2000 年 1 月四级听力原文
  1. M: Hi, Jane, do you have some changes? I have to make a call on the payphone. W: Payphone? Why not use my mobile phone? Here you are. Q: What will the man most probably do?
  2. M: Can you tell me the title of this oil painting? W: Sorry, I don’t know for sure, but I guess it is an early 18 century work. Let me look it up in the catalog. Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place?
  3. M: I am worried about those classes I missed when I was sick. W: I will try to bring you up today on what we’ve done. Q: What does the woman mean?
  4. W: Hey Dan. I hear you’re meeting Susan’s parents for the first time. M: Yeah, next weekend. Fortunately, her father loves to fish, so we will have so many things to talk about. Q: What can be inferred about Dan?
  5. W: Professor White’s presentation seemed to go on forever. I was barely able to stay awake. M: How could you sleep through it? It is one of the best that I have ever heard on this topic. Q: What does the man think of Professor White’s presentation?
  6. W: I am looking for quality paper to type my essay. I don’t see any on the shelf. M: I saw some in the stockroom this morning. I will go and check. Q: What does the woman want to buy?
  7. M: It seems that we’ll have another fine day tomorrow. Let’s go to the seaside. W: OK. But we’ll have to leave very early, or else we’ll get caught in the traffic. Q: What does the woman suggest?
  8. M: Do you know James? He is in your class. W: Certainly. In fact he was the first person I got to know in my class. I still remember the look on his face when he showed up late on the first day of school. Q: Why did the woman remember James so well?
  9. W: The man at the garage thinks that I take good care of my car. M: So do I. I can’t see any scratches on the outside, and the inside is clean, too. Q: What does the man think of the woman’s car?
  10. M: Wonderful day, isn’t it? Want to join me for a swim? W: If you don’t mind waiting while I get prepared. Q: What does the woman mean? Passage One A friend of mine told me that when he was a young man, he went to work as a teacher in one of the states of India. One day, he received an invitation to dinner at the ruler’s palace. Very pleased, he went to tell his colleagues. They laughed, and told him the meaning of the invitation. They had all been invited, and each person who was invited had to bring with him a certain number of silver and gold coins. The number of coins varied according to the person’s position in the service of the government. My friend’s income was not high, so he did not have much to pay. Each person bowed before the ruler, his gold went onto
one hip, his silver went onto another hip. And in this way he paid his income tax for the year. This was a simple way of collecting income tax. The tax on property was also collected simply. The ruler gave a man the power to collect a tax from each owner of land or property in a certain area, if this man promised to pay the ruler a certain amount of money. Of course, the tax collector managed to collect more money than he paid to the ruler. The difference between the sum of money he collected and the sum of money he gave to the ruler was his profit. Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. What do we know about the speaker’s friend?
  12. What was the real purpose of the ruler’s invitation?
  13. What does the passage say about the tax collectors? Passage Two Around the year 10
  00.A.D, some people from northwest India began to travel westward. Nobody knows why. After leaving their homes, they did not settle down again, but spent their lives moving from one place to another, their later generations are called the Romany people, or Gypsies. There’re Gypsies all over the world, and many of them are still travelling with no fix homes. There are about 8,000,000 of them, including 3,000,000 in Eastern Europe. Gypsies sometimes have a hard time in the countries where they travel, because they are different, people may be afraid of them, look down on them, or think that they are criminals. The Nazies treated the Gypsies cruelly, like the Jews, and nobody knows how many of them died in Hitler’s deathcamps. Gypsies have their own language Romany. They liked music and dancing. And they often work in fairs and travelling shows. Travelling is very important to them, and many Gypsies are unhappy if they have to stay in one place. Because of this, it is difficult for Gypsy children to go to school, and Gypsies are often unable to read and write. In some places, the education authorities tried to arrange special travelling schools for Gypsy children, so that they can get the same education as other children. Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  14. Why did the ancestors of Gypsies leave their home?
  15. What is the attitude of some people toward Gypsies?
  16. What measure has been taken to help Gypsy children? Passage Three As the car industry develops, traffic accidents have become as familiar as the common code. Yet, their cause and control remain a serious problem that is difficult to solve. Experts have long recognized that this discouraging problem has multiple causes. At the very least, it is a problem that involves three factors: the driver, the vehicle, and the roadway. If all drivers exercise good judgments at all times, there would be few accidents. But that is rather like saying that if all people were honest, there would be no crime. Improved design has helped make highways much safer. But the type of accidents continued to rise because of human failure and an enormous increase in the numbers of automobiles on the road. Attention is now turning increasingly to the third factor of the accident, the car itself. Since people assume that the accidents are bound to occur, they want to know how cars can be built better to protect the drivers. Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

What does the speaker think of the causes of automobile accidents? What measure has been taken to reduce car accidents? What remains an important factor for the rising number of road accidents? What is the focus of people’s attentions today according to the passage?
2000 年 6 月大学英语四级考试(听力材料) Section A
  1. M: Would you like a copy of profesor Smith's article? W: Thanks, it it's not too much trouble. Q: What does the woman imply?
  2. W: Did you visit the Television Tower when you had your vacation in Shanghai last summer? M: I couldn't make it last June. But I finally visited it two months later. I plan to visit it again sometime next year. Q: What do we learn about the man?
  3. M: Prof. Kennedy has been very busy this semester. As far as I know, he works until midnight every day. W: I wouldn't have troubled him so much if I had known be was so busy. Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
  4. W: If I were you, I would have accepted the job. M: I turned down the offer because it would mean frequent business trips away from my family. Q: Why didn't the man accept the job?
  5. M: How are you getting on with your essay, Mary? I'm having a real hard time with mine. W: After two sleepless nights, I'm finally through with it. Q: What do we learn from this conversation?
  6. W: Where did you say you found this bag? M: It was lying under a big tree between the park and the apartment building. Q: Where did the man find the bag?
  7. M: Wouldn't you get bored with the same routine year after year teaching the same things to children? W: I don't think it would be as boring as working in an office. Teaching is most stimulating. Q: What does the woman imply about office work?
  8. M: I was terribly embarrassed when some of the audience got up and left in the middle of the performance. W: Well, some people just can't seem to appreciate real-life drama. Q: What are they talking about?
  9. W: Oh, it's so cold. We haven't had such a severe winter for so long, have we? M: Yes the forecast says it's going to get worse before it warms up. Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
  10. M: You were seen hanging about the store on the night when it was robbed, weren't
you? W: Me? You must have made a mistake. I was at home that night. Q: What are they talking about? Section B Passage One There are three groups of English learners; beginners, intermediate learners, and learners of special English. Beginners need to learn the basics of English. Students who have reached an intermediate level benefit from learning general English skills. But what about students who want to lean specialist English for their work or professional life? Most students, who fit into this third group have a clear idea about what they want to lean. A bank clerk, for example, wants to u se this specialist vocabulary and technical terms of finance. But for teachers, deciding how to teach specialist English is not always so easy. For a start, the variety is enormous. Every field from airline pilots to secretaries has its own vocabulary and technical terms. Teachers also need to have an up-to-date knowledge of that specialist language, and not many teachers are exposed to working environments outside the classroom. These issues have influenced the way specialist English is taught in schools. This type of course is usually known as English for Specific Purposes, or ESP and there isn't ESP courses for almost every area of professional and working life. In Britain, for example, there are courses which teach English for doctors, lawyers, reporters, travel agents and people working in the hotel industry. By far, the most popular ESP courses are for business English.
  11. What is the characteristic of learners of special English?
  12. Who needs ESP courses most?
  13. What are the most popular ESP courses in Britain?
  14. What is the speaker mainly talking about? Passage Two The first step to stop drug abuse is knowing why people start to use drugs. The reasons people abuse drugs are as different as people are from one to another. but there seems to be one common thread: people seem to take drugs to changes the way they feel. They want to feel better or feel happy or to feel nothing. Sometimes, they want to forget or to remember. People often feel better about themselves when they are under the influence of drugs. But the effects don't last long. Drugs don't solve problems. They just postpone them. No matter how far drug s may take you, it's always around trip. After a while, people who miss drugs ma y feel worse about themselves, and they may use more drugs. If someone you know is using or abusing drugs, you can help. The most important part you can play is to be there. You can let your friends know that you care. You can listen and try to solve the problem behind your friend's need to use drugs. Two people together can often solve a problem that seems too big for one person alone. Studies of heavy abusers in the United States show that they felt unloved and unwanted. They didn't have close friends to talk to. When you or your friends take the time to care for each other, you're all helping to stop drugs abuse. After all, what is a friend for?
  15. Why do some people abuse drugs?
  16. According to the passage, what is the best way to stop friends from abusing drugs?
  17. What are the findings of the studies about heavy drug users?
Passage Three Bows and arrows, are one of man's oldest weapons. They gave early man an effective weapon to kill his enemies. The ordinary bow or short bow was used by nearly all early people. This bow had limited power and short range. However, man overcame these faults by learning to track his targets at a close rane. The long how was most likely discovered when someone found out that a five-foot piece of wood made a better bow than a three-food piece. Hundreds of thousands of these bows were made and used for three hundred years. However, not one is known to survive today. We believe that a force of about one hundred pounds was needed to pull the string all the way back on a long bow. For a long time the bow was just a bent stick and string. In fact, more changes have taken place in a bow in the past 25 years than in the last 7 centuries. Today, bow is forceful. It is as exact as a gun. In addition, it requires little strength to draw the string. Modern bows also have precise aiming devices. In indoor contest, perfect scores from 40 yards are common. The invention of the bows itself ranks with discovery of fire and the wheel. It was a great-step-forward for man.
  18. Why did man have no track his target at a close range when using a short bow?
  19. What does the passage tell us about long bow?
  20. What do we know about modern bows?
2001 年 1 月四级 听力原文 Section A
  1. M: Hi, Jane, do you have some change? I have to make a call on the pay phone. W: Pay phone? Why not use my mobile phone? Here you are. Q: What would the man most probably do?
  2. M: Can you tell me the title of this oil painting? W: Sorry, I don't know for sure. But I guess it's an early 18th century work. Let me look it up in the catalog. Q: Where does this conversation most probably take place?
  3. M: I'm worried about those classes I missed when I was sick. W: I'll try to bring you up today on what we have done. Q: What does the woman mean?
  4. W: Hey, Dan, I hear you are meeting Susan's parents for the first time. M: Yeah, next weekend. Fortunately her father love



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