英语四级作文万能模版

  1.表示原因
  1)There are three reasons for this.
  2)The reasons for this are as follows.
  3)The reason for this is obvious.
  4)The reason for this is not far to seek.
  5)The reason for this is that...
  6)We have good reason to believe that... 例: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people's living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly, most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子.如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中 的表达失误.
  2.表示好处
  1)It has the following advantages.
  2)It does us a lot of good.
  3)It benefits us quite a lot.
  4)It is beneficial to us.
  5)It is of great benefit to us. 例: Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better, and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

  3.表示坏处
  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.
  2)It does us much harm.
  3)It is harmfulto us. 例: However,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.
  4.表示重要,必要,困难,方便,可能
  1)It is important (necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb. do sth. to
  2)We think it necessary to do sth.
  3)It plays an important role in our life. 例 : Computers are now being used everywhere , whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home , too . We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.
  5.表示措施
  1)We should take some effective measures.
  2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.
  3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.
  4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. 例: The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.
  6.表示变化
  1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.
  2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world's communications.
  3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例: Some changes have taken place in people's diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays, more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.
  7.表示事实,现状

  1)We cannot ignore the fact that...
  2)No one can deny the fact that...
  3)There is no denying the fact that...
  4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.
  5)However,that's not the case. 例: We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.
  8.表示比较
  1)Compared with A,B...
  2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.
  3)There is a striking contrast between them. 例: Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people's health by giving them due physical exercise.
  9.表示数量
  1)It has increased(decreased)from...to...
  2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,0
  00.
  3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January. 例: With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people's income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.
再如: From the graph listed above,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 20
  00. 注:"From the graph listed above,it can be seen that"见句式
  12.考生将句 式 9 和句式 12 结合在一起,便可较好地写出 2002 年 6 月 CET -4,6 短文写作的第一 段.
  10.表示看法
  1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.
  2)People have different opinions on this problem.
  3)People take different views of(on)the question.
  4)Some people believe that...Others argue that... 例: People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success. Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers. 再如: Do"lucky numbersreally bring good luck?Different people have different views on it. 注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法.
  11.表示结论
  1)In short,it can be said that ...
  2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.
  3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ... 例: From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion
that examination is necessary,however, its method should be improved. 注:例句 1 可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句 3 则多用文章结论段的第一句.
  12.套语
  1)It's well known to us that ...
  2)As is known to us,...
  3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.
  4)From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that ...
  5)As aproverb says,"Where there is a will,there is a way.
例如: As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus. The reason for this is obvious.Nowadays,the society is changing and developing rapidly,and the campus is no longer an"ivory tower.As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate. 再如: Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.
实用英语: 实用英语:英文简历的十大元素
一份完善的英语简历通常包括下列各项元素:
personal (
  1)个人资料或个人详情 personal data or personal details 一,name(姓名),英语的习惯写法是名在前,姓在后,如:daguang wang(王大光)
二,address(通信地址),英语通信地址的写法与汉语迥然不同,汉语是从大到小,英语 是从小到大,如:88 gaodi lane, beijing road, guangzhou(广州市北京路高等街 88 号) 三,postal code(邮政编号).
四,phone number(电话号码).
以上四项往往放于开头,单独列出.
五,sex(性别):male (男)或 female (女)
倘若在姓名前面已经加上了 mr. (先生),miss (小姐),mrs. (太太)或到 代替与,则不必填写此项.如果招聘的职位没有限制性别,也可省略此项.
六,date of birth, birthdate(出生日期):march 12, 1958(美式英语)or 12 march, 1958 (英式英语)亦可用来代替.
七,birthplace(出生地点),如:zhuhai(珠海)
八,nationality(国籍或民族),如:p. r. c.(中国),the han(汉语),亦可用 citizenship : chinese(中国).如有双重国籍则写:duel citizenship: 如:chinese and canadan(中 国和加拿大). 倘若不是求职于海外,则不必填写国籍. 九,height(身高),如:175cm(175 公分)或
  1.75m(1 米
  75)
十,weight(体重),如:60kg(60 公斤)
十一,martial status(婚姻状况):married or single or divorced(已婚,单身,离异)
十二,number of children(子女人数),如:one or none(1 个或无) 当然,未婚者可不 填写此项. 如果离异者的子女经法院判决或通过协议离婚作出决定由对方携带抚养, 便可在此项中填写 (无).
十三,health condition(健康状况):excellent(极佳),very good(很好),strong(强 壮).
十四,hobbies(业余爱好),如:playing basketball(打篮球),playing the violin(拉小 提琴),jogging(慢跑),dancing(跳舞),etc. 有些招聘单位喜欢录用有体育和文
艺等方面的专长的人员,因此,如果你有这方面的嗜好或专长也是一种优势.某些需要耐心 的工作,倘若你有钓鱼(fishing)之嗜好,亦可填写进去.
十五,membership(会员资格),如:translators'' association of guangzhou(广州翻译 协会),etc.现在各行各业都有协会和学会或者研究会,在此项中有则填之,无则不用填. 当然,你若是参加了某个或几个学术组织,特别是担任了理事,会长之类的职务,这无疑会 增添你的求职竞争优势.
十六,number of identification card (身份证号码) 有些招聘的职位限制了户口所在地,就应填写此项,否则,便可省略.除了上述个人资 料外, 不少招聘单位还要求应聘人员在简历中附上近照一张或数张, 即使招聘广告中没有此 项要求,你也不妨把自己的照片寄去,这可以加强招聘者对你的印象.另外,如有必要,可 以写明到职时间,例如: available may 4, 1994(1994 年 5 月 4 日便可到职)以上十四项
的业余爱好和十五项的会员资格,既可放在个人资料中,也可单独列出来放在简历的最后. (
  2)应聘职位 job objective
在你将个人简历给人才交流中心, 人才交流会, 劳务人才集市或常设劳务中介机构 时,务必写出自己所希望获得的职位.在一些招聘广告中,往往一个单位同时招聘多种职位 的人才,这时也应当注明应聘职位,让招聘者一看就一目了然你想应聘何种职位.如果一个 招聘广告只招聘一种人才,个人简历中便可省略此项,只需在求职信中提一句就行.
(
  3)工作经历 work experience
A. 工作经历书写的顺序:一般来说,目前的工作写在前面,以前的经历依次写在后面. 如果以前的工作和你现在应聘的工作关系比较密切的话, 就先写那次的工作经历, 而且要写 得比其它经历更详细.
B.工作经历通常包括下列内容:
一,工作单位.如果你认为负责招聘的人对你原来的工作单位不甚了解,可以在括弧内 用一句话简单介绍一下. 例如: zhujiang co. ltd (one of the leading real estate development companies in haikou city).珠江股份有限公司(海口市主要的房地产开发公司之一) . guangzhou avon co. ltd (producing skincare and cosmetics). 广州雅芳有限公司(生产护 肤及美容品) .
二,服务时间.你所服务过的每一个工作单位,都必须写清楚从某年某月始至某年某 月止. 服务时间多半写在工作单位的前边, 例如: july 1987 to march 1990 guangzhou yangcheng pharmaceutical factory1987 年 7 月至 1990 年 3 月 广州羊城制药厂
月份亦可用阿拉伯数字来表达, 例如: 10/1990-6/1992 shanghai tea import and export company 1990 年 10 月至 1992 年 6 月 上海茶叶进出口公司
但是, 也可把服务时间写在工作单位之后. 例如: china grand hotel (april 1988 to may 19
  91) 中国大酒店 (1988 年 4 月至 1991 年 5 月)shenzhen university (8/1990-7/19
  93) 深 圳大学(1990 年 8 月至 1993 年 7 月)
如果你的工作时间不长, 而且至今仍服务于同一工作单位, 便可写成从某年某日至 今,例如: july 1993 to present guangdong international hotel 1993 年 7 月至今 广东国际 大酒店 guangdong development bank (10/1992-present) 广东发展银行 1992 年 10 月至 今
三,职位,职责与业绩
在工作经历中写清楚你曾担任的职位, 负责的业务和取得的业绩是非常重要的, 因为这 将体现出你是否具备目前应聘的职位的任职资格. 如果工作经历较多, 以前的经历只需写明 职位就行,不必写出具体的职责,而现在工作则应详细说明.不过,假如现在的工作和你所 应聘的新职位关系不大, 而以前的某次经历又与你所应聘的新职位关系密切, 那么就必须将 那次经历的职位,职责和业绩都写清楚.例如:
position: assistant project manager responsibilities: coordinating the designers, contractors, and government authorities, budgeting and controlling cost, supervising the inhouse construction project team.
职位:工程副经理 职责: 同设计师, 承包商和政府机构进行协调, 预算和控制费用, 主管室内建筑工程队. position: secretary to purchasing manager responsible for general secretarial activities, such as receiving visitors, making
appointments, taking dictation, writing routine letters.
职位:采购部经理秘书 负责一般秘书业务,例如接见来访者,安排约会,记录口述,书写日常信函. 在说明业绩时,可以例举一些具体数字,这样效果更佳.例如:
position: translator achievements: having translated two million words of commercial materials from english into chinese over the last two years.
职位:翻译 业绩:这两年来完成了 200 万字的英译汉商业资料.
在例举降低成本时, 增加销售量和提高营业额等方面的数字时, 如果涉及到商业秘密, 简历中则不要用具体数字,用百分比来间接表示即可.例如: position: area sales manager responsibilities and achievements: training and supervising 30 salesmen. territory includes all southern china. the turnover in the territory increased by 20% in 1993 and by 25% in 19
  94.
职位:区域销售经理 职责与业绩: 训练与督导 30
 

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