Friendship
Language points
Unit 1
Book1 Unit 1 Words

  1. 使心烦 upset 使心烦
  2. 不理睬 ignore 不理睬
  3. 理由 reason 理由
  4. 感觉 feeling 感觉
  5. 连续,系列 series
  6. 目的 purpose 连续,系列 目的
  7. 力量 power 力量
  8. 依照 according to 依照
  9. 信任
  10. 遭受 信任 trust 遭受 suffer
  11. 忠告 advice 忠告
  12. 情形 situation 情形
  13.交际communicate 习惯 habit 交际
  14. 习惯 交际

  1. Let Harry play with your toys too, Clareyou share must learn to s.
  2. As teenagers, you shouldn’t habit get into the h of smoking. teenagers
  3. The hotline helps many t who are growing up. indoors
  4. We had to keep i all week for bad weather.
  5. The villagers s huge losses in the big fire. suffered upset
  6. Don’t be so u; your mother will be all right soon.
  7. He c in the exam so he was punished. cheated

  8.The children went (疯狂 疯狂)when they met the 疯狂 crazy famous player Liu Xiang.
  9. Give me your (理由 理由)for not walking the dog reasons 理由 today.
  10. You can’t (相信)what the papers say. Not trust (相信) everything is true in the papers.
  11. The villagers (遭受)a lot after the flood, suffered (遭受) for example, they had no homes to live in.
  12. Could you please give me some (建议) advice (建议) on how to learn Yoga?
  13. There is a lot of air in the (松的)snow. It loose (松的) can keep you warm.
  14. The Jews had to hide away in such a difficult (形势 形势). situation 形势



  1.把…加起来 add up 把 加起来 add up to
  2.总计达 总计达… 总计达 add…to
  3.增加 把…加到 里 增加\把 加到 加到…里 增加
  4. 不得不,必须 have got to 不得不, go through
  5. 经历 / 经受 ;穿过;浏览 经受…;穿过; hide away
  6. 躲 / 藏起来
  7. 一连串 / 一系列的 a series of set / write / put down
  8. 写下 / 记下
  9. 遭受(痛苦\疾病\损失\灾难) suffer from 遭受(痛苦\疾病\损失\灾难)
  10. 和某人(很好地)相处 get along with… 和某人(很好地)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
fall in love with
  11. 爱上某人 / 某物 be crazy about
  12. 对…着迷 着迷
  13. 彼此信任 trust each other according to
  14. 按照,根据 按照,根据… join / join in / take part in / attend
  15. 参加
  16. 与某人交流 communicate with
  17. 面对面 face to face
  18. 有目的地 特意(做某事) on purpose 有目的地/ 特意(做某事) calm down
  19.平静 / 镇静下来 平静
  20.关心 / 挂念(某人 / 某事) be concerned 某事) 关心 挂念( about
?
  21.本应该做某事(但实际没做) 本应该做某事(但实际没做) 本应该做某事 should have done ?
  22.改变情形,状况 改变情形, 改变情形 change the situation ?
  23.给某人一些建议 给某人一些建议 give sb some advice ?
  24. 忽视某人的情感 neglect / ignore one’s feelings ?
  25.在考试中作弊 cheat in the exam 在考试中作弊

  26. 使某人高兴
  27. 保持醒着
make sb happy stay awake

  28. 碰巧去做什么事 happen to do sth
  29. 带着 的目的 带着…的目的
  30. 接近 靠近 接近,靠近 with the purpose of stay/get close to

  31. 关于某事有困难 have trouble with sth
  32. 做什么事情有困难 have trouble/difficulty in doing sth

  33. 向某人寻求帮助
ask sb for help
34 付出努力去做某事 make an effort to do sth
  35. 与…交朋友 交朋友
  36. 注意 make friends with pay attention to

  37.曾经有一段时间 曾经有一段时间… There is a time when… 曾经有一段时间
  38. 这是第一次做什么事 通常和完成时态连用 这是第一次做什么事… It/This is the first time that …

  1. add up 加起来
Add your scores up and we’ll see who will won. 把你的得分加起来,我们就知道谁赢了。 把你的得分加起来,我们就知道谁赢了。 add up to 加起来总计 These numbers add up to 1
  00. 这些数目合计为1
  00。 这些数目合计为 。
add …to 把…加到 上 加到…上 加到 add to (=increase)增加 增加 ? He wanted to add his __ the __ name to letter. (在信上加签他的名字) 在信上加签他的名字) 在信上加签他的名字 ? The bad weather only added to our __ difficulties 更增加了我们的困难 .(更增加了我们的困难 更增加了我们的困难) The bill should __ __ ?
  40. add up to about (总计约 英镑 总计约40英镑 总计约 英镑)
add up; add up to; add to

  1. The time I spend in commuting every day two and a half hours. adds up to
  2. Colorful balloons can add to the festival atmosphere.
  3. To make sure the result was correct, she the figures again and again. added up
Have a try

  1). We have planted flowers and green trees around the buildings, which the beauty of the city. A. add to B. add up C. add up to D. are added to
Have a try

  2). The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather the helplessness of the crew at sea. (2003上海) 上海) 上海 A. added to B. resulted from C. turned out D. made up

  2. upset
adj. =unhappy; feeling uncomfortable vt. =make sb. unhappy
他的所作所为使他父母很不高兴。 他的所作所为使他父母很不高兴。
What he had done upset his parents much. 第一次数学测验的成绩可能会使部分同学 很不安。 很不安。 The result of the first math test may upset some of the students.

  3. ignore
vt.=pay no attention to 别轻视小错,他们会造成大事故。 别轻视小错,他们会造成大事故。 Don’t ignore small mistakes. They may cause big accidents. ignorant adj. =knowing too little; lacking knowledge 无知的, 愚昧的 ignorance n.无知, 愚昧

  4. calm down 镇静 安静 平静 镇静,安静 安静,平静 Look, calm down! We will find her. 镇静一点,我们会找到她的 喂,镇静一点 我们会找到她的。 镇静一点 我们会找到她的。 We waited inside until things calmed down. 我们待在室内,直到一切都恢复了平静。 我们待在室内,直到一切都恢复了平静。

  5. be concerned about =be worried about; be anxious for 关心,挂念 关心, 专家们对世界人口增长非常关注。 专家们对世界人口增长非常关注。 The experts are concerned about the growth of the world’s population. ? as/so far as sb. is concerned =in one’s opinion 就某人而言 在某人看来 就某人而言, As far as I am concerned, the price of oil will continue to increase.
be concerned in sth. (=be involved in sth.) 涉及;牵涉 涉及; ? be concerned with sth.关于;与…有关 关于; 关于 有关 ? concerning prep. (=about)关于 关于
选词/短语填空: 选词/短语填空:
concerning, was concerned in concerns, is concerned with
  1).The destruction of the world’s forest concerns everybody in some way.
  2).She was a drug case concerned in some years ago.
  3).Tonight’s program __ concerned is with the effects of the law on ordinary people.
  4).She refused to answer questions concerning her private life.

  6. cheat v. 欺骗 骗取 作弊 欺骗; 骗取; cheat sb. ( out ) of sth. 骗取某人的某物 cheat sb. into doing … 骗某人做 骗某人做… cheat at … 在…捣鬼 作弊 作假 捣鬼;作弊 捣鬼 作弊; It was foolish of him to be cheated . (被骗了钱 被骗了钱 of his money 被骗了钱) He was cheated into smoking ( 吸烟) . 吸烟) It is wrong . to cheat in an examination (考试作弊) 考试作弊) 考试作弊

  7. should have done 本来应该做某事 (而实 而实 际没做, 含有责备的意味) 际没做 含有责备的意味 should not have done 本来不该做某事 (而实际已做 而实际已做) 而实际已做 shouldn’t have told He looks upset. I him the bad news 本不该告诉他这个坏 . (本不该告诉他这个坏 消息) 消息) should have come You are late. You five minutes earlier 早五分钟来 . (早五分钟来) 早五分钟来)

  8. reason the reason for (doing) sth. What is your reason for being absent from school? the reason why… The reason why they won was that they practised hard.
reason / cause / excuse

  1) reason 理由 原因 ; 常和介词 连用 也可跟 理由;原因 常和介词for连用 连用, why=for which 或that引导的定语从句 表语从句 引导的定语从句,表语从句 引导的定语从句 只能用that引导 而不能换成 引导,而不能换成 只能用 引导 而不能换成because The reason why / for which she was absent was that she was ill.
  2)cause :引起某种不良后果的起因 ,常和介词 引起某种不良后果的起因 常和介词 of 连用 What was the cause of the accident?

  9. go through
  1) 经历(不愉快的事) = experience; suffer 经历(不愉快的事) He has gone through a great deal in his life. 他一生经历了许多。 他一生经历了许多。 He went through the hardest time with his wife. 他陪妻子度过最艰难的时期。 他陪妻子度过最艰难的时期。 Frank went through many dangers during the war. 弗兰克在战争中历经艰险。 弗兰克在战争中历经艰险。 The country has gone through too many wars.
  2) to be accepted任务 法律、法案)通过 任务(法律 任务 法律、法案) As soon as the bill goes through, we’ll start a company.

  3) 仔细检查 I went through all my pockets but I couldn't’t find my wallet.
  4) 浏览 翻阅 (to look through) 浏览;翻阅 He has the habit of going through morning papers after getting up.
  5) 用完 花完 做完某事 用完;花完 花完;做完某事 Have you gone through all your money?
  6) 穿过 通过 (to pass though) 穿过;通过 The river goes through the city.
Have a try ? My grandfather often told me what he had during the Culture Revolutionary. A. gone against C. gone through B. gone into D. gone over
go out 熄灭;出去 熄灭; go down 价格下跌;下落;减弱 价格下跌;下落; go by 经过;(时间的)过去 经过;(时间的) ;(时间的 go over 检查;温习 检查; go away 离开 go off 离开 去世 爆炸 变质,发出响声 离开,去世 爆炸, 变质, 去世,爆炸 The bill has passed without a vote.= The bill has gonewithout… through
? I’m sure it’s there?I’ll examine the file carefully again. = go through …? I’ll __ the file again. ? As time goes by, you’ll forget it. ? Meat and eggs are going down in price. 肉蛋的价格正在下跌。 肉蛋的价格正在下跌。 ? The signal pistol went off with a bang. 信号枪砰的一声响了。 信号枪砰的一声响了。 ? This steak has gone off. 这牛排坏了。 这牛排坏了。

  10. set down
?
  1) write down 写下 记下 写下,记下 ?
  2) to put down 放下 搁下 使坐下 放下,搁下 搁下,使坐下 I have the details set down here in my notes. 我已将详细内容记到了笔记本上。 我已将详细内容记到了笔记本上。
set about doing sth. 着手干 着手干… set aside 留出;拨出(时间,金钱) 留出;拨出(时间,金钱) set off (for a place) 出发;引爆 出发; set out (for a place) 出发 /(to do sth.) 开始干 set up 创立;建立;开业; 创立;建立;开业; set sail 起航 ? Having decided to rent a flat, we set about contacting(着手同 联系 着手同 联系) 着手同…联系 all the accommodation in the city.
? set off a bomb. 炸弹爆炸 ? set off for Europe. 开始欧洲之旅 ? He set out to understand why the plan had failed. 他开始明白为什么计划失败了 ? set up a charity. 建立一家慈善机构

  11. on purpose (by intention, intentionally, deliberately) 故意 They have come here on purpose to see you. . 他们特意来看望你。 他们特意来看望你。 She broke the vase on purpose. . 她故意把花瓶打碎。 她故意把花瓶打碎。
? achieve one’s purpose 达到目的 ? for the purpose of 为了 的目的 为了…的目的
They come to Shaoxing for the purpose of visiting the house that Luxun lived in his childhood.

  12. in order to 为了 做什么事 为了(做什么事 做什么事) He works very hard in order to support his family. 他努力工作是为了养家糊口。 他努力工作是为了养家糊口。 He got up very early in order to catch the first bus. 他起的很早是为了赶上头班车。 他起的很早是为了赶上头班车。
? in order to ; so as to ; so …as to

  1) in order to :为了 可放在句首或句中 为了(可放在句首或句中 为了 可放在句首或句中) In order to see it clearly, he put on his glasses.
  2)so as to:(只能放在句中 只能放在句中) 只能放在句中
  3)so …as to 如此…以便 如此 以便 Would you be so kind as to give me some advice? I got up early in order not to / so as not to be late
 

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