英语四级写作模板 议论文
中国矿矿业大学 倪晓文整理
类型总论
对比观点题型 阐述主题题型 解决方法题型 说明利弊题型
对比观点题型

  1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出 ) 自己的看法。 自己的看法。 (
  2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这 ) 给出一个观点, 一观点

  1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自 ) 己的看法。 己的看法。
  1.有一些人认为 .有一些人认为……
  2.另一些人认为…… .另一些人认为
  3.我的看法 .我的看法……
The topic of ①(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ② (支持A的理由一)What is more, ③(理由 二). Moreover,④(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,(支持B的理由一). Secondly (Besides),⑥(理由二). Thirdly (Finally),⑦ (理由三). From my point of view, I believe that ⑧(我的观 点). The reason is that ⑨(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former/later is surely a wise choice .

  2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反 ) 给出一个观点, 对这一观点
When it comes to the issue. Some people believe that ①(观点一). For example, they think ②(举例说明).And it will bring them ③(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I reason can be the point. For one thing,④(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤(反对的理由之二). From all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).
Exercise A.
For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Reading Selectively or Extensively? You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1.有人认为读书要有选择
  2.有人认为应该博览群书。
  3.我的看法
Exercise B.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Do “Lucky Numbers” Really Bring Good Luck? You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1.有些人认为某些数字会带来好运。
  2.我认为数字和运气无关……
阐述主题题型
要求从一句话或一个主题出发, 要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提 纲的要求进行论述. 纲的要求进行论述.

  1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义. . 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.
  2. 分析并举例使其更充实. . 分析并举例使其更充实.
The good old proverb (名言或谚语) reminds us that (释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it. First of all,(理由一). For example, (举例说明).Secondly,(理 .Secondly, 由二)(举例说明). Furthermore , (理由三). In my opinion, (我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the saying. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.
Exercise C.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Practice Makes Perfect. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1.怎样理解“熟能生巧”?
  2.例如:在英语学习……
  3.又如……
解决方法题型
要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径

  1. 问题现状英语四级英译汉的目的 要求和 . 问题现状英语四级英译汉的目的,要求和 评分
  2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) . 怎样解决(
In recent days, we have to ??A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, (说明A的现状).Second, (举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, (解决方法一). For another (解决方法二). Finally, (解决方法三). Personally, I believe that (). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because (带来的好处).
Exercise D.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic How I Finance My College Education. You should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1.上大学的费用(tuition and fees)可以通 过多种途径解决。
  2.那种途径适合我(说明理由)
说明利弊题型
这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状, 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事 物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度( 物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或 出发, 弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度 或对事物前景提出预测) (或对事物前景提出预测)
  1. 说明事物现状 .
  2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面) . 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)
  3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法 . 你对现状(或前景)
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First (A的优点之一). Besides (A的优 点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that (A).To make matters worse,(A的 第二个缺点). I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to (我的看法).(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in.) Only by this way, (对前景 的预测).
Exercise E.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic The Seven-Day Weekend. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1.长假给人们带来的好处
  2.长假可能给人们带来的问题
  3.我应当怎样过好长假
作文的注意事项

  1.适当用被动代替主动,这样能更客观 的反映事实,句子开头不要总是用we / I (比如写结尾时不用 we should pay attention to而用Attention should be paid to.

  2.善于使用插入语,比如说把副词、连接词等, 作插入语放在中间,一般放在主语、动词或者 助动词后,两边分别加上逗号。 如however / therefore /for example/I believe 做插入语放在中间,一般放在动词,助动词后, 两边分别加上逗号。 比如说: Other individuals, however, take the attitude that …

  3.一定要学会换词,换形象,具体的代 替宽泛的。考试中一般尽量避免出现 good, bad , many, thing, think, people, opinion 等等
 

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