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Reading The power of nature
【学习目标】
知识与能力:学习本单元重点单词短语,掌握文章中出现的重要句式。 过程与方法:阅读获取知识信息为主,提前预习,小组讨论解决问题。 情感态度价值观:了解关于火山的知识,培养探索大自然的兴趣。
【课前自学】
通过阅读课文,完成下列重点短语。
  1.
  3.
  5.
  7. out of the way
  9. take risks/ a risk 把……和……进行比较
  2. 正要、即将要做某事 在远方
  4. 穿上;戴上 组成;形成

  6. burn to the ground
  8. make one’s way
  10. take notice
【问题展示】
Read text 1 quickly and choose the best answer.
  1. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. An eruption occurred in Hawaii. B. A volcanologist’s job is exciting. C. A volcanologist’s exciting job and his first sight of an eruption. D. A sight of an eruption is horrible.
  2. What’s the main idea of para.3? A. Boiling rock which erupts from the volcano and crashes back less damage. B. The lava that flows slowly down the mountain causes far more damage. C. The eruption is much more exciting to watch. D. There had been an eruption in the side of the mountain.
  3. The writer doesn’t mind the occasional danger of his job because .
A. He travels to unusual places and meets interesting people from all over the world. B. He likes the different ways of working. C. He thinks his job the most important.
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D. He is excited about dangers and feels alive.
  4. As a result of the volcanologist’s work, .
A. other scientists predict the progress of lava from the volcano. B. many people have been warned to leave their homes. C. the eruption causes less damage. D. the eruption may be prevented from breaking out.
  5. Why did the volcanologists run out of the house into the back garden? A. Because his bed began shaking. B. Because his bedroom suddenly became as bright as day. C. Because he thought there was an earthquake in Hawaii. D. Because he wanted to collect information about the eruption.
  6. What does the writer mean by using “lucky” in the sentence “I was lucky enough to have a much close look at it.”? A. He felt much safer on the top while the other two scientists climbed down into the crater. B. It was his first sight of an eruption. C. It was the first time for him to watch the crater. D. Both B and C.
【拓展延伸】

  1. , I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast it will flow. 讲解:本句为?ing 形式的完成式作状语。如果分词表示的动作在谓语动词表示的动作之前发 生,该分词用完成式。 例如:
  1) the man before(以前没有遇到), I couldn't recognize him at first.
  2) the programme, they have to stay there for another two weeks. A. Not completing C. Not having completed B. Not completed D. Having not completed

  3)(天津卷) the project in time, the staff were working at weekends. A. Competing B. Having completed C. To have completed D. To complete

  4) the employees' working efficiency, the supervisor will allow them to have a coffee break. ( 2006上海春招 上海春招) 上海春招
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A. Improving
B. To improve
C. Having improved
D. Improved
★找出本篇课文中类似的句子,写在下面:
  1)

  2)

  3)

  4)
  2. ….many houses have been covered with lava or . 讲解: burn to the ground (楼房等)完全烧毁 He has no place to live in because his house. 他无处栖身因为他的房子被烧掉了. 拓展 burn up 烧尽;烧旺起来 burn down 烧成平地(烧毁,烧光)
Don't leave the gas on you might burn the house . 别忘了关煤气炉--不然会把房子烧掉的. He burned all of his old letters before he moved to the new house. ★ I’m surprised to hear that Sue and Paul have . So am I. They seemed very happy together when I last saw them. A. broken up B. burned up C. closed up D. divived up

  3.
  1) I was fast asleep when suddenly my bed began shaking and I heard a strange sound…
  2) I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day. ★ 这两句话中 when 的含义为 ; 类似的句式还有哪一些?
  1)
  2)
  3) 高考例题:
  1)(福建卷
  33)She had just finished her homework her mother asked her to practice
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playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since

  2). He was told that it would be at least three more months he could receover and retum to work. [2007 江西卷] A.when B.before C.since D.that

  3). most of the earth’s surface is covered by water, fresh water is very rare and precious. ( 2006 上海春招) 上海春招 A. As B. Once C. If D. While

  4. Having experienced quite a few earthquakes in Hawaii already, I didn’t take any notice. 讲解: 句中 take …noice 的含义是 拓展:take notice of ; take no notice notice sb do notice sb doing notice sth done notice 还有哪些含义? ★As a result of heavy snow, the highway has been closed up until further . A. news B. knowledge C. notice D. message

  5. It was not easy to walk in these suits, but we slowly to the edge of the crater and looked down into the red, boiling centre. 讲解:make one’s way +介词( to, through, across 等)(向某地)走(去) He made his way the crowd to greet us. 他穿过人群向我们打招呼。 If you want to make your way in the world, you must learn to work hard while you are still young. ,趁年轻的时候要学会发奋。 拓展 one’ way 摸索前进 push one’s way 挤过 fight one’s way 奋勇前进
one’s way 找到路,设法到达 one’s way 迷路
【课堂检测】
单词拼写
  1. That is an active (火山). (潜力).
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  2. We wanted each student to realize their full
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  3. We need to
(评估)how well the policy is working. (飓风). (绝对的)certainty that the project will

  4. Have you ever experienced a
  5. Don’t be so sure. We don’t know with succeed.
  6. He w
a hand in the air to attract her attention. you will buy.

  7. A computer is the most important piece of e
  8. He often e
  9. The teacher is b into laughter for no reason.
and most of the students are not interested in his lectures. as head of the department.

  10. The young man worked very hard and was soon a

  11. He is e about helping others .(他热心助人)。
【课下作业】
单项选择
  1. the program, they have to stay there for another two weeks. A. Not completing C. Not having completed
  2. Let’s keep to the point or we A. will never reach C. never reach
  3. Charles Babbage is generally considered A. to have invented B. inventing any decisions. B. have never reached D. never reached the first computer. C. to invent his way through them. C. take D. get people go to have a look. D. having invented B. Not completed D. Having not completed

  4. There are so many people that he has to A. force
  5. There are a great A. plenty of; many C. diverse; many a
  6. The patient was warned A .to eat not B. make
flowers shown in the park and
B. diversity of; many D. diversity; a few oily food after the operation. B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eating

  7. The lava from the volcano eruption was more than enough to bury the small town that at the foot of it. The town would have A lay; suffered
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heavy losses if preparations had not been made. B. lies; suffered from
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C. lied; suffered
D. laid; suffered from

  8. Hearing the news that he had been as general manager of the big company, he with excitement and joy, forgetting that he was showing some visitors around. A. named; broke out
  9. B. appointed; erupted C. made; was filled D. chosen; was full
well prepared you are, you still need a lot of luck in mountain climbing. B. whatever C. no matter D. although
A. however

  10. property together with many other things, life is more precious, so we should never and try whatever we can to protect it. A. Compared to; risk it C. Comparing it with; put it on risk B. Compared with; run risk of it D. Comparing; run the risk at it

  11. Be careful with fire, or it will the whole building. A. burn down B. burn for C. burn up D. burn in

  12. The sound of waterfall can be heard of two miles. A. in the distance B. within a distance C. at a distance D. by distance

  13. If you want to , you must work hard while you still young. A. make your way B. make its way C. make a way D. make the way

  14. We were__ _ _ to go back for class again __ _ the headmaster called us together. A. about; as B. sorry; after C. about; walk D. about; when gave up. D. purposefully

  15. There was such a long queue for coffee at the interval that we A. eventually B. unfortunately C. nervously
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