山 东 财 经 大 学
本科毕业设计(论文)
设计(论文)题目:
英语习语教学中的文化应用
指导教师: 学 姓 号: 名:
孟 韬 2000110030 赵小猫
外国语学院(部) 英语
专业 2000 届
山东财经大学教务处制 2000 年 5 月 7 日
Application of Culture in English Idiom Teaching and Learning
by
Zhao Xiaomao Under the Supervision of Meng Tao
Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts
School of Foreign Languages
Shandong Financial and Economic University
May 7, 2000
山东财经大学学士学位论文
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山东财经大学学士学位论文
Application of Culture in English Idiom Teaching and Learning ABSTRACT
As the essence of the language of a nation, English idioms carry plenty of cultural information which includes environment, geography, history, customs, literature and so on. Idioms stem from so many fields that they always astonish many people, even the scholars. After years of research, many a scholar find that the application of culture can lead immeasurable promotion to English idiom teaching. Thanks to this advantage, it has become a necessary part of English idiom teaching. This thesis consists of four parts. The first part objectively elaborates the relationship among idioms, language and culture. As is known to all, the proficiency of idiom application directly decides the efficiency of the communication with the native speakers. Only when we know well cultural meanings of idioms, we really master idioms. So the second part emphasizes on the importance of application of culture in English idiom teaching. However, idioms has been neglected for a long time, let alone their cultural meanings, which constitutes the pessimistic situation of present English idiom teaching that is introduced in the third part. With regard to the problems in today’s English idiom teaching, the last part provides suggestions about improving teaching environment, teaching facility and teaching method. Keywords: culture; English idioms; teaching and learning
山东财经大学学士学位论文
英语习语教学中的文化应用 摘要
作为一个民族语言的精华,英语习语承载了极为丰富的文化信息,天文地理、历史民 俗、文学艺术皆成源头,其涵盖范围之广,令人叹为观止。经过多年的研究,许多学者发 现文化因素的应用对英语习语教学具有不可估量的促进作用,文化应用已经成了英语习语 教学不可或缺的一部分。 本篇论文共四部分。第一部分主要阐述了习语、语言和文化的关系。习语使用的是否 熟练直接决定我们与英语本土居民的交际效果,而只有了解其中的文化因素,才称得上是 真正掌握了英语习语,第二部分着重强调了文化应用在英语习语教学中的重要性。然而英 语教学一直把习语当做一个可有可无的部分,更不必说其中蕴含的文化信息了,第三部分 重在介绍当今英语习语教学不容乐观的现状。针对前面提出的问题,第四部分对英语习语 教学环境设施的改善以及教学方法的改进提出了建议。 关键词: 关键词:文化;英语习语;教学
山东财经大学学士学位论文
CONTENTS
Introduction.............................................................................................................................. 1 Chapter One Relationship among Idioms, Language and Culture ......... 2
I. What are Idioms? ....................................................................................................... 2 II. Relationship between Idioms and Language .................................................... 2 III. Relationship between Idioms and Culture ........................................................ 3
Chapter Two
Cultural Analysis in English Idiom Teaching ........................ 4
I. Cultural Factors Reflected in English Idioms ................................................. 4
i. Historical Factors Reflected in English Idioms ..................................................... 4 ii. Religious Belief Reflected in English Idioms ......................................................... 4 iii. English Idioms from Literature Works .................................................................. 4
II. Importance of Cultural Analysis in Teaching English Idioms ................... 5
i. Essentiality of Teaching English Idioms ................................................................. 5 ii. Function of Cultural Analysis in Teaching Idioms ................................................ 5
Chapter Three
Absence of Culture Application in Current Idiom
Teaching ...................................................................................................................... 6
I. Lack of Enough Attention to Idiom Teaching .................................................. 6
i. Neglect of Idioms in Editing English Textbooks .................................................... 6 ii. Disregard for English Idioms in Teaching Attitude .............................................. 6
II. Lack of Culture Application in Idiom Teaching.............................................. 7
i. Disadvantages of Present Methods of Idiom Teaching ......................................... 7 ii. Necessity of Reforming the Teaching Method of Idioms ...................................... 7
Chapter Four
Suggestions on English Idiom Teaching.................................. 8
I. Paying Attention to Culture Application in Idiom Teaching ...................... 8
i. Emphasis on Culture Application in Idiom Teaching ........................................... 8 ii. Providing Cultural Environment or Conditions for Idiom Teaching .................. 8
II. Suggestions on Methods of Idiom Teaching...................................................... 9
山东财经大学学士学位论文
i. ii. iii. iv. v.
Teaching English Idioms in Context ....................................................................... 9 Presenting English Idioms with Rich Illustration ................................................. 9 Applying Group Discussion in Comprehending English Idioms ....................... 10 Teaching English Idioms with Readers Theater .................................................. 10 Teaching English Idioms with Dialogue Writing and Role-Play........................ 10
Conclusion ............................................................................................................................... 11 Works Cited ............................................................................................................................ 12 Acknowledgements ……………………………………………………………………….13
山东财经大学学士学位论文
Introduction
Nowadays, idioms are gradually becoming an essential part in a proficient communication with the foreigners. And if one wants to have a good master of English idioms and applies them in an appropriate way, he should first have a good knowledge of the cultural factors related to idioms. As more and more scholars study on idiom teaching, they find that idioms, language and culture are interrelated while they are influenced by one another. Only when the learners are familiar with the cultural background of an idiom, they can then correctly make use of it in the real communication. When the idioms are separated from the cultural information that they can convey, their meanings will be changed to a surprising one, which absolutely bring misunderstanding in communication. Applying cultural analysis in English idiom teaching can not only enlarge the vision but also improve the communicative skill of the English learners.
1
山东财经大学学士学位论文
Chapter One Relationship among Idioms, Language and Culture
Ⅰ. What are Idioms?
As is known to all, idioms are the part and parcel of language. “Most phrasal lexemes are idioms, especially a sequence of words which is semantically and often syntactically restricted” (Hu Zhuanglin etc, 1
  06). Idioms, to make them simple, are short phrases or expressions that have hidden meanings and that are not easily understandable from their literal meanings of individual elements. Most commonly, an idiom consists of two words or more, of which the structure is usually stable and the meaning is unpredictable from its formation. From the above definition we can conclude that each idiom stands as a whole, while no element in an idiom can be changed. In many cases, idioms hold implied meanings, and cannot be interpreted just according to their literal meanings. Idioms, as a most expressive form of a language, enjoy their own specific characteristics. Usually, idioms are brief and concise, lively and vivid, dynamic and forceful, implicit and thought-provoking, expressive and figurative, not only frozen in structure but also colloquial in style. But for all these features which make idioms of great vitality, idioms would not have been passes down generation by generation. However, all these features decide the difficulty of learning idioms; as a result, idioms become one of the obstacles in language learning. So, learning how to master English idioms become significant to English learners.
Ⅱ. Relationship between Idioms and Language
As a particular part of a language, idioms include metaphorical phrases, slangs, colloquialisms, proverbs and so on. All these are the most expressive and lively forms of a language. They are of national character which merely belongs to a particular group. From long time ago, any group has its own language whose vocabulary is of distinctive features. As hundreds of thousands of years pass by, most of words and phrases become lost, while those which have more strength to express the common life remain to be handed down. Idioms, which are passed down from generation to generation, belong to the latter obviously. For the above reason, one can easily understand that why idioms are always regarded as the essence of a language. Language is born to be applied to communication. The native language is always rich of all kinds of idioms, which make the native’s expression more natural and vivid, without the stiffness that is always found in a nonnative’s expression. If a second-language learner pursuits to naturally communicate with the natives without any obstacles, he needs to have a good master of idioms, the basic of a native language. We can extract the relationship of idioms and language into two aspects. a) An idiom is the result of language development. It is language that gives birth to idioms and also polishes idioms. Refined by long usage, idioms have been regarded as the core of language. b) An idiom is the representative of a language. It can be regarded as the most expressive formation of a language. If one plans to have a good knowledge of a language, he firstly should be proficient in the application of idioms.
2
山东财经大学学士学位论文
Ⅲ. Relationship between Idioms and Culture
“Every language is part of a culture. As such, it cannot but serve and reflect culture needs” (Hu Zhuanglin etc, 2
  50). So, Idioms, as part of language are naturally indispensable to culture. They are the heritage of history and product of cultural evolvement. As the essence of a language, idioms carry a large amount of cultural information such as history, geography, religion, custom, nationality psychology, thought pattern and so on, which naturally comes to a conclusion that idioms relate closely to their own culture and convey different cultural features and attitudes and messages of their own nation. From a dynamic view, idioms and culture interact with each other and shape each other. On one hand, we can view idioms as the carrier of culture, which in turn is the content of language. On the other hand, we can dig out cultural features from idioms and explain language the specialties of idioms with culture. Consequently, we can know much about culture through studying idioms and in turn get better understanding of idioms by learning the cultural background behind them. For the close relationship between idioms and culture, the second-language learners must pay attention to the cultural affects and related knowledge of a nation where produces its own idioms. “A sufficient kno
 

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