1、写信;
  1.表示欢迎
  2.提出对度假安排的建议
  3.提醒应注意的事项 Dear Xiao Wang,(一般信的开头称呼 Dear XXX) I am delighted to know that you will be able to visit me for a week during the National Day holiday. I am looking forward to your visit and to the opportunity to catch up. Welcome to my home in Nanjing! 我很高兴知道,你将能够在国庆假期来拜访我一个星期。我期待着您的光临,并希望有机 会赶上。欢迎到我在南京的家来。 As you know, Nanjing has many places of interest to see, to discover, and to enjoy. Among its historical sites are stone city wall, the Confucius Temple with its magnificent night view, and Dr. Sun Yetsen's Mausoleum. With all its universities, Nanjing is a cultural center, offering an abundance of artistic and musical performances. It's also a city of beautiful gardens and parks, such as the Xuanwu Lake Park. With all these features, we will have a fun-filled week, especially that in early-October, there are many sunny and mild days for outdoor activities. So, I would suggest visiting these places first, and deciding on the others as our week develops. 正如你所知,南京有许多名胜可供游览参观。历史遗迹的石城墙,壮丽的夜景,夫子庙, 中山陵。所有的大学让南京成为一个文化中心,提供丰富的艺术和音乐表演。这也是一个美 丽的花园和公园,城市,如玄武湖公园。有了这些,我们将有一个愉快的一周,尤其是在月 初至 10 月,有很多阳光和温和的户外活动日。因此,我建议第一次访问这些地方,并作为 我们的假期其他决定发展。 Finally, since at this time of the year the weather gets a little chilly in the evening, I would suggest that you bring some warm clothing with you. Also, as there will be crowds of people at the stations and on the trains, you need to be very careful with your belongings! 最后,由于在这一年中得到一点的天气,晚上寒冷的时候,我建议你把你的一些御寒衣物。 此外,由于将有大批市民在车站和列车上,你必须非常小心 Best wishes for a pleasant journey! 结尾可用 Best wishes! ( 或者 Give my best wishes to you/your family 之类的话)。 Yours, Zhang Ying
范文模板
对比观点题型 (
  1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。
  1.有一些人认为……
  2.另一些人认为……
  3.我的看法…… The topic of ①(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of
opinions of it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②(支持 A 的 理由一)What is more, ③(理由二). Moreover, ④(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,(支持 B 的理由 一). Secondly (besides),⑥(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . (
  2)给出一个观点, 要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ① 观点一)For example, ( . they think ②(举例说明) .And it will bring them ③(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④ (我不同意该看法的理由一) . For another thing, ⑤ (反对的理由之二) Form all what I have said,I agree to the thought that ⑥ . (我 对文章所讨论主题的看法) . 阐述主题题型 要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.
  1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.
  2. 分析并举例使其更充实. The good old proverb (名言或谚语) reminds us that (释义) Indeed, we can learn many . things form it. First of all,(理由一). For example, (举例说明). Secondly,(理由二). Another case is that (举例说明). Furthermore , (理由三) . In my opinion, (我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the sayA. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you”ll necessarily benefit a lot from it. 解决方法题型 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径
  1. 问题现状
  2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) In recent days, we have to face I problem??A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, (说明A的现状) .Second, (举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, (解决方法一). For another (解 决方法二). Finally, (解决方法三). Personally, I believe that (我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because (带来的好处). 说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发, 最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)
  1. 说明事物现状
  2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)
  3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法 Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First (A 的优点之一). Besides (A 的优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that (A 的第一个缺点) .To make matters worse,(A 的第二个缺点) . Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would
like to (我的看法) . (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, (对前景的预测) . 议论文的框架 论文的框架 (
  1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 ) ) 不同观点列举型( There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, 原因一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二. So it goes without saying that 观点一. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that
观点二. In their point of view, on the one hand, 原因一. On the other hand, 原因二 . Therefore, there is no doubt that 观点二. It is not only
As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二. because , but also because . The more , the more . (
  2)利弊型的议论文 )利弊型的议论文
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)作文题目. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, 优点一. And secondly 优点二. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题 is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, 缺点一. In addition, 缺点二. To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题 into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the 讨论 议题. (
  3)答题性议论文 )答题性议论文 Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目 .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is 途径二. Above all, to solve the problem of 作文题目, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, 方法. (
  4) 谚语警句性议论文 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well know to us that the proverb: " 谚语" has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means 谚语的含义. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically ) A case in point is 例子一. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb 谚语. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: 谚语. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.
常用语
It sounds like a good(attractive) idea (suggestion), but they fail to understand (see, notice There is probably an element of truth in the arguments (ideas), but they ignore a more important (basic) fact… Closer examination (analysis), however, suggests (shows) that this argument (claim, idea) may not be borne of (supported) by the following evidence (facts, examples, statistics). Close (careful) examination (analysis) of these arguments (ideas, suggestions), however, would reveal (suggest, prove) how flimsy (不足信的,不严密)(fallacious(靠不住的), groundless(没 有根据的)) they are. However logical (sound, forcible(有说服力)) these arguments may be, they don’t make sense (only skim the surface of the problem) when… is viewed the other way (taken into consideration). As opposed to (Contrary to) the widely (commonly, generally) held idea (belief, view), new studies (facts) challenge (fail to justify) the opinion (view). Good/Superior/Wonderful as…., it has its own disadvantages/ it brings its own problems. They may be right about…, but they seem to neglect /fail to mention/take into account… In all the discussion and debate over…, one important/basic fact is ignored/overlooked/neglected. It is true that/ Admittedly, but it is unlikely/doesn’t follow/doesn’t mean that… There is an element of truth in these arguments/statements, but they ignore a deeper and more basic/essential/important fact/factor… In many cases, however,… As far as .. is concerned,… 总结的常用语 Experience/Evidence/All the facts suggest/show/demonstrate/ indicate that… From what has been discussed above/Taking into account all these factors, we may safelydraw/reach/come to/arrive/ the conclusion that… In conclusion/To sum up/In summary/In short/To conclude…. It is important/necessary/essential that effective/proper/powerful actions/measure/remedies should be taken to… In short… ; In a word,… ; In brief,… ;In conclusion,… ;On the whole,… ;In all,… ;Altogether,… ;There fore; it can be concluded that…; On the basis; Given this; it can be inferred that…; Finally; It can / may be said that… 表示分类法常用的句型: X may be classified/divided according to… ; on the basis of…; The classification is based on… X may be put into… groups… consists of / comprises 表示时间顺序的常用句型: Before / until something has been done ( doing something),… While / As something is done ( doing something),… During this time / process The process begins ( finishes / concludes ) with… 表示数量之间比较的语句: increase / decrease by X times (净增/减 X 倍)
It increased ( rose, jumped, shot up ) to X It decreased ( dropped, fell ) to X The figure ( percentage, number, population, amount) has almost doubled as against that of last year 语句: The first thing to be considered is…; I believe that…; It is a fact that…; This is unlikely to be true; These views are open to doubt; They would seem to be mistaken; It is generally / widely argued ( held / believed) that… 表示扩展的语句: On the other hand;…aside from…; There is limit to…; No one can claim that…; The surprising thing is that…; The same is true of…; What’s more series is that…; No one can deny that…; There‘s no doubt that… 表示因果的词语: consequently; as a result; in consequence; therefore; hence; thus; accordingly; so; for; since
Chapter One 文章开头句型 1-1 对立法 : 先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法, 适用于有争议性的主题. 例如(e.g) [1]. When asked about....., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that ....... But I think/view a bit differently. [2]. When i
 

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