英语四六级作文常用经典句型
英语是一门语言,而语言的学习与模仿之间是如影相随。众多研究者都提出了模仿在写作中的重要性。因此,在 平时的学习中,我们要多观察、记忆并模仿一些精美的句子、段落、篇章来熟知一些词汇搭配、句型结构、语法结构、 习惯用法、句子衔接手段以及段落的发展方法等,并将之用于我们的写作中。下面就英语四六级作文常用的句型做如 下总结:
  1. 文章开头的句型: 好的开始是成功的一半。文章的开头是你留给阅卷老师的第一印象,所以这第一炮一定要打响才行,也就是说既 清楚明白又引人注目。开头是总领全文的,有一定的统摄性,因此一定要言简意赅,不要写得太长。关于开头的写法, 传统的方法有很多,比较常用的有:
  1)开门见山。这一般都用于谈及对某个观点或现象的看法的文章,在文章的开头就简单的谈出个人看法,然后在下文 里展开论述。如: The benefits of television: With the improvement of people’s living standard, almost every family can afford to buy a television set. Television is becoming increasingly popular because of its values in entertaining and educating. 常用的句型有: A. It's well known to us that ../As is known to us,. . ../It is universally acknowledged that ../ It is conceivable . /obvious/apparent that ../ It is commonly/widely/increasingly believed/thought/held/acknowledged that … . 例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺 。 B. We cannot ignore the fact that.. /No one can deny the fact that../There is no denying the fact that.. /There is no . . . doubt that .. . 例句: cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. solve these problems, can We To we start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment. 例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 毫无疑问我们的教育制度令人不满意。 C. This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in./ This is a topic that is being widely talked about./Recently, sth./the problem of..has been brought to popular attention/ has become the focus of public concern./ One of the universal . issues we are faced with/that cause increasing concern is that.../ Nowadays there is much/general discussion as to …. 例句: Recently, the problem of unemployment has been brought to such popular attention that governments at all levels place it on the agenda as the first matter. / D. With the rapid development / improvement in../growing awareness of. .., more and more. ../sth.. . . . . 例句:With the considerable improvement in building industry, more and more structures are being erected to set the people's minds at ease. E. Nowadays, more/most important/dangerous for our society is.. . 例句:Nowadays, most dangerous for our society is the tendency to take advantage of each other in political circles. F. It is a traditional practice to..in our society. / It has long been considered only right and proper to... . . 例句:It is a traditional practice for young people to be financially dependent on their parents for anything like marriage and housing. G. In recent years there has been big growth inX is so popular that it has become an indispensable part in our life. H. One of the main problems with today’s is thatThe problem will exert a harmful effect on--I. With the development/improvement/growth of …,
  2)引用名言。用名人名言或谚语开头,往往比直接用个人的话更有说服力,也给文章增添色彩。当然这要以广泛的积 累为基础,不然临时可想不出来。在引用古语或名人名言的时候要注意引用的准确性,如果把握不准的话,不如不引 用。如: Women are not treated equally with men: “we hold these truths to be self- evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable right..”, the American Declaration of Independence declares. While in . china, everyone is familiar with the saying “women are equal with men” or “women can hold half of the sky”. It seems that men and women are treated equally, at least in law. But the reality is a different story.
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常用的句型有: A. As a proverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.” B. One of the great sociologists/psychologists has said:“..” . 例句: great classical ballerina Anna Pavlova has said: “No one can arrive from being talented alone. God gives talent; work The transforms talent into genius.” In other words .. . C. “..” Such is the accurate exposition/exposure of..frequently over heard in public. . . 例句:“Public morals are declining day by day.” Such is the correct exposure of the dark side of our society. D. How often nowadays we hear such remarks/complaints/words as this “..” or “..”! . . 例句: How often nowadays we hear such complaints from officials as this “I have too many social engagements to carry out” or “I have too many social engagements to carry out” or “I have to bear too many titles for our society”! Don't be misled by the complaints of this kind!
  3)自问自答。通过提问的方式引起读者对文章的兴趣,你可以在篇首简单给出答案,也可以将答案放到接下来的段落 中。这一般都是用在作文题本身就是提问式或是结论式的文章中。如: What is a good student? Different people may have different answer to this question. Someone thinks that a good student should be good at academic work. Others claim that a good student should be one who is all round development of morality, intelligence and physique. But I think, in addition to the above mentioned, a good student, above all, should be capable of doing practical work, and must be competent in the future work. 这是自问自答式的,在第一段中根据题目所给的问题,先写出提示中的两种观点,然后有连接词 but,提出自己不 同的看法,使人对作者的意图一目了然。 常用的提问句型有: A.What does sth. mean? B.How/Why does sth. affect our life? C.What is it like to do..? . 例句:What is it like to have lost all confidence in oneself? D.What would our society be like if there were no..? . 例句:What would our society be like if there were no public morals? E.Should we put sth. above sth. else? 或:Should we attach as much weight to A as to B? 例句:Should we put intellectual development above moral education? F. Have you ever thought/wondered …?
  4)对比式。在命题作文中,它往往会给出一些提示,表明两种不同的态度,再要求你写出自己的看法。用这种开头的 方法要考虑一下整个文章的布局。如果你的主体是论述个人的看法而非别人的观点,那么在开头就有必要交代一下对 于这个问题目前存在的一些看法。如: 考题的提示是:有人说成功主要靠运气,有人则认为成功主要靠勤奋,而与运气无关。你的观点是什么?说明你的 理由。这其实就是要你以你的理由为表达主体。如果按照作文提示要求是要把别人的观点单独成段的话,则不需要在 开头展开对双方看法的论述,留到下面再说。 How to achieve success: Some people say that the key to success is the luck, while others claim it is hard work. There is no doubt that successful people take advantage of opportunities. But if he works little and just waits to see opportunities pass by, he still can’t succeed. So, in my opinion, diligence, devotion and perseverance are three fundamental factors to success. 又如: 题目要求是:
  1、 有人认为业余时间应多参加一些体育活动。
  2、 有人认为业余时间应多做一些智力活动,如读书、看报、写作等。
  3、 我的看法。 这就是要你将题目的要点单独成段,所以在开头就不用交代得太清楚,点到即可。 How to spend spare time: Physical activities and intellectual pastimes are two basic ways for us to spend our spare time. Different people may have different means of spending their leisure time.
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常用的句型有: A. In recent years more and more people tend to do A. many people appreciate the convenience of A. They enjoyThey also prefer to On the contrary, others are attracted by B. they likeHowever, both A and B have their disadvantages. With the improvement of A will enjoy great superiority/advantages over B. B. When asked about/ When it comes to/ Faced with …, some people claim/think/argue/believe that …, but/while others maintain that…
  5)讲故事。这种方法比较新颖,能使文章活泼有趣,但是要注意故事的长短。如果你整篇文章都要围绕该故事展开, 你的开头即是故事的开头。如果你仅是用其做个例子,就要写得简单清楚,往往可以是生活中常遇到的一些情景。 Most of us may have such experience: when you go to some place far away from the city where you live and think you know nobody there, you are surprised to find that you run into one of your old classmates on the street, perhaps both of you would cry out: “what a small world!” 常用于引用故事的句型有: A.Once in a newspaper/magazine, I hit upon the report that.. . 例句:Once in a newspaper, I hit upon the news that a quick witted policeman spotted a suspect's spittle in the street blotted it up and ran a DNA test on it which led to the man's arrest for a murder. This case best counts as a practical application of the DNA technique. B.One day, I happened to witness the incident as follows.. .
  6)数字开头。这一般都是用于图表题,将图表显示的数字先概括性的总结出来。然后再提出问题,给与分析和解答。 如: Changes in people’s daily expenses in the past five years: In the past five years, there have been great changes in people’s daily expenses in XX city. According to the figures given in the table, the amount of money spent on food decreased gradually, accounting for 35 percent in 19
  98. However, there was a rapid increase in clothing expenses, which made up 17% in 19
  98. In addition, the table shows an upward tendency in recreation expenses. The same was the case with other expenses. 常用的句型有: A. From the graph/table/chart listed above,it can be seen/learned/estimated/ predicted that .. . B. According to the information given in the table/graph, we can find that.. . C. According to a recent survey/investigation/poll, … D. As can be seen from the table/graph/figure, there is a marked increase /decline/favorable (an unfavorable) change in.. . E. As we can see from the table/graph/figure above, drastic/considerable/ great changes have taken place in.. . over the period of time from..(年份)to..( 年份) . . F. The table/graph shows that there is a(n) declining/increasing trend of ..from..(年份) to..(年份) . . . G. Anyone who takes a closer look at the data in the table/graph can be surprised to find that.. .
  2. 文章发展段的句型: 完成了作文的开头,接着就是中间段了。中间段一般也叫发展段,是用于发展、拓宽开头段中揭示出的文章的主 题的段落。可以是一个段落也可以是数个,但在四六级考试作文中一般都不超过两到三个。它们从不同侧面说明文章 的主旨。四六级考试作文虽然分有记叙文、描写文、说明文、论述文等不同体裁,但是作文行文通常的展开方法总体 有如下几种:对比法、因果法、列举法、概述法和议论法。根据不同的题材你可以选择使用不同的展开方法,也可以 同时使用几种。而笔者在这里主要介绍展开段中常用到的句型。
  1). 表示原因结果分析常用句型有: [1] 基本原因??分析某事物时,用此句型说明其基本的或者多方面的原因。如: A. Why ..? For one thing.. For another .. . . B. A number of reasons have led me to choose this occupation. FirstSecondlyFinally(To begin withMoreoverWhat’s more) C. In my opinion, the problem is mainly due to /owing to several factors. FirstSecondFinally--D. The answer to this problem involves many factors. For one thing..For another..Still another .. . . . E. A number of factors, both physical and psychological affect ../both individual and social contribute to .. . .
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F. The reason why we have to grow trees is that .. . G. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. H. There are three reasons for this. I. The reasons for this are as follows. J. Due to the fact that.. . 例如: There are three reasons for the chang
 

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