On the Rhetorical Techniques in Walden
Author: Liu Yang Supervisor: Zhang Yan
A Thesis Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of B.A. in English
School of Foreign Studies Fuyang Teachers College, Anhui Province
May, 2009
学位论文
论《瓦尔登湖》中的修辞技巧 瓦尔登湖》


(学号 2005402013
  05) )
指导教师姓名张 指导教师姓名张 单

职称副教授 职称副教授
位 阜阳师范学院外国语学院
申请学位级别学士 专业名称 英语教育 申请学位级别学士 学位授予单位 阜 阳 师 范 学 院
2009 年 5 月
On the Rhetorical Techniques in Walden
Abstract
Henry David Thoreau, an important writer in American literature in the 19th century, was also a representative of transcendentalism. He advocated that people should disentangle themselves from the complicated life and return to nature. Thoreau put all his love of nature and his thinking of life into his great work Walden. Walden, which was the classical sample of American prose, was called “The Green Bible”. Its unique language style attracts lots of readers. Thoreau combined the homey folksy talk with erudite allusions, creating a tone that was both casual and majestic. In this book, several kinds of rhetorical techniques included the analogy, personification, irony, humor and symbolism make the work not only more outstanding in its word style, but also more precious in the literary value. This paper will centre on those techniques in this great prose with the method of example analysis, combining the creating background of Walden, and elaborate the unique meanings of those techniques. Through these examples, we will see Thoreau’s great natural and environmental viewpoints clearly.
Key words: Walden; Thoreau; rhetorical techniques
论《瓦尔登湖》中的修辞技巧 瓦尔登湖》
内容摘要
亨利?戴维?梭罗是 19 世纪美国文学史上一位重要的作家,也是先验主义 的代表。他提倡人们应从复杂的生活中解脱出来回归自然。 梭罗把对自然的热爱和对生活感悟全部融进他的伟大作品《瓦尔登湖》中。 《瓦尔登湖》作为美国散文的经典之作,被称为“绿色圣经” 。它独特的语言风 格吸引了无数读者。梭罗将居家式的亲切语言和旁征博引结合起来,创造了一种 既随意又庄重的风格。在这本作品中,比喻、拟人、讽刺、幽默和象征等修辞手 法的运用不仅使作品在语言风格上更加突出, 也使其在文学价值方面更加弥足珍 贵。 本文将以作品中使用的修辞手法为中心,采用释例法并结合《瓦尔登湖》的 写作背景,阐述这些手法的独特含义。通过这些例子我们会清楚地了解梭罗伟大 的自然观和环境观。
关键词: ;梭罗;修辞手法 关键词 《瓦尔登湖》
On the Rhetorical Techniques in Walden
Thesis Statement The rhetorical techniques included the analogy, personification, satire, humor, and symbolism are used in Walden which make the language more vivid, elegant and profound.
Outline Ⅰ.Introduction Ⅱ.The Rhetorical Techniques in Walden A. Analogy
  1. Examples of Analogy
  2. Advantages B. Personification
  1. Examples of Personification
  2. Advantages C. Satire and Humor
  1. Examples of Satire and Humor
  2. Advantages D. Symbolism
  1. Examples of Symbolism
  2. Advantages Ⅲ.Conclusion
Works Cited
Lei Mei. “Returning to Nature?Thoreau and His Walden Pond.” Science & Technology Information 7 (20
  08): 1
  86. Myerson, Joel. The Cambridge Companion to Henry David Thoreau. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 20
  00. Thoreau, Henry David. Walden. Shanxi: Shanxi People’s press, 20
  05. 丁往道, 吴冰, 钟美荪. 英语写作手册[M]. 北京: 外语教学与研究出版社, 20
  05. 凌翔. 让语言散发迷人的光芒?读梭罗的《瓦尔登湖》[J]. 军事记者, 2008(
  10): 48-
  49. 梭罗. 瓦尔登湖[M]. 李津译. 天津: 天津科技翻译出版公司, 20
  08. 吴伟仁. 美国文学史及选读[M]. 北京: 外语教学与研究出版社, 20
  07. 武健. 瓦尔登湖之美[J]. 语文, 2007 (
  10): 4-
  6. 翁德修, 毕丽君. 《瓦尔登湖》的篇章结构及象征意义[J]. 辽宁师范大学学报, 2004(
  1):105-1
  07. 央泉. 边城与瓦尔登湖中水意象比较研究[J]. 江西社会科学, 2007(
  8): 100-1
  03. 殷齐琦. 瓦尔登湖?自然世界的缩影[J]. 科教文汇, 2009 (
  1): 209-2
  10. 曾呢娟, 徐雪梅. 《瓦尔登湖》修辞特色赏析[J]. 重庆交通大学学报, 2008(
  12): 54-
  56. 张建国. 梭罗 《瓦尔登湖》 语言风格探析[J]. 河南商业高等专科学校学报, 2005(
  5): 106-107, 1
  29.
设计) 毕业论文 (设计) 评价表
一、内容提要: Henry David Thoreau,an important writer in American literature in the 19th century, was also a representative of transcendentalism. He entered Harvard at the age of sixteen and graduated with a great achievement. In 1845, he started his famous economic experiment. He built a little hut on the lakeside of Walden Pond, living a solitary life at there. He recorded his life experiences and thoughts in his famous work Walden which was the classical sample of American prose. He advocated that people should disentangle themselves from the complicated life and return to nature. His purpose was absolute. He hoped that people could slow down their busy steps to pursue a true meaningful life. Thoreau also opposed people’s reckless destruction of nature. He thought those destruction would be harmful to human finally. In this great work, Thoreau narrated it in the first people. Sometimes he seemed to be writing a diary, recording the day’s events; other times he widened his scope to include the whole cosmos and all eternity. Thoreau combined the homey folksy talk with erudite allusions, creating a tone that was both casual and majestic. In this book, several kinds of rhetorical techniques included the analogy, personification, irony, humor and symbolism make the work not only more outstanding in its word style, but also more precious in the literary value. The Walden’s success is inevitable in such industrialized society. It recalls people’s consciousness of protecting nature, so that people realize that if they destroy nature for their greed, they will also destroy themselves in the end. This paper will provide people with a special angle of view to study this work. It will center on the rhetoric techniques included the analogy, personification, satire, humor, and symbolism. It will discuss those techniques in this great prose with the method of example analysis, combining the creating background of Walden, and elaborate the unique meanings of those techniques. Those rhetoric techniques used in Walden not only make the language more vivid but also deeply reflect the profound meaning. Through those examples, we will see Thoreau’s great natural and environmental viewpoints clearly.
设计) 毕业论文 (设计) 答辩记录
一、答辩者对论文的概述: Henry David Thoreau, an important writer in American literature in the 19th century, was also a representative of transcendentalism. In July, 1845, Thoreau decided to move into the woods. He built a hut on Emerson’s land at Walden Pond. Through the simple and self-reliance life, he got enough happiness as he accepted the baptism of nature. Then the book Walden was published in 18
  54.It mainly summed up his experiences about this enjoyable life. Thoreau was surprised by the vigorous and prosperous lives in the woods. He put all his love of nature and his thinking of life into this great work Walden. Walden, which was the classical sample of American prose, was also called “The Green Bible”. Its unique language style attracts lots of readers. Thoreau combined the homey folksy talk with erudite allusions, creating a tone that was both casual and majestic. In this book, several kinds of rhetorical techniques included the analogy, personification, irony, humor and symbolism make the work not only more outstanding in its word style, but also more precious in the literary value. We can’t deny that the Walden is a really sincere and great work. Its elegant words indicate deep meaning which are worth digesting. The ingenious structure, the absorbing rhetoric techniques and the inspiring thinking bring the Walden to a classic. This paper will centre on those rhetoric techniques in this great prose with the method of example analysis, combining the creating background of the Walden, and elaborate the unique meanings of those techniques. And Those wonderful rhetoric techniques also reflect Thoreau’s attitudes towards the life and the nature. From them, we can know that Thoreau is worthy of a genius writer. 二、答辩小组提出的主要问题及学生的回答情况: Q1: Do you agree that the experiment Thoreau takes up at Walden demonstrates his indifference to the society? A
  1. No, I don't think so. Thoreau’s retreat to Walden Pond is never framed as an attempt to flee humans, and he explicitly points out that he visits Concord several times a week, that he enjoys entertaining visitors in his shack, and that he has more guests at the pond than ever before. He never shows any signs of indifference to humanity. On the contrary, his prophetic tone at the end of the work displays a huge moral investment in the fate of his fellow men. Q2: What's the symbolic meaning of the Walden Pond? A
  2. The Walden Pond hides in the deep forest, surrounded by the pleasing landscape. Thoreau shows his love to it between the lines and describes it carefully. And the meanings of Walden Pond are various because of its transparent and reflective quality. I think the small body of water mainly symbolizes the vitality and tranquility of nature and also symbolizes Thoreau’s withdrawal from the social conventions and obligations. Q3: Briefly talk about Thoreau’s writing features in this work. A
  3. In his Walden, he uses a lot of rhetoric techniques. He is a subtle punster and ironist, as when he describes the sun as “too warm a friend,” or when he calls the ability to weave men’s trousers a “virtue”. He uses poetic devices, such as personification, not in a grandiose poetic manner, but a casual and easygoing one: when he drags his desk and chair out for housecleaning he describes them as being happy outdoors and reluctant to go back inside. His richly style is brilliantly combined with a down-home feel, so that Thoreau moves from quoting Confucius to talking about woodchucks without a jolt. 答辩记录人:张明 2009 年 6 月 6 日
 

相关内容

英语论文2

   On the Rhetorical Techniques in Walden Author: Liu Yang Supervisor: Zhang Yan A Thesis Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of B.A. in English School of Foreign Studies Fuyang Teachers College, Anhui Province May, 20 ...

英语论文2

   摘 要: 本文从认知语言学的角度,探讨英语进行体的本质意义;在认知语言学“原型范畴”的理论基础上,试图构建英语进行体的原型图式及其变体,以期更好地认识英语进行体的本质意义和用法。   关键词: 认知语言学 英语进行体的意义 英语进行体的用法   Abstract: This paper discusses the essential meaning of the English progressive aspect from the views   of the cognitive lingu ...

英语论文2

   毕业设计(论文) 题目 谈英语“实用型人才” 谈英语“实用型人才”培养教学 教学单位: 教学单位: 专 班 学 姓 业: 级: 号: 名: 普师分院 初等教育(英语) 初等教育(英语) 06 级 1 班 20006000033 王麒雅 王文军 2010 112010-11-17 1 指导教师: 指导教师: 完成日期: 完成日期: 英 来 发 力 高 人 可 摘 要 : 开 展 英 语“ 实 用 型 ” 人 才 培 养 教 学 , 旨 在 将 学 生 语 语 言 基 础 知 识 和 实 际 应 ...

英语论文

   英语教学中如何进行问答 英语教学中如何进行问答 如何进行 摘要:英语课堂提问是教师授课过程中普遍采用的一种方式手段,它往往贯穿于教学全过程。既 是教师发挥主导作用、引导学生理解运用知识的重要途径,也是体现学生自主学习、成为课堂学 习主体的主要形式。在英语课堂教学中,课堂设疑提问的质量直接影响着教学的质量,影响着学 生思维的训练:本文结合自身的教学实践,尝试探讨课堂提问的基本原则。 关键词:英语课堂提问 适时性 启发性 准确性 正确性 英语教学中的问答不仅是加强英语基础知识教学, 培养学生英语 ...

英语论文

   毕业设计论文 Study on Seven: A Social & cultural perspective 系 别: 外国语系 英 语 专业名称: 学 号: 学生姓名: 指导教师: 指导单位: 完成时间: 外国语 2010 年 5 月 1 日 FOREIGN LANGUAGES DEPARTMENT Zhongshan College UESTC Declaration of Academic Integrity 学术诚信声明 I promise that the thesis c ...

英语论文

   整个高中教学都是为高考服务的 一、 语篇教学的必要性和紧迫性。 1:语篇阅读教学的模式就是以段落或篇章为教学的基本单位,以培养学生的语言运用能力 为目的,进行听、说、读、写、译等方面的训练的教学模式。 2:根据国家考试中心制定的《高考英语学科考试说明书》及《高考试题分析》的规定,最 近几年高考命题所依据的理论是:作为语言,各部分相加的总和不等于整体。也就是说,学 生虽然掌握了英语语法知识,掌握了英语词汇知识,并不等于学生学好了英语,并不意味着 学生的英语水平就很高。所以不能片面的强调语法,片 ...

英语论文

   齐齐哈尔大学 成人本科毕业论文(设计) 题目: 题目:The Comparasion of the Legend of Stone and Pride Prejudice 院 (系 ) 专 年 姓 业 级 名 齐齐哈尔大学继续教育学院 英语 09 级 孙晓东 学号 职称 指导教师 2011 年 1 月 15 日 齐齐哈尔大学 齐齐哈尔大学继续教育学院 毕业设计(论文) 毕业设计(论文)任务书 学生姓名: 孙晓东 学 院:齐齐哈尔大学继续教育学院 年 月 日至 学号: 班级: 年 月 日 任务 ...

英语论文

   专业英语实践调查 实习目的: 为了了解英语在日常生活中的运用及是否正确, 帮助完善英语这门语言 从改革开放的浪潮中到如今日新月异的发展,中国 已经整整走过三十二年。虽然起初步子走得不是那样稳 健 ,偶尔有步履蹒跚, 偶尔有举步维艰的时候,可后 来的中国开始大步大步的朝前走,如矫健的年轻力壮的 青年人。是啊,看着今天的中国,我们不禁油然从心底 升起一股自豪感。自豪我们生在长在这样一个国度,自 豪我们沐浴在中国的伟大光辉中,可以自由的成长。随 着改革开放的迅速发展,许多以前中国不曾接触过,或 者 ...

英语论文

   小学英语“情趣教学” 小学英语“情趣教学”漫谈 教育心理学告诉我们: 小学生的年龄特点是好奇心强、 模仿性强、 生性好动, 有意注意持续时间相对较短 。语言学习本身是较为单调枯燥的,而一味以教师 讲、学生听这种教学形式,势必使学生学习兴趣荡然无存。 只要学生感兴趣的 东西,他们就有求知欲,没有兴趣就不会有求知欲,学习热情大减,从而直接影 ,可以让学生在形式多变的教学 响学习效果 。因此,小学英语进行“情趣教学” 中,始终处于兴奋、活跃的状态,这样, 对教学是不无裨益的。那么,该如何 开展“情 ...

英语论文

   英文摘要模板(使摘要置于一页中) ABSTRACT(Times New Roman 三号加粗居中。行距 1.25 倍。 ) TXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXX……(正文为 Times New Roman 四号,1.25 倍行距) Key words: XXXXXX; XXXXXX (摘要正文下空一行顶格打印 “Key words ” “, Key words “之间以分号间隔, 内容为四号 Times New Roman,1.25 倍 ...

热门内容

山东省学位英语考试3

   Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best c ...

特岗教师招聘考试中学英语

   特岗教师招聘考试中学英语 专家命题预测试卷一 (满分:120 分) 满分: 第一部分 教育理论与实践 Ⅰ.名词解释(10 分) 1. 学校教育 2. 讲授法 Ⅱ.判断题(认真阅读下面 5 个句子,正确的在括号内填“T” ,错误的填“F”(10 分) ) 1. 教师道德是指教师个人的道德而不是指教师的职业道德。 ( ) 2. 教师只要在课堂教学中按其职业道德的要求行事就可以了。 ( ) 3. 只要有一定的科学文化知识就可以当教师。 ( ) 4. 教师职业是一种专业性极强的职业,对从业人员的素养 ...

2010年12月大学英语四级词汇活记活用

   1,People’s expectations about the future may have more influence on their sense of well-being than their state does.   A) current   B) initial   C) modern   D) primitive   current:a. 流通的,现在的,最近的   initial:a. 最初的,开始的;   modern:a. 现代的,时髦的   primitive: ...

海外工程常用英语

   移动通信工程部 工 程 常 用 对 话 Unit 1 1、 A:您现在有空吗?我想询问一下工程情况。 Do you have time now? I want to inquire the project situation. B:请稍等,我现在还很忙。Please wait a moment; I’m busy now. 2、 A:请问设备具体什么时间可以到货? Excuse me,I’d like to know the concrete time when the equipment ...