专题一:真题分析语法篇 (一)虚拟语气 (本不该开车这么快)(
  06.
  6)
  1. The traffic police blamed the driver that Shouldn’t have driven so fast
  2. The professor required that (我们交研究报告)by Wednesday. (
  06.6 新) We should hand in research report. (本来会有机会活下来)if he had been taken to hospital in
  3. The victim time.(
  06.
  12) would have had a chance to survive
  4. if she had returned an hour earlier, Mary (就不会被大雨淋了)(
  09.
  6) wouldn’t have been caught by the rain. 强化练习
  1. The special committee recommended that (这项工 程不应动工) until all the preparations have been made. 答案:the project not be started 考点: 虚拟语气,动词 recommend 后的宾语从句中使用 should 加动词原形的虚拟式, should 可以省略.
  2. The audience must have missed their musical performance or they
(给予高度评价). 答案:would have spoken highly of it 考点:
  1)虚拟语气,表示和过去事实相反时,主句用 would have done 结构;
  2)短语 “给予…高度评价”,可译为 speak highly of….
  3. But for his teacher’s help he (是不会成功的). would not have succeeded 本题考查虚拟语气的用法。But for 意为“要不是”,相当于 if it had not been for his teacher’s help 所以主句用虚拟语气,与一般过去事实相反。
  4. He works very hard.(好像永远不打算睡觉似的) as if he never intended to sleep. 考点:本题考查的是 as if 的用法,as if 后面可以是真实情况,也可以是虚拟情况,如 果是虚拟情况,对现在的虚拟要用一般过去时,对过去的虚拟,要用过去完成时。
  5. I was really anxious about you. You (你本不应 该一句话不说就离开家) shouldn't have left home without a word.。 考点:考查的是情态动词的虚拟,对过去情况的虚拟 用完成时。
  6. Considering his ability and experience, he _ (他本来能做得 更好的)
1
might have done better. 考点:同上
  7. If we had caught the 10 o'clock train, __ we would have got there by lunch 考点:同上
(午饭时间到达哪里).
(二)被动语态
  1. Our efforts will pay off if the results of this research (能应用于新技 术的开发) (
  08.
  6) can be applied to the development of new technology
  2. Many Americans live on credit, and their quality of life (是用他们 能够借到多少来衡量), not how much they can earn. (
  07.
  12) is measured by how much they can loan
  3. Though a skilled worker, (他被公司解雇了) last week because of the economic crisis. (
  06.6 新) he was fired by the company (三)定语从句 (我们可以合作的领
  1. The prevention and treatment of AIDS is 域) (
  07.
  6) The field in which we can cooperate
  2. Medical researches are painfully aware that there are many problems (他们至今还没有答案) (
  08.
  12) to which they still have no answers 强化练习
  1. which is on the increase. 考点:本题考查非限制性定于从句 which 指代前句话的用法,考生不易想到。
  2. as many famous stars who should have appeared did not come. 考点:在英语中表示过去应该做而实际上没有做的事,要用“should + have +过去分词” 的句式。 (四)名词性从句
  1. (很多人所没有意识到的) that Simon is a lover of sports, and football in is particular. (
  09.
  6) What people don’t realize
  2. (大多数父母所关心的)is providing the best education possibility for their children. (
  08.
  12) What most parents are concerned about 强化练习:
  1. Whether Tony will come or not
2
本题考查主从句及是否的表达方法(whether or not)此外注意主语从句中 come 用一般 将来时,表示未来发生的动作。 (五)比较级
  1. Since my childhood I have found that (没有什么比读书对我更有 吸引力) (
  06.
  12) nothing is more attractive to men than reading
  2. The more you explain, (我愈糊涂) (
  06.6 新) the more confused I am
  3. I would prefer shopping in a department store because (它更加方 便和省时)(
  07.
  12) it is more convenient and time-saving
  4. It is said that those who are stressed or working overtime are (更有可能增 加体重)(
  09.
  6) more likely to put on weight (我比以前更容易累了)
  5. In my sixties, one change I notice is that (
  07.
  12) I’m more likely to get tired than before. 强化练习
  1、 as fluently as be speaks English 本题考查比较结构。fluently 修饰 speak,应用副词;he 为第三人称单数,位于动词必须 加 s,保持主谓一致。
  2、 the higher its mineral and vitamin content 本题考查“越…越…”的英语表达 the more…the more…“矿物质和维生素含量”的英语表 达为 mineral and vitamin content.
  3、 We have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself (生命的质量和生 命本身一样重要). (六)状语从句
  1. Some psychologists claim that people (出门在外可能会感到 孤独) (
  06.
  12) might feel lonely when they are far from home
  2. please come here at ten tomorrow morning (如果你方便的话) if it’s convenient for you
  3. Leaving one’s job, (不管是什么工作), is a difficult change, even for those who look forward to retiring.(
  08.
  6) no matter what job is (无论我要作出什么样的牺牲) (
  07.
  12)
  4. I am going to pursue this course,
3
no matter what kind of sacrifice I had to make 强化练习:
  1.
  2、 so/as long as he keeps on trying. 考点:本题考查 so/as long as(只要)引导的条件状语从句。
  3、 Though we have made great progress (虽然我们已经取得很大进步), we still have a long way to go.
  4、 Tom is too proud to see his own shortcomings (太骄傲了,以至于看不出到自己的缺点).
  2.
  3. (无论谁在这抽烟)will be punished. (主语从句) (不管他喜欢哪一个 will be given to him. (主语从句) (不管发生什么事情),he would not mind. No matter what happened(状语从句) ,可以用 whatever happened 替换
Whoever smokes here(不能用 no matter who) Whichever he likes (不能用 no matter which) (七)分词
  1.Through the project, many people have received training and 定自己创业)(
  08.
  12) decided to start their own business
  2. Because of the leg injury, the athlete decided to quit the match
  3. Last week the boy and his friends celebrated his twentieth birthday, 情地唱歌跳舞)(
  06.
  6) singing and dancing to their hearts’ content 强化练习
  3. The local government has set up a number of technical schools to meet the needs of (迅速发展的经济)in the region. the rapidly expanding economy 考点:考查分词用作定语。本题也可翻译为:the fast developing economy; the rapidly growing economy。 专题二:真题分析 句型篇
  1. had difficulties in doing sth. had troubles in doing sth. (
  1) Soon after he transferred to the new school, Ali found that he had 难跟上班里的同学)in math and English. (
  09.
  6) (尽 (决定退出比赛)(
  07.
  6) (决
(很
4
difficulties in catching up with her classmates (
  2) Having spent some time in the city, he had no trouble (找到去历 史博物馆的路)(
  06.6 新) finding the way to the history museum
  2. be likely to do (
  1). It is said that those who are stressed or working overtime are (更有可 能增加体重)(
  09.
  6) more likely to put on weight (
  2). In my sixties, one change I notice is that (我比以前更容易了) (
  07.
  12) I’m more likely to get tired than before.
  3. in case of (
  1). You’d better take a sweater with you (以防天气变冷)(
  08.
  12) in case of temperature drop
  4. not… until… (
  1). The anti-virus agent was not known (直到一名医 生偶然发现了它)(
  08.
  12) Until a doctor found it by chance (直到他完成使命)did he realize that he was seriously ill.(
  08.
  6) (
  2). Not until he had finished his mission
  5. would rather…..than…… (
  1). It is raining cats and dogs outside, so I (宁愿在家里看电视, 也不愿出去)(
  06.
  6) would rather watch TV at home than go out
  6. but… (
  1). The matter was so serious that I (除了报警,别无选择) had no choice but to call the police
  7. something wrong with…. (
  1). I can’t boot my computer now. something (一定除了毛病)with its operation system.(
  08.
  6) must be wrong 练习
  1、 You’d better behave yourself 考点:
  1)句型“最好做某事”用 had better do sth.;
  2) 短语“行为规矩些”应译为 behave yourself.
  2、when it comes to mathematics maths 考点: “说到”用短语 when it comes to,
  1) 该短语通常用于引起另一个话题, 本题中从“体 育”到“数学”即是转换了话题;
  2)时态,本句其他部分的时态都是一般现在时,故从句 中的动词 come 用第三人称单数形式 comes.
  3.did she become aware(realize)
5
本题考查倒装语序,根据英语语法规则 Not until 放在句首应用倒装语序:“了解”的英文表 达为 become aware, realize 或 understand
  4.it was Henry who(that) stole my computer 本题考查强调句型的用法,其表达为 it is …that… 偷电脑为过去发生的动作,应用一般过 去时,先行词指人并作主语,所以应用 who 或 that。
  5.It is time that the authority took proper steps to solve the traffic problems (当局采取适当的措 施来解决交通问题). 专题三:真题分析 词组篇
  1. 对…充耳不闻 She (对我们的警告充耳不闻)and made a serious mistake in the end. (
  06.
  6) turned a deaf ear to our warnings
  2. 适应 Specialists in intercultural studies say that it is not easy to (适应不同文化中 的生活)(
  06.
  12) adapt themselves to life in different cultures
  3. 以…速度 at a rate of The nation’s population continues to rise (以每年 1200 万人的速 度)(
  06.
  12) at a rate of 12 million every year
  4. 将…考虑在内 The finding of this study failed to (将人们的睡眠质量考虑在内) (
  07.
  6) take people’s sleep quality into consideration
  5. 按以下地址 To make donations or for more information, please (按以下地址和我们联系) (
  07.
  6) contact us at the following address
  6. 多亏了,一系列 (多亏了一系列的新发明), doctors can treat this disease successfully(
  07.
  12) Thanks to a series of new inventions
  7. 与…相比 ( 与 我 成 长 的 地 方 相 比 ) , this town is more prosperous and exciting(
  08.
  6) Compared with the place where I was brought up
  8. 与…相关 (与 The study shows that the poor functioning of the human body is 缺乏锻炼密切相关)(
  09.
  6)
6
Closely related to the lack of exercise
  9. 尽情 Last week the boy and his friends celebrated his twentieth birthday, (尽 情地唱歌跳舞)(
  06.
  6) singing and dancing to their hearts’ content 练习:
  1. turned a deaf ear to our warnings 本题考查“充耳不闻”的表达方法。 类似的表达“turn a blind eye to”对…熟视无睹; 此外 to 是借此后跟名词或动名次,warning(警告)应该用复数。
  2.are blind to this 考点:“视而不见”还可以翻译为:turn a blind eye to; take no notice of ; pretend not to see
  3.kept a detailed record of 考点: 注意使用一般过去时, 本题也可以翻译为: look detailed notes of; recorded in detail; noted down in detail。
  4. are not selling well 考点: “畅销”翻译为“sell well”, 动词使用主动形式, 不用被动语态, 类似动词还有: wash, lock, dress, shave, translate 等。
  5.turned a deaf ear to our warnings 本题考查“充耳不闻”的表达方法。类似的表达“turn a blind eye to”对…熟视无睹;此外 to 是 借此后跟名词或动名次,warning(警告)应该用复数。
  6. could not help laughing 本题考查“忍不住”的表达方法,注意 laugh 后加 ing,此外注意用一般过去时
  7.to keep pace with times/ to keep up with times 本题考查“与时俱进”的英文表达法 keep pace with times / keep up with times 或 keep abreast of times. time 后必须加 s 才能表示“时代”之意。
  8.keeping the door closed 本题考查宾语补足语的用法。Closed 为宾语补足语,主语为 the door ,所以用过去分词表示 被动。
  9.he will devote himself to charities. 考点:本题考查“把(时间、精力等)投入到……”的表达,devote…to…。 翻译专题 (四) Exercises in Book one Unit 1
  1. We hope the new machine will work faster, (从而降低我们的成本)_thus cutting down on our costs.
7
Alex has the habit of reading a newspaper (在吃早饭的时候) while eating / having / taking breakfast.
  3. Tom has stuck a vocabulary list on the kitchen wall (以便每天在烧饭时能记住两三个生词) so that he can memorize a couple of few words every day while cooking his meals.
  4. He took a reading course and learned some speed-reading skills, (从而大大提高了阅读速度) thus greatly increasing his reading speed.
  5. An exchange student from British University, Amanda learned to do taijiquan (在北京大学学 习中国近代史期间) while studying Chinese modern history at B
 

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