英语日常用语 8000 句 -13- 提出要求
●请求帮助 我可以请您帮个忙吗? Do you mind if I ask you a favor? *要注意回答’可以’时 用 No,’不可以’时用 Yes。 Do you mind if I ask you a favor? (我可以请您帮个忙 吗?) No, not at all. (没问题,完全可以。) Can I ask a favor? May I ask you a favor? *这两个例句和上面例句不同, 用 Yes 回答’可以’。 能帮把手吗? Would you give me a hand? Would you please help me? Would you mind giving me a hand? Could you help me out? 对不起…… I’m sorry to bother you,... I’m sorry to bother you, but can you help me? (对不起, 能帮我一下吗?) It’s no bother. (没问题。) 乐意为您效劳。 I’ll be glad to. I’d be happy to. With pleasure. Love to. 我可不可以……/可不可以让我…… Could I possibly...? Could I possibly use your bathroom? (我能用一下您的 洗手间吗?) Of course. (当然。) 如果可以的话,…… If you’d like,... *you’d 是 you would 的缩写形式。 If you want to,... 请您把糖拿过来行吗? Could you pass the sugar, please? *用于吃饭时等请别 人拿自己够不到的东西时。 Could you pass the sugar, please? (请您把糖拿过来行 吗?) Sure. Here you are. (好的。给你。) Could I have the sugar, please? Could you hand me the sugar, please? Could you give me the sugar, please? Sugar, please. *比较随便的说法。
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给! Here you are. *用于拿出对方所期待着的东西时。 Here you go. Here it is. 请做这个。 Please do this. What do you want me to do? (你想让我做什么?) Please do this. (请做这个。) Please take care of this. Would you please do this (for me)? (您能为我做这个 吗?) 您能开车送我到那家店吗? Would you drive me to the store? Would you take me to the store? Would you drop me off at the store? (能让我在那家店下 车吗?) 您能帮我找到 ABC 饭店的电话号码吗? Would you help me find the number for the ABC Hotel? Would you help me find the number for the ABC Hotel? (您能帮我找到 ABC 饭店的电话号码吗?) My pleasure. (可以啊!) 我不知道怎么填这张表。 I don’t know how to fill out this form. *fill out 是固定搭 配,表示’在空白处填写’。form 是’表格用纸’。 How do I fill out this form? Can you help me with this form? (您能帮我填一下这张 表吗?) 告诉我为什么? Tell me why. What’s the reason? (理由是什么呢?) Why do you think that? (你为什么那么想?) 能借用一下你的钢笔吗? May I borrow your pen? *borrow’借入’。 May I use your pen? Is it okay if I use your pen? 有笔吗? Do you have a pen? Do you have a pen that I can borrow? 能借给我 10 美元吗? Can you lend me ten dollars? 你能给我打个电话吗? Would you give me a call? Could you call me? Can you ring me up? 你今天晚上如果能给我打个电话的话, 我将非常感激。 I’d appreciate it if you could call me tonight.
I’d appreciate it if you could call me tonight. (你今天晚 上如果能给我打个电话的话,我将非常感激。 I’d be glad to. (我非常愿意。) 请关小点儿声。 Please turn it down. *turn down 是’关小’电视、收音机 等的声音。另外关于 turn 还有以下几种用法。 turn up (开大〈电视、收音机等〉的声音。) turn off (关上〈电视、收音机等〉) turn on (打开〈电视、收音机等〉) Would you please turn it down? *比较有礼貌的说法。 Would you please turn it down? (能把声音关小点吗?) All right. (好吧!) Not so loud, please. Please lower the volume. It’s too loud. Turn it down. (太吵了, 关小点声。) *带有 命令的语感。 等我回来。 Wait here until I get back. Please wait here for me. 劳驾。 Excuse me. *用于向不认识的人打招呼时。 是一句很常 用的口语。 Excuse me. (劳驾。) Can I help you? (有事吗?) Pardon me. 喂,你! Hello, there! Hi, there! 喂! Hey! *表示呼吁、喜悦、吃惊等。口气有些傲慢无礼, 所以对不认识的人最好用 Excuse me. Yo! Hey, you! Say! *比较旧的说法。 你有空吗? Do you have time? *’你有时间吗?’,如果是 Do you have the time?的话,意思是’你知道几点了吗?’。 Do you have time? (你有空儿吗?) Sure. (有空。) Do you have a minute? 我想求你件事行吗? Can I ask you a favor? *常用在需要拜托或请求别人之 前。 Can I ask you a favor? (我想求你件事行吗?) Sure. What is it? (当然。什么事?) Can I ask you a favor? (我想求你件事。)
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Sorry, I’m busy. (对不起,我很忙。) May I ask a favor of you? *更礼貌的说法。 Could you do me a favor? Could you help me? Can you help me? 我想打听点儿事。 May I ask you something? May I ask you something? (我想打听点儿事。) Sure. Go ahead. (当然,请说吧。) May I ask (you) a question? I’d like to ask you something. I have a question. Could you tell me something? Do you have time to answer a question? Could you answer a question? I hate to bother you, but can I ask you a question? (真不 好意思,打扰您了,我可以问个问题吗?) 对不起,打断一下可以吗? Sorry for interrupting. *向正在工作或正在说话的人说 话时的表达方式。 Sorry for interrupting... (对不起,打断一下可以吗?) Oh, you’re not. (噢,没关系。) I’m sorry to interrupt you. May I interrupt you? Excuse me for interrupting. Forgive me for interrupting. 你猜怎么着? Guess what? *跟对方说话时,说 Guess what?来吸引对 方的注意。 Guess what? (你猜怎么着?) What? (怎么啦?) You know what? 对不起,我认错人了。 Sorry, I mistook you for someone else. *错向陌生人打 招呼时。 Sorry, I mistook you for someone else. (对不起,我认错 人了。) That’s all right. (没关系。) Sorry, I thought you were someone else. You’re not who I thought you were. Sorry. Oops. My mistake. (不好,我弄错了。) 我能用一下您的电话吗? May I use your phone? May I use your phone? (我能用一下您的电话吗?) Go right ahead. (请用吧。)
●教导 我该怎么做呢? How should I do it? Just start the car! (只要发动车!) How should I do it? (我怎么发动汽车呢?) 你该这么做。 This is the way you should do it. I can’t do it. (我不会做。) This is the way you should do it. (你该这么做。) This is how you should do it. You should do it this way. This is how you do it. 这样的话就会很顺利。 It’ll do the trick. *表示稍微采用一些手段或方法就能 产生所设想的效果/就会顺利。 How’s this? (这样做怎么样?) It’ll do the trick. (这样就会见效。) It’ll be effective. That’ll work. That’ll do it. 这样看上去好一些。 This looks better. This is more pleasing in appearance. I like the looks of this one better. 我用自己的办法做。 I’ll do it my own way. Let me show you how to do it. (我让你看看我的做法。) I’ll do it my own way. (我用我自己的办法。) I’ll do it the way I want to. (我用我自己想用的方法。) 像这样? Like this? *穿衣服时表示’是这样穿吗?’;吃第一次吃 到的东西时表示’是这样吃吗?’。 You eat sushi this way. (寿司是这样吃的。) Like this? (是像这样吗?) You mean like this? 像什么? Like what? Like what? (像什么?) Like chicken. (像只鸡。) 很简单。 It’s easy. It’s a cinch. It’s a snap. 简单得不得了。 Just like that! Can you buy guns in America? (在美国可以买到枪吗?)
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Yes. It’s easy, just like that! (是的,轻而易举。) Just as if it were nothing. (简单得不能再简单了。) 有点儿难哦。 It’s a little hard. It’s kind of difficult. 很复杂哦。 It’s complicated. It’s complex. 首先应该做这个。 This is the first thing to do. You should do this first. 你掉了这个。 You dropped this. *drop ‘掉下,丢下’。 You dropped this. (你掉了这个。) Oh, yeah. It’s mine. (哦,对!是我的。) 我想这是你丢的吧! I think you dropped this. I think this is yours. (我想这是你的吧。) 这是你的吗? Is this yours? Did you drop this? 这不是你的吗? Isn’t this yours? Doesn’t this belong to you? 是我的。 It’s mine. Yes, that’s mine. (是的,那是我的。) Yes, it’s my handkerchief. (是的,是我的手绢。) It belongs to me. 我的钱包丢了。 I’ve lost my wallet. 这下可麻烦了。 I’m in trouble! *be in trouble 表示’陷入困境’。 ●提议 要我帮忙吗?/要我帮你拿吗? May I help? May I help? (要我帮忙吗?/要我帮你拿吗?) Sure. If you don’t mind. (当然,要是不麻烦的话。) Do you want any help? Need any help? Need a hand? Do you need a hand? Can I give you a hand? Do you need some help? Can I help you carry that? (要我帮您搬吗?)
决定之前再好好考虑考虑。 Think twice before you decide. 这个怎么样? How about this one? How about this one? (这个怎么样?) It’s the same price.(这个价钱也是一样。) What about this one? 我提个建议。 I want to make a suggestion. I want to offer a suggestion. 我们走近道吧! Let’s take a short cut. *short cut 表示’近路,捷径’。 Let’s go a shorter way. 咱们逃学吧! Let’s play hooky! *play hooky 俚语,’逃学’。 Let’s skip school! Let’s cut class! Let’s ditch school! 我们打电话请个病假吧! Let’s call in sick. 玩扑克吧! Let’s play cards! 我有个主意。 I have an idea. I have an idea. (我有个主意。) What is it? (什么主意?) I’ve got it. I have come up with an idea. I have a good idea. (我有个好主意。) 这样怎么样? Tell you what. *用于向对方提建议时。 它是 I’ll tell you what.的缩写。 Tell you what. Why don’t you come to my house now? (这样怎么样?你现在就来我家一趟,怎么样?) Okay. (好吧!) 让我考虑一下。 Let me think for a moment. 你好好想想看。 Just think about it. I don’t know what to say. (我不知道说什么好。) Just think about it. (你好好想想看。) 你该剪剪你的头发了。 You should get a haircut. You should cut your hair. You need a hair cut. 你也一起来吧?
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Won’t you join us? *Won’t you...? 表示’……好吗?’, 是 一种表达建议的较随便的方式。 Why don’t you come along? (我们一起去吧?) 你有什么建议吗? What do you suggest? What is your suggestion? 打赌? Wanna make a bet? *wanna 口语说法。是 Do you want to...的缩写。 Wanna make a bet? (打赌?) You’re on! (行啊。) Do you want to bet? Why don’t you put your money where your mouth is? Let’s bet on it. (我们打个赌吧。) Want to bet? 我建议你坐出租车去。 I suggest you take a taxi. ●接受请求和建议 有事吗? Yes? 有事吗? Can I help you? *直译是’我可以帮助你吗?’ Excuse me. (劳驾。) Can I help you? (有事吗?) What can I do for you? 可以,什么事? Sure. What is it? *这种表达方式是作为对对方请求帮 忙的回答。 Sure, what can I do? Sure. How can I help? What is it? 有什么问题吗? Any problems? Is there a problem? What seems to be the problem? Anything wrong? 怎么了? What’s the matter? What’s the matter? (怎么了?) I don’t feel well. (我觉得不舒服。) 当然。 Of course. *一般情况下的说法,’当然’。 Did you finish the report? (你写完报告了吗?) Of course. (当然。) Wanna come to my party? (你来参加我的舞会吗?)
Of course. (当然。) Sure. *比 Of course.要亲切一些。 Okay. Certainly. Sure thing. For sure. *俚语。 Surely. No way. (绝对不行。) 没问题/没关系。 No problem. *No problem 是 Don’t worry 的随意的表达 方式。 Could you give me a hand? (能帮我一把吗?) No problem. (没问题。) There’s no problem. You bet. All right. Sure. Absolutely. Certainly. My pleasure. 这是谁的主意? Whose idea is it? 好的,谢谢。 Yes, thank you. *向对方表示感谢的心情。 Would you like to try? (你想试试吗?) Yes, thank you. (好的,谢谢。) No, thank you. (不,不用了。) 是的,拜托您了。 Yes, please. *请求对方帮忙时。 Would you like some more? (您想再要点儿吗?) Yes, please. (是的,拜托您。) 您请。 Go ahead. *催促对方说话或行动时。 May I? (我可以<先……〉吗?) Go ahead. (您请。) 您先请。 After you. After you. (您先请。) Thank you. (谢谢。) Go ahead. *Go ahead 比 After you 语气要随便。 这是我的荣幸。 My pleasure. Thank you for the report. (谢谢你的报告。) My pleasure. (哪里,我乐意之至。) It’s my pleasure. I’d be happy to.
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It’s no problem. 当然。 Why not? *表示’没有理由不同意’的语感,意为’当 然’、’很愿意’。 Should we have more drinks? (我们再喝点儿吗?) Why not? (当然。) No reason not to. 没关系。 No, not at all. Would you mind if I smoked? (我可以抽烟吗?) No, not at all. (没关系,您请。) 这就做。 I will. Do your homework now. (你现在就做作业。) I will. (这就做。) I’m going to. I’ll do it. 明白。 Got it. *特别是在听到命令和吩咐时用。 Get it? (明白了吗?) Got it! (明白。) Got you. Gotcha. *俚语。 不用多说了。(就交给我吧。) Say no more. *用来回答
 

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