做题之前一定要先找出关键词,标识是比较级、最高级、数次、否定词、核心的名 次、动词、形容词、专有名词等 阅读 一、仔细阅读
(一)定位原文:一题对应一段,故只有 5 段有效
  1.关键词:比较级、最高级、数次、否定词、核心的名次、动词、形容词、专有名词等。
  2.转折词: ① 提示词:but,however,yet,although,while ② 解题思路: 转折现象前后的信息是细节和推理题分析的重点范围, 首段中的转折句一般 提示全文主题
  3.比较词: ① 表达方式 词:more,better,most,best,less,least 句:Less A than B;more A than B ② 解题思路:将题干中的比较现象与原文类似现象相对应,得出正确答案;为题干中没有 关键词时与原文的比较作为分析重点
  4.因果词: 名:reason,cause,basis,result ① 提示词 连:because,for,as,since 动:explain,base on,attribute 副:as a result,therefore,thus ② 解题思路:当题干中有因果词时,在原文中寻找与之相对应的词汇 (二)分类题型
  1.细节题 ① 解题步骤: 根据关键词准确定位原文; 分析关键词在的句子极其前后的句子; 逐次对应, 找到答案 ② 逐次对应的方式: 拆词:将选项中的动词名词和形容词进行独立分析 比词:与原文动词名词形容词做比较,意义一致者 为正确答案 ③ 注意事项:出题顺序一般与原文一致;正确答案一般要同意替换
  2.词义题:背单词!联系上下文猜词。词的表面含义必为错
  3.主旨题: ① 基本思路:找到全文中鲜明的主题词和主题句 ② 定位方式:题干重现词;段首重现词;首段首句;首段转折句; (问题方案文章指对方 案的评价为主题) ③ 注意事项:各类题型的答案都必须符合文章主题
  4.态度题=主旨题
  5.推理题(难度高) ① 提示词:infer,conclude,learn from ② 解题步骤:找到题目所针对的段落;分析段落中比较和转折的现象;选择与原文意义最 接近的选项 ③ 注意:真确答案要求,推理成分越少越好;答案必须符合文章主题
  6.例证题: ① 注意事项:就事论事的选项比错 ② 基本思路:例证答案针对相应段落首末两句或例子前后总结性话语
  7.实验题: (09 年可能考) ① 阅读方法:详看实验结果,略看试验过程 实验目的=首段的目的不定式=全文主题 ② 考点: 实验结论=末端首末两句
实验结果:find,show,notice,discover,observe (三)逻辑比较 文: 现象解释:解释为主题,问号为现象标志 (人文主观方面) 结论解释:结论为主题 (四)题材: 理: 与自然之间的问题,问题方案,对方案的评价 (自然界) 【基本规律:解决方案不完美,作者态度为客观】 (五)体材:
  1.议论文:重点分辨作者的观点和态度
  2.说明文:把握作者所下的定义,关键的数据和细节
  3.记叙文: (20
  07.
  6,20
  07.
  12) ; 3'.夹叙夹议(以议为主) : ① 阅读方法:分断阅读,重在结尾 ② 题型与解题思路:细节题答案必须符合作者主题;主旨题答案集中在结尾部分 (六)类型:单线式/ 对立式(把握好对立观点代表词,如赞同"for"、对立"against") (七)解题步骤
  1. 扫描题干,找关键词
  2. 浏览原文,做标记(关键词、转折词、比较词、因果词)
  3. 比较选项得答案 二、快速阅读 (一)热点题材: 《Times》 《Economist》
  1.环境(
  08.6 温室气体)
  2.经济(经济危机、美元贬值)
  3.能源(不可再生燃料 fossil fuels)
  4.美国大选(奥巴马美国黑人总统,希拉里,民族构成) (二)阅读步骤
  1.仔细阅读文章标题:大标题=文章主题,小标题=层次主题和结构
  2.仔细阅读文章首段=写作背景/ 有时针对第 10 题答案
  3.分析题干辨认关键词
  4.根据关键词找到若干句子进行阅读,其余部分一概不看 (三)题型与解题思路
  1.判断:比较两句的含义,注意未有出现的关键词所在的选项为"N"
  2.填空:将原文信息与题干进行比较多余/ 剩余部分即为答案
  3.单选题:选项与原文用词最一致者为正确答案 作文 现象分析题 一、议论文 正反观点题 "How to"题(大学生如何做) (一)现象分析 l 第一段:现象陈述 【校园现象】 In campus, it can often be heard about how to pass an exam, to hunt a good job or : even to make friends. While, recently,it seems/ appears no other topics can arouse more students' attention than the one that 同位语从句. 【社会现象】 :Nowadays, everybody who often reads the newspaper might well be exposed to
such a fact as 同位语从句, which has recently been brought to the hub of the public attention. 【越来越多的人关注…】 Nowadays, (话题关键词), as a hot topic, is increasingly arousing : public attention for the very reason that (话题展开句). ?nowadays, the newspapers have pushed the issue of (话题关键词) to the hub of the public attention/ concern for the very reason that (话题展开句). l 第二段:原因=主题句+扩展句 主题句:If asked what I should do, well , I would like to do the followings. The first is to 原因 1, "doing"原因
  2,no matter what kinds of difficulties lying ahead/ I will meet. The second, I think I had better (make full use of the school resources, such as the assistant work in a lab), which is also quite a good way. 扩展句:主观(think,feel…)"...to such an extent that ..."=so 所以 the development of society/ economy The improvement of living standards The increase of population 客观 The environment pollution The global warming The fierce/ severe/ cruel competition "...for the reason that..."=because; "..., making, ..." He is ill to such an extent that he is absent. 例 He is absent for the reason that he is ill. He is ill making himself absent. (原因段:Why you may wonder? There are two reasons accounting for it. For one thing, ..., to such an extent that ... . For the other, ..., making ... .) l 第三段(动作段) :措施、危害 措施 1??to do 写法: 措施 2??谓语动词 用 doing 伴随措施之一
  1.措施: 动词不定式 to do 基本不考 非谓语动词 动名词 doing 分词 doing/ done 非谓语动词
  1) to do:表措施的常用句型 v 做表语:The first important thing is to do . The first important thing, which plays the fundamental role in the issue's solution is to do . v 做主语:To do ... serves to assist the issue's total solution. (能源短缺型)To increase the investment on R&D to look for some substitute energy serves to assist the issue's total solution. 做同位语:The measure to do... should be taken as soon as possible. 做宾语:I strongly feel it highly imperative for the authorities to do... . 下定决心干:make up one's mind to do sth v 措施词组 尽全力做:make every effort to do ... 不遗余力做:spare no effort to do ... 【措施段】 :There are many measures to be taken. The first important thing is to / ?/ ? . In v v
addition, in my view, it is high time that 具体情况 . OR:There are many measures to be taken. First, I strongly feel it highly imperative for the authorities to / ?/ ? . Second, it is also necessary that the government should 具体情况 . establish some relevant regulations/ policies/ decrees/ laws and put them into practice, making it under control.(万能措施) ?arouse the public concern/ attention to it.引起公众的关心 (常用措施) ?increase the investment on it.增加投资 【能源短缺型题】 increase the investment on R&D to look for some substitute energy serves :To to assist the issue's total solution.
  2) 谓语动词"-ed" It is highly imperative/ suggested that the authorities should do ... It is (high) time that (the investment was incresaed)过去式从句 . (虚拟语气)
  3) 提供 doing 伴随
  1) 、
  2)其一 The first important thing is to establish the relevant policies, making the issue under some control.
  2. 危害段 (个人、社会)
  1)个人:举例说明 A , for example, B A 是对 B 的总结,B 为具体例子 v Some fake products do harm to people's health, for example, fake medicine can even kill one person. v Too much time on computer can cause some mental unfitness, for example, one may feel rather depressed when he is deprived of(被剥夺了) the computer even for one day.
  2)社会:情绪法(憎恨、遗憾、怀疑…等偏否定态度) 【危害段】 :The negative effects of 该现象的核心名词 are obvious. A(归纳总结性语句), for example, B(具体例子). Also it can by no means escape from the blame for a dissatisfying/ disappointing/ bad/ awful society's forming. (二)正反观点对比题 l 第一段: v Recently, there is going on a hot discussion on some websites' bbs, arguing whether 话题 陈述句, which is hard to give a definite answer to. v Nowadays, people are always talking about whether 同上, which is really/ indeed not easy to five a definite answer to. v 话题疑问句? As most of us have had the unpleasant occasion to discover, one person's answer can be quite different from another's . People have their own ways of looking upon this problem and their own reasons for thinking so. v 【哲理段】 :要论证的哲理(Honesty is the best policy). If 好的方面(you are honest), it follows that 简单陈述益处(people will believe you), doing 伴随解释好的方面带来的结果 (helping you when you are in trouble).On the contrary, if 反方面(you are cheating/ deceptive/ not honest), you will soon find yourself trapped in a terrible condition that 反面导致的结果(no one will be your friend./ no matter what you say, no one believes you.) 【 一些人认为??Some people believe 宾从. =It is generally believed that 主从. (主语从句转换法) =There is a popular view/ belief among some people that 同从.(同位语从句转换法) =One allegation/ view/ assumption often made (by some people) is that 表从.(表语从句转换法)
?我认为??I think . =It's my view/ point that . =I have always been of the impressure/ thought that . =My standing point is that . l 第二段:陈述别人观点 【别人观点】 :One allegation often made is that 观点 , because they believe 原因 . While, among the discussion sounds an opposite voice, saying 观点?. l 第三段:我的观点 【我的观点】 :In my opinion, I cannot agree with the latter any more, for I have always been of the impression that 观点?的主观论据. Further, it is also one reason for my standing point that 观点?的客观论据. (三)how to 题 l 第一段:必要性分析(作用、好处、益处、必要性) 【必要性】 :Frankly speaking, 话题 is obviously helpful/ necessary for a college student's growth, no matter what kind of specialty he or she is majoring in. For example, it can be greatly instrumental to develop a student's ability in the campus, which will exert far-reaching significance for his or her future life. l 第二段:普遍途径 直接 动作化 间接 非动作化 【普遍途径】 There are many ways for the college students to take part in. For example, one can : , which seems to be quite available for every student. While, 途径 (直接) with the help of these days, an increasing number of students tend to 途径?(sosial activities) by means of . l 第三段:我打算怎么做=我的途径 思路一 校内 内容 校外 思路二 思想 实践 【思路一】 asked what I should do, well, I would like to do the followings. The first is to step :If out of the campus, "doing"(under taking some office work during my free time), no matter what kinds of difficulties lying ahead/ I will meet. The second, I think I had better make full use of the school resources, such as (the assistant work in a lab), which is also quite a good way. 【思路二】 :At the question of what I should do, I have made up my mind to 我的做法. In the meantime, I think it also equally important that I should take practical action, "doing"具体行动. 【凑字数】 :In a word, "to do"呼应主题 is a highly imperative/ essential/ vital/ indispensable thing for a college student, especially in these days.
 

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