图表作文 图表作文并没有什么特别, 图表作文并没有什么特别,不同的是用数据 而非文字来反映问题或现象。 而非文字来反映问题或现象。
  1. 读懂图表 . 首先要注意图表的标题 反映的是某事物上升或下 a. 曲线图,曲线图反映的是某事物上升或下 曲线图,曲线图反映的是某事物 降的趋势, 降的趋势,看这种图要注意曲线的上下起 伏变化,注意年份和对应的增量关系 伏变化,注意年份和对应的增量关系 b.条形图,条形图反映同一时间里不同事物 条形图,条形图反映 反映同一时间里不同事物 上升和下降的趋势 也可表示不同时间 趋势, 的上升和下降的趋势,也可表示不同时间 里同一事物的变化情况 的变化情况。 里同一事物的变化情况。 c. 饼状图,饼状图用一个圆形和圆内几个扇 饼状图,饼状图用一个圆形和圆内几个扇 形组成。 形组成。各个扇形的比例代表了相应部分 在总量中所占的份额。饼状图反映了总量 在总量中所占的份额。饼状图反映了总量 和分量, 和分量 , 分量和分量之间的相对比例关 所以要弄清楚每个扇形表示的内容, 系。所以要弄清楚每个扇形表示的内容, 搞清各个部分所占比例很重要 比例很重要。 搞清各个部分所占比例很重要。
d.表格图 , 表格图总是分门别类的罗列各 表格图, 种数据。我们要注意表格的标题和项目分 种数据。我们要注意表格的标题和项目分 观察各个项目之间的内在关系。 类,观察各个项目之间的内在关系。 Changes in People’s Diet Ye 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 ar Food Grain 53% 46% 45% 41% 38% Milk 10% 12% 13% 15% 17% Meat 17% 20% 22% 21% 19% Fruit & 20% 22% 20% 23% 26% Vegetable Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 结合提示看图
  2. 描写要有针对性 . 描写图表不是要把图表中的数据全写出来。 描写图表不是要把图表中的数据全写出来。 由于数据只起说明问题的材料作用, 因此要 由于数据只起说明问题的材料作用,因此要 有挑选。一个不漏的描述数据, 有挑选。一个不漏的描述数据,不仅会让读 者感到你的表达冗长,枯燥, 者感到你的表达冗长,枯燥,而且会感觉不
得要领,偏离重点。因此只要把最能说明问 得要领,偏离重点。因此只要把最能说明问 题的数据描述出来就可以了。 题的数据描述出来就可以了。 Changes in People’s Diet Ye 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 ar Food Grain 53% 46% 45% 41% 38% Milk 10% 12% 13% 15% 17% Meat 17% 20% 22% 21% 19% Fruit & 20% 22% 20% 23% 26% Vegetable Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% A marked change has taken place in people’s diet in the last 12 years. According to a recent survey, grain, once the staple food for most Chinese, is now playing a less important role, while the consumption of high quality food such as meat, milk and fruit has greatly increased.
  3. 简要归纳图表所反映的问题和现象 要做到对数据的描写有针对性, 要做到对数据的描写有针对性,就必须用一
句话把图表反映的问题或现象或趋势归纳 出来。尽量放在文章开头表达清楚, 出来。尽量放在文章开头表达清楚,这样对 数据的描写就有针对性了。 数据的描写就有针对性了。 In the past 20 years China has experienced an alarming increase in teenage smoking: the number of boys who smoked rose from 6 percent in 1980 to 23 percent in 2000, and during the same years, the number of girls who smoked increased as much as 15 times. The statistics look quite disturbing and cause people to ask why.
In recent years China has experienced a dramatic increase in the divorce rate. According to the chart, during the last decade, the divorce rate in big cities has
increased as much as it had in the previous years.
  4. 掌握描写数据的句型
  1. According to/As can be seen from/ As . shown in/ It is clear/apparent from the chart( 图 表 , 曲 线 图 )/ graph( 图 表 , 曲 线 列有事实或数字的表格) 图)/table(列有事实或数字的表格 /diagram 列有事实或数字的表格 图表) (图表)/figure/statistics
  2. The chart/graph/table/diagram reveals/shows/suggests that…
  3. From the statistics/information given in the table/graph/chart, we can estimate/see/conclude that….
  4. The number/percentage/figure of……almost/nearly doubled/tripled, as compared/against those with that of last year.

  5. The figure/number/percentage increased/dropped/decreased more than/almost/about six times/twice/two and a half times compared with…….
  6. The percentage/number is twice/four times/half as much as that/those of 19
  90.
  7. The rate/number was X percent, less/more than a half/third/quarter of the 1998 total.
  8. By comparison with….., it shot up/jumped/increased/rose/decreased/ dropped/fell by X percent/from X to Y percent/to X percent.
  9. A has almost/nearly/about/over a quarter half/twice/one third as many students as/as much money as B.
  10. During the period 1970-1999/From 1970
to 1999/Since 1970/Since the early 1970s, there was/has been sudden jump/sharp rise/dramatic increase/a marked fluctuation/steady decrease/slight decline/gradual reduction/fall in ….. 有用的词 上升: 上升:increase; rise; ascend; surge; go up; climb; mount; level up 下降: 下降 decrease; fall; drop; descend; decline; reduce; lessen; level down 平稳:stable; steady; remain /maintain /keep 平稳 /be the same as/similar to 波动:fluctuate; fluctuation; the rise and fall; 波动 ups and downs 占:occupy; take up; account for; gain 而:while; however; whereas; on the other hand; actually/in fact 相比:by contrast; on the contrary; likewise; 相比 compared with 最高点:the highest; the top; the summit; the 最高点 peak; the most
最低点:bottom; least; rock bottom 最低点 平均:mean; average 平均 趋势:tendency; trend; inclination 趋势 预见:prediction 预见 达到顶峰: 达到顶峰 mount to 中占***:***gain the percentage of 在***中占 中占 有一个稳定的过程:a 有一个稳定的过程 stable period can be seen
图没看清,提纲没看清,句式简单, 图没看清,提纲没看清,句式简单,句子双 谓语,句子连在一起 谓语,句子连在一起 社会就业 pressure form face/be faced with lack Lack(n.)+of+ 名词 : The plants died for + 名词: lack of water. Lack(v.)+名词 : We lack the strength to 名词: 名词 walk any further. be lacking 欠缺、 : Money was lacking to 欠缺、 缺
complete the building. Be lacking in 缺乏(某种品质、特点等), 缺乏(某种品质、特点等) 不够: 不够: He is not lacking in intelligence. Lack for 缺(多用于否定句) She does not 多用于否定句) lack for friends. percent instead of besides/except expect relief/relieve
Pressures in College students From the Chinese Social Research Institution’s research about college students’ pressures, we can see that 75% of the students have the employment pressure.
  47.7% of the students have the self-expected pressure. The other pressures are family pressure, communication pressure and love pressure. Why college students have so many pressures nowadays? I think there are three reasons. The first of the three reasons(删,跟上面连在一起觉得有点多余) is from the students themselves. Many students think highly of themselves. They want to have a good job and a successful life after graduation. If they see someone studies harder than them, they’ll study
even harder. That’s why they have so many pressures. Then the second pressure is from their families. Parents always want their children to be the best. They give children pressures and plan their lives. So children often do something which they really aren’t interested in. The third reason is from the society. Today the employment competition is becoming more and more drastic. If students don’t study hard they’ll not find a good job in the future. There’s no doubt that most students have employment pressure. As far as I am concerned it is more important for us to solve the pressure problems. Don’t give yourselves more pressures. You need to know that you are the one who have rights to fail. It’s important for a person to be successful all the time. If you have the pressure you can have a deep breath or have a talk with your best friend. Learn to relax and you’ll have a happier life. Very good!要是最有还能加点社会也要给大学生提供更多的就业 机会的,就完美了! 12 分!
 

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