四级作文模块
一、提纲式作文
  1.对立观点式 A.有人认为 X 是好事,赞成 X, 为什么? B.有人认为 X 是坏事, 反对 X,为什么? C.我的看法。 Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X) They point out the fact that 支持 X 的第一个原因。 ( They also argue that 支持 X 的另一个原因。 However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对 X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。 There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。 二、 批驳观点式 A.一个错误观点。 B. 我不同意。 Many people argue tha 错误观点 。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响) 。 There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. . (以下参 ... ). 照辩论文的议论文写法. .......... 。 三、社会问题(现象)式 A.一个社会问题或者现象。 B. 产生的原因 C.对社会和我们生活的影响 D. 如何杜绝。 (如果是 问题的话) E. 前景的预测。 Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一 个例子)。 There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. 下面参照辩论式议论文的写法。 下面参照辩论式议论文的写法。 .............. X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated(表达) in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from 参照辩论式议论文的写法。 ............ bringing us more harm. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。 参照辩论式议论文的写法。 ............ Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will …….. 四、图表式作文 It is obvious in the graph/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of (接近) Y reaches its peak X1, value of …(多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, (第一个原因). More importantly, (第二个原因). Most important of all, (第三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graph/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken 括号里的使用 于那些不太好的变化趋势). 五、辩论式议论文 【模版 1 】 Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点
  1. But other people take an opposite side. They
firmly believe that 观点
  2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据
  1.More importantly, 论据
  2. Most important of all, 论据
  3. In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict . that 预测. 【模版 2 】 People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观点 1, while others point out that 观点
  2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight. For one thing, 论据
  1. For another, 论据
  2.Last but not the least, 论据
  3. To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict . that 预测. 【模版 3 】 There is no consensus 一致 of opinions among people about X (争论的焦点) Some people are of the view 。 that 观点
  1,while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点
  2。As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion(观念) is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious. First of all, 论据
  1。Furthermore, 论据
  2。Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据
  3。 A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that 总结观点。As a college student, I am supposed to 表 决心. 或 From above, we can predict that 预测。 . 六、正反面观点作文 1 ○ There is a prevalent phenomenon that There is a universal acknowlegement that A standpoint which is frequently mentioned not only bybut byas well is 2 that.○ And there is no consensus of opinions among all the individuals as to the view of the 3 case.○some individuals would maintian the tentativeness that, while others can’t find their 4 agreement to it.○the following pasages will show the arguements with the tentativeness of mine. 1 For those who lend their support to the positive trend, their reasons are in varied forms.○To begin with, 2 Additionally, is of extreme significance in the whole view. A prominent example is that.○、 is so indispensable that most individuals would consider it as the major cause of the issue. we can easily notice the fact that . For those who tend to terminate the issue, they come up with some novel ideas to counter the discussion 1 first of all, is always top of their arguments list. Take myself as an example, .○ 2 above.○ furthurmore, provides adequet justifications for the continuence of the issue.For instance, 。 As can be concluded from the arguments above. Personally, facing with this conflict matter, what we must insure is that the essence must be absorbed. I sincerely wish that some combinations should be suggested. If it could be realized, our life would be flooded with harmony. CET-4 作文常用句型: 作文常用句型 常用句型:
  1. 表示原因
  1)There are three reasons for this.
  2)The reasons for this are as follows.
  3)The reason for this is obvious.
  4)The reason for this is not far to seek.
  5)The reason for this is that.. .
  6)We have good reason to believe that.. . 例: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life. Firstly, people’s living standard has
been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 注: 如写第一个句子没有把握, 可将其改写成两个句子。 Great changes have taken place in our life. There 如: are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。
  2.表示好处
  1)It has the following advantages.
  2)It does us a lot of good.
  3)It benefits us quite a lot.
  4)It is beneficial to us.
  5)It is of great benefit to us. 例: Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better, they can open our minds and widen our and horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.
  3.表示坏处
  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.
  2)It does us much harm.
  3)It is harmfulto us. 例: However, everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. can do harm to our health and It make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.
  4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能
  1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth.
  2)We think it necessary to do sth.
  3)It plays an important role in our life. 例: Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.
  5.表示措施
  1)We should take some effective measures.
  2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.
  3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.
  4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. 例: The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.
  6.表示变化
  1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.
  2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.
  3)The computer has brought about(导致) many changes in education. 例: Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays, more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein, from fruit and and vegetable to milk for vitamins. 四级词汇】 【四级词汇】 be attached to 连接,附属; This school is attached to Beida. 这所学校附属于北大。 responsible to 对…负有责任; resistant adj. 反抗的,抵抗的; water resistant 防水的。 be contrary to 与..相反(相违背) 。 continue v. 继续,连续; continually adv. 时断时续地; continuously adv. 连续不断地。 说不停的咳嗽时,continually 是间歇的时断时续的咳嗽,continuously 是一直不停的咳嗽。 consequently adv. 因此,所以;(heavy rain 大雨, light rain 小雨) constantly adv. 始终如一地,连续发生地;constant temperature 恒温 consistently adv. 一贯地,一致地; consistent adj. consistent policy 一贯的政策。
rewrite v. 重写,改写; revise vt. 修改,修正; reveal vt. 揭示,揭露; reverse vt. 颠倒,使反转,使反向。(vers 是词根,表示转动;re 是前缀,表示向相反方向) performance n. 表演,演出,演奏; perform vt. possible adj. 可能的 动词后加 able 构成形容词通常表示“可…的” read -> readable accept -> acceptable consider vt. 考虑; considerable adj. (数量或尺寸)相当大(或多)的。 preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的; available* adj. 可获得的,可利用的,可支配的。(重点词) living expenses 生活费; acceptable adj. 可接受的; apply vt. 申请,应用; applicable adj. 可应用的,适当的,合适的; advise vt. 建议; advice n. 建议; advisable adj. 明智的,可取的。 unreal adj. 不真实的(不是真实世界所拥有的,虚幻的); Ends justify means 不择手段; false adj. 具有欺骗性的,假的,伪造的; false coin/passport/hair,a false tooth/false teeth unnatural adj. 不自然的,经常用来修饰人的行为举止,表示做作的,矫揉造作的。 artificial adj. 人造人为的 artificial leg 假肢 artificial leather 人造皮 genuine leather 真皮 laziness n. 懒惰; poverty n. 贫穷; poor adj. 贫穷的; idleness n. 无事可做(中性,有时也有贬义含义); inability n. 没有能力,没有办法。 object vi. 反对; object + to + 动名词(动词的 ing 形式) 。 objection n. 反对; objection + to + 动名词(动词的 ing 形式) 。 late adj. 晚的,晚于通常时间的; late spring 晚春、暮春; last adj. 最后的,最终的; later adj. 更晚的(late 的比较级) 、时间概念后一半的;只适用于表示某个世纪的后半期; The later twentieth century. 二十世纪的后一半。 latter adj. (两者中)后者的; former adj. (两者中)前者的;battery n. 电池; bargain n. 特价商品; It’s really a bargain. 你真会买东西,不是说真便宜。 basket n. 篮子; barrel n. 桶; wonderful bargain 物美价廉的商品;bargain v. 讨价还价; cause 事业; be named after 以…的名字命名;preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的; give up 放弃; give in 屈服,让步; give off 释放,放出(烟和气体) ; give away 泄露,走漏风声;婚礼中新郎的父亲把新娘的手交给新郎的过程;赠送礼品。 keep sb. + 分词; inform v. 通知,告知; inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某件事情 keep me informed 使我被告知。 fight with sb. (注意要看整个句子) fight with + 工具 用该工具来打仗。 fight for 为…而战。 ; I fight with him. 我和他打起来了。 I fight with him against her. 我和他并肩对付她。 all in all 总而言之;above all 首先,尤其是;after all 毕竟,终究;overall 全面的,总体的 in a word 总之,in short 简而言之,in conclusion 最后,总之,to sum up 总之,总而言之。 be attached to 连接,附属; This school is attached to Beida. 这所学校附属于北大。 responsible to 对…负有责任; resistant adj. 反抗的,抵抗的; water resistant 防水的。 be contrary to 与..相反(
 

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