Unit 12 My favorite subject is science
学生自主学习教材解读与能力培养试题 一.学习重点 【短语】 physical education 体育 want to do sth.想做某事 do some shopping 购物 year(s) old……岁(年龄) 【句型】
  1.What’s your favorite subject? 你最喜欢的学科是什么?
  2.My favorite subject is history. 我最喜欢的学科是历史。
  3.Why do you like…? 你为什么喜欢…?
  4.Why does he / she like…? 他/她为什么喜欢……?
  5.Who is your …teacher? 谁是你们的……老师? 【口语】
  1.Why do you like history? Because it’s interesting. 你为什么喜欢历史?因为它很有趣。
  2.What’s his favorite subject? His favorite subject is art. 他最喜欢的学科是什么?是美术。
  3.Why does he like art? Because it’s fun. 他为什么喜欢美术?因为它有趣。
  4.Who’s your math teacher? Mrs. O’Sullivan. 您的数学老师是谁?是夫人。 【语法】 特殊疑问句
  1.基本规律 一般问句语序?疑问词?组?不作主语? 一般问句语序?疑问词?组?不作主语? 特殊问句=疑问词?组?? 谓语……?疑问词?组?作主语?
  2.常用句型
  1)询问职业、身份
What is your father? He is a doctor.
  2)询问姓名、关系 Who is that boy? He is my brother
  3)询问相貌特征
  4)询问目的 What is she like?=What does she look like? What did they come here for? She is beautiful. To attend a meeting.
  5)询问原因
  6)询问天气 Why did they come here? How is the weather today? Because they have a meeting to attend. = What is the weather like today?
  7)询问颜色
  8)询问尺寸 What dolor is her skirt? What size does he wear? It’s red. He wars
  40.
  9)询问钟点
  10)询问星期 What time is it? What day is it today? It’s 7:
  30. It’s Tuesday.
  11)询问几号
  12)询问年龄 What is the date today? How old is he? It’s May
  2. He is
  38.
  13)询问多久
  14)询问长度 How long have you been here? How long is the bridge? For five months. It’s 500 metres.
  15)询问距离
  16)询问频度 How far is it from here to the zoo? How often do you come back? It’s 6 kilometres. Once a week.
  17)询问多快
  18)询问数量 How soon will she arrive? How many jackets do you have? In an week. How much coffee do you want?
  19)询问价格
  20)询问高度 How much is i t? How tall is she? How much does it cost? How high is the tower? 二.难点讲评
  1.What’s your favorite subject?你最喜欢的学科是什么? 释:
  1)favorite 是形容词“最喜欢的”,作定语或表语。 例如:My favorite subject is English.(定语)我最喜欢的学科是英语。 The book is my favorite(表语)。这本书是我最喜欢的。
  2)favorite 作名词,意为“好意、欢心、宠爱”。 例如:The girl is a favorite.此女孩是受人欢迎得人。
  2.Then make your own conversation.然后自编一组对话。 释:make 是使役动词,其意义及用法介绍如下:
  1) make sb. do sth.让某人做某事。如:He makes me work all day.他让我整天工作。
  2) make sb. /sth+形容词。如:Let’s make our class clean.咱们把教室打扫干净吧!
  3) Make after sb 追求某人 make friends 交朋友 make tea/coffee 沏茶/泡咖啡,
[来源:Zxxk.Com] [来源:学+科+网 Z+X+X+K]
make a coat 做衣服 make the bed 铺床 make meal/breakfast/supper/lunch/dinner 做饭/早餐/晚饭/午饭/正餐 。
  3.Why do you like math? 你为什么喜欢数学? . ? 释:这是以 why 引导的特殊疑问句,why 引导的特殊疑问句是就原因进行提问的,因此 用 because……来回答。 例如:-Why do you like P.E? 你为什么喜欢体育? -Because it’s fun. 因为它有趣。
  4.Who is your science teacher?你的自然老师是谁? ? 释:这是以 who 引导的特殊疑问句, 如果疑问代词是问句的主语或以“疑问形容词+名词” 为问句的主语,这个问句就用正常的陈述句语序。 例如:Who is your teacher? 谁是你的老师?
  5.My science teacher is Mr Wang.我的自然老师是王先生。 释:在句中 Mr. Wang 为称呼语,称呼语要放在问候语之后,前面要加逗号。Mr.意为“先 生”,是 Mister 的缩写形式,第一个字母须大写,不能单独使用,必须和姓连用,放在姓前 面,这一点与 汉语不同。 注:Mr.先生、Miss 小姐(未婚女子)、Ms 女士(已婚或婚否不明)三者都习惯于人的姓 之前称呼。如:Mr. Wang 王先生, Miss Green 格林小姐, Ms Mary 玛莉女士。这种表达 形式与汉语语序不同,绝不能把“王先生”说成 Wang Mr.,“格林小姐”说成 Green Miss,“玛莉 女士”Mary Ms。使用 Mr.、Miss 和 Ms 三词时第一个字母要大写。当称呼某某老师时,常 用这三个词。 “高老师”要说 Mr.(Miss, 如: Ms) Gao , 而不能说 Teacher Gao 和 Gao Teacher。 6 What’s your mother’s favourite color?你妈妈最喜欢的颜色是什么? ? 释:句中的 mother’s 是名词所有格,意 为 “母亲的” ,名词所有格是在表示有生命的名 词末尾加“s”,表示“……的”,其变化规则如下: (
  1)单数名词和不以“s”结尾的人名后,加“s”,如:the girl’s name 女孩的名字。 (
  2)在以“-s”结尾的单数名词后加“’”,如:marks’ desk 麦克斯的书桌。 (
  3)在规则的复数名词的“-s”后面加所有格符号“’”。如:Students’ books 学生的书。 (
  4)在没有“-s”结尾的复数名词后用所有格用“’s”的形式。如:Children’s Day 儿童节。 (
  5)两人共同拥有的人或物,如:Lucy and lily’s mother 露西和莉的妈妈。 不是两人共同拥有的人或物,如:Lucy’s and WeiHua’s mothers 露西和伟华的妈妈们.
  7. It’s Tuesday, November
  11.今天是 11 月 11 日,星期四。 释:在英语中,如果同时出现的日期和星期,一般先说星期,后说日期。 例如:It’s Monday,October ist today. Today is monday,October 1st.今天是十月一日,星期一。 在疑问句及否定句中,通常用 it 作语,而不用 today 作主语。例如:一般不能说:Is today Tuesday? 或 Today isn’t Tuesday. 表示星期、 月份的名词都是专有名词, 单词的第一个字母必须大写。 而且前面不加任何冠词。 如:Friday,Saturday,Sunday,April,October,December 等。 注:如要询问星期几,一般用 What day…? 来提问。 例如:What day is it today? 今天星期几?It's Saturday today. 今天是星期日。 如要询问日期,则有 What date…?提问。 例如:What date is it today? 今天几号?It's September 10th.今天是九月十日。
  8. I’m really busy today! 我今天真的很忙。 释:
  1)句中 really 是形容词 real 的副词,意为“真实地、真正地”,在句中常常常可以修
饰形容词,副词或动词,它通常位于动词 be 之后,行为动词之前。 例如:I really love you very much 我真地非常爱你。
  2) be busy 表示“很忙”。 例如:My mother is busy today. 我妈妈今天很忙。 注:关于 busy 的常见句式还有: be busy with sth 忙于……be busy doing sth. 忙着做…… 例如:He is busy with his homework .=He is busy doing his homework. 他正忙着做家庭作业。
  9. Our teacher is very stict and makes me very tined.我们的老师非常严格,他使我很疲倦。 释:
  1)句中的 strict mother 一位严厉的母亲,a strict teacher 一位严格的老师。
  2)句中草药 make 意为“使…成…(的状况)”,常用 make+名词/代词+形容词结构. 例如:This makes me very happy. 这使我们非常高兴。 注:①be strict with sb. 表示“对某人要求严格”的意思。 例如:My parents are strict with me. 我父母对我要求非常严格。 ②be strict in sth. 表示“对某事要求严格”的意思。 例如:Our teacher is strict in everything. 我们老师在每一件事上对我们都非常严格要求。 ③be strict with sb. in sth 则表示 对某人在每件事上都要求严格。 例如:My parents are strict with me in everything. 我父母在每件事上对我要求严格。 三.典型例解 ( )
  1. It ’s very kind you help me. A. of; for B. to; do C. of; to D. for; for 分析:C 本题考查常用句型 It’s (very) kind/nice of sb. to do sth. 选 C。 ( )
  2. ?Could you ask her me back, please? I have something to tell her. ?OK. A. call B. to call C. calling D. call to 分析:B 本题通过上下文语境考查固定词组 ask sb. to do sth.“请求某人做某事”的用法,选 B。 ( )
  3. ?I don’t like the green coat. ? the red one? A. What’s B. Where’s C. What about D. How 分析:C 本题通过语境考查征询别人意见或建议的句子, “……怎么样?”用 What/How about ... ? 因此选 C。 ( )
  4. I like these shoes. Can I ? A. try it on B. try them on C. try on it D. try on them 分析:B shoes 是复数, 其代词宾格应为 them, try on 跟代词时, 代词应放在 try 和 on 中间, 故选 B。 ( )
  5. ?Would you like to go out for a picnic tomorrow? ?Yes, I’d love to. ?Don’t forget some drinks. A. bringing B. to bring C. taking D. to take 分析:B 本题通过语境考查 forget 的用法以及 bring 与 take 的区别。forget to do sth. 忘记做 某事(未做);forget doing sth.“忘记做过某事(已做) ”。bring 为“取来, 拿来”之意。take 为“拿 走”之意。根据语境:“记得带些饮料去野餐”, 因此选 B。 ( )
  6. That coat is nice and I’ll it.
A. try B. take C. want D. put 分析:B 根据语境, 此题指购物时买下某物的说法。在购物时, 要买下某物时常说 I’ll/We’ll take ... 因此选 B。 ( )
  7. ?What time is it? ?It’s . A. four four-five B. a quarter to five C. three quarters past four D. forty-five four 分析:B 根据时间表达法, B 应是正确答案。另一种表达为 four forty-five。 ( )
  8. ?Could you help me, please? ?Sure. What would you like me ? A. do B. to do C. doing D. does 分析: 本题考查 would like sb. to do sth. 的用法, 它的意思是“想让某人做某事”, 因此选 B。 B ( )
  9. ?Do you want with me? ?Yes, I do. A. to do any shopping B. do any shopping C. to do some shopping D . do some shopping 分析: 本题考查 want to do sth. 和 do some shopping 的用法, 在疑问句和否定句中 some 不需 变成 any。 ( )
  10. I don’t have apple juice, but I have orange juice. A. any; some B. some; some C. any; any D. some; any 分析:A 本题考查 some 与 any 的基本用法。some 与 any 都作“一些”讲的时候, some 一般 用于肯定句;any 一般用于否定句、条件句、疑问句中。但在表示征询意见或建议的疑问句 中常用 some 而不用 any。 四.能力培养 词汇。 Ⅰ、词汇 A)根据句意及首字母提示,补全单词,使句子完整、正确。
  1. ?How many students are there in your class? ?F . Thirty boys and twenty girls.
  2. ?What color is your new bike? ?O .
  3. My best friend was born in 1994, so he is thirteen y old now. and don’t have much time to talk with him.
  4. Simon’s parents are very b
  5. My father b two books from the library twice a month. B)根据句意及汉语提示,拼写单词,使句子完整、正确。(共 5 分)
  6. ?It’s very hot in (夏天) in Dongtai. ?That’s right.
  7. I usually spend twenty minutes (读) English every day.
  8. As we all know Yao Ming is a famous basketball (运动员) in the world.
  9. My toy is a white one. So the black one isn’t (我的).
  10. ?Can you see many tall trees (在……之间) the hills? ?Yes, I can. 单项选择。 Ⅱ.单项选择。 单项选择 ( )
  1.? does he like science? ?Because it’s interesting. A. What B. Why C. When D. Where
[来源:学,科,网]
( )
  2.?What’s Tom’s favorite city? ? favorite ci ty is New York. A. Its B. It’s C. His D. He ( )
  3.? does your music teacher come? ?At nine o’clock. A. When B. What C. Who D. Why ( )
  4.I like math it’s difficult for me. A. but B. and C. or D. Because ( )
  5.? does he have P.E ? ?He has P.E. at 3:00 in the afternoon . A. When. B. What C. Where D. Why ( )
  6.We have politics Tuesday. A. on B. in C. at D. / ( )
  7.?Where does he live? ?He in Beijing. A. lives B. live C. is living D. to live ( )
  8.?Do you like music? ? A. Yes, it does. B. No, it isn’t. C. Yes, because it’s relaxing. D. No, I do. ( )
  9.Let me the new student to the classroom. A. take B. takes C. to take D. taking ( )
  10. Can you play ? A. the basketball B. the football C. piano D. the piano ( )
  11. Music very relaxing. A. sound B. sounds C. look D. looks ( )
  12.?What do you eat for breakfast ? ?. A. At 6:30 B. Usually C. Bread and eggs D. At home ( )
  13.?What’s your favorite color ? ?My favorite color is . D. white A. baseball B. science C. hamburger ( )
  14.After class, I have gymnastics . A. At two hours B. for two hours C. for a hour D. at an hour ( )
  15.?Is Steve’s favorite day Friday? ? . A. No, it is B. Yes, he is C. Yes, it is D. No, he isn’t 请根据括号内的要求改写下列
 

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