新目标八下 Unit 6 Section A 英文说课稿
Grade Eight
First, teaching material analysis (一)
Unit 6(Part A)
the position and function of the teaching material
1, The summary of the new goal English The language education idea of " new goal English " is: Knowledge is used for taking action and emphasized " the language is used ", train " innovating , practising ability ", develop " studying strategies ". It adopts Task-based Language Teaching method. Design one or several tasks related to the topic in every unit , let students use English to obtain information , exchange in English during the process of finishing the task, cultivate the ability to use English to solve practical problem. It has the following characteristic : ●with excellent pictures and texts. Opening the textbook, you can see every page is full of temperament and interest , humorous and vivid pictures . ● practicability is strong. All materials are from Ss’ lives and ties closely with their age characteristics , cognitive structure , experience of life of students. ●pay attention to communication.. It has a large number of listening , speaking , reading and writing materials so that we can avoid " deaf and dump English ". ● the vocabulary is great enough. Book I has about 700 vocabularies, about 450 for Book II , Book III is about 450 , about 400 for the fourth book , about 500 for the fifth book , all is about 25
  00. This just reaches grade 5 of demands of " course standard of English ". 2, The unit’s teaching material analysis Unit 6, Book IV, the topic is“ How long have you been collecting shells?”, It is talking about" how long have you been doing things ", and review general past tense and present progressive tense, learn to use The Present Perfect Progressive, let students learn to talk about and share one's own hobby and collections. The content of the lesson is related closely to students' actual life , apt to cause students to use simple English to communicate and exchange the message.. In activities, students exchange view of one's own hobby and collection description, promote the emotion communication between students and teachers . Mainly content of Section A : review general past tense and present progressive tense , study The Present Perfect Progressive and its basic patterns e.g. How long have you been skating? I've been skating for five hours. etc. The teaching material has been arranged to be heard , say , read, written, I will use these activities flexibly , some activities among them will be changed or combined , for instance: 1c, 2c is similar to 4’s pairwork , I will combine 1c and 2c into a interview.
(二)
Teaching goals
According to the concrete description about the total goal of " course standard of English " , combine the teaching material in Unit 6,I divide the goal into language knowledge, language skills, study tactics , attitude of emotion and consciousness of culture: 1, Knowledge goal: Word: Learn to grasp vocabulary collect , marathon , skate, stamp, shell, globe, monster, particularly, run out of, be interested in ,etc.. Function: Talking about “how long have you been doing” Structure: The Present perfect progressive ,review the general past tense and Present progressive tense . Target language: How long have you been skating? /I'v been skating since nine o'clock. /When did you
start skating? /I started skating at nine o'clock. /Students are skating at the Hilltop School. 2, Skill of the language: Listening : Can discern the intonation of the different type , and can change and judge the change of the meaning of sentences according to the intonation ,; Can understand the question in the activity , make correct answers. Speaking: Can make simple communicate in the task ,for instance: the role playing, investigating etc.. Reading: Can read the lessons correctly ; Can consult the reference book and prepare for the task . Writing: Can write out word and sentence pattern they learnt this unit , can use simple sentence to show one's own hobby. 3, Study the tactics: Catch the chance to use English communication, concentrate the attention on the expression in communication, draw support from the gesture and expression if necessary . Participate in studying English , is good at cooperating with others. 4, Emotion goal: Through talking about the hobby and collection , express one's own view , make students respect and understand others in the communication, exchanges different views, find out others' taste , promote the friendly feelings . 5, Cultural consciousness: Find out others' hobby in appropriate way; Understand the hobby of students in middle and primary schools of Great Britain and American, train the consciousness of the world. (三) focal points and difficult points 三 focal points difficult points
  1. Review word:last year, times, numbers,How long…? ,hobby, kite, penguin, birthday 等 Sentence pattern: When did you start skating? I started skating at nine o’clock. 1, The concept and meaning of The Students are skating at the Hilltop School. Present perfect progressive tense.
  2.word learning: collect, marathon, skate, shell, 2,The Declarative sentence, negative particularly, run out of, be interested in, more than, and general interrogative sentence. since, for, etc. 3, Time adverbial clause that since
  3. Patterns learning: and for guided . How long have you been skating? I’ve been skating since nine o’clock. I’ve been skating for five hours. Have you been skating since nine o’clock? Yes, I have./ No, I haven’t. I haven’t been skating since nine o’clock.
Second, students analysis

  1. The junior middle school student's abstract thinking ability is relatively low, the thinking ability of the image is strong, but the attention can be scattered easily. This lesson plans to present the text through some activities, such as investigate ,role playing, game or the cartoon ,etc. mix it with abundant color , thus strengthen students' interest and attention. According to the educational psychology theory, if students have great interests to a piece of things, they will get rid of all sorts of subjective and objective negative factors , try one's best to put into study of knowledge whole-heartedly. Psychological characteristic of study of the junior school student: (
  1)Interest: Generally feel the interest about English, but there is very great unstability, curiosity is strong, curiosity is vigorous , already been unsatisfied with teacher repeating briefly to the text. (
  2)Memory: To stimulate memory means many
knowledge memory deep , comply with the memory law. (
  3)Thinking : Overweight thinking in image, still lack certain generalization analytical capacity to the one-sided , scrappy material . (
  4)Appraise : Is it form appraisal to oneself tentatively to appraise through others mainly , lie in appraisal of others very much; Relatively fuzzy , one-sided when knowing oneself, but self- consciousness is being strengthened constantly . So, in the course of this lesson of teaching, here to pay attention to inspiration to guide, while training student's cooperation , analysis , summarizing ability , should pay attention to the flexibility of the teaching method even more, through task teaching method, scene communication method, Total Physical Response, excite the interest of student's study and make students glad to learn, easy to learn.
  2. Students in Grade Eight have been studying English for more than one year, student also keep strong interest in English study. Through the edifying and practising of the new course idea for more than one year, they have ability of preliminary acting on one's own , cooperation , probing into , experiment .
  3. The unit analyze : this unit is about " how long have you been doing things" , it can adopt activity teaching method and study tactics of Role playing, study the new vocabulary, grasp the key sentence pattern , can apply it to practice better while talking about and sharing one's own hobby and collection, solve the similar problem. Make sure to improve the ability to solve problem and use language ability synthetically .
Third, the teaching method
1, Teaching designing and how to dealt with teaching material: The concrete language goal in " new goal English " was realized through various Tasks; Students need to use the concrete and specific action to finish certain communication task. In the whole teaching course, the various kinds of language structure and the function of the language combine organically with different study task. The result that the task activity seeks is not that a kind of mechanical language train, but also one kind of ability of finishing the task by oneself and the learning strategies; Pay attention to the form in the course of finishing the task and experience obtained in exchange activity. So in the class I will lead students to study language through finishing the concrete task all the time, let student use specific language for specific study purpose, obtain and accumulate study experience through finishing the specific communication task, let students Learning by using , learning for using. 2, Teaching principle The activity principle recommends student's participating in voluntarily, experience , exchange, cooperate , probing into etc.. many kinds of language study. Cooperative principle Relying mainly on student, teachers and students cooperate , grow the cooperation of Ss, reflect the interdynamic of learning aid and associate. Task principle The task driving Excite the motive; The task finishing Encourage studying enthusiasm; Execute the task Train the sense of responsibility and spirit of cooperation. Emotion principle Excite student's interest to study English and remain good study mood throughout 3, The teaching method is used: This lesson will use " Task-based Language Teaching " mainly, scene communication teaching method, role playing activities and TPR teaching method. ●Task-based Language Teaching It let learners finish various communication activities through using languages. Learner study and master the language through express , communicate , carry on negotiations , explain, etc various kinds of language activity. It should has the following characteristic : (
  1)Regard task as the centre, but not regard drilling the form of languages as object. (
  2)The design focus of the task should solve some concrete communication problems closely related to student's life . Among the task , teacher must design the teaching activity from "learn" , make students have clear goals . In various kinds of " tasks " that the
teacher design meticulously, students can obtain knowledge or draw the conclusion constantly , from pay attention to language itself topay attention to language practise. Thus obtained ability of the language usage instead of only knowing available language knowledge. With constant promotion of " task ", the whole course of language learning can more and more automatic and independent. In the task of this lesson, I will design the real task closely related to student's life according to the overall goal and combining the content of courses of course, attract and organize them to participate in actively, make students observe, thinking, discussion , exchange and cooperation ,etc. to realize and master the language in a kind of natural ,true situation. ●Total Physical Response Total Physical Response , abbreviates as TPR is made by a psychologist James J in California . Asher (James J. S, 19
  88). It pays attention to the interdynamic mode in the language learning, It thinks it is best for students to learn language among relax environment. It is bad for learner to learn English in a kind of nervous mood. In the concrete practice , let students do movements according to teacher's order, or imitate the sound. The child needn't make a response with the language, mainly train in listening, after waiting for listening and understanding ability is improved, then learn to read and write, it is a method of master a language naturally. ● scene communication teaching method In the classroom, we must try our best to give student enough chance to listen , speak , read, So we can design the communication that contact the text reality. And when we design, we must pay attention to link up all kinds of scene naturally, and emphasize gradually and feasibility of language knowledge, noticing the cultivation of the emotion experienced and summarizing , reasoning thinking . 4, Teaching means ●The multimedia assisting:put cartoon , recording , picture , characters , chart and music needed into the courseware in powerpoint software, make the abstract language ocular , use English to carry on communication and make the communication scene for students, make teachers and students can communication in some ways, including T and Ss, Ss and Ss ,men and computer. ●Not testing appraisal:The starting point of the traditional appraisal is the subject standard, only pay attention to subject, not students development. Is it reflect new course implementing effect of standard , the appraisal system should " reflect correctly essence and course of foreign language learning, meet demands of student's development ". In order to reach this goal , only pay attention to forming appraisal , fully play its positive role, promote the forming of the new appraisal system. So in this lesson I will design various kinds of group
 

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