George Bernard Shaw (1856-19
  50)
George Bernard Shaw (1856-19
  50) was born in Dublin, the son of a civil servant. His education was irregular, due to his dislike of any organized training. After working in an estate agent's office for a while he moved to London as a young man (18
  76), where he established himself as a leading music and theatre critic in the eighties and nineties and became a prominent member of the Fabian Society (explanation), for which he composed many pamphlets. He began his literary career as a novelist; as a fervent advocate of the new theatre of Ibsen (The Quintessence of Ibsenism, 18
  91) he decided to write plays in order to illustrate his criticism of the English stage. His earliest dramas were called appropriately Plays Pleasant and Unpleasant (18
  98).
Among these, Widower's Houses and Mrs. Warren's Profession savagely attack social hypocrisy, while in plays such as Arms and the Man and The Man of Destiny the criticism is less fierce. Shaw's radical rationalism, his utter disregard of conventions, his keen dialectic interest and verbal wit often turn the stage into a forum of ideas, and nowhere more openly than in the famous discourses on the Life Force, ?Don Juan in Hell?, the third act of the dramatization of woman's love chase of man, Man and Superman (19
  03).
In the plays of his later period discussion sometimes drowns the drama, in Back to Methuselah (19
  21), although in the same period he worked on his masterpiece Saint Joan (19
  23), in which he rewrites the wellknown story of the French maiden and extends it from the Middle Ages to the present.
fc1 her important plays by Shaw are Caesar and Cleopatra (19
  01), a historical play filled with allusions to modern times, and Androcles and the Lion (19
  12), in which he exercised a kind of retrospective history and from modern movements drew deductions for the Christian era. In Major Barbara (19
  05), one of Shaw's most successful ?discussion? plays, the audience's attention is held by the power of the witty argumentation that man can achieve aesthetic salvation only through political activity, not as an individual.
The Doctor's Dilemma (19
  06), facetiously classified as a tragedy by Shaw, is really a comedy the humour of which is directed at the medical profession. Candida (18
  98), with social attitudes toward sex relations as objects of his satire, and Pygmalion (19
  12), a witty study of phonetics as well as a clever treatment of middle-class morality and class distinction, proved some of Shaw's greatest successes on the stage. It is a combination of the dramatic, the comic, and the social corrective that gives Shaw's comedies their special flavour. Shaw's complete works appeared in thirty-six volumes between 1930 and 1950, the year of his death.
The origin of the name: Pygmalion
Pygmalion , King of Cyprus , was a famous sculptor . He made an ivory image of a woman so lovely that he fell in love with it.Every day he tried to make Galatea up in gold and purple,for that was the name he had given to this mistress of his heart . He embraced and kissed it , but it remained a statue . In despair he went to Aphrodite's shrine for help.Offering rich sacrifice and sending up a passionate prayer, he begged the goddess to give him a wife as graceful as Galatea.Back home,he went straight up to the statue.Even as he gazed at it a change came over it.A faint colour appeared on its cheeks,a gleam shone from its eyes and its lips opened into a sweet smile.Pygmalion stood speechless when Ualatea began to move towards him.She was simple and sweet and alive!Soon the room was ringing with her sliver voice.The work of his own hands became his wife .
塞浦路斯的国王皮格马利翁是一位有名的雕塑家。 塞浦路斯的国王皮格马利翁是一位有名的雕塑家。他塑 造了一位异常可爱的象牙少女雕像以致于爱上了它。 造了一位异常可爱的象牙少女雕像以致于爱上了它。每 天他都给盖拉蒂穿上金、紫色相间的长袍。 天他都给盖拉蒂穿上金、紫色相间的长袍。盖拉蒂是他 给心上人所起的名字。他拥抱它、亲吻它, 给心上人所起的名字。他拥抱它、亲吻它,但是它始终 是一尊雕像。绝望中, 是一尊雕像。绝望中,他来到阿芙罗狄蒂的神殿寻求帮 他献上丰盛的祭祀品,并且深情地祷告, 助。他献上丰盛的祭祀品,并且深情地祷告,祈求这位 女神赐给他一位如同盖拉蒂一样举止优雅的妻子。 女神赐给他一位如同盖拉蒂一样举止优雅的妻子。回家 他径直来到雕像旁。就在他凝视它的时候, 后,他径直来到雕像旁。就在他凝视它的时候,雕像开 始有了变化。它的脸颊开始呈现出微弱的血色, 始有了变化。它的脸颊开始呈现出微弱的血色,它的眼 睛释放出光芒,它的唇轻轻开启,现出甜蜜的微笑。 睛释放出光芒,它的唇轻轻开启,现出甜蜜的微笑。盖 拉蒂走向他的时候,皮格马利翁站在那儿,说不出话来。 拉蒂走向他的时候,皮格马利翁站在那儿,说不出话来。 她单纯、温柔、充满活力! 她单纯、温柔、充满活力!不久屋子里响起她银铃般悦 耳的声音。他的雕塑成了他的妻子。 耳的声音。他的雕塑成了他的妻子。
皮格马利翁(Pygmalion)是古希腊神话中的塞浦路斯国王。 是古希腊神话中的塞浦路斯国王。 皮格马利翁 是古希腊神话中的塞浦路斯国王 相传,他性情非常孤僻,喜欢一人独居,擅长雕刻。 相传,他性情非常孤僻,喜欢一人独居,擅长雕刻。他用 象牙雕刻了一座他的理想中的女性的美女像。 象牙雕刻了一座他的理想中的女性的美女像。他天天与雕 像依伴,把全部热情和希望放在自己雕刻的少女雕像身上, 像依伴,把全部热情和希望放在自己雕刻的少女雕像身上, 少女雕像被他的爱和痴情所感动,从架子上走下来, 少女雕像被他的爱和痴情所感动,从架子上走下来,变成 了真人。皮格马利翁娶了少女为妻。 了真人。皮格马利翁娶了少女为妻。 英国大文豪萧伯纳以上面这段传说为原型创作了同名 社会讽刺剧, 社会讽刺剧,通过描写教授如何训练一名贫苦卖花女并最 终成功被上流社会所认可的故事, 终成功被上流社会所认可的故事,抨击当时英国的腐朽保 守的等级意识。而后来的好莱坞据此翻拍的《窈窕淑女》 守的等级意识。而后来的好莱坞据此翻拍的《窈窕淑女》, 则被普别认为没有很好的表现出原著中的讽刺元素。 则被普别认为没有很好的表现出原著中的讽刺元素。但是 不是因此就足以作为否定库克和赫本版本的理由
Introduction to the play
Pygmalion (19
  13) is a play by George Bernard Shaw based on the Greek myth of the same name. It tells the story of Henry Higgins, a professor of phonetics (based on phonetician Henry Sweet), who makes a bet with his friend Colonel Pickering that he can successfully pass off a Cockney flower girl, Eliza Doolittle, as a refined society lady by teaching her how to speak with an upper class accent and training her in etiquette. In the process, Higgins and Doolittle grow close, but she ultimately rejects his domineering ways and declares she will marry Freddy Eynsford-Hill ? a young, poor, gentleman. This play is based on Pygmalion, a sculptor from Greek Mythology who was a known misogynist ? a trait somewhat shared by Prof Higgins in this play.
? Shaw wrote the lead role of Eliza Doolittle for Mrs Patrick Campbell (though at 49 she was considered by some to be too old for the role). Owing to delays in mounting a London production and Mrs. Campbell's injury in a car accident, the first English presentation did not take place until some time after Pygmalion premiered at the Hofburg Theatre in Vienna on October 16, 1913, in a German translation by Shaw. The first production in English finally opened at His Majesty's Theatre, London on April 11, 1914 and starred Mrs Campbell as Eliza and Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree as Henry Higgins; it was directed by Shaw himself. ? The Pygmalion myth was a popular subject for Victorian era English playwrights, including one of Shaw's influences, W. S. Gilbert, who wrote a successful play based on the story in 1871, called Pygmalion and Galatea. Shaw also would have been familiar with the burlesque version, Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed.
Act Three Mrs. Higgins' drawing room. Henry tells his mother he has a young 'common' whom he has been teaching. Mrs Higgins is not very impressed with her son's attempts to win her approval because it is her 'at home' day, in which she is entertaining visitors. The visitors are the Eynsford-Hills. Henry is rude to them on their arrival. Eliza enters and soon falls into talking about the weather and her family. The humor stems from the knowledge the audience have of Eliza, of which the Eynsford-Hills are curiously ignorant. When she is leaving, Freddy Eynsford-Hill asks her if she is going to walk across the park, to which she replies; " Walk! Not bloody likely..." (This is the most famous line from the play, and, for many years after, to use the word 'bloody' was known as a Pygmalion.) After she and the Eynsford-Hills leave, Henry asks for his mother's opinion. She says the girl is not presentable, and she is very concerned about what will happen to the girl; but neither Higgins nor Pickering understand her, and leave feeling confident and excited about how Eliza will get on. This leaves Mrs Higgins feeling exasperated, and she says "Men! Men!! Men!!!"
Summary of Act III
The Fabian Society is a British intellectual socialist movement, whose purpose is to advance the principles of Social democracy via gradualist and reformist, rather than revolutionary means. It is best known for its initial ground-breaking work beginning late in the 19th century and continuing up to World War I. The society laid many of the foundations of the Labour Party and subsequently affected the policies of states emerging from the decolonisation of the British Empire, especially India.
  •  
 

相关内容

英语人教版选修8--萧伯纳及其作品简介

   George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) was born in Dublin, the son of a civil servant. His education was irregular, due to his dislike of any organized training. After working in an estate agent's office for a while he move ...

高中英语 Unit2《Cloning》课件-Reading 新人教版选修8

   Pre-reading In pairs discuss what you understand about clothing. Then list the questions you want to find out. Share your lists with one another. Questions about cloning 1. What is a clone? A clone is a group of cells or organisms that are genetica ...

人教版英语选修8课文译文

   选修 8 Unit 1 大课文 多样性的土地 加州 加州是美国第三大洲,但是人口最多。它也有不同的是最多元文化国家在美国,有吸引了来自世界各地的人们。的 习俗和语言的移民活在新居。这个文化多样性并不令人惊讶当你知道他的历史加州。 本土美国人 什么时候到的第一批人我们现在知道的加利福尼亚,没有人真的知道。然而,很可能在加利福尼亚居住美国印地安 人是至少一万五千年前。科学家们认为这些定居者穿过白令海峡在北极到美国的一种方法中存在的陆地桥在史前 时期。在 16 世纪,欧洲人到来之后,当地人中蒙受了 ...

高中英语 Unit1 《Art》课件(1) 新人教版选修6

   短语大盘点 1. In the abstract 抽象地,理论上 make an abstract of sth 做摘要 abstract sth from sth 从…中提取 2. As well/ as well as 也,同…一样 3. Aim at sb/ sth // to do sth // at doing sth be aimed at doing sth 旨在,意欲 with the aim of 带有…目的 4. Focus on= concentrate on 集中 5 ...

高中英语 Unit1 《Art》课件(1) 新人教版选修6

   Discuss in groups 1 If 1、If you could have three of these paintings on The walls of your classroom, which would you Choose? Why? These words might help you in your discussions: realistic abstract nature detailed traditional line rich religious unfi ...

高中人教版英语选修9单词。非常完整~

   选修九 Unit 1 hurding 跨栏运动 boxing n.拳击 hula hoping 玩呼啦圈 △pogo stick jumping弹簧单高跷游戏 △jumping jack 跳爆竹 somersaulting n. 翻筋斗 lunge n. vt. 刺,越近,前冲 △Ashrita Furman 阿什里塔.弗曼 Guinness 吉尼斯 Guiness book of Word Records《吉尼斯世界纪录大全》 approximate adj. 近似的,大概的 approxi ...

高中英语 译林牛津版 选修8,语法歌诀

   金星教学考试网 www.jxjxks.com 高中英语 译林牛津版 选修 8 语法歌诀 模块八 Module2 ★省略 省略 回答问题要简洁,并列重复要省略. 祁使主语必省略,比较 than 后须省略. 定从表从省 that,主从 that 不可略. 前后出现同一词,惯用习语常省略. ★ 后接动词不定式做宾语补足语省略不定式符号"to"的一些常用特殊动 词 一些动词要掌握,have, let 和 make, 此三动词是使役,"注意""观察&q ...

人教版高二英语选修7_Unit_2_Robots_全单元教案

   Unit 2 Robots I. 单元教学目标 技能目标 Goals ▲ Learn about literary work about science, Robots and Science fiction writerIsaac Asimov ▲ Talk about Robots ▲ Practise Supposition and belief ▲ Revise the Passive Voice (I) ( including the infinitive) ▲ Science f ...

广东2011高考英语一轮复习:选修9 Unit4(新人教版)

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 选修 9 Unit 4 Exploring plants 能力演练 一、语法填空  阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格 处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 Poor student behaviour seems to be an 1 (increase)widespread problem and I think that modern lifestyles are probabl ...

江苏省2011届高三英语牛津版选修8综合模拟卷(含解析)

   选修 MODULE 8 第一部分:听力(共两节, 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节 综合模拟卷八 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面五段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒种的时间来回答有关 小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How does the man usually go to work? A. A. A. B. C. By car. B. ...

热门内容

金融财务常用英语术语

   金融财务常用英语术语 a flat percentage rate of income 统一比率的所得税税率. a long position 多头部位,利多形势. a long position 多头寸;买进的期货合同. a put option on a debt security 债务证券的卖出期权. a sales slip 签购单据,售货清单. a short position 空头部位,短缺头寸. a short position 空头;卖出的期货合同. a tax return ...

英语思维方法

   英 语 学 习 一、精深大于广博:熟能生巧(脱口而出) 专守一经、 熟能生巧(脱口而出) 专守一经、 、专守一经 熟能生巧 、 学以致用 (1) “人一能之己百之,人十能之己千之。果能此道 矣,虽愚必明,虽柔必强。” (2) “夫学贵有本末,古尚专经。初事寻摭,徒惊浩 博,是以务研一经,以穷其奥。但求一经,群经自贯,旁通 曲证,温故知新,恃源而往,靡不济矣。 (3)多看英文解释的字典,学会用英语界定、描述。 二、逆向五步法:听(跟读)(默)写、说、背、想 、 三、学习流程:背诵(逐句默写)- ...

如何在“英语面试”中脱颖而出

   如何在“英语面试”中脱颖而出  对求职者来说,面试已经是一件不容易的事情!如果需要面临“英语面试”,难度更是加倍!事实上,许多求职者原本英文能力还不错,但是只要碰到英语面试,由于紧张的关系,表现也不免大打折扣。其实,如果准备充分,你定能在“英语面试”中脱颖而出。    见面后要亲切问候    求职者带给面试官的第一印象一定要落落大方,见面后一定要亲切问候。通常面试官的桌上会有名牌,如果面试官姓李,求职者可以从“Good morning, Mr. Lee”开始,拉近两人的距离。当面试官问求职者 ...

英语演讲稿 我爱你中国

   I love you,China 中学生英语演讲稿 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, I’m very glad to m ake a speech here. Today my topic is “I love you, China.” Since the day I was born, I began to have a proud name ?Chinese. Since the day I began to talk, the most beau ...

【英语辅导报样报】人教PEP小学三年级版-02

   ! K !""#P!"$% N$DLO ! D !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!" !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!" !!!!!! ...