Nowadays, there are more and more [某种现象] in [某种场合]. It is estimated that [相关数据]. Why have there been so many [某种现象]? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is [原因一]. Besides, [原因二]. The third one is [原因三]. To sum up, the main cause of [某种现象] is due to [最主要原因]. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing, [解决办法一]. On the other hand, [解决办法二]. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of [某种现象].
  为便于读者理解,我特意用这个模板,写了一篇关于ghost writer(捉刀代笔的枪手)的示范性小作文,请您观摩一下。
  Nowadays, there are more and more [ghost writers / 枪手] in [China's examinations / 中国的考场]. It is estimated that [5% examinees are ghost writers / 5%的应试者是枪手]. Why have there been so many [ghost writers / 枪手]? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is [hirers' ignorance / 雇主无知]. Besides, [hirers' indolence / 雇主懒惰]. The third one is [hirers' obtusity / 雇主迟钝]. To sum up, the main cause of [ghost writers / 枪手] is due to [hirers' low IQ / 雇主智商低]. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing, [flagellation / 鞭打]. On the other hand, [decapitation / 斩首]. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of [ghost writers / 枪手].
四六级答案规律

  1。ABCD分布均匀。
即:20个阅读理解,ABCD基本上是个5个
但近年来出现4664的分布,只有一次出现了8个D
预测今年:ABCD分别为6446

  2。不可能出现3个答案相同的,例如:AAA这样的答案一般来说是有问题的。

  3。词汇题是ABCD78
  87,最多的可以达到9个。
如果出现了10个C很有可能有问题。
声明:这种规律只能用来检查,不能用用来作题

  4。听力题,前面十个听到什么就不要选什么,后面十个听到什么选什么。

  5。作文应该是图表题。
切忌使用“There is................”."I think that............."这样的句子
四六级写作必备(背)句型

  1)用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型
①As the graph depicts , …
②From the cartoon /picture , we can see that …
③According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph ,
④The table shows / indicates / reveals that …
⑤It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that …

  2)用于句首提出论题或现象的句型
①Recently , …has become the focus of the society .
②…has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life .
③Nowadays there is a growing concern for …
④Nowadays it is common to hear /see …
⑤…has become a common occurrence in our daily life .
⑥Nowadays more and more people are beginning to be aware of the seriousness of …
⑦It is only during the last /past few years that man has become generally aware that …
⑧There is an old / popular saying / proverb which says / goes …
⑨In recent years , there is a general tendency …
⑩Nowadays … has become a problem we have to face .

  3)用于比较、阐述不同观点的常用句型
①Some people like / prefer …, while others are / feel inclined to …
②There are different opinions among people as to … Some believe … whole hold …
③Some people claim that … is superior to … Others , however , disagree with it .
④Some people believe … Others maintain … Still others claim …
⑤Some people suggest … Others , however , hold the opposite opinion .
⑥On the one hand , people tend to … On the other hand , they feel …
⑦Some people argue that … Others , in contrast , believe that …
⑧Although more and more people come to believe … there are still others who insist that …
⑨On the contrary , there are people in favor of …
⑩There are some people who hold different opinions about …

  4)用于陈述个人观点/想法的常用句型
①My own experience tells me that …
②In my opinion , we should attack more importance to …
③As for my own idea about … I believe …
④As far as I am concerned , I plan to …
⑤Personally , I prefer …
⑥In my view , both sides are partly right in that …
⑦But for me , I would rather …
⑧My own point of view is that …
⑨In conclusion , I support the statement that …
⑩As regards me , I tend to choose …

  5)用于书信写作的常用句型
①Thank you for your letter of …
②It is a pleasure for me invite you on behalf of … to accept …
③Thanks so much for your letter , which arrived …
④I am writing to you with reference to …
⑤I am writing to you in connection with …
⑥I would be grateful if you could / would …
⑦I would like to know some information on …
⑧It will be appreciated if you can / could …
⑨I would also like to know if you can / could …
⑩I look forward to hearing from you .

  6)用于结尾的常用句型
①From what has been discussed / mentioned above , we may conclude that …
②Therefore , it is not difficult to draw / come to the conclusion that …
③It is high time that something was done about …
④From all the reasons / consideration above , it is evident / clear / obvious that …
⑤Taking into account all these factors , we may reach the conclusion that …
⑥Given the reasons / consideration I have just outlined / discussed / presented , I strongly recommend that …
⑦It is clear , therefore , that …
⑧All in all ,what really matters is , in fact , to …
⑨It is essential that effective measure be taken to …
⑩From what has been discussed above , we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that …
⑾ In conclusion ,the most important is …
⑿ On the whole , it is high time that every one …
⒀ As a result , we should take some effective steps to …
⒁ Judging by the figures / statistics , it is not difficult to see that …
⒂ Only in this way / in so doing , can be really …
四级考试作文写作常识
一、 基本的写作步骤
许多考生在拿到作文题后,就雷厉风行地动手写了起来,结果不是写的一塌糊涂就是改得乱七八糟。在四级考试(包括其它水平考试)的写作中,通常进行以下五个步骤:审题、选材、腹稿(包括提纲和正文)、书写、修改。

  1. 审题
审题是写作的第一步,也是最关键的一步。因为如果跑题了的话,就几乎不得分了。所以在拿到题后,一定要冷静地弄清题目要求;然后确定文章的文体以及主题思想。
通常在四、六级的作文中,有两种形式。一种是给出题目和提纲(中文或英文),另一种是给出题目和每一段的段首句(段首句大多是该段的主题句,其实相当于提纲)。我们应该充分利用这些信息,才不至于跑题。以2001年1月份的试题为例,它的题目是“How to Succeed in a Job Interview?”,给出了两个要点(提纲):

  1)面试在求职过程中的作用

  2)取得面试因素:仪表,举止谈吐,能力,专业知识,自信,实事求是......
从这些信息来看,这篇文章应该是一篇议论加说明的文章,要求写的是如何在找工作时顺利(成功)通过面试。两个提纲告诉我们,文章至少要分两个部分,第一个部分是议论,说明面试是重要的;第二个部分要从第二点中给出的几个方面挑几点说明怎样去做。
但是这两个部分在文章中的比重应该如何?是否要平均?
此时应该看到,标题中的关键词是HOW,因此文章的重点应该在第二点,而第一点只是作为引言。
那么文章要分为几段呢?
在英语文章中,每一段只讨论一个问题。所以第(
  1)点显然要独立成段,第(
  2)点因为是文章的重点所在,可以是一个长一点的段或分为几段。但要注意的是,既然第一段是一个引言,那么文章就应该还有一个总结的段落,这是原提纲中没给出来的。

  2.选材
确定了文章的主题和轮廓之后,我们就开始考虑要选择哪些要点来阐明主题。选材一定要围绕主题句进行,同时要考虑到全面性。
比如在考虑上面第一点时,我们要想到面试对双方都是重要的。对于interviewer来说,通过面试他能对applicant有更好的了解,能通过面试挑到合适的人选等;而对于interviewee来说,他能通过面试更好地了解所申请的工作、薪水、待遇等信息,还能更好地展示自己,还能增强自己的社会知识,能练习与人打交道等。
但这些是否都要写进文章中去呢?或者比重是否都应该一样呢?
当然不。就面试的作用来说,因为标题是站在求职者的角度来说的,因此面试对于求职者的作用就显得比它对招聘者的作用更为重要。而在后者中增强自己的社会知识、练习与人打交道等方面,并不是面试最重要的方面,就可以舍去。就第二点来说,提纲中给出了许多方面,但这些方面也不能一一都写进作文中去,否则就不是一篇考试作文,而要写一本求职大全了。应该挑最重要的和最好写的去说,别的可以一带而过甚至不提。

  3. 打腹稿
打腹稿是不可省略的一步,但却为许多人所忽视。其实打腹稿就相当于我们平时写作时打草稿,只是考试时没有时间,也没有纸用来打草稿。建议平时写作时,要养成良好的习惯,即使在打草稿时也要仔细想一想要怎么写,在脑子中先将文章“读”一篇。
打腹稿时,首先要考虑文章的开头和结尾,然后是各个段落间的衔接和过渡,然后是各个句子怎样写,要注意用自己熟悉的、有把握的句子,同时也要注意句子之间的衔接与连贯。
  4. 抄写
严格地说,第四步仅仅是将前面三步的结果用笔写到试卷上。这部分不应占用太多的时间,真正需要时间的是前面的三步。

  5. 修改
修改的主要任务是检查一下有无拼写和语法方面的错误,同时注意是否用词有过多的重复。
总之,在写作时切忌一边想一边写。
二、文章的衔接与连贯
在评分标准中,同是否扣题同样重要的是文章的连贯性。往往有的文章扣题倒也扣题了,但还是得不了几分,这其中的原因恐怕与连贯性有很大的关系。这里所说的连贯有两两层含义。一是指文章在内容上是连贯、统一的,文章中所有的句子都是为全文的中心服务的。就各段而言,其中的每一句话都要紧紧围绕着该段的主题句进行,不能说与主题句无关的东西。有人也将其称为统一性。请看一例:
The weather has been changeable. On Sunday we had a high wind that blew down some trees. Monday was so cold that we had to turn on the heat and wear out winter coats. On Tuesday we formed a group to go roller skating. By Wednesday the weather cleared and the sun came out. Thursday was as hot and humid as an August day. Friday morning it began to rain, and it looks as if we’ll have a cold, steady wind for a few days.
这一段写“最近天气多变”,首句为主题句。扩展句叙述了星期日、星期一、星期三、星期四和星期五的天气情况,用以展开关键词changeable。但星期二没有提天气,而是说当天的活动安排,偏离了主题,打断了段落叙述的连贯性,破坏了段落逻辑意义的统一性,应删去或改为与天气有关的话。
再如:
Sports benefit us in many respects. When taking part in sports, we get the chance to train almost all parts of our body. There is no doubt that properly balanced physical activities keep us physically fit. Furthermore, sports can enrich our life and maintain our psychological health. Through participation, everyone can learn that on the playing field he not only competes for himself but also for his team. Sports teach us about consideration, cooperation and optimism, and how to cope with difficulties.
第一句是本段的主题句,接下来作者从体育运动对身体的好处说了两句,第四句讲述体育运动对心理方面的益处,第五句从团队的方面加以论述,最后一句既是论据,同时也是对前面三点的概括。全段没有一句话脱离主题句。
连贯的第二层含义指的是表达上的连贯。文章的段落之间、段落中各句子之间要有一定的衔接。
段落结构和句与句之间的衔接应遵照一定的顺序。段落之间的连接也应符合逻辑。这样使文章连贯紧凑,自然流畅,层次分明,脉络清晰。段落只有在具有含义一致性的同时又具有表达的连贯性才能充分有效地传达信息,真正实现写作目的。
这两层意义的连贯性是相辅相成的。内容的连贯性是表达连贯性的前提,一组互不相干的句子放在一起,无法取得表达的连贯性;一致性有赖于连贯性,只有把一组意义紧密相关的句子有机地组合起来,才能真正充分有效地阐述其主题思想。就上面的例一来说,虽然它是以时间为线索
 

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