的素质不够,社会责任感不强。
最后一段表达了作者对政府官员的希望, 提出要树立一个正直和令人敬重的形象 (an upright and respectable image) ,并将“雷人”话语的负面影响降低到最低(minimize) 。
预测作文(五) Information Security
  1. 信息安全问题日益重要。
  2. 信息安全事故可能导致的危害。
  3. 如何做到信息安全。 【范文】
Information has already become a vital element in contemporary society. Therefore, the importance of information security has also drawn great attention in the society. As I can see, accidents of information security will bring about appalling consequences. First, the exposure of key information of some big enterprises can be quite a heavy blow not only to the company but also to its main business partners. Second, the intrusion of personal information is also terrifying because it can ruin one’s fame, reputation and that of other people’s. Furthermore, the accidents of information security will give away critical intelligence of a nation, the result of which is definitely devastating. Thus, in order to guarantee the information security, both the government and individuals should join hands and make a difference. It is expected that the government make strict and sound legal system to combat violation of information security. For individuals, they are supposed to be more cautious and alert so as not to be intruded of their privacy.
【点评】 第一段言简意赅, 突出信息安全的重要性。 这主要通过两个单词来体现: vital 和 importance。 紧接着在第二段一开始,作者用 appalling 一词呼应了“重要”这个重点。表达 the exposure of key information 体现了中英文的区别。中文的动词,如本文中的“暴露”在英文中变成了名词, 且在句中充当了名词。另外 the intrusion of personal information 翻译成中文为侵犯个人信息, 也是中文动词变英语名词的例子。 这两个表达照顾 到了结构上的对称,使句子读起来工整有致。第二段末句的 devastating 与此段首句遥相呼 应,再次重申了信息安全的重要性。 最后一段是解决措施。 一般有两条万能解决方法。 一是政府和有关部门制定法律并保证有效 实施,二是公
 

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