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频率出现七次的词汇
case 意 义 n.事例,实例,事实,情况;病例;案件;箱,盒,套;手提箱 搭 配 a case in point 有关的事例,例证 a case in point 恰当的例子 in any case 无论如何,不管怎样 in case 假使,以防(引导虚拟语气) sum up the case 概括事实 in case of 假如,如果发生;防备 in no case 无论如何不,决不 in this/that case 如果这样.那样的话 a case of measles 麻疹病例 appeal a case 申述 pack a case 装箱 in the case of 就…..来说,至于 as the case may be 看情况,根据具体情况 辨 析 case 事实,事例,情况,其可笼统地指一个完整的论题,也可 表典型的事例,也可用于表医学上的病例或法律上的案例. instance 为正式用词,指从事实中援引单独事例,隐含其典型性 重难点 语法规则:in case 意为“假使;免得,以防(万一)”。 In case 引导的从句可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,虚拟形
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式为 should+动词原形 真 题 I was advised to arrange for insurance I needed medical treatment. 答案 A)nevertheless B) although C)in case D)so that C I left for the office earlier than usual this morning traffic jam. 答案 A)in line with B)for the sake of C)in case of D)at the risk of C We left the manager a note he wanted to know where we were. 答案 A)if B)in case C)so that D)unless B The lawyer advised him to drop ,since he stands little chance to win. 答案 A)event B)incident C)case D)affair C
raise 意 义 vt.举起、提高、提升;筹集、征集;唤起、引起;养育、 饲养、种植;提升,增加(工资) 搭 配 raise one’s hand 举手 raise one’s hat to sb. 向某人举帽致敬 raise doubts in people’s minds 引起人们的怀疑 raise a child 养育孩子
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raise farm/corps 饲养 raise funds 筹集资金 raise salaries 增加薪水 raise standards of service 提高服务水平 辨析 raiselift raise 多指由低处垂直举往高处,不一定费力 lift 指用力或机械把重物提高到较高的位置 risearisearouse rise v.上升 arise v.发生 arouse v.激发起 真 题 Thoughin San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferredto record the plain facts of small-town life. 答 案 A)raised B)grown C)developed D)cultivated A
频率出现六次的词汇 extend 意 义 vt.延伸;扩展、扩大;提供、给予;vi.伸展、延伸;(在 范围或应用上)达到 构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展) 变 形 extension. n.伸出、伸展;延长部分;电话分机 extensive a. 广大的、广阔的;广泛的 intensive a.加强的,深入细致的
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搭 配 extensive knowledge 广博的知识 to extend credit/visa 延长信贷限期/签证 extensive reading 泛读 extensive discussion 广泛的讨论 辨析 enlarge expand enlarge v.扩大,放大 expand v.使膨胀,扩张 extend lengthen prolong extend 指直线状的伸展,引申指扩大 势力、范围。 lengthen 指增加长度或延长时间。 prolong 指时间过程延长到超过通常或正常的限度。 真 题 It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and knowledge. 答案 A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive A
intensive 意 义 a.加强的,集中的,深入细致的;集约(经营)的,精耕 细作的 构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展) 变 形 intensity n.强烈,剧烈;强度 intensively adv.加强地,集中地,深入细致地 搭 配 intensive study 深入细致的研究 intensive reading 精读
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intensive agriculture 集约农业 labour intensity 劳动强度 look at sb. with intensity 深情地看着某人 辨 析 intense 意为“非常的;强烈的”,常用于形容某种性质或 感情,表示很高或达到极端的程度。 intensive 含有 intense 的意思,但更强调“精细的;集中的”。An intense attack 全线的攻击;an intensive attack 集中某一点攻 击。 真 题 The patient’s health failed to such an extent that he was put intocare. 答案 A)tense B)rigid C)intensive D)tight C The relationship between employers and employees has been studied 答案 A)originally B)extremely C)violently D)intensively D 频率出现五次的词汇 available 意 义 a.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;可取得联系的, 可得到的 构 词 a(to)+vail(value,价值)+able(后缀)有利用价值的可利用的 搭 配 make sth. available to/for 使…可以享受某物;使….买得 起某物
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the only available room 唯一可用的房子; 辨 析 available a. 现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的 handy a. 手边的,就近的,便利的,敏捷的 at hand 在手边,在附近,即将到来 真 题 Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking arein grocery stores. 答案 A)ready B)approachable C)probable D) available D In general,the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total for living expense. 答案 A)acceptable B)available C)advisable D)applicable B
charge 意 义 n.控告,指控;主管,看管;费用,价钱;负荷,电荷,充电 vt.索价,要......支付;控告,指控;使承担(任务、责任等);使负 荷,使充电 搭 配 in charge of 主管,看管 in(under)the charge of 在……的掌管下 charge sb.with 指控某人……… charge(sb.)…(money)for sth. 要价,要(某人)付….(钱)买某物 take charge 开始管理,接管 a positive/negative charge 正/负电荷
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be on charge 正充电 at modest charges 以公道的价格 charge for trouble 手续费 charge a battery 给电池充电 辨 析 accuse accuse 指的是严重程度不等的犯罪或冒犯行 为,accuse 与介词 of 连用, charge charge 所指的是正式控告或指责具有违法性质的行 为,charge 与介词 with 搭配. 真 题 She was complaining that the doctor was too much for the treatment he was giving her. 答案 A)expending B)offering C)costing D)charging D This hotel $60 for a single room with bath. 答案 A)charges B)demands C)prices D)claims A
effect 意 义 n.结果、效果; v.实现、使生效 变 形 effective 有效的,生效的,起作用的;给人印象深刻的; 实际的,事实上的 effectively 有效地、起作用地 搭 配 bring/carry/put into effect 实行、实现
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take effective measures 采取有效措施 effective range 有效射程; effective ways of reducing pollution 降低污染的有效方法; take effect 生效、起作用 to the effect that 大意是 effective 有效的、起作用的 in effect 实际上、实质上 come/go into effect 生效 to no effect 无效;毫无结果 辨析 effectconsequence effect 指明显的原因所产生的后果。 consequence 可指没有明确原因的后果或效果。 effective valid effective 表示能产生实际的效果。 valid 指仍为权威部门认可,可以继续使用,是法律用语。 真 题 They took measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. 答案 A) fruitful B) beneficial C) valid D) effective D Though the long-term can not be predicted, the project has been approved by the committee. 答案 A)affect B)effect C)result D)consequence B The new appointment of our president from the very beginning of next semester. 答案 A)takes effect B)takes part C)takes place D)takes turn A
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transmit 意 义 vt.播送、发射;传送、传染 构 词 trans(从…到….)+mit(发送) 变 形 transmission 播送、发射 ;传送、传染 搭 配 transmit knowledge from one generation to another 把 知识由一代传给另一代 transmission of news 消息的传播; transmit news by radio 由无线电发送消息 真 题 American football and baseball are becoming known to the British public through televised from the United States. 答案 A)transfer B) deliveries C) transportation D) transmissions D Some diseases are by certain water animals. 答案 A) transplanted B) transformed C) transported D)transmitted D Communication is the process ofa message from a source to an audience via a channel. 答案 A)transmitting B)submitting C)transforming D)switching A Culturalindicates that human beings hand theirs languages down from one generation to another. 答案 A)translation B )transition C)transmission D)transaction C
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relate 意 义 vi.有关联;适应,和睦相处;vt.使互相关联;讲述,叙述 变 形 relative 相关的, 有关的; 相对的, 比较的; 亲属 all human values are relative,so beauty is relative to the beholder's eyes. relatively 相关地,有关地;相对地,比较地 relation 亲属 搭 配 relate to/with 有关联 relative to 有关,涉及 in/with relation to 有关,涉及 close/near relation 近亲 distant relation 远亲 真 题 It is difficult tocause and effect in this case. 答案 A)unite B)think C)relate D)describe C
短语词汇频率(10 次以上) 出现 23 次的短语词汇
take 搭 配 take after 与…相象 take apart 拆开(机器等) take…as 把…理解为
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take away 拿走,夺去,使离去;减去 take down 取下;记下;拆卸 take for 认为,以为;误认为 take on 接受;包含;领会;承担,从事;呈现,具有;开始雇 佣 take into account 把…考虑进去 take issue with sb. 与某人争论 take off 拿走;脱下(衣帽等);起飞 take oneself off 走开,离去 take up 拿起;着手处理;占去 take sb. to task 责备某人,申斥某人 take to 开始;对…产生好感;形成的习惯 take up 占去,占据;开始从事 take over 占据;接任(职位) take out 拿出;去掉;扣除;(通过申请等)取得,办理;(on) 对….发泄 take out loans 借贷 take aback 使吃惊,使困惑 take back 收回(说错的话);使回忆起 take in 接受,接纳,吸收;包括;领会,理解;欺骗 take effect 生效 take turns 轮流
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take up with 与….成为朋友 take out on 对….发泄 真 题 The new appointment of our president from the very beginning of next semester. 答案 A) takes effect B) takes part C) takes place D) takes turns A Frequently single-parent children some of the functions that the absent adult in the house would have served. 答案 A) take off B) take after C) take in D) take on D Our son doesn’t know what to at the university; he can’t make up his mind about his future. 答案 A) take in B)take over C) take up D) take after B I’d his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan. 答案 A) take into account B) account for C) make up for D) make out A
出现 18 次的短语词汇
turn 搭 配 turn away 走开;把脸转过去 turn one's back on 不理睬
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turn out 生产;驱逐;翻转 turn on 开,旋开(电灯等) turn off 关(水源等);拐弯 turn into 进入;使变成,使成为 turn in 转身进入;拐入;交出;上床睡觉 turn down 关小,调低;拒绝 turn sb's blood cold 使毛骨悚然 turn against 对…采取敌对态度 by turns 轮流,交替 take turns 依次,轮流 on the turn 正在转变中 turn back (使)折回;(使)往回走 turn around/round 转变,(使)转好 in turn 依次,轮流;转而,反过来 turn up 出现;找到;证明是 turn to 变成;求助于;着手;查阅 turn over (机器等)运转;翻过来;仔细考虑 真 题 Let’s not wait any longer, he might not at all. 答案 A)turn over B)turn up C)turn on D)turn down B The French pianist who had been praised very highly to be a great disappointment . 答案 A)turned up B)turned in C)turned out D)turned down C
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This popular sports car is now being at the rate of a thousand a week. 答案 A)turned down B)turned out C)turned up D)turned on B Faced with all the difficulties, the girl her mother for comfort. 答案 A)turned over B)turned form C)turned to D)turned up C Under the present system, state enterprises must all profits to the government 答案 A) turn down B)turn up C)turn out D)turn in D Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body’s need for it from natural sources without turning the salt bottle. 答案 A)to B)over C)on D)up A
出现 15 次的短语词汇
put 搭 配 put across/over 解释清楚;做成(交易) put up with 忍受,容忍(讨厌的人) put up 举起;安装;张贴;建造,搭起,支起;为….提供住宿; 进行(抵抗);提高(价格);提名
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put to (船只顺避风等而)靠岸 put through 使穿过;使从事;接通(电话),为…接通电话 put out 熄灭;关(灯);出版;伸出;
 

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