《英语
  4》网考模拟试题及参考答案 试点高校网络教育部分公共基础课全国统一考试 大学英语(B)试卷 2005 年 5 月 注 意 事 项 一,将你的考号,姓名填写在答题纸的规定栏内.考试结束后,把试卷和答题纸放在桌上. 试卷和答题纸均不得带出考场. 二,仔细读懂题目的说明,并按题目要求答题.答案一定要写在答题纸的制定位置上,写在 试卷上的答案无效. 三,用蓝,黑圆珠笔或钢笔答题,使用铅笔答题无效. 四,第一至第四部分的答案在答题纸上相应得字母上化横线. Part I Listening comprehension (20 points) Section A Directions: In this section you will hear ten short conversations. As the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken twice. After each conversation, there will be a pause. During the pause, you should read the four choices marked A, B, C, and D, and decide on the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  1. A. Go to New York. B. Go to the station. C. Visit her mother. D. Visit her sister.
  2. A. About 12 o'clock B. About 2 p.m. C. Late in the evening. D. Early next morning.
  3. A. The man has it. B. The woman has it. C. It's in the waste paper basket. D. It's on a desk.
  4. A. A complaint. B. A letter. C. A present. D. A receipt.
  5. A. To the bank. B. To the shop. C. To the nursery. D. To the library.
  6. A. China B. Hong Kong C. America D. Canada
  7. A. Run out. B. Call for a doctor. C. Buy something. D. Go back.
  8. A. Her pen. B. Her suitcase. C. Her passport. D. Her hotel key.
  9. A. 7:30 B. 7:40 C. 7:50 D. 8:00
  10. A. Husband and wife B. Father and daughter C. Doctor and patient. D. Teacher and student. Section B Directions: In this section you will hear a conversation. The conversation will be spoken twice. There are five questions about the conversation. For each question, there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Decide on the best answer and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  11. Whom did the man and woman ask for help? A. A passenger. B. A police. C. A waitress. D. A driver.
  12. When did the conversation take place?
A. In the afternoon. B. At night. C. In the evening. D. In the morning.
  13. What were the man and woman looking for? A. A modern hotel. B. An expensive hotel. C. A comfortable hotel. D. A motel.
  14. How long would it take the man and woman to get to the motel by a car? A. About five minutes. B. About six minutes. C. About five or six minutes. D. About ten minutes.
  15. Where did the conversation most likely take place? A. In a street. B. In a restaurant. C. Near a hotel. D. In a meeting room. Section C Directions: In this section you will hear a passage. The passage will be read twice. There are five questions about the passage. For each question, there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Decide on the best answer and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. What should you bring along in case you run out of ink? A. Two or three pens. B. Four pencils. C. Two or three pencils. D. Two or three ball pens.
  17. What will be the format of the exam? A. There will be only multiple-choice questions. B. The exam will have an oral and a written section. C. The exam will contain both multiple-choice and essay questions. D. There will be only essay questions.
  18. Why does the teacher say the exam is comprehensive? A. It will be easy to understand. B. The students will be tested on all the materials taught in class. C. It will cover topics from a wide variety of academic fields. D. The students must complete all parts of it.
  19. What are you advised to review? A. The textbook and class notes. B. Midterms as well as the textbook. C. The midterms and class notes. D. Midterms as well as the textbook and your class notes.
  20. What percentage will the final account for in the course? A. 30%. B. 40%. C. 50%. D. 20%. Part II Use of English (10 points) Directions: In this part there are 10 incomplete dialogues. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  21. ?Hello, may I talk to the headmaster now? ? . A. Sorry, he is busy at the moment. B. No, you can't. C. Sorry, you can't. D. I don't know
  22. ? Do you think I could borrow your dictionary?
A. Yes, you may borrow. B. Yes, go on C. Yes, help yourself. D. It doesn't matter 23 ? What can I do for you, madam? A .I want a kilo of apples B. You can go your own way C. Thanks D. Excuse me. I'm busy
  24. ? Do you mind telling me where you're from? A. Certainly. I'm from London B. Sure. I was born in London. C. Not really, you can do it. D. Certainly not. I'm from London.
  25. ? May I see the menu, please? I've been waiting an hour already. A. That is the menu, sir. B. Yes, please go on C. Here you are, sir D. Of course, sir
  26. ? I was worried about chemistry, but Mr Brown game me an A! A. Don't worry about it. B. Congratulations! That's a difficult course C. Mr. Brown is very good. D. Good luck to you!
  27. ? I'd like to book a flight to Shanghai, please. A. No, of course not B. Do you mind if I said no? C. Yes, sir, single or return. D. You can't. We are busy.
  28. ? I learned that you won the 100-meter race this morning. Congratulations! A. Thank you. B. No, I can't say I did well in the race. C. Just lucky. D. No, no, I ran slowly.
  29. ? Can I help you, sir? A. Thanks. I'm just having a look. B. I don't mind. C. No, I'm leaving soon. D. It's all right.
  30. ? Excuse me, is this seat free?
A. No, you can't sit here. B. Sorry, it is taken. C. Yes, it is shared by a boy. D. Yes, but I don't know. Part III Reading Comprehension (30points) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four choices marked A.B. C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Children in the United States are exposed to many influences other than that of their families. Television is the most significant of these influences, because the habit of watching television usually begins before children start attending school. Parents are concerned about the lack of quality in television programs for children. The degree of violence in many of these shows also worries them. Studies indicate that, when children are exposed to violence, they may become aggressive or insecure. Parents are also concerned about the commercials(商业广告) that their children see on television. Many parents would like to see fewer commercials during programs for children. And some parents feel that these shows should not have any commercials at all because young minds are not mature enough to deal with the claims made by advertisers. Educational television has no commercials and has programs for children that many parents approve of. The most famous of these is Sesame Street, which tries to give preschool children a head start in learning the alphabet (字母) and numbers. It also tries to teach children useful things about the world in which they live. Even though most parents and educators give Sesame Street and shows like it high marks for quality, some critics argue that all television, whether educational or not, is harmful to children. These critics feel that the habit of watching hours of television every day turns children into bored and passive (被动的) consumers of their world rather than encouraging them to become active explorers of it.
  31. Which of the following statements is not based on the passage? A. Parents are worried about the influence from television on their children. B. Television has much influence on children. C. Both parents and their children like watching educational television. D. Some critics think that television is no good for children.
  32. In what ways do children suffer from television? A. They become the victims of social violence. B. They spend hours watching television instead of doing school work. C. The programs make the children lose interest in the world. D. The programs make the children spend too much of their parents' money.
  33. Parents would not like their children to see commercials because. A. they think that their children are not old enough to handle advertising B. commercials teach children alphabet and numbers C. commercials help to sell products D.they don't like commercials
  34. Educational television is widely appreciated because. A. it does have the same commercials as others B. it offers programs for both children and their parents C. many parents like the programs it offers for their children
D. children can learn some school subjects before they go to school
  35. Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage? A. Watching Too Much Television Is Harmful to Young Minds. B. Television Is More Harmful than Educational. C. Television's Influence on Children. D. More Education Television. Passage 2 Trees are useful to man in three very important ways: they provide him wood and other products; they give him shade; and they help to prevent drought (干旱) and floods. Unfortunately, in many parts of the world, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important . In his eagerness to draw quick profit from the trees, he has cut them down in large numbers. Two thousand years ago, a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire. It gained the empire but, without its trees, its soil became bare and poor. When the empire fell to pieces, the country found itself faced by floods and starvation. Even where a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult sometimes to make the people realize this. They cult down the trees but are too careless to plant and look after new trees. So, unless the government has a good system of control, or can educate the people, the forests slowly disappear. This does not only mean that there will be fewer trees. The results are even more serious: for where there trees, their roots break the soil up, allowing the rain to sink in, and also bind the soil. This prevents the soil from being washed away. But where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away on the surface, and this causes floods and the rain carries away the rich topsoil in which crops grow. When all the topsoil is gone, nothing remains but worthless desert.
  36. Trees are useful to man mainly in three ways, the most important of which is that they can. A. keep him from the hot sunshine B. enable him to build warships C. make him draw quick profit from them D. protect him from droughts and floods
  37. It's a great pity that . A. man is only interested in building empires B. man is not eager to make profits from trees C. man hasn't realized the importance of trees to him D. man hasn't found out that he has lost all trees
  38. Sooner or later the forests will desappear. A. unless a country has a plenty supply of trees B. unless people stop cutting down their trees C. unless all people are taught the importance of planting trees D. unless the government punishes those who trees instead of planting them
  39. The word "bind" in Paragraph 5 means"". A. to wash away B. to make wet C. to make stay together D. to improve
  40. When there is a heavy rain, trees can help to prevent floods, as they can . A. keep rain from falling down to soft ground B. make it possible for the soil to allow rainwater to sink in
C. prevent the soil from being washed away D. make the topsoil stick together Passage 3 Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it's painful ? This might be called laziness, but Dr.Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle. During the hours when you labor through your work, you may say that you're "hot". That' s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic (精力充沛) is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the people the peak comes before noon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar saying as : "Get up, John! You're late for work again!" The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling end when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has. You can't change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle, but you'll work better at your low point. Get off to slow start which saves your energy. When you get up, sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor.
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