高中英语说课案例
作者: 湖南常德市桃源八中 管明骏
一、Introduction(导言) 英语说课是英语教学中的重要一环,也是衡量一位英语教师对教材的把握、分析及教师本人对上课进程的 宏观控制能力的有力手段,能从理论上指导教师贯彻教学大纲,真正做到教与学相结合,将教材、大纲、 教师、学生、课堂融为有机整体,对不断提高教师教学能力和教研能力,有着突出的作用。 二、说课的基本原则
  1. 遵循教学大纲要求,明确说课内容。把握说课与上课的区别与联系,正确理解教材、教案说课、上课之 间的层进关系,走出说课即是“说教案”的误区。
  2. 以教师为主导,学生为主体,体现先进的教学理念。
  3. 详略得当,重点突出,体现说课的完整性。
  4. 与教案相结合,体现其可操作性。 三、说课的基本程序
  1. 说教材:科学分析教材,明确重点难点、教学目标和要求以及教材在单元中的地位和作用。
  2. 说学生:谈谈学生的知识与能力结构,明确说课内容的难易程度。
  3. 说教法:谈谈本节课要实施的教学手段、方法以及教具的使用。
  4. 说学法:谈谈学习方法的运用以及将要实现的目标。
  5. 说教学程序:说为什么要设计该程序?目的、意图何在?结果如何?
  6. 说板书设计:谈谈板书设计的根据和理由,力求体现说板书设计的程序性、概括性和艺术性。 四、注重说课信息和反馈与总结 说课的对象可以是专家、同行甚至是学生。向说课对象征询意见、获取信息,力求不断改进和提高。 五、附 SB 2B U16 Lesson 63 说课稿 Unit 16 Lesson 63 Hello, everyone. Today I’m very pleased to have an opportunity to talk about some of my teaching ideas. My topic i s life in the oceans taken from Lesson 63 of Unit 16 in SEFC(
  2). It is made up of four parts.
1
Part 1 My understanding of this lesson The analysis of the teaching material: This lesson is a reading passage. It plays a very important part in the English teaching of this unit. Lesson 62 and Les son 63 are a whole unit. By studying Lesson 63, Ss can improve their reading ability, learn more about the sea and th e life in the oceans. At the same time, we should get the students to understand some difficult sentences to comprehe nd the passage better. The Ss should do some listening, speaking and writing, too. Of course, the Ss should receive s ome moral education. Let the Ss understand the sea better, love the sea and save the sea and the life of the sea. Teaching aims:
  1. Knowledge aim: Understand the main idea of the text.
  2. Ability aim: Retell the text in their own words.
  3. Emotional aim: Make the Ss love the life of the sea and do something to stop it being polluted. Key points / Teaching important points: How to understand the text better. Teaching difficult points:
  1. Use your own words to retell the text.
  2. Discuss the pollution of the sea and how to save the sea. Something about the Ss:
  1. The Ss have known something about the sea and sea life through the Internet and other ways.
  2. They are lack of vocabulary.
  3. They don’t often use English to express themselves and communicate with others.
  4. Some Ss are not active in the class because they are afraid of making mistakes. Part 2 My teaching theories, methods and aids Before dealing with this lesson, I’ll do my best to carry out the following theories: Make the Ss the real masters in cl ass while the teacher himself acts as director; Combine the language structures with the language functions; Let th e students receive some moral education while they are learning the English language. Teaching method: Double activities teaching method Question-and-answer activity teaching method Watch-and-listen activity Free discussion method Pair work or individual work method Teaching aids:
  1. a projector
  2. a tape recorder
  3. multimedia
  4. the blackboard Part
  3. Teaching steps / procedures I have designed the following steps to train their ability of listening, speaking, reading and writing, especially readin g ability. The entire steps are: Greetings, Revision, Lead-in and preparation for reading, Fast reading(scanning), Listening, Intensive reading, Pr eparation for details of the text, Consolidation, Discussion, Homework Step 1 Greetings Greet the whole class as usual. Step
  2. Revision
  1. Ask students some questions to revise the last lesson(show them on the screen).
2
a. How much salt do the oceans contain per thousand parts of water?(35 parts of salt.
  3.5% by weight) b. What is coral? Why are corals not found in deep water? c. Why is the Dead Sea called the Dead Sea?
  2. Check the homework(made a survey about the sea or sea life by surfing the Internet or asking for help from othe r people). Through this part we can consolidate what they studied yesterday, communicate with others about their s urvery results and prepare for the new lesson. Step
  3. Lead-in and preparation for reading Show them some pictures and let them talk each other, and then use the pictures about sea and life in the oceans to le arn new words, for example, Antarctica, huge whale, sperm whale, squid and so on. Purpose: Arouse the students’ interest of study. Bring in new subject: Life in the oceans. Step
  4. Fast reading Read the passage as quickly as they can. I show the questions on the screen and let them get the main idea of each pa ragraph:
  1. Why can living things live in such oceans around the Antarctica?
  2. What does the whale feed on?
  3. What is the difference between the sperm whale and other whales? Method: Read the text individually, use question?and?answer activity. Purpose: Improve the students’ reading ability. Understand the general idea of each paragraph. Step
  5. Listening(book closed)
  1. Listen to the tape then do an exercise(wb page 90, part
  1)
  2. True or false exercise.(on the screen) Train the Ss’ listening ability and prepare for later exercises. Step
  6. Intensive reading Read the passage carefully again and answer some detailed questions on the screen.
  1. How much does a whale eat at a time?
  2. Do all the whales feed on small fish?
  3. How deep can a sperm whale dive? It is also called depth reading or study reading. It means reading for detailed information. Purpose: Further understand the text (Train further reading ability) to find out some different sentences and detail s of the text. Step
  7. Preparation for details of the text on the screen
  1. ...its heart slows to half its normal speed. slow-v. to become / make slower.
  2. ...using sound wave Present participle used as adverbial.
  3. provide sth. for sb. provide sb. with sth.
  4. at a time: each time
  5. grow to a length of... Purpose: Train the Ss’ ability of understanding and using laguage. Step
  8. Consolidation
3

  1. Find out the topic sentences.
  2. Retell the passage according to the topic sentences. Purpose: I want to know if my students understand the whole text really and if they master what I mean to tell them i n this class. What’s more, I want to let them have the ability of introducing and analyzing expression. At the same ti me, I will write down the topic sentences on the blackboard according to what the students find, so they can retell it e asily. Step
  9. Discussion Show them some pictures about the polluted sea and many living things which are in danger and ask them: What ar e their opinions about it? In order to let them have free choice, I give them another topic: The sea is being pollute d. What should they do? Purpose: I mean to give them emotional education. I give them multi-media pictures to arouse their interest of stud y and their love for life. I mean to make them realize: The sea is in danger! I teach them to do their best to help it and do something from now on. Everyone should do something to love and pr otect our home. Step
  10. Homework Write an article Saving the sea. I want to improve the ability of their writing. At the same time, train the ability of doit-yourself and looking up the information by themseleves. Part
  4. Blackboard design Unit 16 Lesson 63 Topic Sentences:
  1. Some living things can live in Antarctica.(what)
  2. The whale feeds on small fish.(what)
  3. The sperm whale feeds on squid.(difference) Discussion:
  1. The whales are in danger. What’s your opinion about it?
  2. The sea is being polluted. What should we do? In my opinion, the blackboard design can reflect the teacher’s ability of mastering the text and leading the students t o master the text easily. In this text, the design is not easy to write. I write the topic sentences on the blackboard in order to tell the students th at this is of the importance in this class. The discussion is of the difficulty. I want to make the design inductive, instructive and artistic.
A. Brief introduction to the teaching material 教材分析 Task and content
B. Instructional objectives 教学目标
  1. Cognition objectives 知识目标
  2. Skill objectives 能力目标
4

  3. Sensibility objectives 情感目标
C. Emphases and consolidation 重点与巩固
D. Difficulties and breakthrough 难点与突破
E. Ideas of language teaching 教学思想
G. Teaching methods and teaching aids 教法教具
H. Teaching process and distribution of time 教学过程与时间分配 (Warm up)
  1. Presentation
  2. Sample drills
  3. Explanation to the linguistic points
  4. Consolidation practice
  5. Summary
  6. Test
  7. Homework
  8. Distribution of time
I. Layout of blackboard writing 板书
5
A Brief Instruction to the topic of“What should I do?” Shangyuan Middle School Li Yi Cai Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. My name is LiYiCai. I come from Shangyuan Middle School in Nanjing.Today I’m going to talk about the topic” What should I do?”I will divide the instruction into sev en parts: they are Teaching material Analysis, Teaching aims, Teaching emphasis, Teaching difficulties, Teaching methods, Teaching aids and Teaching procedures.
Part 1 Teaching material analysis This period is from Unit 3 of 9A Oxford English. First of all,I’d like to talk about my understanding a bout this lesson.We have learned Star sings in Unit 1 and Colours and moods in Unit
  2.We have also le arned how to write a formal recommendation letter and how to write a report on the moods of people in last two units.Today we are going to learn two letters to a famous youth worker about Millie’s and Sim on’s problems.So this unit links with a special meaning of Unit 1 and Unit
  2.This period is the first less on of Reading.The main idea of the topic is how to express their problems and ask for advice.We are g oing to learn the ways to deal with problems and stress in following lessons.So this period is very impor tant in this unit.
Part 2 Teaching aims
  1.Aims of the knowledge: (
  1)To know the spelling of some words and usage of some phrases. (
  2)To learn something about Millie’s and Simon’s problems. (
  3)To grasp the main idea of Reading and use the information to talk to others about one’s problems and how to deal with them.
  2.Aims of the ablilities: (
  1)To improve the ability of getting information by reading. (
  2)To improve the ability of retelling the story.

  3.Aims of the emotion:
6

  1)To understand how to write about problems and to express feelings. (
  2)To ask for advice to solve the problems.
Part 3 Teaching emphasis
  1.To master the ‘to’-infinitives and ‘wh-’words+‘to’-infinitives.

  2.To get the ability of general reading and getting information.
Part 4 Teaching difficulties
  1.To recognize and understand vocabulary about problems.

  2.To ask for advice
Part 5 Teaching methods In this topic,I will use five-step Teaching Method and Task-based language Teaching.I design some task s to help the students learn.I think if I want to improve the students’ oral English,I should give them eno ugh chances to practice and I will use pair work,group work to let the students take an active part in all kinds of activities.That is “Learning by doing,learning by using”.Let the students be the masters of the cl ass teaching,thus,student-centered teaching method is well shown.
Part 6 Teaching aids Projector,slide show,tape recorder and blackboard
Part 7 Teaching procedure Step Ⅰ.Lead-in
7
The purpose is to arouse the students’interest of study. Let’s have a free talk. T:Have you got problems?
S:Yes.
T:What is it?
S:Eating too much makes me unhealthy.
T:What about you?
S:…… Step Ⅱ.Presentation The purpose is to develop the skills of skimming and how to gain the main idea of the articles.
  1.Ask students to read two letters and answer the following questions: ①What is Millie’s favourite hobby?(Painting) ②What is Millie’s problem?(She doesn’t have enough time for hobbies and home work.) ③When does Simon play football?(After school until late) ④How do his parents feel about it? (They don’t like this and ask him to go home before 6 p.m.)
  2.Ask students if there are words that they do not know. Explain some new words briefly. deal;choice;complete;refuse;accept;spare;doubt;whether;
8
Step Ⅲ.Practice The purpose is to develop the skills of scanning and how to gain the details from the articles.
  1.Listen to the tape and answ
 

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