英语四六级作文常用经典句型
英语是一门语言,而语言的学习与模仿之间是如影相随。众多研究者都提出了模仿在写作中的重要性。因此,在 平时的学习中,我们要多观察、记忆并模仿一些精美的句子、段落、篇章来熟知一些词汇搭配、句型结构、语法结构、 习惯用法、句子衔接手段以及段落的发展方法等,并将之用于我们的写作中。下面就英语四六级作文常用的句型做如 下总结:
  1. 文章开头的句型: 好的开始是成功的一半。文章的开头是你留给阅卷老师的第一印象,所以这第一炮一定要打响才行,也就是说既 清楚明白又引人注目。开头是总领全文的,有一定的统摄性,因此一定要言简意赅,不要写得太长。关于开头的写法, 传统的方法有很多,比较常用的有:
  1)开门见山。这一般都用于谈及对某个观点或现象的看法的文章,在文章的开头就简单的谈出个人看法,然后在下文 里展开论述。如: The benefits of television: With the improvement of people’s living standard, almost every family can afford to buy a television set. Television is becoming increasingly popular because of its values in entertaining and educating. 常用的句型有: A. It's well known to us that ../As is known to us,. . ../It is universally acknowledged that ../ It is conceivable . /obvious/apparent that ../ It is commonly/widely/increasingly believed/thought/held/acknowledged that … . 例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺 。 B. We cannot ignore the fact that.. /No one can deny the fact that../There is no denying the fact that.. /There is no . . . doubt that .. . 例句: cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. solve these problems, can We To we start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment. 例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 毫无疑问我们的教育制度令人不满意。 C. This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in./ This is a topic that is being widely talked about./Recently, sth./the problem of..has been brought to popular attention/ has become the focus of public concern./ One of the universal . issues we are faced with/that cause increasing concern is that.../ Nowadays there is much/general discussion as to …. 例句: Recently, the problem of unemployment has been brought to such popular attention that governments at all levels place it on the agenda as the first matter. / D. With the rapid development / improvement in../growing awareness of. .., more and more. ../sth.. . . . . 例句:With the considerable improvement in building industry, more and more structures are being erected to set the people's minds at ease. E. Nowadays, more/most important/dangerous for our society is.. . 例句:Nowadays, most dangerous for our society is the tendency to take advantage of each other in political circles. F. It is a traditional practice to..in our society. / It has long been considered only right and proper to... . . 例句:It is a traditional practice for young people to be financially dependent on their parents for anything like marriage and housing. G. In recent years there has been big growth inX is so popular that it has become an indispensable part in our life. H. One of the main problems with today’s is thatThe problem will exert a harmful effect on--I. With the development/improvement/growth of …,
  2)引用名言。用名人名言或谚语开头,往往比直接用个人的话更有说服力,也给文章增添色彩。当然这要以广泛的积 累为基础,不然临时可想不出来。在引用古语或名人名言的时候要注意引用的准确性,如果把握不准的话,不如不引 用。如: Women are not treated equally with men: “we hold these truths to be self- evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable right..”, the American Declaration of Independence declares. While in . china, everyone is familiar with the saying “women are equal with men” or “women can hold half of the sky”. It seems that men and women are treated equally, at least in law. But the reality is a different story.
1
常用的句型有: A. As a proverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.” B. One of the great sociologists/psychologists has said:“..” . 例句: great classical ballerina Anna Pavlova has said: “No one can arrive from being talented alone. God gives talent; work The transforms talent into genius.” In other words .. . C. “..” Such is the accurate exposition/exposure of..frequently over heard in public. . . 例句:“Public morals are declining day by day.” Such is the correct exposure of the dark side of our society. D. How often nowadays we hear such remarks/complaints/words as this “..” or “..”! . . 例句: How often nowadays we hear such complaints from officials as this “I have too many social engagements to carry out” or “I have too many social engagements to carry out” or “I have to bear too many titles for our society”! Don't be misled by the complaints of this kind!
  3)自问自答。通过提问的方式引起读者对文章的兴趣,你可以在篇首简单给出答案,也可以将答案放到接下来的段落 中。这一般都是用在作文题本身就是提问式或是结论式的文章中。如: What is a good student? Different people may have different answer to this question. Someone thinks that a good student should be good at academic work. Others claim that a good student should be one who is all round development of morality, intelligence and physique. But I think, in addition to the above mentioned, a good student, above all, should be capable of doing practical work, and must be competent in the future work. 这是自问自答式的,在第一段中根据题目所给的问题,先写出提示中的两种观点,然后有连接词 but,提出自己不 同的看法,使人对作者的意图一目了然。 常用的提问句型有: A.What does sth. mean? B.How/Why does sth. affect our life? C.What is it like to do..? . 例句:What is it like to have lost all confidence in oneself? D.What would our society be like if there were no..? . 例句:What would our society be like if there were no public morals? E.Should we put sth. above sth. else? 或:Should we attach as much weight to A as to B? 例句:Should we put intellectual development above moral education? F. Have you ever thought/wondered …?
  4)对比式。在命题作文中,它往往会给出一些提示,表明两种不同的态度,再要求你写出自己的看法。用这种开头的 方法要考虑一下整个文章的布局。如果你的主体是论述个人的看法而非别人的观点,那么在开头就有必要交代一下对 于这个问题目前存在的一些看法。如: 考题的提示是:有人说成功主要靠运气,有人则认为成功主要靠勤奋,而与运气无关。你的观点是什么?说明你的 理由。这其实就是要你以你的理由为表达主体。如果按照作文提示要求是要把别人的观点单独成段的话,则不需要在 开头展开对双方看法的论述,留到下面再说。 How to achieve success: Some people say that the key to success is the luck, while others claim it is hard work. There is no doubt that successful people take advantage of opportunities. But if he works little and just waits to see opportunities pass by, he still can’t succeed. So, in my opinion, diligence, devotion and perseverance are three fundamental factors to success. 又如: 题目要求是:
  1、 有人认为业余时间应多参加一些体育活动。
  2、 有人认为业余时间应多做一些智力活动,如读书、看报、写作等。
  3、 我的看法。 这就是要你将题目的要点单独成段,所以在开头就不用交代得太清楚,点到即可。 How to spend spare time: Physical activities and intellectual pastimes are two basic ways for us to spend our spare time. Different people may have different means of spending their leisure time.
2
常用的句型有: A. In recent years more and more people tend to do A. many people appreciate the convenience of A. They enjoyThey also prefer to On the contrary, others are attracted by B. they likeHowever, both A and B have their disadvantages. With the improvement of A will enjoy great superiority/advantages over B. B. When asked about/ When it comes to/ Faced with …, some people claim/think/argue/believe that …, but/while others maintain that…
  5)讲故事。这种方法比较新颖,能使文章活泼有趣,但是要注意故事的长短。如果你整篇文章都要围绕该故事展开, 你的开头即是故事的开头。如果你仅是用其做个例子,就要写得简单清楚,往往可以是生活中常遇到的一些情景。 Most of us may have such experience: when you go to some place far away from the city where you live and think you know nobody there, you are surprised to find that you run into one of your old classmates on the street, perhaps both of you would cry out: “what a small world!” 常用于引用故事的句型有: A.Once in a newspaper/magazine, I hit upon the report that.. . 例句:Once in a newspaper, I hit upon the news that a quick witted policeman spotted a suspect's spittle in the street blotted it up and ran a DNA test on it which led to the man's arrest for a murder. This case best counts as a practical application of the DNA technique. B.One day, I happened to witness the incident as follows.. .
  6)数字开头。这一般都是用于图表题,将图表显示的数字先概括性的总结出来。然后再提出问题,给与分析和解答。 如: Changes in people’s daily expenses in the past five years: In the past five years, there have been great changes in people’s daily expenses in XX city. According to the figures given in the table, the amount of money spent on food decreased gradually, accounting for 35 percent in 19
  98. However, there was a rapid increase in clothing expenses, which made up 17% in 19
  98. In addition, the table shows an upward tendency in recreation expenses. The same was the case with other expenses. 常用的句型有: A. From the graph/table/chart listed above,it can be seen/learned/estimated/ predicted that .. . B. According to the information given in the table/graph, we can find that.. . C. According to a recent survey/investigation/poll, … D. As can be seen from the table/graph/figure, there is a marked increase /decline/favorable (an unfavorable) change in.. . E. As we can see from the table/graph/figure above, drastic/considerable/ great changes have taken place in.. . over the period of time from..(年份)to..( 年份) . . F. The table/graph shows that there is a(n) declining/increasing trend of ..from..(年份) to..(年份) . . . G. Anyone who takes a closer look at the data in the table/graph can be surprised to find that.. .
  2. 文章发展段的句型: 完成了作文的开头,接着就是中间段了。中间段一般也叫发展段,是用于发展、拓宽开头段中揭示出的文章的主 题的段落。可以是一个段落也可以是数个,但在四六级考试作文中一般都不超过两到三个。它们从不同侧面说明文章 的主旨。四六级考试作文虽然分有记叙文、描写文、说明文、论述文等不同体裁,但是作文行文通常的展开方法总体 有如下几种:对比法、因果法、列举法、概述法和议论法。根据不同的题材你可以选择使用不同的展开方法,也可以 同时使用几种。而笔者在这里主要介绍展开段中常用到的句型。
  1). 表示原因结果分析常用句型有: [1] 基本原因??分析某事物时,用此句型说明其基本的或者多方面的原因。如: A. Why ..? For one thing.. For another .. . . B. A number of reasons have led me to choose this occupation. FirstSecondlyFinally(To begin withMoreoverWhat’s more) C. In my opinion, the problem is mainly due to /owing to several factors. FirstSecondFinally--D. The answer to this problem involves many factors. For one thing..For another..Still another .. . . . E. A number of factors, both physical and psychological affect ../both individual and social contribute to .. . .
3
F. The reason why we have to grow trees is that .. . G. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. H. There are three reasons for this. I. The reasons for this are as follows. J. Due to the fact that.. . 例如: There are three reasons for the chang
 

相关内容

英语四六级作文必背范文

   英语四级作文必背范文 1、北京奥运 The Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics logo has a single Chinese character on a traditional red Chinese seal. The English words "Beijing 2008" are written with a Chinese brush below it. At the bottom of the picture, there are ...

英语四六级写作作文例句

   恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com 英语写作例句 欢迎下载 叙事类 外出活动,欣赏美景 日记 日记) 外出活动,欣赏美景(日记 We decided to go out for a picnic. I had a pleasant outing with some of my classmates today. Early in the morning, we set off for the farm for a visit. When we reached the fa ...

15年英语四六级考试作文题目汇总

   15 年英语四六级考试作文题目汇总 1991 年 6 月 CET 作文题目 四级作文题: Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 100 words on Changes in Peoples Diet. Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based o ...

16年英语四六级考试作文题目及范文汇总

   16 年英语四六级考试作文题目及范文汇总 1991 年 6 月 CET 作文题目 四级作文题: 四级作文题: Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 100 words on Changes in People's Diet. Study the following table carefully and your composition must ...

英语四级作文

   一、明星代言问题 On the Celebrity Spokesperson Currently, we could hardly live a single day without seeing a celebrity spokesperson promoting a product or a social campaign on TV, net or other media. This is an intensely popular trend that we cannot fail t ...

英语四级作文

   2011 年英语四级作文范文:免费参观博物馆 Free Admission to Museums? Nowadays, a lot of museums open to the public for free, and a lot of people are attracted to go there. However, it also brought some unexpected problems. At present, people can get knowledge from ma ...

英语四级作文

   写作解题时间为 30 分钟,分为三步:5 分钟审题和构思,20 分钟写作,5 分钟检查可能犯的错误。下面分步骤说明。 一步:认真审题, 第 一步:认真审题,充分运用关键词构思法 事实上,提供给写作 的时间不止 30 分钟。一般来说,各考场会提前 5 分 钟左右将答题卡一发到学生手里,大一点的考场甚至可能提前 10 分钟发卷。这 5 到 10 分钟不允许学生作答, 但考生完全可以用来做作文部分的审题和构思工 作。注意审题一定要仔细,按要求写作,不得擅自改动题目,给定的提纲不得有 遗漏,否则会按 ...

英语四级作文

   (一)原因 1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation. A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem) 2. The answer to this problem involves many factors. 3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fa ...

英语四级作文

   1. How to succeed in a Job Interview? (1) ) Nowadays, in an ever tighter job market, both the employer and the applicant have attached great importance to an interview. A job interview is necessary for both the job candidate and the company. From t ...

英语四级作文

   The World Expo in 2010(世博会)英文作文 The World Expo in 2010(2010 年世博会) The World Expo in 2010 Shanghai will host the 2010 World Expo. The World Expo has a long history but it has never been held in Asia. So the 2010 World Expo is an honor for all of the ...

热门内容

从大一到大四 细细规划大学英语学习

   从大一到大四 细细规划大学英语学习 据说人有三次投胎的机会,一是出生的家庭, 二是读大学,三是工作后的头四年,女孩子再加一次嫁人,可见大学是一次重新选择的机会。 说三个人要被关进监狱:法国人,美国人和犹太人,他们可以带一样东西,法国人要了一位漂亮的女郎,美国人要了一盒雪茄,犹太人要了一部电话,出来时法国人带着女郎和一个孩子,美国人喊着要打火机,犹太人通话电话建立了一个商业王国。可见一个人当前的境况并不是现在决定的,而是三年前的你决定的。就好比一个人听了讲座,很激动,发誓要学好英语,这只能说明三 ...

酒店英语900句,绝对经典

   1. It's up to you.(由你决定。 ) 2. I envy [羡慕]you.(我羡慕你。 ) 3. How can I get in touch with you? 4. Where can I wash my hands? (请问洗手间在哪里?) 5. What's the weather like today?(今天天气如何?) 6. Where are you headed [朝…方向行进]? (你要到哪里去?) 7. I wasn't born yesterday.(我 ...

六年级英语毕业总复习四种时态语法解析

   现在进行时 一.意义??当表示现在正在进行的动作或正在发生的事。 意义??当表示现在正在进行的动作或正在发生的事。 ??当表示现在正在进行的动作或正在发生的事 构成: )+动词现在分词 动词现在分词二.构成: be (am, is ,are )+动词现在分词-ing 形式 肯定句: 其他) 肯定句: 主语 + be + 现在分词 V-ing (+ 其他) I’m doing my homework now . 否定句: +be+not+动词-ing +其他. 主语+be+not+动词+其他 ...

新概念英语第三册56-60打印版

   Lesson 56 Our neighbour, the river 河流,我们的邻居 The river which forms the eastern boundary of our farm has always played an important part in our lives. Without it we could not make a living. There is only enough spring water to supply the needs of the ...

2011年福建专升本大学英语复习重点

   闽江学院成人高等教育本科大学英语教学大纲 (非英语专业本科用) 一、教学对象 本科大学英语课程的教学对象是接受成人高等教育的本科学生,本大纲适用于成人高 等教育本科各专业学生的大学英语教学。 学生入学时经过中学阶段的学习, 应已掌握基本语 音,语法知识及 800?1000 个英语单词,并在听、说、读、写等方面受过初步训练。 二、教学目的 本科大学英语课程是各专业的公共基础课。 学完本课程以后, 要求学生掌握一定的英语 基础知识和技能,具有一定的听、说、读、写、译的能力。借助词典能阅读和翻译有 ...