英语四级图表作文范文及常用句型和写作技巧
  1. 英语四级图表作文范文 .
图表作文要求考生用文字材料把图表中所提供的信息准确、 完整地表达出来。 在写作图表作文时, 首先要仔细观察并分析图表,以及题中所给出的有关信息,比如,作文标题,英文提纲、英文提 示、英语关键词等。在分析图表时,要抓住与主题有关的信息,要发现数据呈现的规律,要充分 利用图表中的图形、数据等来说明主题。但是注意不要过多地引用数据,以免造成滥用数据的后 果。另外,在写作图表作文时可以套用一些常用词汇或表达方式,这将有助于你写出较为地道的 图表作文。例如:
①As can be seen from the table (graph, form)... ②From the above table it can be seen (concluded) that... ③A careful study of the table shows that... ④The number (percentage) is 3 times as much as that in 20
  00. ⑤It has decreased (fell, dropped) about twice, compared with (as compared with, as against) that of 20
  00. ⑥In 2001, it increased (went up, rose) from 5 to 15 percent of the total (to 15 percent, by 15 percent). [例]Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 100 words on Income Sources between Chinese and American Students. Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table. Write three paragraphs to:

  1. Describe the differences of the income sources between Chinese and American students.
  2. Analyze possible reasons for these differences.
  3. Predicate future tendency. Source of Income Percentage of Total Income American Students Chinese Students 50% 90% 35% 5% 15% 5% Parents Part-time job Fellowship or Scholarship
[范文]
Income Sources Between Chinese Students and American Students
Income sources of Chinese students are quite different from those of American students. In China, students get 90% of their money from their parents while in America, only 50% of students’ money is provided by parents. In addition, Chinese students earn only 5% of their money from part ? time jobs and 5% from fellowship or scholarship while income from these two resources for American students takes up 35% and 15% respectively of their total income.
I think there are probably three reasons for their differences. First, because of the influence of different social and family values, Chinese students have formed the habit of asking for money from their parents while American students have developed more sense of being financially independent. Second, most Chinese parents devote too much care to their children and they would rather save up to afford their children’s education rather than encourage them to take part-time jobs. But in America, many parents pay more attention to developing the students’ ability of self-reliance, so they encourage their children to find part-time job to earn some money by themselves. Third, since America is more developed than China, it is relatively easy for students to find part ? time jobs. In China, such opportunities are rather rare.
I believe with the development of China, more and more Chinese students will realize and pay more attention to the necessity of self ? dependence. In addition, more and more opportunities will be provided for them to take part-time jobs. So more students will go out of the ivory tower to broaden their knowledge and to become the master of their own lives. 作者在这篇图表作文中很好地利用了图表以及题目中所给的提示, 文章结构完整, 意思表达 清楚,较好地完成了一篇图表作文所应该表达的内容。

  2.图表作文常用句型

  1. As is shown by the graph/in the table。。(概述图表) 该国人口飞速增长。 As is shown by the graph,there has been a rapid increase in the population of the country in the past five years.
  2. It can be seen from the table that … (得出结论) shown graph 正如曲线所示,最近 54 年来
concluded figures estimated statistics A. 从表中所给的统计数字可以看出,从 1985 年到 1990 年中国的人均收入迅速提高。 From the statistics given in the table it can be seen that the average personal income of the Chinese people increased (grew 、rose) rapidly from 1985 to 19
  90. B. 从曲线图可以得出结论,最近 5 年来中国人口的出生率已经大大下降。 It can be concluded from the graph that there has been a great decline in birth rates in China in the past five years.
  3. … amount to … (数量总计) add up to come to sum up to 全部费用合计 200 美元。 All the expenses (costs) amount to (= add up to) $ 2
  00.
  4. … increase from … to … (数量增减) decrease rise fall drop A. 这个工厂生产的彩电已由 1986 年的 5000 台增加到 1990 年的 21000 台。 The number of colour TV sets produced by the factory increased (rose , grew , climbed) from 5000 in 1986 to 21000 in 19
  90. B.参加者的人数增加到 30 万。 The number of paticipants grew up to 300000 persons = increased , reaching 300000 persons). C. 这个学校的教职工人数已减少到 700 人。 The number of teaching staff members in this school has decreased to 700 persons.
  5. (be) three times as + 形容词 + as 总产量 total output 钢的年产量 the annual output of 上升
  17% rise by 17per cent steel 日产量 the daily output 导致产量下降 result in a diminished output 现在我们地区的粮食产量相当于 1970 年的 3 倍。 The grain production (= output)in our area now is three times as great as that of 19
  70.
  6.Compared with … , … 与去年相比,今年 13 项主要产品的产量都有大幅度增长。The factory has an output of 9 million cigarettes daily.
Compared with that of last year,the output of 13 main products (= items) this year has increased to a great extent.
  7.There is (was) a rapid rise in … be on the rise has been sharp increase on the increase sudden decrease on the decline steady decline gradual fall slow drop slight 最近几年来这个地区的棉花产量有了迅速增长。 The cotton output in this area has increased rapidly in the past few years. ??“结尾”段落中常用的句型:
  1. In my opinion, …
  2. Personally, I …
  3. In short (= In brief), …
  4. In conclusion, …
  5.As far as I’m concerned, …
  6. To conclude , it seems clear that … 至于说到我,我赞成前一种观点。所以,我的结论是,只要我们坚持正确的东西,改正错 误的东西,我们就一定能成功。
As far as I’m concerned ,I’m in favour of the former view.Therefore,my conclusion is that we are certain to succeed as long as we stick to what is right and correct what is wrong.

  3. 图表作文写作技巧
一、 图表作文的类型 二、 图表作文的出题形式 三、 图表作文的写作要领 四、 图表作文练习及其参考范文 图表作文也是四(六)级考试中常见,而且被认为是一种较难的作文形式。图表作文 就是把非文字信息(通常为各种图表表示的数字信息等)转换成文字信息的一种作文。它要 求我们用文字来描述非文字性的图表或对图表显示的关系作解释说明。 下面我们先来看一看 图表作文的类型。 第一节 图表作文的类型 图表作文可分为两大类:表作文和图作文。
图表作文考试大的美女们 表格(Table)可以使大量数据系统化,便于阅读、比较。表格常由标题(Title)、 表头(Boxhead)(表格的第一行)、侧目(Stub)(表格左边的第一列)和主体(Body) 部分(表格的其余部分)等部分组成。如下表: 用表格表达的信息具体准确,而且表格中的各项均按一定规律排列。阅读表格时要注 意找出表格中各个项目的相互关系,表格中各个项目的变化规律。例如,上面的表格中的数 字说明,和 1978 年相比,1983 年大学入学的人数在增加,而小学的入学人数在减少。搞清 楚这些变化规律也就读懂了表格的内容。 图作文 图作文又可分为三种:圆形图作文、曲线图作文和条状图作文。 (
  1) 圆形图作文 圆形图(Pie chart)也称为饼状图或圆面分割图。圆形图因为比较形象和直观,各部 分空间大小差别容易分辨, 所以常用来表示总量和各分量之间的百分比关系。 整个圆表示总 量,楔形块表示分量。有时圆形图还有数值表,两者结合可把各分量表示得更准确、清楚。 例如: This is a pie chart of the average weekly expenditure of a family in Great Britain. As can be see from the chart, the main expenditure of an average British family is spent on food, which accounts for 25% of its total expenditure. The next two significant expending items are transport and housing, which are 15% and 12% respectively. If we take into account clothing and footwear, which makes up 10%, the four essentials of life, that is, food, transport, housing, and clothing and footwear, amount to 62% of the total expenditure. (
  2) 曲线图作文 曲线图(Line graph)也称为线性图或坐标图。曲线图最适合表示两个变量之间关系 的发展过程和趋势。一般来说,曲线所呈现的形状比某一点所代表的变量的值更有意义。曲
线图有横轴和纵轴。一般先看横轴所代表的数量或时间等,然后再看纵轴所显示的意义。同 时必须找出线条所反映的最高或最低的变化。例如: 这个曲线图的横轴代表 1990 年的不同的月份,纵轴代表交通事故的数量。从交通事故 曲线图上可知, 前八个月的交通事故的数量有升有降。 曲线图在八月份升到了最高点 (
  39) , 此后一直呈下降的趋势,十二月份降到了最低点(
  16)。可见,1990 年的交通事故的数量 总体上呈下降的趋势。 (
  3) 条形图作文 条形图(Bar graph)也称为立柱图或圆柱图。条形图由宽度相同但长度不同的条块代 表不同的量。当要比较几个项目或量时,常用不同颜色来区分。条形图主要用来表示:
  1) 同一项目在不同时间的量;
  2)同一时间不同项目的量。阅读条形图时,要先看图例,再看 横轴、纵横各代表什么量,每一个刻度所代表的值是多少,最后找出图中各长条所表示的数 据及各长条间的相互关系。例如: 左边的条形图的横轴代表时间,纵轴代表期望寿命(Life Expectancy),这一条形图 想要体现的是同一项目(期望寿命)在不同时间的量。右边的条形图的横轴也是代表时间, 纵轴是代表婴儿的死亡率(Infant Mortality),这一条形图想要体现的也是同一项目(婴 儿的死亡率) 在不同时间的量。 左边的条形图表明 1990 年的人均期望寿命比 1960 年的人均 期望寿命长 20 岁,而 1990 年的婴儿死亡率比 1960 年的婴儿死亡率下降了 50%。 第二节 图表作文的出题形式 我们先来看几个四(六)级考试中的图表作文的例子。 例 1 题目:Changes in People’s Diet (1991 年 6 月四级试题) Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table. Write three paragraphs to :
  1. state the changes in people’s diet (饮食) in the past five years;
  2. give possible reasons for the changes;
  3. draw your own conclusions.
You should quote as few figures as possible. 例 2 题目:Car Accidents Declining in Walton City (1991 年 6 月 6 级试题) Remember that your composition must be written according to the following outline;
  1. Rise and fall of the rate of car accidents as indicated by the graph;
  2. Possible reason(s) for the decline of car accidents in the city;
  3. Your predictions of what will happen this year. Your composition should be no less than 120 words and you should quote as few figures as possible. 例 3 For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Health Gain in Developing Countries. Your composition must be no less than 120 words and you should base your composition on the following instructions (given in Chinese):
  1. 以下图为依据描述发展中国家的期望寿命 (life expectancy) 和婴儿死亡率 (infant mortality)的变化情况
  2. 说明引起变化的各种原因考试大的美女们 从以上例子可见,图表作文一般在题目中给出作文的标题和一个或几个统计表格、圆 形图、曲线图或条形图,有时还用英文或中文提纲的形式给出提示,要求我们:
  1)用文字 描述图表,客观解释图表中所传递的信息,并找出某种规律或趋势;
  2)就图表中所反映的 某种趋势或问题分析其原因或后果。 第三节 图表作文的写作要领 图表作文着重说明事实,常常是通过对图表中所反映的具体数据的说明、分析、比较, 对某种事物或现象的事实或变化情况等加以说明,并提出结论或看法。因此,图表作文常常 采用议论文体的写作方法。
写好图表作文,关键在于能否读懂图表中所提供的信息,把握各信息间的联系,用准 确流畅的语言把这一信息表达出来,
 

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