上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 1 页,总 13 页。
英语四级作文复习资料
Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that.... 随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是。 As to whether it is a blessing or a curse, however, people take different attitudes. 然而,对于此类问题,人们持不同的看法。(Hold different attitudes 持不 同的看;Come up with different attitudes 有不同的看法) As society develops, people are attaching much importance to.... 随着社会的发展,人们开始关注............ People are attaching more and more importance to the interview during job hunting 求职的过程中,人们慢慢意识到面试的重要性。 As to whether it is worthwhile ....., there is a long-running controversial debate. It is quite natural that people from different backgrounds may have divergent attitudes towards it. 关于是否值得的问题,一直以来争论不休。当然,不同的人对此可 能持不同的观点。
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 2 页,总 13 页。
In the process of modern urban development, we often find ourselves in a dilemma. 在都市的发展中,我们往往会陷入困境。 Recently the phenomenon has aroused wide concern, some people are in alarm that.... 最近,这种现象引起了人们的广泛关注,有人开始担心。 The human race has entered a completely new stage in its history, with the increasingly rapid economic globalization and urbanization, more problems are brought to our attention. 人类进入了一个历史的崭新的阶段,经济全球化、都市化的速度不断加快,随 之给我们带来了很多问题。 ...... plays such an important role that it undeniably becomes the biggest concern of the present world, there comes a question, is it a blessing or a curse?" 显得非常重要而成为当今世界所关注的最大的问题,这是无可厚非的。 不过,问题是:"我们该如何抉择?" Now we are entering a new era, full of opportunities and challenges, 现在我们正在进入一个充满机会和挑战的新时代。 展现问题篇
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 3 页,总 13 页。
问题的常用词:question, problem, issue Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus. 近来,的问题引起了社会的广泛关注。 Now we are entering a brand new era full of opportunities and innovations, and great changes have taken place in people's attitude towards some traditional practice. 现在我们进入了一个充满机遇和创新的崭新时代,很多人对某些传统的看法也 发生了很大改变。 Recently the issue of whether or not ... has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public. 近来,是否的问题已经非常明确而且引起了社会的广泛关注。 The issue whether it is good or not to .... has aroused a heated discussion all over the country. 的利与弊已在全国范围内引起热烈的讨论。 At present, some people think ....while others claim ...Both sides have their merits. 目前,一些人认为而另一些人则认为。其实,两种观点都其可 取之处。 People rarely reach an absolute consensus on such a controversial issue.
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 4 页,总 13 页。
对于这种极具争议的话题,我们很难作出绝对的回答。 People from different backgrounds would put different interpretations on the same case. 不同行业的人对同一种问题的解释不尽相同。 The controversial issue is often brought into public focus. People from different backgrounds hold different attitudes towards the issue. 这中极具争议性的话题往往很受社会的关注。不同的人对此问题的看法也不尽 相同。 When asked ..., some people think..... while some prefer... 说到,有人认为,而另一些人则认为。 Just as the saying goes: "so many people, so many minds". It is quite understandable that views on this issue vary from person to person. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic College Students’ Starting Their Own Undertakings. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1)现在有不少大学生毕业后开始自主创业,政府鼓励这种行为,而且还给大学 生创业提供了许多优惠和便利措施
  2)产生这一现象的原因
  3)你的看法
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 5 页,总 13 页。
【思路点拨】 本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第 1 点指出一种现象,提纲第 2 点要求分析现 象产生的原因,提纲第 3 点要求谈谈“我”对该现象的看法,由此可判断本文应为 现象解释型作文。 根据所给提纲,本文应包含以下内容:描述目前许多大学生自主创业的现象;分 析大学生选择自主创业的原因;阐述“我”对大学生自主创业的看法。 【参考范文】 College Students’ Starting Their Own Undertakings Nowadays there are many college students who choose to start their own undertakings instead of finding a job after graduation. The government encourages this practice, and provides many preferential policies and facilitation measures for college students. This phenomenon has aroused great concern from the whole society. However, why do so many college students take the way of starting their own undertakings? Firstly, college students are facing severe employment situations. Many college graduates couldn’t find ideal jobs, which forces them to set up their own businesses. Moreover, some ambitious college students are not satisfied with being employed by others. They want to develop and prove their talents by running their own businesses. Besides, the government’s encouragement and the media’s reports on college students venture stars have stimulated more college students’ enthusiasm to take this way. As for me, it is a good choice for college students to start their own undertakings. However, it is a very difficult cause, which needs firm
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 6 页,总 13 页。
determination, clear mind, ability to endure hardship and a feasible project. Therefore, think it over and make full preparation before you decide to start your own business. 热点作文 10 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Choices after Graduation. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the table and the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1)根据下图描述某高校近两年毕业生去向分布情况
  2)分析这样分布的原因
  3)你的看法 毕业去向 就业 考研 出国留学 其它 所占比例 50% 30% 17% 3% Choices after Graduation From the above table, we can see that the students of this university have three main choices after graduation. Of these choices, the students who have found a job only take up 50%. In contrast, students who pursue further study by taking the postgraduate entrance exam or going abroad have increased greatly than before, with the total percentage of 47%. Indeed, this phenomenon is also quite common in other universities. The following factors can account for the choices of graduates. Above all, with the enrollment extension of universities, college graduates are facing the severe employment situation, which forces them to find another way out. Moreover, in information age, knowledge is updated very rapidly.
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 7 页,总 13 页。
Many college students find their knowledge is not enough for their future career. Besides, some college students would not like to enter into the complicated society and want to escape from the reality temporarily by going to further study. From my point of view, one’s choice after graduation should be based on his individual condition. Though taking the postgraduate entrance exam or going abroad for further study is a good choice, it is not necessarily true of everyone, because it might involve many factors, such as your future career direction, your economic condition. Therefore, we should take a full account before we make our decisions.
  1)近年来“博客”越来越流行,许多人利用“博客”来表达心声、交流想法
  2)博客流行的原因
  3)目前的博客中可能存在的问题 【思路点拨】 本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第 1 点指出一种现象,提纲第 2 点要求说明导 致该现象的原因,提纲第 3 点要求分析该现象中可能存在的问题,由此可判断本文 应为现象解释型作文。 根据所给提纲,本文应包含以下内容:简单介绍什么是“博客”,描述博客的 流行情况;说明博客流行的原因;指出目前博客中可能存在的问题。 【参考范文】 The Popularity of Blog In recent years, blog has become very popular. More and more people have created their own blogs and often visit others’ blogs. They use blog to reveal their inner voice, or collect and share thoughts and things they find
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 8 页,总 13 页。
interesting. In brief, blog is an online dairy or a frequently updated personal page. Why does blog become so popular in such a short time? Firstly, it is the widespread of Internet that provides a platform for the appearance and popularity of blog. Secondly, anyone can create his own blog as he wishes. Blog has no fixed rules and needn’t professional knowledge and skills, which enables millions of people to have a voice and connect with others. Thirdly, blog covers all kinds of topics from daily life to political forums, from individual thoughts to world events. Among millions of blogs, you can always find something you are interested in. However, blog has some problems. For one thing, plagiarism in blog is not unusual. The protection of blog copyright cannot be guaranteed. For another, many blog contents are in a mess, and some even include unhealthy things. Therefore, blog still has a long way to go before it becomes mature. 热点作文 12 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Internet and Piracy. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1)网络几乎已经渗透到人们生活和工作的方方面面,包括我们的一些个人隐私
  2)网络会对个人隐私产生哪些影响
  3)你认为应该如何保障我们在网络上的个人隐私 【思路点拨】 本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第 1 点指出一种现象,提纲第 2 点要求分析该 现象带来的负面影响,提纲第 3 点要求说明应该如何防止该负面影响,由此可判断
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 9 页,总 13 页。
本文应为问题解决型作文。 根据所给提纲,本文应包含以下内容:描述如今网络在人们生活和工作的重要 地位,引出网络对隐私的侵犯这一问题;分析网络对个人隐私产生的主要影响;说明 应该如何保障网络上的个人隐私。 【参考范文】 Internet and Piracy Internet has penetrated into all the aspects of our life and work. We can study and work by it; we can find a job by it; we can communicate by it; we can entertain by it; we can buy and sell by it. We can do almost everything on the Internet, and almost anywhere anytime. However, at the same time Internet provides services for us, it is inevitably invading our privacy to some degree. The services on most websites require our registering. If we want to enjoy these services, we have to provide much private information, including our names, gender, address, telephone number and sometimes bank account. Due to the poor Internet administration and weak network security, our information might be open, stolen or sold. Even sometimes the information will be misused by the criminals. Considering the above-mentioned, we must enhance the alertness when using the Internet. First, when we need Internet service, we should always log on those big legal websites. Second, if the service requires important private information, you should think twice before you type in it.教
  1. Craze for Civil Service Examinations
  1. 现在有越来越多的大学毕业生报考公务员
  2. 引起此现象的原因
上海第二工业大学
编辑者:朝辉
第 10 页,总 13 页。

  3. 你的看法 Every year hundreds of thousands of people in China take civil service exams conducted at various levels in the hope of becoming government employees. Among them, college graduates are a fast-growing force that can’t be ignored. The craze for being a civil servant is not limited to liberal arts majors, as it’s also gaining popularity among science and engineering students. In the final analysis, this growing trend among the youngsters is mainly attributable to two factors ? ambitions and comforts. On one hand, many ambitious college graduates view these exams as a springboard to a higher social status, greater power and prestige, on which many of their other wishes rest. On t
 

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