汉译英专项练习
一、倍数增减的表示法

  1)Force N1 (比力N2大
  2.5倍).

  2)This substance (反应速度是另外那
种物质的三倍).

  3)The earth (是月球大小的49倍).

  4)The landlord (想将租金提高三分之
一).

  5)They (计划将投资增加一倍).
二、时态

  1)Be quick, (否则等我们到达教堂时婚
礼就已经结束了).

  2)When she got home, (孩子们已经睡
着了).

  3)When I prepare for the college entrance
examination, (我姐姐将在海边度假).

  4)I(一上午都在修改我的简历).

  5)Do you often go on holiday? (不,
我已经有五年没有度假了).

  6)He joined the army in October, 20
  01.
(他参军已五年了).
三、被动语态

  1)The blackboard and chalk (正在被
电脑和投影机所取代).

  2)The book (到今年年底就将已出版).

  3)Computer models (可以用来演示细胞
工作的方式).

  4)When the bill of fare was brought,
(我惊呆了,价格大大超出了我的预料).

  5)(必须立即采取有效措施)to
eliminate sandy storms.
四、情态动词

  1)The phone is ringing, (但是没人接
听。她一定不在家).

  2)I can’t find my sunglasses. (我
可能昨天落在咖啡店里了).

  3)You screamed in your sleep last night.
(你一定梦见什么可怕的东西了).

  4)It’s a pity. (你本应该邀请她来参
加你的毕业典礼的).

  5)(其实我没必要穿上我最好的套装去参
加那次聚会的); most of the guests were wearing jeans and
sweaters.
五、虚拟语气

  1)I wish (我年轻的时候有你们这样的
机会).

  2)If only (他知道这病是可以治好的)!
Then he would not have killed himself.

  3)?? Would you like him to paint your door with
yellow stars?
?? I’d rather he (漆成蓝色的,而且不带
任何装饰).

  4)It’s high time that (采取措施解
决交通堵塞的问题).

  5)Hugh usually talks (仿佛在大会上
发表演说似的).

  6)We insist that (让杰克立刻进医
院).

  7)It was advised that (在居民区设立
更多的流动商店).

  8)His proposal was that (他们成立一
个专门委员会来检查这个问题).

  9)We are going to discuss his suggestion that
(取消期中考试).

  10)It is ridiculous that (我们在一个
总是下雨的国家还缺水).

  11)It is essential that (每个人都为
紧急情况做好准备).

  12)(如果他按照我告诉他的办法订票),
we would have had quite a comfortable journey.

  13)I was to have made a speech (要不
是有人把我的话打断了).

  14)It didn’t rain last night. (要是
下了,地就会湿的).

  15)(如果我一直住在纽约), I would
know the U.S. well now.

  16)If the doctor had not come in time,
(他现在就不在人间了).

  17)But for his help, (我们就不会以这
么低的价格租到房子了).

  18)I used my calculator; (否则,我会
花更长的时间才能算出这道题).

  19)Were I in your place, (我会毫不犹
豫地抓住机会).

  20)Had it not been for their opposition,
(这项法案早就通过了).

  21)Should there be another world war,
(人类的继续存在就会有危险).

  22)He walked lightly (以免惊醒婴儿).
六、不定式

  1)It was a great achievement (10个
月建成一栋24层的楼).

  2)It is necessary (我们在考试前好好
地睡一晚上觉).

  3)It is generous (你把这么多钱捐给
灾区人民).

  4)The teacher decided (不惩罚那些上
课迟到的学生).

  5)Mr. Green was wondering (是否去
看望在法国的儿子).

  6)The gardener (刚才警告我不要在中
午给花浇水).

  7)We (请他给我们做有关现代艺术的讲
座).

  8)He feels it challenging (在这么大
一所大学做学生会主席).

  9)We hope to have more opportunities
(把我们在课堂上学到的东西应用于实践).

  10)The bad weather (破坏了我们在露天
放电影的计划).

  11)The environmentalists are against
(在郊区建一座核电站的决定).

  12)Sally Ride was the first (探索外
部空间的美国妇女).

  13)They lifted a rock (结果砸了自己
的脚).

  14)He was surprised (在这个山村遇见
一个中学同学).

  15)I am sorry (占用了您这么多时间).

  16)I happened (在他冲进来的时候站在
门口).

  17)She doesn’t like (被当作客人).

  18)If you want to save money, you’d better
(到校园书店买旧书).

  19)We did nothing (除了整天打桥牌).

  20)We were made (进屋之前在垫子上擦
擦脚).
七、分词

  1)This is the first time that I heard
(用意大利语唱“祝你生日快乐”).

  2)The cars (停在消防通道的) will be
ticketed.

  3)The war went on for years, (夺去
了成千上万人的生命).

  4)The farmers used a new insecticide, thus
(将平均产量提高了15%).

  5)Einstein watched the toy in delight,
(想推导出它的运转原理).

  6)(看到大家都在聚精会神地看书), we
stopped talking and began to study.

  7)(被这个男孩的事迹深深打动了),
they decided to pay for his education.

  8)(从一个年轻朋友的眼光来看),
Einstein was a simple, modest and ordinary man.

  9)(好久没有收到父母的来信了), he
was worried about them.
八、动名词

  1)(每天洗冷水澡) does him a lot of
good.

  2)They tried to avoid (让女儿做她不
喜欢的事情).

  3)Developing varieties is the key to
(使我们的产品进入国际市场).

  4)It is no use (为洒了的牛奶而哭
泣).

  5)He denied(偷看了同桌的试卷).

  6)We congratulated her on (被提升为
经理).
九、非谓语动词用法区别

  1)Success means (非常努力地工作).

  2)John meant (开车去那儿,但他的车
出了故障).

  3)I heard him (在跟他的母亲谈话).

  4)I heard him (跟他的母亲谈了一个小
时).

  5)He jumped into the pool to save the child
(结果却摔断了自己的腿).

  6)He jumped from the burning house,
(摔断了双腿).

  7)He was happy (看到父母很健康).

  8)(看到父母安然无恙), he issued a
sigh of relief.

  9)(跟随着它的脚印), the zoologists
spotted the hungry panda.

  10)The pop, (后面跟着两个保镖), came
to meet his fans.
十、名词从句

  1)(他们为什么离开家乡去云南) is
still a secret.

  2)(最让我不解的) was that he spoke
English so well.

  3)(这么做是故意的) became obvious.

  4)It is not clear yet (谁应该为这件
事负责).

  5)It is none of your business (玛丽
与谁订婚).

  6)Don’t put off till tomorrow (今
天能做的事).

  7)This novel is just (我一直在寻找
的).

  8)It is not yet known (机器人是否有
一天能拥有象人一样的视力).

  9)(她是否喜欢那个礼物) is not clear
to me.

  10)My main problem right now is (我
是否应该请求另一笔贷款).

  11)It all depends on (他们是否会支持
我们).

  12)You have yet to answer my question
(我是否可以指望你的投票).

  13)Finally, the workers got an answer
(政府做不了什么事来提高他们工资).

  14)Obviously, there was little certainty
(主席会同意他的提议).
十一、定语从句

  1)Everyday many tourists come to visit
(鲁迅出生的那栋房子).

  2)The old lady died (在她儿子到达的
那天).

  3)This is (我赞成这一改革的理由).

  4)Let ABC be (一个三边不等长的三角
形).

  5)Some of the roads were flooded, (
这使我们的旅程更为艰难).

  6)He introduced me to his students,
(他们大部分是英语专业的学生).

  7)(众所周知), water is a liquid.
十二、状语从句

  1)(不管我们谈论什么), Jim brings
polities into the discussion.

  2)(不管哪一方获胜), I shall be
satisfied.

  3)(不管观众中的一些人如何使劲地难为
他), the comedian always had a quick, sharp reply.

  4)We climbed high (这样我们就可以看
到更好的风景).

  5)The problem so very complicated (
花了我们两个周才解决).

  6)You can go out (只要你答应晚上11
点以前回来).

  7)I remember the whole thing (仿佛
是昨天发生的).
十三、比较级最高级

  1)Does she dance (跟她姐姐一样地优
美)?

  2)The buildings look (在伦敦比在这
儿难看得多).

  3)This is (他画的最好的画之一).

  4)The higher you climb, (空气就越稀
薄).
十四、倒装句

  1)Scarcely had she fallen asleep (
一阵敲门声就把她吵醒).

  2)No sooner had Anne arrived (就生
病了).

  3)The husband was not hospitable to the visitor.
(他妻子也没说一句欢迎的话).

  4)Only then (那个医生才意识到他的病
人需要手术).

  5)Only when you adjust down your price
(我们才能做成这笔买卖).
十五、强调句

  1)(正是Jefferson写下了)the
Declaration of Independence.

  2)(作者是带着真挚的情感)praises all
that is progressive.

  3)(正是因为水涨了)we could not
cross the river.

  4)(人们听见正是Jim 这个无情的家伙)
shouting at his mother in the dead of night.

  5)(直到我告诉她) Mrs. Williams knew
anything about it.
三、汉译英专项练习答案及解析
一、倍数增减的表示法

  1)is
  2.5 times greater than Force N2
(考点:倍数 + 形容词/副词比较级 + than)

  2)reacts three times as fast as the other one
(考点:倍数 + as + 形容词/副词 + as)

  3)is 49 times the size of the moon
(考点:倍数 + 名词)

  4)wants to raise the rent by a third
(考点:动词 + by + 数词/百分比/倍数)

  5)plan to double their investment
(考点:double + 名词)
二、时态

  1)or the wedding will have finished by the time we
get to the church
(考点:将来完成时)

  2)the children had fallen asleep
(考点:过去完成时)

  3)my sister will be taking her vacation at the
seaside
(考点:将来进行时)

  4)have been revising my resume all the morning
(考点:现在完成进行时)

  5)No. It has been five years since I went on
holiday
(考点:It has been … since sb. did sth. 表示某人有多长
时间没有做某事了)

  6)He has been in the army for 5 years
(考点:
  1. 现在完成时;
  2.要用持续性动词才能接一段时间)
三、被动语态

  1)is being replaced by the computer and the
projector
(考点:被动语态的现在进行时)

  2)will have been published by the end of this year
(考点:被动语态的将来完成时)

  3)can be used to demonstrate the way that cells
work
(考点:
  1. 被动语态与情态动词联用;
  2. 汉语有些没有“被”
字等标志词的句子也表示被动, 要译成英语的被动语态)

  4)I was startled, for the prices were a great deal
higher than I had anticipated
(考点:同“3”的考点
  2)

  5)Effective measures must be taken immediately
(考点:汉语的无主句通常翻译成英语的被动语态)
四、情态动词

  1)but there is no answer. She can’t be at home
(考点:情态动词可以表示可能性,can’t 表示“一定不”)

  2)I may have left them in the coffee shop
yesterday
(考点:“情态动词can/could, may/might, must + 完
 

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