一、 正反题模版 §1 支持及理由:段首句+优点一. What is more, 优点二 §2 反对及理由:段首句+对应理由一. Furthermore, 对应理由二 §3 个人看法之中庸法:段首句+ on the one hand,看法一. on the other hand 看法二 个人看法之一边倒:段首句+First of all, 看法一.Next, 看法二 文章模版 When asked about……….., most people believe that ….., but others regard it as ………. 优点一. what is more, 优点二 But others may not agree, they maintain that……/ As opposed to all the points mentioned above, others argue that ……. 对应理由一. Furthermore, 对应理由二 结尾段选择一(中庸法) Just as a sward has two blades, its advantages co-exsit with its disadvantages./ Obviously it has more than one face. We should preserve sth. While at the same time making it qualified. on the one hand,看法一. on the other hand 看法二 结尾段选择二(一边倒) For the resons presented above, it is not difficult to get the conclusion that ……/ On the whole, if we take a careful consideration, it is safely to draw the conclusion that…… 二、 社会现象题模版 §1 描述现象:段首句+现状+定性 §2 之分析原因(题中出现解释原因或因素要求):段首句+for one thing,国家角度. for another,个人角度 之分析影响(题中出现说明危害或意义要求):段首句+for one thing,国家角度. for another,个人角度 §3 建议:段首句+firstly, 国家建议. Secondly, 个人建议 文章模板 Recently it is widely accepted that ……/ Currently wherever you go, you will hardly fail to find that A is becoming increasingly popular……. 现象现状. It brings benefits to us(积极现象)/it does great harm to us(消极现象)/ is a delicate problem worth of discussion(客观现 象) 中间段选择一(原因段) There are several reasons accounting for it. for one thing,国家角度原因. for another,个人角度 中间段选择二(影响段) The phenomenon results in the following consequences. for one thing,国家角度原因. for another,个人角度 It is urgent/imperative/necessary that attention should be paid to the issue to do sth./ There is no denying that the tendence analyzed above will continue in the near future. firstly, 国家建议. Secondly, 个人建议. With proper laws and alert public, it will become a past as a matter of time.( 消极现象)/ With proper laws and alert public, it will be carried on in a good way. (积极或客观现象) 三、 图表题 §1 描述数据变化 §2 分析原因段首句+for one thing,国家角度. for another,个人角度 §3(积极或消极现象)建议:段首句+firstly, 国家建议. Secondly, 个人建议 (客观现象)个人看法:段首句+ on the one hand,看法一. on the other hand 看法二 文章模板 According to the figures in the chart, ……increased dramatically, which revealed that…. There are several reasons accounting for it. for one thing,国家角度原因. for another,个人角度 选择一(建议)参见社会现象题§3 选择二(个人看法)参见正反题§3 一, 高频词汇
  1, 产生影响:to have an effect/influence on sth.
正面的:to have a possitive effect; bring benefits to 负面的:to have a negative/adverse effect; do harm to 深远的:profound; far-reaching
  2, 努力/尽力 Make efforts to do; take pains to do; spare no effotrs doing; strive to do 3, 改变成为 Chang A into B; convert A into B; transform A into B 例句:我们要努力使这个地区脱贫致富。(结构-词汇) Efforts should be made to transform the poverty into wealth in this area.
  4,采取措施:take steps to do; take measures to do
  5,达到目标:achieve one’s objective; accomplish ….. 例句:国家必须采取措施从而达到扭亏为盈的目的 Measures must be taken to achieve the objective of transforming the losses into profits.
  6,发扬光大/减到最小 maximize/minimize 例句:我们必须把私家车的副作减到最小 The adverse effects of private cars must be minimized. 二、词汇 Make――enable;allow;permit So――acoordingly/consequently/as a result Nowadays――currently/at present Become――tuen out tobe/prove More and more――growing/increasing Most of――the vast majority of/the large percentage of/the considerable proportion of Not only a but also b―― a as well as b Think――maintian/hold/assert/argue/contend/blieve/be of the view 图表题开头段常用 10 大句型
  1.从 1991 年起,出国留学的中国学生大幅度增加,一直到 2002 年逐渐趋于稳定,之后有所减少。 Since 1991, the number of Chinese students going abroad increased dramatically. It reached the plateau in 2002, then was on the decline afterwards.
  2. 南京大学的论文发表数量高居榜首,清华大学和复旦大学分别是第二和第三。 With regard to the number of academic essays published, Nanking University topped the list, with Qinghua and Fudan University respectively ranking the second and the third.

  3. 2002 年,考研的人数大幅度增加,远远超过了 50 万人,几乎是 1999 年的两倍。 2002 saw a sharp increase in the number of NETEM test-takers which was as that in 19
  99.
  4. 上海的 GDP 一直保持在 10%以上。 The GDP (General Development Product) of Shanghai remains higher than 10%.
  5. 中文系,浙江的学生占了 45%,比安徽的学生多了整整 10%。 At Chinese Department, the students from Zhejiang account for 45%,precisely 10% more than those from Anhui.
  6. 由于残酷的市场竞争,2002 年这种汽车的销售量降到了低谷。 On account of/Owing to the cruel market competition, in 2002, the sale of the cars fell to the bottom.
  7. 如图表数据显示,1994 年冰箱出口量大大增加,在外贸进出口领域产生了深远的影响。 According to the figures given in the chart, the amount of the refrigerator influences in the import and export field of foreign trade. export increased considerably in 1994, which exerted profound far beyond half a million and was approximately twice as many

  8. 上学期留学生的考试成绩一直无规律地波动,在教学改革后成绩有明显上升。 Last semester the scores of the foreign students fluctuated irregularly, but
  9. 有关费用饼状图由六个部分组成,其中广告费占 53%。 The pie chart concerning fees consists of six sections, among which advertisement fees account for 53%. showed an obvious increase after the reform in teaching.

  10. 与 1998 年相比,2003 年电的使用量增加了 23%,表明经济增长带来了更多的能源消耗。 Compared with 1998, the usage of electricity increased by 23%, which revealed a larger economic growth. consumption of energy in accordance with the
 

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