日常交际用语
  1.问候 Greetings
a.Good morning/afternoon/evening. Hello/Hi! How are you? b.Fine,thank you.And you? Very well,thank you.
  2.介绍 Introductions a.This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms…/These are…and they are… b.How do you do? Nice/Glad to see/meet you. c.My name is…I'm a student/worker etc.
  3.告别 Farewells a.I think it's time for us to leave now./I'm afraid I must go now. b.Goodbye!(Bye-bye!Bye!) See you later/tomorrow.(See you.) Good night. [注]晚上见面时,只能说 Good evening,睡觉前要用 Good night 来告别。
  4.打电话 Making telephone calls a.Hello! May I speak to…? Is that…(speaking)?
b.Hold on,please. This is…speaking. He/She isn't here right now/at the moment. Can I take a message for you? c.I called to tell/ask you… d.Goodbye.
  5.感谢和应答 Thanks and responses
a.Thank you(very much)。 Thanks a lot. Many thanks. Thanks for… b.That's very nice of you. It's very kind of you to say so/do it. Thank you all the same. c.Not at all. That's all right./It's my pleasure. You're welcome./That's OK.
  6.祝愿、祝贺和应答 Good wishes,congratulations and responses a.Good luck! Best wishes to you. Have a nice/good time. Congratulations!
Happy birthday to you. b.Thank you. [注]回答对方只是对自己某一方面时, 用“Thank you.”而共有的节 日要用“The same to you.” c.Happy New Year! Merry Christmas! d.The same to you.
  7.意愿 Intentions I'm going to… I will… I'd like to… I want/hope to…
  8.道歉和应答 Apologies and responses
a.I'm sorry.(Sorry.) I'm sorry for/about… Excuse me. b.That's all right. It doesn't matter. That's nothing. Never mind.
  9.遗憾和同情 Regrets and sympathy What a pity!
I'm sorry to hear that.
  10.邀请和应答 Invitations and responses
a.Will you come to…? Would you like to…? b.Yes.I'd love to… Yes.It's very kind/nice of you. c.I'd love to.But…
  11.提供帮助和应答 Offers and responses a.Can I help you?/May I help you? What can I do for you? Here,take this/my…/Here you are. Let me…for you. Would you like some…? b.Thanks.That would be nice/fine. Thank you for your help./Thank you for helping me. Yes,please. c.No,thanks/thank you. That's very kind of you,but…
  12.请求允许和应答 Asking for permission and responses a.May I…? Can/could I…? b.Yes/Certainly.
Yes,do please. Of course(you may)。 That's OK/all right. c.I'm sorry,but… You'd better not.
  13.表示同意和不同意 Expressing agreement and disagreement
a.Certainly/Sure/Of course. Yes,please. Yes,I think so. That's true. All right/OK. That's a good idea. I agree(with you)。 b.No,I don't think so. I'm afraid not. I really can't agree with you. c.Yes,maybe. You may be right.
  14.表示肯定和不肯定 a.I'm sure. I'm sure(that)… b.I'm not sure. Expressing certainty and uncertainty
I'm not sure whether/if… c.Maybe/Perhaps.
  15.喜好和厌恶 Likes and dislikes
a.I like/love…(very much) I like/love to… b.I don't like(to)… I hate(to)…
  16.谈论天气 Talking about the weather a.What's the weather like today? How's the weather in…? b.It's fine/cloudy/windy/rainy… It's rather warm/cold/hot etc.today,isn't it?
  17.购物 Shopping
a.What can I do for you?May/Can I help you? b.I want/I'd like…/Let me have…kilo/box… How much is it? That's too much/expensive,I'm afraid. That's fine.I'll take it. c.How many/much do you want? What color/size/kind/do you want? d.Do you have any other kind/size/colour?
  18.问路和应答 Asking the way and responses
a.Excuse me,which is the way to…? Excuse me,can you tell me the way to…? How can I get to…?I don't know the way. b.Go down this street. Turn right/left at the first/second crossing. It's about…metres from here.
  19.问时间或日期和应答 Asking the time or date and Responses
a.What day is (it) today? What's the date today? What time is it? What's the time,please? b.It's Monday/Tuesday. It's January 10th. It's five o'clock/half past five/a quarter to five/five thirty. It's time for…
  20.请求 Requests
a.Can/Could you…for me? Will/Would you please…? May I have…? b.Please give/pass me… Please wait (here/a moment)。 Please wait (for) your turn.
Please stand in line/line up. Please hurry. c.Don't rush/crowd. No noise,please. No smoking,please.
  21.劝告和建议 Advice and suggestions
a.You'd better… You should… You need (to)… b.Shall we…? Let's… What/How about…?
  22.禁止和警告 Prohibition and warnings
a.You can't/mustn't… If you…,You'll… b.Take care! Be careful! Look out! Watch out! Watch it! Mind (out)!
  23.表达感情 Expressing certain emotions
a.喜悦 Pleasure,Joy I'm glad/pleased/happy to… That's nice. That's wonderful/great. b.焦虑 Anxiety
What's wrong? What's the matter (with you)? I'm/He's/She's worried. Oh,what shall I/we do? c.惊奇 Surprise Really? Oh dear! Is that so?
  24.就餐 Taking meals
a.What would you like to have? Would you like something to eat/drink? b.I'd like… c.Would you like some more…? Help yourself to some… d.Thank you.I've had enough./Just a little,please.
  25.约会 Making appointments
a.Are you free this afternoon/evening?
How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening? Shall we meet at
  4:30 at…? b.Yes,that's all right. Yes,I'll be free then. c.No,I won't be free then.But I'll be free… d.All right.See you then.
  26.传递信息 Passing on a message a.Will you please give this note/message to…? b…asked me to give you this note. c.Thanks for the message.
  27.看病 Seeing the doctor
a.There's something wrong with… I've got a cough. I feel terrible (bad)。 I don't feel well. I've got a pain here. This place hurts. b.Take this medicine three times a day. Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. It's nothing serious. You'll be all right/well soon.
  28.求救 Calling for help
a.Help! b.What's the matter?
  29.语言困难 Language difficulties Pardon. Please say that again/more slowly. What do you mean by…? I'm sorry I can't follow you. I'm sorry I know only a little English.
  •  
 

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