的关系;
  2)确定语言的形式。考试时常有一些学生未真正弄明白假设的情景就动笔写。这样一来,所写的便条就与题目要求相差甚远。
便条项目中提供的情景只是便条写作的基础。考生在写时需要把提示转换为自己的语言,自然地融进便条内容中去,而不是逐字照抄。此外,便条写作要严格按照提示和要求,偏离提示或要求都被视为离题。请看下面的题目:
You are Peter/Mary. You had a party at your home recently, but you unintentionally neglected to invite a close friend of yours - Victoria. Write her a note apologizing for this and explaining how the mistake came about.
考生在解释差错时要注意unintentionally这个字。根据要求,这个差错是无意之中造成的。然而,许多考生却忽略了或者不认识这个字,把无意中造成的差错写成故意的行为。这样一来,便条内容就会偏离了题目要求。
最后一点,考生要注意便条的格式: 日期是否写上?位置是否正确?称呼是否恰当?落款是否遗漏?等等。请看下面几例便条。
题目一:
Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation.
Your friend has just won the first prize in the Provincial Speech Contest. Write a note of congratulations.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy.
便条一:
Even as I heard an exciting news that you has just won the first prize in the Provincial English Speech Contest. I was very excited. Congratulation! Now, I am very happy for your success. Actually, you are good example to your good friends. At the last, I want to say again: "Congratulation!"
评语: 这篇便条的问题比较多: 没有日期和称呼,也没有落款。除了格式问题外,还有不少语病。
便条二:
Dear friend,
Congratulation you on winning the first prize in the Provincial English Speech Contest. Hearing the news, we are all very happy and proud of you. I think it should owe to your diligence and I hope you will work harder and harder and make much more progress on your English.
Yours, Sincerely
Liu Rong
评语: 这篇便条的格式有一些问题,如没有日期,结尾部分不正确。便条中有几处语言上有问题,故影响意思表达。
便条三:
Wed. May 15th
Dear Liu Ying,
I am very glad to hear that you have just won the first prize in the Provincial English Speech Contest. Please let me congratulate you on this big honour. I know this results from your hard work. I must learn from you. And I do hope you can continue making progress.
Yours sincerely,
Lu Ping
评语: 这篇便条格式正确,语言基本得体,意思表达大体上清楚。
题目二:
Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a note of 50-60 words based on the following situation.
You are Peter/Mary. You had a party at your home recently but unintentionally neglect-ed to invite a close friend of yours - Victoria. Write her a note apologizing for this and explaining how the mistake came about.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy.
便条一:
May 14th
Dear Victoria,
First, I want to say sorry to you. Because I am engage in preparing a home party recently. I had thought that I have invited you, but I find I dont this morning. So, I hope you can pardon me, and join my party. The party will be held on May 16th. I hope I can see you in the party very much.
Your Peter
评语: 这篇便条格式基本正确(除落款处外),主要问题是内容偏离提示,没有说明遗漏的原因;语言错误较为明显。
便条二:
May 14th
Dear Victoria,
I have to say Im very sorry. I unintentionally neglected to invite you to take part in the last weeks party at my home. I told my young sister to tell you, but, unfortunately she was too busy to tell you. I have another news to tell you, the last weekend, we have a party, please come here.
Yours sincerely
Sally
评语: 这个便条在落款处的格式不正确。此外,署名也未按照要求去做。便条的最后一句似乎有点画蛇添足,同时语言也有错误。
便条三:
May 14th 1997
Victoria,
Im sorry that I didnt invite you to the party at my home last Sunday. You know, I was busy preparing for the party. So I had my brother write the invitation cards and sent them for me . I gave him a name list, but unhappily, he just overlooked your name. I do apologize for that, and I hope you wont mind this unintentional mistake.
Mary
评语: 这篇便条格式正确。内容围绕提示和要求,并做适当的展开。除个别地方外,语言流畅自然,意思清楚。
题目三(TEM4-20
  08) :
Write on ANSWER SHEET TWO a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation:
Jane, your classmate, is thinking of subscribing to an English?language newspaper. And you would like to recommend one to her. Write a note, telling her which newspaper it is and describing two features of the paper.
Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.
便条一:
April 20th, 2008
Dear Jane,
Have you decided which newspaper to subscribe yet? I strongly recommend the 21st Century to you, which is a very popular English?language newspaper among us students. It is well organized for the convenience of its readers. Whats more, the content of the newspaper is exceedingly abundant, ranging from news items to short stories. It is really the best choice and I hope you will like it.
Yours sincerely,
Amanda
评语:该便条格式正确,内容完整,意思表达明确,语言流畅。
便条二:
April 20th, 2008
Dear Jane,
Hearing you want to subscribe an English?language newspaper. I want to suggest you book 21st century English newspaper. Because the newspapers I used it and feel the content is related to our college life, which is very natural. After you read it, you can learn many news words that it has already explained. So I think it is very useful for you.
Best wishes for you!
Yours Sincerely,
Mary
评语:该便条格式基本正确,内容基本完整,但个别地方用词不当,故意思表达不够明确,且个别地方语法有错。该便条总体水平一般。
便条三:
March 19, 2008
Dear Jane,
Im delighted to learned that you are subscribing an English?language newspaper. Im very interested in the English-language newspaper. In my opinion, I want to recommend you the English-weekly newspaper.
Although they are both English newspaper, they are different from each other. The English-language newspaper is based on the language. Tell us more about the pronunciation. On the contrary, the English-weekly newspaper is very interesting and funny. It has various of contents. Its good for our study.
Think it carefully. Im looking forward to knowing your answers.
Yours,
Ann
评语:该便条格式基本正确,但存在的问题较多。第一,内容不完整,没有按照题目的要求描述报纸的两个特点,而是比较了两份报纸。第二,意思表达不清,部分句子不连贯,且有些地方语法有错,语言不流畅。
便条项目从一个专门的角度检验考生运用语言的能力。从写作任务的设计上看,TEM4考试的写作项目包括两项任务的做法也顺应了当前写作能力测试的趋势。因此,在评估考生总体写作能力中,便条项目有其重要的作用。我们认为,在平时的教学中培养考生的应用文写作能力(包括便条在内)是一项必不可少的内容。我们要通过不断的训练,使学生的写作能力全面、平衡地发展。
 

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