Grammar
Past participle used as attribute and predicative

  1. She is a beautiful young lady.
  2. I was angry with him for keeping me waiting so long.
  3. Many terrified people rushed out of the hall.
  4. He got worried about losing the money.
  5. Sally was so excited at the good news.
过去分词作表语) 过去分词作表语 The river is polluted. (过去分词作表语) 过去分词作定语) This is a polluted river.(过去分词作定语)
The village is flooded. It is a flooded village.
The building is destroyed. It is a destroyed building.
The trees are cut down.. They are fallen trees.
The tiger is injured. It is an injured tiger.
Find the Chinese translation for these phrases in the right hand column.

  1. a suggested answer
  2. a divided country
  3. a valued book
  4. a carved figure
  5. a flooded street
  6. a ploughed field
  7. a guided trip
  8. a mixed group
  9. a trapped animal
  10. a wasted journey
  11. a lost dog
  12. a broken heart a b c d e f g h i j k l 一本受到好评的书籍 一头落入陷阱的动物 一条参考答案 一次徒劳的旅行 一个男女生混合组 一个分裂的国家 一尊塑像 一条洪水淹没的街道 一块犁过的田地 一次有导游的旅行 一只丢失的狗 一颗破碎的心
worry interest arrive continue concern
frighten prepare
定语

  1.
  2.
表语
They were prepared to accept my idea. He was frightened of going alone into the empty house.
  3. The mayor said that he was worried about the continued rise of the water level in the river bed.
  4. Recently arrived soldiers are helping to take the victims to safe areas from the flood.
  5. Most of the newspaper seems to be concerned with pop stars.
  6. I’ll be interested to hear what he has to say.

  1.语态上 . 现在分词: 现在分词: 表示主动的动作 过去分词: 过去分词: 表示已经被动的动作 I heard someone opening the door . I heard the door opened .

  2.时间上 . 现在分词: 现在分词: 表示正在进行的动作 过去分词: 过去分词: 表示完成的意思
the falling leaves the fallen leaves boiling water boiled water the rising sun the risen sun
“感到……”之意 感到……”之意
I will be interested to hear his interesting story.
含有“令人……”之意 含有“令人……”之意
move
At the sight of the moving scene, all the people present were moved to tears. 看到这么动人的情景, 看到这么动人的情景,所有在场 的人都感动得流下了眼泪。 的人都感动得流下了眼泪。
excite
We get excited when we see this exciting picture.
? 英语中这样的分词还有很多,如: 英语中这样的分词还有很多, ? amusing, amused; ? encouraging, encouraged; ? disappointing, disappointed; ? puzzling, puzzled; ? satisfying, satisfied; ? tiring, tired; ? pleasing, pleased; ? astonishing, astonished等。 等
Fill in the blank with proper words.

  1. A. Nobody was interested in the story he told. B. The story he told was very interesting . ( interested, interesting )
  2. A. Everybody was excited to hear the news. B. The news is very exciting indeed. ( excited, exciting )
  3. A. The result of the test was rather disappointing. B. He was very disappointed at the result of the test. ( disappointed, disappointing )
  4. A. What he said was very amusing . B. I was very amused at the sight. ( amused, amusing )
过去分词和V 过去分词和V-ing形式的区别: 的区别:
V-ing形式 表主动的,进行的, ing形式 表主动的,进行的, 特征的含有“令人……”之意 特征的含有“令人……”之意 过去分词 表被动的,完成的, 表被动的,完成的, 表状态含有“感到……”之意 表状态含有“感到……”之意
Sum up
过去分词作定语和表语的区别: 过去分词作定语和表语的区别:
定语 表语 放在名词和代词 放在名词和代词的前面或后面 名词和代词的前面或后面 表示动作已经完成或被动的 放在be 动词或系动词的后面 放在be 动词或系动词的后面 说明主语的状态或构成被动语态
练习三 单选

  1.As is known to us all, traveling is A , but we often feel when we are back from travels. A. interesting; tired B. interested; tiring C. interesting; tiring D. interested; tired
D
  2. Hearing the news, we all felt .
A. encouraging, encouraging, B. encouraged, encouraged C. encouraged, encouraging D. encouraging, encouraged B
  3. From the dates on the gold coin, it is confirmed that was made five hundred years ago. A. marking B. marked
C. to be marked D. having been marked
B
  4. The look in her face suggested that she it before.
A. surprising, wouldn’t know B. surprised, hadn’t known C. surprising, hadn’t known D. surprised, shouldn’t know
D
  5. The picture writing long long ago is hard for us to understand today.
A. having been drawn C. was drawn B. being drawn D. drawn
象形文字
D
  6. The man there is my uncle.
A. seat C. to seat B. seating D. seated
C
  7. The first textbooks for
teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. A. having written B. to be written C. written D. being written
 

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