英语阅读理解练习(
  1)
A
Chinese people are now spending more time surfing the net than watching TV, according to results of a survey by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) published Thursday. The survey, of citizens of five Chinese cities, found that 79 percent of interviewees use the internet for information, and
  55.1 percent to read news on the internet. About 63 percent of the interviewees use e-mail. The average times spent surfing the net and watching TV were
  2.73 hours and
  1.29hours, respectively. Only
  10.4 percent reported use the internet primarily to send and receive email;
  65.9 percent read online news;
  62.2 quite often play games on-line. More and more people have taken an interest in the entertainment opportunities online. Up to
  56.5 percent of interviewees quite often download music, and
  53.5 percent get entertainment messages from the internet. Yet the survey found that television is still the dominant mass medium. Seventy-nine percent of interviewees choose to watch TV to get information, and another 75 percent take newspapers as important as TV. Five major web sites in the Chinese language, namely Sina, Sohu, Netease, Baidu and Yahoo are still ranked top ones by web users, and those that voted for Sina as the best among them were
  30.9 percent. Authorized statistics showed that web users in China have already exceeded 100 million, second to that of the United States.
  1. Which of the following is not true? A. Chinese people are now spending more time surfing the net than watching TV. B. There are more Chinese people using the internet for information compared with those reading news on the internet. C. There are more people using e-mail compared with those searching information on the internet. D. There are more people using e-mail compared with those reading news on the internet.
  2. The survey shows that . A. Only
  10.4% reported use the internet to send and receive email. B. Less than half of the people use the internet for enter fain-ment. C. All of the people reported like to play games on-line. D. Most of the people reported read online news.
  3. Which will you choose if you want to chat with your friends on the internet? A. TV B. Sina C. telephone D. QQ
  4. The underlined word "exceeded" means . A. increased to B. increased by C. risen D. decreased
B
In the early part of the twentieth century, racism was widespread in the United States. Many African Americans were not given equal opportunities in education or employment. Marian Anderson (1897-19
  93) was an African American woman who gained fame as a concert singer in this climate of racism. She was born in Philadelphia and sang in church choirs during her childhood. When she applied for admission to a local music school in 1917, she was turned down because she was black. Unable to attend music school,
she began her career as a singer for church gatherings. In 1929, she went to Europe to study voice and spent several years performing there. Her voice was widely praised throughout Europe. Then she returned to the US in 1935 and became a top concert singer after performing at Town Hall in New York City. Racism again affected Anderson in 19
  39. When it was arranged for her to sing at Constitution Hall in Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution opposed it because of her color. She sang instead at the Lincoln Memorial for over 75 000 people. In 1955, Anderson became the first black soloist to sing win the Metropolitan Opera of New York City. The famous conductor Toscanini praised her voice as "heard only once in a hundred years". She was a US delegate to the United Nations in 1958 and won the UN peace prize in 19
  77. Anderson eventually triumphed over racism.
  5. According to this passage, what did Marian Anderson do between 1917 and 1929? A. She studied at a music school. B. She sang for religious activities. C. She sang at Town Hall in New York. D. She studied voice in Europe.
  6. Toscanini thought that Marian Anderson . A. had a very rare voice B. sang occasionally in public C. sang only once in many years D. was seldom heard by people
  7. Anderson's beautiful voice was first recognized . A. at the Lincoln Memorial B. in Washington, DC. C. in Europe D. at the United Nations
  8. This passage shows that Anderson finally defeated racism in the US by . A. protesting to the government B. appealing to the United Nations C. demonstrating in the streets D. working hard to perfect her art
C
IS IT TIME TO GET MP3? Your computer has been playing music for years, one CD at a time. Now hundreds of songs can be stored in your PC (personal computer) if they're in the MP3 format. What is it? MP3 compresses music into small computer friendly files. You access MP3 music several ways : Music can be downloaded from websites that have converted vast music libraries into MP
  3. Or you can prerecord CDs into your PC and convert songs in minutes into MP
  3. Once MP3 music is on your PC's hard drive, you can play it through your computer's speakers, "burn" it onto blank CDs or exchange MP3 files with friends using E-mail. How much? Software needed to play and convert MP3 music is often free. It comes preinstalled on most new computers or can be downloaded from many websites, including MP
  3. com. Some MP3 sites are free. Just type "MP3 sites" into any search engine. The popular MP3 players start at around $50and can hold hundreds of songs. A blank CD on which you can record music costs about a dollar. Advantages MP3 turns your home PC into a tape recorder. Tiny MP3 players are the size of a card, making it easy to take hundreds of songs with you. Disadvantages You may find that music at many sites is limited. And some only allow you to listen rather than download offerings. Others let you download music that then can't be copied to MP3 players. And a
growing number of new CDs make it impossible to copy songs to a computer.
  9. How can you get MP3 music? A. By turning your home PC into a tape recorder B. By taking your own music or songs with you C. By copying songs to a PC through the speakers. D. By downloading from websites which have converted music libraries into MP
  3.
  10. Which is NOT true to the passage? A. Software needed to play and convert MP3 music is often free of charge. B. MP3 music can be with friends by e-mail. C. MP3 music can be downloaded for free at any site. D. A greater number of new CDs make it possible to copy songs to a computer.
  11.The underlined word "burn" probably means. A. fire B. change C. download D. play
  12. How much will you pay for a MP3 player? A. Free of charge. B. Free downloading. C. At least fifty dollars. D. About a dollar.
D
Most people think their time problems are outer, and that they are caused by the telephone, meetings, visitors, and delayed information or decisions. Although these problems often have a bad effete on them, as when people call or drop in, we usually contribute to them. We fail to have calls screened by a skillful secretary or assistant, or we leave our door open, actually assuring constant interruptions. In almost all cases, it is possible to influence, if not control, it usually can cause problems, such as, slowness and indecision, lack of self-discipline, the inability to delegate, or the tendency to fight fires, to act without thinking, and to jump from task to task without finishing any of them. Time is constant that cannot be changed. The clock cannot be slowed down or speeded up. Thus we cannot manage time itself. We can only manage our activities with respect to time. The same skills are needed as those used in managing others?the abilities to plan, organize, delegate, direct, and control. Time management is simply self-management. It is impossible to be effective in any position without controlling one's time effectively. Successful time management does not mean working harder, but working smarter. All kinds of management skills must be used in the home and office to get most value from time. You must think ahead about what to do, and timely than others, making it get maximum results in the shortest possible period.
  13. According to the writer, time problems . A. are caused by the telephone, meetings and visitors B. are caused by delayed information or decisions C. can be solved by self-management D. can't be controlled
  14. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as tile internally generated time wasters? A. slowness and indecision. B. Lack of self-discipline. C. Jumping from task to task without finishing any of them. D. Working hard.
  15. It can be concluded from the passage that the abilities to plan, organize, delegate, direct and control should . A. be used in managing others' activities B. be used in managing one's own activities C. not be used in time management D. be used in managing both others' and one's activities
  16. We can also draw a conclusion that the key to successful time management is .
A. working harder and harder C. thinking of what to do, and how and when to do it
B. clever self-management D. employing a skillful secretary
E
The Human Genome Project, a great $3 billion, 15-year task aimed at drawing the genetic map of humans, is now more than 90 percent completed. The scientific and medical communities are very excited about the chances genetic research provides for getting rid of diseases and prolonging human life. But those communities and policy makers are also careful about the scientific door they are opening as the project uncovers the mysteries of life. For the last few years, the genetic advances in the fast developing field of biotechnology have provided material for all kinds of work, but the developments of modern science in unlocking the secrets of human genetic code have opened a world of possibilities for human health, as well as for the population imagination. While European and Japanese researchers are making rapid progress in decoding human DNA, the leading organization for genetic research in the Untied States, which began in 1990, is "unlocking the code" of the human body to learn how to defeat fatal diseases. Already, the Human Genome Project has become widely known and praised for finding the genes connected with as yet terrible diseases, and making progress toward separating the genes that show a sign of breast cancer or AIDS. Once these genes are found and studied, researchers can develop new ways to attack infections, and genetic diseases. Medical companies are very interested in mapping the human genome; as they expect to develop a lot of new drugs for these illnesses.
  17. Why did the scientists work so hard at mapping the human genome? A. Because the human genome can destroy many illnesses. B. Because the human genome's completion can help to get rid of many diseases. C. Because they wanted to be better known than others. D. Because the Human Genome Project can provided a lot of chances of work.
  18. According to the passage, which of the following countries is the most advanced in genetic research? A. Japan B. Germany C. The United States D. China
  19. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. If the genes can be found, scientists can study many new ways to cure illnesses. B. The United States began genetic research early in the 19th century. C. Many medical companies show great interest in drawing the human genome map. D. The scientists have made great progress in connecting some genes with the cancers.
  20. What is mainly talked about in this passage? A. The great human genome. B. The discovery of genes. C. Unlocking the genetic code. D. Genes and scientists.
答案与解析
A 篇:文章难度:较易.本文主要介绍中国人现在花在上网的时间要比花在看电视上的时间多, 上网人数已雄居世界第二位,大多数人上网的目的是获取信息,阅读新闻,收发邮件等. 1,C 依据调查数字,使用 e-mail 的约占 63%,获取信息约占 79%,因此错误. 2,D A 项应为最初的上网意图;B 项应为超过一半以上;C 项应为
  62.2%. 3,D 依据常识,QQ 聊天软件是目前流行最广,最受广大青少年所欢迎的网上交友,聊天工 具. 4,A increased to 为"增加到" ,increased by 为"增加了" ,risen 后应加介词,decrease 为"下 降" . 重难点单词和词组: ①respectively 各自地 ②primarily 首先,走初 ③dominant 占优势的 ④exceed 超过,胜过 ⑤authorized 权威的 ⑥CASS 中国社科院 B 篇:文章难度:中等.本文介绍了美国黑人歌唱家玛丽安安德生如何凭着自身实力和勤奋 战胜了种族歧视,获得了事业上的成功. 5,B 根据第一段 "Unable to attend music School, she began her career as a singer for church gatherings."可知在 1917 年到 1929 年之间 Anderson 为宗教活动唱歌. 6,A 由原文"heard only once in a hundred years"可知. 7, 由原文 C "she went to Europe to study voice and spent several years performing there. Her voice was widely praised throughout Europe"可知. 8,D 由文章主旨可知,Anderson 凭着认真工作以使得她的艺术完美,借此击败种族歧视. 重难点单词和词组: ①racism 种族主义,种族歧视 ②Philadelphia 费诚 ③choir 唱诗班圣乐团 ④admission 进入权,入场券 ⑤soloist 独唱者 ⑥delegate 代表 ⑦triumph 胜利,巨大成功 ⑧apply for 申请 ⑨turn down 拒绝 C 篇:文章难度:较难.本文主要介绍信息时代新的录放,存储文件,音乐的工具??MP3 软 件和播放器的常识. 9,D MP3 音乐须从已转换为 MP3
 

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