英语四级最常考的一百个短语 :
  1. at the thought of 一 想 到 …
  2. as a whole (=in general) 就 整 体 而 论
  3. at will 随心所欲
  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有
  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,
  7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
  8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致
  9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
  10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
  11. on one’s own account
  1) 为 了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
  2) (=at one’ own risk) 自行负责
  3) (=by oneself) s 依靠自己
  12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去
  13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)
  14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。
  15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。
  16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)
  17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控, 控告
  18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。
  19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉
  20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
  21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
  22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
  23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
  24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
  25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
  26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
  27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
  28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。
  29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先
  30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地
  31. have an advantage over 胜过 have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事
  32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用
  33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
  34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
  35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前
  36. in the air
  1)不肯定, 不具体.
  2)在谣传中
  37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的
  38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计
  39. after all 毕竟, 到底; (not) at all 一点也不;all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此 一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎
  40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到
  41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。
  42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。
  45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
  43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。
  44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或 anxious for
  46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
  47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for 申请; apply to 适用。

  48. apply to 与…有关;适用
  49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
  50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。
  51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…
  52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);
  53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻
  54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信。
  55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚,系,结
  58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法
  56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…
  57. attend to (=give one’ attention, s care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料
  59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归因于.., 认为.。是.。的结果
  60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均
  61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道。
  62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面
  63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。
  64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台
  65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某 人),背弃,抛弃
  66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
  67. be based on / upon 基于
  68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
  69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
  70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
  71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义
  72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。
  73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。
  74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)
  75. for the better 好转
  76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。
  77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生
  78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上
  79. in blossom 开花(指树木) be in blossom 开花(强调状态) come into blossom 开花(强调动作)
  80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
  81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘
  82. out of breath 喘不过气来
  83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之
  84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
  85. take the floor 起立发言
  86. on business 出差办事。
  87. be busy with sth。于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
  88. last but one 倒数第二。
  89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设
  90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买
  91. be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的
  92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何
  93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;
  94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言
  95. in no case 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
  96. be cautious of 谨防
  97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上
  98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。
  99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 1
  00. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 35 个经典句型让你轻松过写作关 一、~~~ the + ~ est +名词+ (that) +主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most +形容词+名词+ (that) +主词+ have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。
二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more +形容词+ than to + V 例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。 三、~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~too much. (再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。 ) 例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。 四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...) 例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。 五、It is universally acknowledged that +句子~~(全世界都知道...) 例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。 六、There is no doubt that +句子~~(毫无疑问的...) 例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。 七、An advantage of ~~~ is that +句子(...的优点是...) 例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won‘t create (produce) any pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 八、The reason why +句子~~~ is that +句子(...的原因是...) 例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. 我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。 九、So +形容词+ be +主词+ that +句子(如此...以致于...) So precious is time that we can‘t afford to waste it 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。 十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~(虽然...) 例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不} 虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。 十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~ The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈...愈...) 例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力,你愈进步。 The more books we read, the more learned we become. 我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。十二、 By +Ving, ~~ can ~~(借着...,..能够..) 例:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. 借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。 十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V(..使..能够..) 例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed. 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松 十四、On no account can we + V ~~~(我们绝对不能. 例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。 十五、It is time + S +过去式(该是...的时候了) 例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.该是有关 当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。 十六、Those who ~~~(...的人...) Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. 违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。 十七、There is no one but ~~~(没有人不...) 例句:There is no one but longs to go to college. 没有人不渴望上大学。
十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V(不得不...) 例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports. 既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。 十九、It is conceivable that +句子(可想而知的) It is obvious that +句子(明显的) It is apparent that +句子(显然的) 例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. 可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。 二十、That is the reason why ~~~(那就是...的原因) 例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don‘t like it. 夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。 二十一、For the past +时间,S +现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...) 例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination. 过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。 二十二、Since + S +过去式,S +现在完成式。 例 Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard. 自从他上高中, 他一直很用功。 二十三、It pays to + V ~~~(...是值得的。 例 It pays to help others. 帮助别人是值得的。 ) 二十四、be based on(以...为基础) 例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony. 社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。 二十五、Spare no effort to + V(不遗余力的) We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。 二十六、bring home to +人+事(让...明白...事) We should bring home to people the value of working hard. 我们应该让人们明白努力的价值。 二十七、be closely related to ~~(与...息息相关) 例句:Taking exercise is closely related to health. 做运动与健康息息相关。 二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving = make it a rule to + V(养成...的习惯) We should get into the habit of keeping good hours. 我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。 二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~(因为...) Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream. 因为他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。 三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N + V!(多么...! ) 例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise! How important a thing it is to keep our promise! 遵守诺言是多么重要的事! 三十一、Leave much to be desired(令人不满意) 例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired. 我们的交通状况令人不满意。
 

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