3.图表作文
图表作文就是用文字描述图表所表达的信息, 要求考生对图表中的数据, 图象所提供的 信息加以分析理解,从中找出变化规律,分析问题产生的原因或预测其发展趋势,从而得出 正确结论或做出简短的评论。 写作模式 Paragraph I:
  1)概括描述图表:趋势描写;
  2)具体描述图表:必要数据支持(细节性) 。
Paragraph II:
  1)提出自己理由和观点(本段主题句) ;
  2)细节性分论点(主要是原因,用于支持自己的观点,至少两点) 。
Paragraph III:
  1)预测未来和提出解决方法;
  2)总结全文和表达作者自己观点。 常用句型: 常用句型

  1) It can be seen from the/we can see from the/It has been shown from the chart
(diagram/ table/ graph/ figures/ statistics) that.

  2) The table (chart / diagram / graph / bar / figure / pie) shows / indicates /presents a/an
small/slight/slow/gradual/steady/marked/large/rapid/sudden/upward/downward/uncer tain rise/ increase/ decrease/ decline/ reduction/ fall/ drop/ fluctuation/ dip/ trend

  3) Therefore /Thus/ from the table/diagram/graph/chart/pie/curve we can conclude/see
/infer

  4) From the table/graph/chart /diagram/pie/bar/ it can be concluded/ inferred / seen/
shown

  5) Compared with/in relation to…. twice as/ three times as high as / four times as large
as/ six times as many as/ double/ triple/ half the number/10 percentage of
20
  02.6 作文
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below:

  1)上图所示为1990年、1995年、2002年某校大学生使用计算机的情况,请描述其变化;
  2)请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格或社会发展等方面加以说明) ;
  3)你认为目前大学生在计算机使用中有什么困难或问题。
实例
  1: 实例 :
Student Use of Computers As is shown by the bar graph, the average number of hours a student in a certain university spends on the computer per week increased dramatically over the period from 1990 to 20
  00. In 1990, it was less than two hours. And in 1995, it hit/ reach four hours. And in 2000, the number soared to(飞速上升) nearly twenty hours, which is over ten times than that of 19
  90. [注:soared to/ boom/ shoot up/ rocket/ jump 飞速上升 climb 上升很慢 shrink 下降,缩 水] (第一段还有一种写法: … In 1990, the number was less than 2 hours, while the figure hit 4 hours(while in 1995,) as compared with that of 1990, it had almost doubled. And what impress us most is that the figure soared to, which…) Obviously computers are becoming increasingly popular for males and for females. A multitude of factors could account for the rise. In the first place, computers facilitate us in more aspects of life. Also, the rapid development of the Internet enlarges our demands for using computers. We can easily contact friends in remote places through the Internet. In the second place, the prices of computers are getting lower and lower, which enable more students to purchase them. However, there still exist some problems, such as, poor quality, out-of-date designs
and so on. And how to balance the time between using computers an studying is also a serious problem. Anyhow, we will benefit a lot from computers as long as we use them properly. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 120 words on Changes in People's Diet. Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table. Write three paragraphs to:
  1)state the changes in people's diet (饮食) in the past five years;
  2)give possible reasons for the changes
  3)draw your own conclusions.
  4)you should quote as few figures as possible. Year /Food Grain Milk Meat Fruit & Vegetables Total 1986 49% 10% 17% 24% 100% 1987 47% 11% 20% 22% 100% 1988
  46.5% 11%
  22.5% 20% 100% 1989 45% 12% 23% 20% 100% 1990 45% 13% 21% 21% 100%
实例
  2: 实例 :
Changes in People's Diet From the chart we can see that during the past five years there have been great changes in people’s diet. The greatest change occurs in grain consumption, which has dropped 4% from 49% in 1986 to 45% in 1990 in total food consumption. The second greatest change is in milk consumption, which increased from 10% in 1986 to 13% in 19
  90. But on the other hand, two trends can be observed in the consumption of meat and fruit and vegetables. From 1986 to 1989, meat consumption increased from 17% to 23% while that of fruit and vegetables dropped from 24% to 20%. From 1989 to 1990, meat consumption dropped a little to 21%, while that of fruit and vegetables increased a little to 21%. What has caused the great changes in people’s diet? The main reason, I think, lies in the improvement in people’s income level. With the development of our society, people are becoming richer and richer, which enables them to purchase more nutritious food such as meat and milk. In the meantime, grain consumption in people’s diet consequently dropped. So from the analysis, we can draw a conclusion that our society is progressing and people are living a better life than ever before. We are now able to purchase more delicious and nutritious food, resulting in an improvement in our health. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the graph below.
The suggested title is: Car Accidents Declining in Walton City. Remember that your composition must be written according to the following outline:
  1)Rise and fall of the rate of car accidents as indicated by the graph;
  2)Possible reason(s) for the decline of car accidents in the city;
  3)Your predictions of what will happen this year. Your composition should be no less than 120 words and you should quote as few figures as possible.
实例
  3: 实例 :
Car Accidents Declining in Walton City The graph shows the changing rate of car accidents in Walton city in 19
  90. The first two months of 1990 showed an increasing trend. The rate rose to 32 in March but fell to 26 in June. From June on the rate was rising again and reached the peak point 39 in August. After August the rate began to decline, and eventually dropped to the lowest point 16 at the end of the year. The highest rate in August was due to unfavorable weather conditions. Humidity and high temperature make drivers impatient, which easily leads to car accidents. The high rate in the first half of 1990 was also caused by the bad weather condition. In Walton City the excessive rain comes at early spring. The rain made road slippery, which often resulted in car accidents. This year the pattern is expected to change. The city government has raised fund to improve the road condition. Two new roads will be finished at the beginning of this year and are expected to open to traffic soon. Furthermore, the new road regulation provides that in summer every car must be air-conditioned. With all these precautions, I'm sure that the rate of car accidents will be much lower this year.

  3.2 图表类作文经典模板
经典模板 1
It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X
varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of (多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all (第一个原因). More importantly, (第二个原因). Most important of all, (第三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken 括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).
经典模板 2
As the bar chart shows, during the years of to . As early as . Then years later, . And arriving in the year , .(第一段:说明图标) Several factors contribute to . ( 原 因 1 and 原 因
  2). Furthermore, (原因
  3). All these result in . (第二段:解释图表变化原因) However, is faced with some problems. With , the effect of which is not only discouraging, but also challenging. So my principle is to pay due attention to , but not just to . (第三段:解决方法)
模板套用:
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic People below Poverty Line.
  1. 下图所示为 1978 年,1985 年 1997 年中国贫困线以下人口的变化情况,请先描述其变 化。
  2.
  3. 请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从改革开放、高科技在生产中的应用等) 你认为解决目前中国贫困人口还有什么困难或者问题。 Poverty line (million)
300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1978 1985 1997
As the bar chart shows, the number of people below the poverty line decreased dramatically during the years of 1978 to 19
  97. As early as 1978, about 250 million people were under the poverty line. Then seven years later, the number became three fifths that of 19
  78. And arriving in the year 1997, the number was reduced to 50 millions. Several factors contribute to the sharp decrease of the below-poverty population. The reform and opening following 1978 enabled the peasants to become much better off. And with the development of Chinese economy, that policy also improved city dwellers’ lives greatly. Furthermore, the high-tech introduced made it possible for the country’s economy as a whole to take off. All these result in the great fall of the Chinese population below the poverty line. However, a further decrease in the number of poverty-stricken people is faced with some problems. With quite a few employees being laid off, the effect of which is not only discouraging, but also challenging. So my principle is to pay due attention to the “newcomers”, but not just to care for the poor, say, in remote mountain areas.

  2. 应用文模板

  2.1 书信模板
  2.
  1.1 非正式信函模板 Mr. William Danford Assistant Vice President Eastman Kodak 400 Eastman Way Rochester, NY 09876 这里空一行
注意,这五行都是格式
Dear Bill: Can I ask a favor of an old fraternity brother? You see, in one way or another, this volatile economy affects us all -- and now it's my turn. Yes, I’m one of the 2400 loyal employees Camji has just laid off. So now I’m exploring options in our industry, including the possibility of launching a business of my own.
Your advice and perspective, Bill, would be very helpful to me as I decide what my next step will be. I'd appreciate it if you could spare some time to share your thoughts with me. On the 25th of this month, I'll be in your area and would love to buy you lunch. I'll call next week to see if this is convenient. Thanks in advance -- hope to see you. All best, Bert
  2.
  1.2 E-mail 模板 To: bjrv@1
  63.com From: reader@hotmail.com Subject: China Recommendation System Data: October 10, 2001 这里空一行 Dear Editor: As is fairly well-known to anyone, particularly the young, Recommendation Admission System has been in practice in China over the past 20 years. There is no denying that the System has benefited a large number of senior middle school graduates. But in my point of view, the System does more harm and should be completely denied as soon as possible. In support of my view, the very first point I would like to touch upon is concerned with equality among the candidates, which I regard as a basic right to each student. The System offers opportunity to quite a few lucky ones while the majority of students have to compete fiercely for this opportunity. As it is, most candidates are actually discriminated against in one way or the other. What’s more, the System often works in the interest of those people who can manage to get favorable recommendation from the senior middle school. There are already quite a few reports in various media of such abuse of the System. As a result, the System can not ensure that the most outstanding students are admitted. To make things worse, the whole society may lose its confidence in this test system. Accordingly, I strongly believe it meaningful and significant to suspend the Recommendation Admission System. It is also my hope that every candidate can realize his dream through equal competition. Sincerely yours, Wang Hai
  2.
  1.3 投诉信模板
注意,这四行都是格式
经典模板 1
Dear,
I am
(自我介绍) I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a
complaint about. The reason for my dissatisfaction is ( 总 体 介 绍 ). In the first place,( 抱 怨 的 第 一 个 方 面 ). In addition,
(抱怨的第二个方面). Under these circumstances, I find it (感觉) to (抱怨的方面给你带来的后果). I appreciate it very much if you could(提出建议和请求), preferably (进一步的要求), and I would like
 

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