英语四级作文分类详解
现象解释型、应用文、记叙文、和图表文章 现象解释型、应用文、记叙文、和图表文章四种题型。这四种题型既是对四级作文的科学分类,又是对四级作文考 点的高度概括。 A 现象段落 模仿练习:当前校园中存在许多作弊的现象. Currently, college students in growing numbers are seeking to cheat in exams. According to a recent survey made by Mary Wang, head editor of the 21st Century, there are about
  38.6% who had some cheating behaviors at college, even in College English Test. Such an phenomenon has caused wide public concern. 主题句
  1. Recent years, become more and more .It’s estimated that .
  2. Currently, people have to face the problem of .
  3. Nowadays more and more people are beginning to realize that . For example, . B 对比段落 模仿练习:
  1. 有些人决定毕业后读研.
  2. 有些人决定毕业后工作.
  3. 我的看法. “Should college students go to work immediately or pursue their post graduate study after graduation? ” When it comes to such a question, people opinion varies widely from person to person. Some people consider . In their eyes, . Besides, is also an important factor for . However, some other hold that . According to them, . And, . Personally, I am in favor of the former/later idea. For one thing, . For another, . Therefore, as mentioned above, will be my choice. 主题句
  1. Currently, college students in growing numbers are seeking to cheat in exams, and people’s opinions/attitudes/views are mixed/divided on this point.
  2. Different people have different views on
  3. There is no complete agreement among people as to C 原因段落 模仿练习: 许多大学生毕业后找不到工作这一现象的原因是. . . After careful consideration, we can find three possible reasons to account for this trend. First of all, the expansion and amalgamation of universities provide chances for more students to receive higher education, but the job market cannot develop at the same speed. What’s more, the situation is even worse with those students who unanimously chose the “hot” majors such as economics and accounting. In the third place, many students think too highly of themselves?they choose not to work at all if they are not satisfied with the job. They may think the pay is not satisfactory or the job is not decent at all. 模仿练习: Video Games
  1.许多学生沉迷于电子游戏/网络聊天.
  2.这一现象的原因是…
  3.解决办法是… 主题句
  1. Three reasons, in my mind, can account for this social phenomenon.
  2. Several reasons can account for this phenomenon,
  3. In my mind, the reasons why the Internet surfers are on the rise are as follows.
  4. Have you ever thought of the famous proverb “A man is known by the company he keeps”? To me, it is meaningful and significant in three respects. 句式联系法 Firstly,…Secondly,…Thirdly,… For one thing,…For another,…Finally,… In the first place,…In the second place,…Finally,… On one hand,…On the other hand,… First of all,…In addition,…Consequently,… To begin with,… what’s more, …last but not the least,…… F 图表作文
模仿练习:
  1. 电影观众越来越少
  2. 电视观众越来越多, 因为. . .
  3. 然而还是有人喜欢看电影,因为. . . During the period between 1975 and 1985, film-goers declined abruptly from 85,000 to about 12,000, while TV-watchers increased sharply from 5,000 to more than 100,0
  00. Several reasons can account for this phenomenon, Compared with a film, TV is much cheaper and more convenient-you don’t have to leave your house at all. Apart from that, you have many choices while watching TV, but film concentrates on a certain topic. However, there are still a number of people who enjoy going to the cinema, generally for two reasons. On the one hand, the audiovisual effect of a cinema is much better. On the other hand, in quiet and comfortable place such as a cinema, you can concentrate on what you are watching and get the most of the film. 开头段主题句
  1. From / According to the above picture /table/ chart/ diagram/ graph, we can see that/ it can be learned/ estimated/ predicted that .
  2. As can be seen from the above picture /table/ chart/ diagram/ graph, great / dramatic changes have taken place in in/from to .
  3. As demonstrated/ shown / illustrated / described / seen from the chart / table / graph, we can see that . G 作文预测 四级以应用文为主准备,其次是现象解释型。
  1. 应用文:你一个正读大学的好朋友给你来信说他想放弃四级考试,请你给他写一封信,劝说他不要放弃。
  2. 应用文:因为学生证丢失,申请补办,并说明其对你的重要性
  3. 现象解释:自行车丢失现象很严重;其原因是…;如何解决。
  4. 记叙文:The experience of my first job
  5. 祝贺信:祝贺你的同学李明得到奖学金
  1、劝说信:不要放弃四级考试。 、劝说信:不要放弃四级考试。 Dear Mary, Thank you for your letter dated June 2 which I reached me today. In the letter you said you wanted to give up the CET4 exam, and I am writing in the hope that you could hold up your spirit to take the exam and eventually pass it. As you mentioned, English listening is your terrible dream. You can try the tape I sent to you with this letter. The tape was made by our college English teacher, which helped me a lot. You can also do some listening in the morning everyday. As for your vocabulary, you need to remember the words with sentences. Thirdly, you need to read at least 2 passages every day for the reason that reading takes much marks in the CET 4, and it can enlarge your vocabulary at the same time. I wish you can take my advice and pursue your English study. May you get a high mark in the coming CET
  4. If there is anything I can help, please let me know. Sincerely yours, Li Ming
  2. 应用文:因为学生证丢失,申请补办,并说明其对你的重要性 应用文:因为学生证丢失,申请补办, Dear Sir or Madame, My name is Li Ming, a student of Business Department at our university. I am writing to re-question a new student identification card. A thief stole my wallet where I put it yesterday. I have made every efforts to seek it back. However my dear card just simply disappeared with the thief. As you know, the student identification card is extremely useful for us. First of all, the CET 4 is drawing near, and I need it to enter the national test, which is held only two times a year. Besides, the student identification card is also required in the library and it is a “must” for me to withdraw money from the bank. Please inform me when you have come to a decision. I am looking for your earlier reply. My telephone number is 54567xx. If further materials are required, I am only too willing to forward to you. Many thanks, Sincerely yours,
Li Ming
  3. 寻物启事,应用文 寻物启事, Lost June 23, 2007 I am so careless that I lost my student identification card in the library. Yesterday afternoon, I was studying English at the back row of Room 204 and preparing for my exam today, but when I went for supper, I lost my dear card. As you know, the card is extremely useful for me. First of all, the CET 4 is drawing near, and I need it to enter the national test, which is held only two times a year. Besides, the student identification card is also required in the library and it is a “must” for me to withdraw money from the bank. Will the finder please ring me up to fetch it back? My telephone number is 54567xx. I will be much obliged if anyone could help me. Yours 得高分四要素 : a) 书写卷面工整。 作文没有草稿纸,也没有打 草稿时间,要训练一次写成功。 书写卷面工整。 作文没有草稿纸, (作文没有草稿纸 草稿时间,要训练一次写成功。 ( ) b) 不要全部套模块。 不要全部套模块。 c) 单词句子要有亮点,比如:I think 可以写成:in my eyes; I firmly think; personally, I think. 单词句子要有亮点,比如: 可以写成: d) 无重大语法错误。 : 无重大语法错误。 Some people are begin…; There are some people want …; Why happen these things?(Why+ 如 … 助动词+主语 主语)等 考试会的低分。 助动词 主语 等,考试会的低分。 一、用于驳性和比较性论文
  1. In general, I don’t aGREe with
  2. In my opinion, this point of view doesn’t hold water.
  3. the chief reason why… is that…
  4.there is no true that…
  5. It is not true that…
  6. It can be easily denied than…
  7. We have no reason to believe that…
  8. What is more serious is that…
  9. But it is pity that…
  10. Besides, we should not neglect that…
  11. But the problem is not so simple. Therefore…
  12. Others may find this to be true, but I believer that…
  13. Perhaps I was question why…
  14. there is a certain amount of truth in this, but we still have a problem with regard to…
  15. Though we are in basic aGREement with…,but
  16. What seems to be the trouble is…
  17. Yet differences will be found, that’s why I feel that…
  18. It would be reasonable to take the view that …, but it would be foolish to claim that…
  19. there is in fact on reason for us so believe that…
  20. What these people fail to consider is that…
  21. It is one thing to insist that… , it is quite another to show that …
  22. Wonderful as A is , however, it has its own disadvantages too.
  23. the advantages of B are much GREater than A.
  24. A’s advantage sounds ridiculous when B’s advantages are taken into consideration. 二、用于描写图表和数据
  1. It has increased by three times as compared with that of 19
  98.
  2. there is an increase of 20% in total this year.
  3. It has been increased by a factor of 4since 19
  95.
  4. It would be expected to increase 5 times.
  5. the table shows a three times increase over that of last year.
  6. It was decreased twice than that of the year 19
  96.

  7. the total number was lowered by 10%.
  8. It rose from 10-15 percent of the total this year.
  9. Compared with 1997, it fell from 15 to 10 percent.沪江四六级
  10. the number is 5 times as much as that of 19
  95.
  11. It has decreased almost two and half times, compared with… 三、用于解释性和阐述性论说文
  1.Everybody knows that…
  2.It can be easily proved that…
  3. It is true that…
  4. No one can deny that
  5. One thing which is equally important to the above mentioned is…
  6. the chief reason is that…
  7. We must recognize that…
  8. there is on doubt that…
  9. I am of the opinion that…
  10. This can be expressed as follows;
  11. To take …for an example…
  12. We have reason to believe that
  13. Now that we know that…
  14. Among the most convincing reasons given, one should be mentioned…
  15. the change in …largely results from the fact that
  16. there are several causes for this significant growth in…,first …,second …,finally… I. 用于文章主题句
  1.不用说 … 不用说?… 不用说 It goes without saying that 子句 = (It is) needless to say (that)子句 = It is obvious that 子句 = Obviously, S. + V. 例?不用说早睡早起是值得的。 It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.
  2.…是不可能的 无法… …是不可能的; 无法… There is no Ving = There is no way of Ving. = There is no possibility of Ving. = It is impossible to V. = It is out of the question to V. = No one can V. = We cannot V. 例?不可否认的?成功的事业关键在于健康的身心。 There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind.
  3.我深信… 我深信… 我深信 I am greatly convinced (that)子句 = I am greatly assured (that)子句 例?我深信预防是于治疗。 I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.
  4.在各种…之中 … 在各种… 在各种 之中?… Among various kinds of …, … = Of all the …, … 例?在各种运动中?我尤其喜欢慢跑。 Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.
  5.…是很容易证明的。 …是很容易证明的。
It can be easily proved (that)子句 例?时间最珍贵是很容易证明的。 It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.
  6.…无论如何强调都不为过 … … cannot be overemphasized 例?交通安全的重要性无论如何强调都不为过。 The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.
  7.就我的看法 …;我认为… 就我的看法?… 我认为… 就我的看法 In my opinion, … = To my mind, …. = As far as I am concerned, … = I am of the opinion that 子句 例?就我的看法?打电动玩具既花费时间也有害健康。 In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.
  8.(A) 每个人都知道… 每个人都知道… Everyone knows (that)子句 (B) 就我所知?… As far as my knowledge is concerned, … 例?就我所知?下列方法对我帮助很大。 As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.
  9.毫无疑问地 … 毫无疑问地?… 毫无疑问地 There is no doubt (that)子句 例?毫无疑问地?近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的问题。 There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.
  10. 根据我个人经验 … 根据我个人经验?
 

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