英语情景对话
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  1). Introductions and Opening Conversations 介绍和开场白 People in the United States don't always shake hands when they are introduced to one another. However, in a formal or business situation people almost always shake hands.
  1. A: Mary, this is Joe's brother David. B; I'm very glad to meet you. C: It's a pleasure to meet you. B: How do you like Texas so far? C: It's really different from what I expected. B: Don't worry. You'll get used to it in no time. A: Mrs. Smith, I'd like to introduce a friend of mine, Pierre Dubois. B: How do you do? C: Hello. B: What's your impression of the United States? C: Well, I can't get over how different the weather is here. B: Oh, you'll get used to it soon! A: Wendy, I'd like you to meet my brother Sam. B: Hi. C: Nice to meet you. B: What do you think of Dallas? C: Well, I'm still feeling a little homesick and so many things seem strange to me. B: You're bound to feel that way at first, I guess. A: Mrs.Hughs, this is Peter Brown. B: Pleased to meet you. C: How do you do? B: I hope you're enjoying your stay here. C: If it weren't for the climate, I'd like it here very much. B: It always takes time to get used to a new place.

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  2).Special Greetings 节假日的问候 There are eight national holidays celebrated in the United States: New Year's Day(Jan.), Washington's Birthday (Feb.), Memorial Day ( 阵 亡 将 士 纪 念 日 ) (May), the Fourth of July, Labor Day(Sep.),Veteran's Day(退伍军人节)( Nav.),Thanksgiving(Nov.) and Christmas(Dec.), In addition, there are many state and local holidays.
  1. A: Merry Christmas! B: The same to you!
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A: Are you doing anything special? B: We're having some friends over. What are you doing? A: Oh, I'm just going to take it easy.
  2. A: Happy New Year! B: Thank you! Same to you. A: Have you got any plans? B: I've been invited over to la friends. And you? A: My roommate’s having a party. A: Have a nice Thanksgiving! B: Same to you! A: Are you going anywhere? B: I thought about going to my sister's. How about you? A: Oh, I'll probably just stay at home. A: Have a nice weekend! B: Thanks. You too! A: Do you have any plans? B: Well, my family's away and I can't afford to do much. What about you? A: Oh, I haven't decided what I'm going to do yet.

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  3).Meeting old friends 老友重逢 Many people shake hands when meeting after they haven't seen each other for a long time.
  1. A: I haven't seen you for ages. You haven't been sick, have you? B: No, I've been in California for the past month. A: How nice. Where were you exactly? B: San Diego. I got back yesterday. A: It's nice to see you again. Have you changed jobs? B: No, I've been visiting relatives. A: That's nice. Where? B: I went to visit an uncle of mine in San Francisco. A: You haven't been around much lately, have you? B: No, I've been away on vacation. A: Oh? Where were you? B: Palm Springs. I've got a cousin there. A: Well, hello, stranger! Have you moved or something? B: No, I went to California for a few weeks. A: Oh, really? Where did you go? B: Los Angeles. I stayed with my brother.
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  4).Saying Goodbye 告别 When you're far from friends and family, you can keep in touch with them by letters, post cards, short notes or phone calls.
  1. A: I've come to say goodbye. B: When are you off? A: I'm flying home on Sunday afternoon. B: Well, goodbye. See you soon. A: Please don't forget to say goodbye to the rest of the family for me. A: I'd like to say goodbye to everyone. B: What time are you going? A: My plane leaves at 7:
  25. B; Well, goodbye and have a good trip! A: Goodbye. Remember to look me up if you're ever in Washington. A; I'm calling to say goodbye. B: When do you leave? A: I'm catching the 11:00 train. B: Take care of yourself and don't forget to keep in touch. A: Goodbye. Thanks again for everything. A: I just dropped in to say goodbye. B: What time are you leaving? A: I'm going to try to leave by 10:
  00. B: Take care and give my best to your parents. A: Goodbye. Hope to see you again next year.

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  5).Saying Thank You 道谢 When someone invites you for dinner, you can bring flowers, candy or a bottle of wine. Sometimes people send a thank you note to the host or hostess a few days after the event.
  1. A: I'd better be going. B: So soon? Why don't you stay a little longer? A: I wish I could, but it's already late. B: Oh, it's a shame that you have to leave. A: Thank you for a wonderful meal. B: I'm glad you enjoyed it. A: I really must be going now. B: But you just got here. Can't you stay a little longer? A: That's very nice of you, but I really can't.
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B: Well, it's too bad that you have to go. A: Thanks very much. It was a great party! B: It was our pleasure.
  3. A: I think it's about time we got going. B: What? Already? Won't you have more coffee? A: I'd love to, but I have to get up early tomorrow. B: Oh! I'm sorry. I wish you could stay. A: Thank you for a very enjoyable evening. B: Don't mention it. I hope you can come again soon. A: I really should be on my way. B: Oh, not yet! At least have one for the road. A: No. Thanks all the same. B: Well, I'm sorry you have to leave so early. A: Thank you very much. We really had a good time. B: Well, thank you for coming.

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  6).Asking People to Repeat 请人复述 As long as you ask politely, most people do not mind repeating something you didn't hear or understand.
  1. A: I'm sorry, but I didn't catch what you said. B: I said, "Do you want me to help you?" A: If you're sure you're not in a hurry, I can use a little help. B: Would you like me to get you a cab? A: I beg your pardon? B: I said, "Do you need any help?" A: That's very nice of you. I guess I could use some help. B: Just tell me what you'd like me to do. A: What was that? B: I said, "Is there anything I can do?" A: If it's not too much trouble, I would like some help. B: It's no trouble at all. I'll carry this suitcase for you. A: Excuse me? I didn't hear what you said. B: I asked you if you wanted some help. A: If you wouldn't mind, I could use a hand. B: I'll get this bag for you.

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  7).Asking Favors 求助
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When you ask for things, it is important to be polite. The intonation that you use in making your request is as important as what you actually say. When you think someone will refuse your request, you can ask the question in such a way that the refusal does not cause embarrassment.
  1. A: Is there any chance of my borrowing your type-writer? B: For how long? A: Until the end of the week. B: Yes, I guess that would be all right. A: Would you mind if I borrowed your car? B: Well, when exactly? A: Until Monday or Tuesday of next week. B: I'm sorry, but it's just not possible. A: Do you think you could lend me some of your records? B: Until when? A: Oh, just over the holidays. B: I'm not sure. I'll have to think about it. A: I was wondering if you'd let me stay with you for a few days. B: It really depends on when. A: Until next weekend, if that's OK. B: Let me think it over, and I'll let you know later.

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  8).Giving Compliments 赞美 Friends often compliment one another on clothes, especially if the clothes are new.
  5. A: What a beautiful sweater! B: Do you think it looks good on me? A: Yes, and it goes beautifully with your pants. B: You won't believe it, but it was really cheap. A: I wish I could find one just like it. A: I like your new coat. B: Do you think it fits OK? A: Yes. It looks terrific! B: I bought it at half price. A: You were lucky to find it. A: That's a very nice jacket. B: Does it really look OK? A: Yes, and I like the color too. It matches your hat. B: And I got it on sale. A: That's incredible!
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A: I love that shirt. B: Do you really like it? A: Yes, it fits perfectly. B: It wasn't very expensive either. A: That's amazing! It sure looks expensive.
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  9).Apologizing 道歉 Sometimes it is necessary to tell someone bad news gently.
  1. A: I'm afraid I spilled coffee on the tablecloth. B: Oh, don't worry about it. A: I want to apologize. Is there anything I can do? B: Just forget about it. I never did like it anyway. A: I'm really sorry, but I seem to have misplaced your scarf. B: Oh, that's all right. A: I'm very sorry. Can I get you another one? B: No. Forget about it. It's not important. A: I'm sorry, but I can't find the book you lent me. B: That's OK. A: I really feel bad about it. Let me buy you a new one. B: No. Don't be silly. I wouldn't dream of letting you do that. A: I feel terrible, but I've just broken your ashtray. B: It's nothing to get upset about. A: I don't know what to say. I'd like to replace it. B: No. It's out of the question.

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  10).Complaining 抱怨 It's a good idea to be as polite as possible even when complaining about something.
  1. A: I wish you wouldn't play the TV so loud. B: Sorry. Where you trying to sleep? A: Yes, And while I think of it, please ask when you want to borrow my records. B: I'm sorry. You're right. I should have asked. A: Do you think you could keep the noise down? B: I'm sorry. Am I keeping you awake? A: Yes. And another thing, would you mind not making long distance calls. B: I'm sorry. I thought you wouldn't mind.

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A: That radio's pretty loud. Could you turn it down, please? B: Sorry. Was I disturbing you? A: Yes. And something else, please don't borrow my clothes without asking. B: Sorry. I guess I wasn't thinking. I won't do it again. A: You don't have to play that record so loud, do you? B: I'm sorry. Has it been bothering you? A: Yes. And please ask me the next time you want to use something. B: I'm sorry. I meant to ask you.

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  11).The weather 天气 A very common way to start a conversation is to talk about the weather. When you're traveling, remember that there is considerable variation in climate in the United States.
  1. A: Beautiful day, isn't it? B: Yes, it's not like what the radio said at all. A: I wish it would stay this way for the weekend. B: As long as it doesn't snow! A: It seems to be clearing up. B: It's such a nice change. A: I really don't think this weather will last. B: Let's just hope it doesn't get cold again. A: It looks it's going to be sunny. B: Yes, it's much better than yesterday. A: They say we're going to get some rain later. B: Oh, let's just hope it stays warm. A: I think it's going to be a nice day. B: It's certainly a big improvement over yesterday. A: But it's supposed to get cloudy and windy again this afternoon. B: Well, the worst of the winter should be over.

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  12).Asking for Change 换零钱 It is sometimes difficult to get change without buying something, so it's a good idea to carry change with you at all times. If you need change, you can buy something inexpensive like candy or a newspaper and ask for the coins you need.
  1. A: Excuse me, but could you give me some change? B: Let me see. Are dimes and quarters OK? A: I want to make a long distance phone call. B: Then you'll need small change.
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A: Sorry to bother you, but do you have change for a one? B: I'll have to look. What do you want it for? A: I need it for the parking meter. B: I can give you quarters, if that'll help. A: Pardon me, but I was wondering if you could break a one. B: Let me look. What do you need? A: I need the change for the stamp machine. B: I think dimes and quarters will do. A: Excuse me; could you give me change for a dollar? B: I'll see what I have. What do you need it for? A: I want to get cigarettes. B: You can use quarters, dimes and nickels.

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  13).Making a Telephone Call 打电话(
  1) The telephone system in the United States, as in many other countries, has a special number for each region of the country. It is called as "area code". If you know the area code and the phone number, it's usually cheaper to dial the number yourself. Of course, you must go through an operator to make person-to-person or collect calls. You can dial direct to many countries overseas or you can ask for the overseas operator.
  1. A: Operator. B: I'd like to make a collect call to Los Angeles. That's area code 213-486-24
  35. A: And what's the name of the person you want to speak to? B: Susan Greene. A: Operator. B: Yes, Operator. I'd like to place a person-to-person call to Chicago. The number is 932-8647, but I don't know the area code. A: Who do you want to speak to? B: I'll speak to anyone at extension 2
  14. A: Operator. B: I want to make a person-to-person call to 212-836-17
  25. A: And the name of the person you're calling, please? B: Ed Cooper. That's C double O-P-E-R. A: Operator. B: Operator, I'd like to place a call to Winnipeg, Canada. The number is 932-08
  06. A: What's the name of the party you're calling? B: I'm not sure of the name, but the extension is 2
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  14).Making a Telephone Call 打电话 打电话(
  2) When using a public telephone, be sure to read the directions carefully before dialing.
  1. A: Hello. Can I speak to Yolanda, please? B: Hold on, please. A: Thank you. B: Sorry, but she's out. A: Would you tell her Tom Gray called? B: I'd be glad to. A: Hello. Is Marie Ward there, please? B: I'll see if she's in. A: OK. B: I'm afraid she's not here. A: Could you give her a message, please? B: Yes, of course. A: Hello. Is Mrs. James in, please? B: Hang on, please. A: All right.
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