(一)Fire Prevention on Campus
  1.前段时间校园火灾频发,造成生命和财产损失
  2.分析火灾发生的原因
  3.作为学生,如何预防校园火灾发生 ●审题概述● 这是一分析火灾原因和如何预防火灾为中心的文章, 撰写时重点即在于此。 开篇综述校 园火灾频发情形及造成的生命和财产损失, 然后说明火灾原因, 最后提出可能的火灾预防措 施。第一段,主要概述;第二段,说明原因;第三段,详细论述措施。 【范文】 Fire Prevention on Campus People are alarmed by the succession of campus fires in recent years. In each of these accidents, heavy casualties were reported ? houses were burned down, students lost their lives, and properties were damaged. Faced with such a chilling fact, people keep asking, “What on earth results in these repeated tragedies?” A brief survey of them reveals that human factors still prove to be the leading causes. For example, three of these fires were caused by the students’ use of electric water-heaters. As students often leave the heaters unattended, the risks are rather high should the water in the bottle boil dry while no one is around to turn off the power. In other cases, fires were also caused by stoves, candles, cigarette butts, etc. Since most of these disasters could have been prevented if proper precautions had been taken, students should be better educated on the importance and measures of fire control. The following three reminders are of particular importance for us students: First, learn how to use a fire extinguisher. Second, double-check candles, heaters, stoves and other electric appliances, and make sure there are no open flames before leaving rooms. Lastly, do not smoke in the dorm. ◇第一段思路点评:概述并引入下文 ◇语言点提示: (
  1)此句 What on earth results in these repeated tragedies? 常可作为过渡句,引出下文 (
  2)注意描述有关火灾客观事实,多使用被动语态,如 are alarmed by,were reported, were burned down,were damaged,Faced with。 ◇第二段思路点评: 论述火灾的主要原因是使用电热水器, 还有造成火灾的次要原因是 实用电炉、蜡烛和乱扔烟蒂◇语言点提示:electric water-heaters 电热水器 ◇第三段思路点评:详述预防火灾的三点措施,注意使用连接词语 first, second, lastly。 ◇语言点提示: take precautions 采取预防措施 fire extinguisher 灭火器 (二)Enhance Awareness to Guard against Campus Thefts
  1. 校园盗窃案件时有发生
  2. 物品被盗的原因
  3. 学生如何加强防盗意识 ●审题概述● 这是一篇论述校园物品被盗和加强防盗意识的文章。 第一段, 主要陈述校园盗窃案件发 生的情况。第二段,主要分析校园物品被盗的原因。第三段,主要阐述学生怎样增强防盗意 识。 【范文】
Enhance Awareness to Guard against Campus Thefts “If you don’t want to wake up and find you have no pants to wear, you’d better put them on in sleep,” goes a popular joke among students. Obviously, campus thefts have become increasingly annoying as they occur far more often than before. And it seems that the thieves are less choosy these days, with their targets ranging widely from bikes, cell phones, purses, pre-paid IC cards to sunglasses, bags, and even underwear. In short, anything that worth a dime is likely to be stolen. What makes students the easy targets? The reasons are not hard to find. But I believe of all these reasons, the lack of anti-theft alertness is the most important. For lack of alertness, the students tend to leave the doors and windows wide open during sleep at noon or at night in summer. For the same reason, they’ll also leave their bikes unlocked before a store or by a road, or forget to take away their personal stuff before they go out of the classroom to make a phone call. These acts undoubtedly have increased their exposure to the light-fingered monsters. In order to minimize possible losses, the students must stay on guard in the first place, as awareness of the thefts around often makes a big difference. To be more specific, the students should not hide any tempting amount of cash in the dorm. Put it in the bank instead. Besides, do not leave any valuable items unattended. Take them wherever you go. In addition, it’s advisable to develop a neighbourhood watch programme with other students in the dorm and neighbouring dorms. ◇第一段思路点评:陈述校园盗窃案件发生的情况 ◇语言点提示:it seems that 此句型表示一种可能性 ◇第二段思路点评:说明被盗原因 ◇语言点提示: (
  1)What makes students the easy targets?此句引出下文 (
  2)anti-theft alertness 防盗意识 (
  3)lack of alertness 缺乏警惕 (
  4)light-fingered 小偷小摸的、惯行扒窃的 ◇第三段思路点评:阐述如何加强防盗意识 ◇语言点提示:注意关联词语 in the first place,Besides,In addition 的使用可使行文更 富逻辑性。 (三)How Will Our Life Go on without Internet?
  1. 网络提供给了人们丰富多彩和便捷的生活
  2. 很多人开始感觉离开网络寸步难行
  3. 你对网络依赖症的看法 ● 审题概述● 本文是一篇论述你对网络与人们生活关系的文章。 第一段, 侧重简述网络给人们生活的 多彩、便利。第二段,详述网络与人们生活的紧密度。第三段,论述对网络依赖的观点。 【范文一】 How Will Our Life Go on without Internet? If asked whether the Internet is the greatest discovery of the 20th century, my answer would be yes. The Internet has drawn the world closer together, realized countless incredible dreams, and provided modern people with a great many conveniences and a brilliant life. Today, many people simply feel they cannot live without the Internet. Governments publish their latest policies and decisions online for worldwide recognition. Political campaigns are often
done online to gain wider public support. Companies and enterprises resort to the Internet for more business opportunities and potential customers home and abroad. Universities and researchers turn to the Internet if they’d seek international cooperation or funding. Common folks like us also rely on the cyber world in various ways, for communication, entertainment, banking and shopping. True, the power of the Internet is all pervasive and its many negative effects are already visible. For example, Internet addicts tend to withdraw to their own fantasy world rather than communicate with a real person. Children are exposed to online pornography and violence. Internet frauds are an everyday occurrence. In view of all this, you are advised to use the Internet with wisdom. Keep it at a safe distance and never lose yourself. ◇第一段思路点评:综述网络给人们生活带来的多彩和便捷。两个长句足矣。第一句用 if 引导的条件句引出“网络”话题,第二句概述网络带给多彩和便捷的生活。 ◇语言点提示: has drawn…, realized, and provided 此为谓语连动式的运用。 ◇第二段思路点评:详述网络与人们生活的紧密关系,先总述,后分述。 ◇语言点提示: resort to 借助、诉诸、求助于 ◇第三段思路点评:先陈述人们对网络的依赖,再谈对此的看法。 ◇语言点提示: (
  1)negative effects 副作用、反面作用 (
  2)addicts 成瘾者、依恋者 (
  3)fantasy world 虚拟世界、虚幻世界 (
  4)pornography 色情表演、色情作品 (
  5)fraud 欺骗、诈骗 【范文二】 As a primary source of information as well as an efficient means of communication, the Internet offers people a colourful and convenient life. Just by clicking the mouse, we can enjoy a brilliant and easy life that could not be achieved ever before: shopping, making friends, contacting relatives, looking for jobs, downloading music and movies, conducting business deals, and freely airing our opinions. For its convenience, the Internet has attracted people like magnets and some people even claim that it is indispensable. To them, life can’t go on without it. Every day millions of people spend hours on end surfing the Internet. They are obsessed with it so much so that they forget many other important matters. As for me, I don’t approve of unrestrained Internet reliance. Although the Internet is a gift of the technological revolution and a blessing of this information age, we should never let it control our life. The Internet absolutely doesn’t mean the whole world to us. Instead, we should guard against its negative effects. To those Internet addicts, I would add: “Self-control can make or break your life. With proper use, the Internet serves you; otherwise, it kills you.” (四)Craze for Civil Service Examinations
  1. 现在有越来越多的大学毕业生报考公务员
  2. 引起此现象的原因
  3. 你的看法 ● 审题概述●
本文是一篇主要论述大学生报考公务员增多的原因和对此看法的文章。 第一段, 主要综 述大学生报考公务员增多的现象。第二段,侧重分析引起此现象的原因。第三段,重点谈你 对此的观点。 【范文】 Craze for Civil Service Examinations Every year hundreds of thousands of people in China take civil service exams conducted at various levels in the hope of becoming government employees. Among them, college graduates are a fast-growing force that can’t be ignored. The craze for being a civil servant is not limited to liberal arts majors, as it’s also gaining popularity among science and engineering students. In the final analysis, this growing trend among the youngsters is mainly attributable to two factors ? ambitions and comforts. On the one hand, many ambitious college graduates view these exams as a springboard to a higher social status, greater power and prestige, on which many of their other wishes rest. On the other, as being a civil servant generally means a stable income, enviable healthcare and pension programmes, as well as other comforts of life, it’s quite an appealing career option to many people, especially in this age of sluggish world economy. Personally, the desire to be a government official is beyond reproach, as the nation and the people do need an injection of new blood into the civil service sectors. The fresh-faced college graduates, armed with lofty ideals, new vision, and strong drive, are undoubtedly among the best candidates. ◇第一段思路点评: 第一句总述人们蜂拥参加公务员招考, 第二句点明大学生是其中的 主力军,第三句再述热衷于公务员报考的大学生不仅有文科的,还有理工科的。 ◇语言点提示: liberal arts majors 文科专业学生 ◇第二段思路点评:先总述引起大学生热衷报考公务员的两点因素,再详细分述。 ◇语言点提示: (
  1)On the one hand…On the other 起到衔接上文作用 (
  2)is attributable to 归因于 (
  3)sluggish world economy 衰退的世界经济 ◇第三段思路点评:重点谈对大学生热衷报考公务员的观点。 ◇语言点提示:beyond reproach 无可厚非 五)Is it Necessary to Attend Training Classes?
  1. 现在社会上有各种各样的培训班
  2. 有些人认为有必要参加课外培训班,有些人则认为没有必要
  3. 你的观点 ● 审题概述● 这是一篇主要论述人们和你对社会上各类培训班看法的文章。 第一段, 概述各种各样培 训班的状况。第二段,论述人们对参加课外培训班的不同看法。第三段,重点阐述你对此的 看法。 【范文】 Is it Necessary to Attend Training Classes? All across the country a great diversity of custom-made classes are mushrooming, in which special training is provided concerning computer skills, arts, sports, and other extracurricular specialties like maths and writing. Among them language crash courses for various tests, such as CET, BEC, TOFEL, IELTS, GRE and so forth, are especially noticeable for its wide range and
high attendance rate. Some consider it advisable to attend such classes while others believe it unnecessary. The former argues that it’s far more effective to command these special skills with the help of an experienced trainer than to work at them on their own. They are convinced that these training classes can make up for what is not taught in school, hence, more competitive edge over their peers. The latter group of people, nonetheless, criticize it as a sheer waste of resources. They warn that the quality of most training courses is questionable, as they are marketed to get money out of our pocket rather than get knowledge into our head. As far as I am concerned, a little bit of such special training does us no harm, but too much of it can only prove to be counter-productive. Anyhow, the deprived free time can be better invested in recreation at weekends, talking to an old friend, or simply enjoying a long-overdue vacation. ◇第一段思路点评: 第一句综述社会上提供知识、 技能服务的各类培训班雨后春笋般兴 起,第二句例举语言速成课程特别火爆。 ◇语言点提示: (
  1)a great diversity of 各种各样的 (
  2)mushrooming 迅速扩散、增加 (
  3)language crash cours
 

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