Table Manners
你曾?出外用餐?? 我想答案是肯定 Do you ever eat out? I think the answer is "Yes". There are some 的! 西方文化和我?的文化有些不同的 different rules between western 用餐?矩, 如果你不知道?些用餐??, culture and ours. If you don't 你?出糗哦! ?在我?就???西方的 know the do's and don'ts of dining, you will be 餐桌??, ??你就可以吃得很享受。 embarrassed. Let's learn more about Western table manners. Then, you will enjoy eating out.
? ?
Don't pick up the soup bowl and drink from it. Don't reach across the table for some kind of food. Please ask someone to pass a dish to you. Don't put bones on the table. Just leave them on your plate. Don't talk and laugh with food in your mouth. Don't use your napkin to clean your face. Just put it on your lap.
? ? ? ? ?
不可拿起?碗直接喝?! 不可嘴?含著食物???或笑! 不可伸手到桌子另一?拿食物, 可以?求?人?菜?你! 不可把骨??在桌上, 留在?子 ?就可以了! 不可使用餐巾擦拭你的?, 把它 放在大腿上!
? ? ?
The Restaurant Menu
以下是一份某餐?的菜?, 根??份 There is a restaurant menu in the following. According to the menu, you will know how you can 菜?, 你?更了解在西餐?? 你可以吃 些什?: eat and what you can eat.
Bread ?包 Toast Squares 方??包 Appetizer 前菜 Baked Garlic and Cheese Mushrooms ?烤蘑菇 Salad 沙拉 Romaine Salad ?美生菜沙拉 Fruit Salad 水果沙拉 Ham and Potato Salad 火腿洋芋沙拉 Caesar Salad ?撒沙拉 Soup ? Seafood Soup ?式海?? Beef Consomme 牛肉清? Main Course 主餐 Sirloin Steak 沙朗牛排 Roasted Lamb Knees 烤羊膝 Pan Seared Ice Fish 南?冰? Roasted Chicken with Pepper Sauce 法式?排 Dessert 甜? Cre'me Vanilla 香草布烈? Milk Flan 香榭奶酪 Blueberry Muffins ?莓?? Chocolate Mousse 巧克力慕斯 Drink ?料 Black Tea ?茶 Earl Grey Tea 伯爵茶 Fruit Tea 水果茶 Cafe Latte 拿?咖啡 Cappuccino 卡布其?咖啡 Orange Juice 柳橙汁 Lemon Smoothie ?檬冰沙 Minestrone 什?素菜? Oysters Mornay 起士牡?
  1).?在中央的?????或?展示? Show Plate,餐巾置於???的上面或左?。 (
  2).?子右?旁?刀、?匙,左??叉子。可依用餐?序、前菜、?、料理、?料理、肉料理、 ?你所需而由外?至?使用。 (
  3).玻璃杯?右上角,最大的是?水用的高?杯,次大的是?葡萄酒所用的,而??的玻璃杯 是白葡萄酒所用,?情?也??上香?或雪莉酒所用的玻璃杯。 (
  4).?包?和奶油刀置於左手?,????面?放咖啡或吃?心所用的小?匙和刀 叉。 ?放之餐具?明 (
  1).餐巾 Napkin (
  1). (
  2).?叉 Fish Fork (
  2). (
  3).主菜叉 Dinner or Main Course Fork (
  3). (
  4).沙拉叉 Salad Fork (
  4). (
  5).?杯及?底? Soup Bowl & Plate (
  5). (
  6).主菜? Dinner Plate (
  6). (
  7).主菜刀 Dinner Knife (
  7). (
  8).?刀 Fish Knife (
  8). (
  9).?匙 Soup Spoon (
  9). (
  10).?包及奶油? Bread & Butter Plate (
  10). (
  11).奶油刀 Butter Knife (
  11). (
  12).?心匙及?心叉 Dessert Spoon and Cake Fork (
  12). (
  13).水杯 Sterling Water Goblet (
  13). (
  14).?酒杯 Red Wine Goblet (
  14). (
  15).白酒杯 White Wine Gobl (
  1.asp 1 How to Choose a Good TV Show? 3 Table Manners
如何??好的???目? 如何??好的???目?
2 I Am a Good Manager. 我是?好管家
餐桌?? ?防 反?
4 To Prevent the Recurrence Of
5 The Olympics Come Home ??回娘家 6 Learn How to Show Your Feelings by Using Emoticons ??用表情符??
2006 世足?
7 Taking Care of Our Earth 疼惜地球 8 The 2006 World Cup Fever 9 Names & Titles
名字??? 中?生肖?西方星座
10 The Zodiac between Chinese and the West
Taking Care of Our Earth Think about what is bad and what you can do to make it better. We live in Taiwan. However, for its size, Taiwan has more cars, factories and motorcycles than any other countries. This creates problems for its animals, beaches, mountains, air and water. People need these things. Without them we would die. Trees and plants make the air we breathe. Animals help trees and plants grow. People eat animals and plants.
疼惜地球 想想看:我?居住的??地球,遭受了什? ???要怎?做?使它?得更美好? 我?居住在台?,然而以台?的面?大小而 言,所?有的汽?、工?和摩托?都比任何其 他?家?得多。??造了台??物、森林、海 洋、山?、空?和水的??。人?需要?些? 西,?有了他?,人??死亡。 因??木和植物?造了我?呼 吸的空?,而?物?助?木和 植物生?,人?吃?物和植物。
?科?家表示:?工?、汽?和摩托?所排 factories, cars and motorcycles make our climate 出的化?物?使得???得更高;致使冰溶化 hotter. Ice melts and the sea gets bigger. Our 而海洋面??大。未?我?住的城市可能?消 cities could disappear under water. Many people 失在海?。因?天?太?,很多人因此生病。 get sick because it's too hot. The chemicals also 而排出的化?物?也污染了空?。人?砍?木 make our air dirty. People cut down trees to make ??房子或?造??,??木消失,?物也跟 buildings and paper. When the trees disappear, 著?亡。而在台?,有益的?被砍了,取而代 Scientists say that chemicals from our the animals disappear, too. In Taiwan, good trees 之的是?了?法?固土地的?榔?,?使得地 are cut down to make room for betel nut trees. 震???有土地流失的危?。 These trees do not hold the ground together. This makes the ground dangerous when there are earthquakes. ?了疼惜我?居住的地球,以下?些方法, There are some good ways to take care of our 我?不妨做做看: Earth in the following. ? Make laws to protect our environment. ? 立法保?我?的?境
? ? ? ? ?
Plant new trees. Recycle paper, metal, glass and plastic. Use solar energy. Take the buses and the MRT. Save water.
? ? ? ? ?
?? ?源回收 ??太?能源 多利用大???系? ??用水
Tomorrow will be better if we take good care of 好好疼惜地球,明天?更好! our Earth.
Names & Titles "What's in a name?” According to Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, there is not too
名字??? 一?名字到底意味著甚?呢?根
?莎士比?的名著, ?密??茱莉 ?, 名字??有太多的意???「就 much. Shakespeare said, “That which we call a 算?玫瑰取任何其他的名字, 它? rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” But Shakespeare may have been wrong. In most 起??是一?的芬芳。」不?莎士比?也?? 了。因?在大部份的文化中, 姓名和??可是很 cultures, names and titles matter a great deal. 重要的呢。 美?人?很小心地?孩子取名字, 父母?通 Americans choose names for their children with care. Parents usually think about the 常?考量的是名字?人的印象, 而不是名字本 impression a name gives, not its meaning. Most 身的意 ?。 比如? : 大部份 的美 ?人? ? 得 Americans would consider a “Jennifer” more Jennifer ? ? 名 字 比 Bertha 要 ? 得 吸 引 attractive than a “Bertha,” for example. The last 人。取第一和第二?名字的?候(?:美?人除 name, or surname, must also be considered when 了姓和名之外, 有些人?有中?的名字)也要? choosing a first and middle name. A name like 姓考??去。像「雷司特.?司特.海司特」? Lester Chester Hester would sound poetic, but ?的名字或??起?很?意又押?, 其?是很 奇怪的名字。 odd. 有些名字?使父母?想起自己不喜?的人, Parents may avoid names that remind them of people they don't like. On the other hand, people 他?就?避免使用;另一方面, 人??以一位敬 might name their children after a respected 佩的年??戚或是名人的名字?替孩子命名。某 older relative or even a famous person. The 些名字受?迎的程度在每一代都不?相同。曾? popularity of certain names can change with each new generation. Names that were once common, like Fanny or Elmer, sound old-fashioned today. But other names?like John and David, Mary and Sarah?have stood the test of time and continue to be favorites. 美?人通常不是直呼?戚或朋友的名字, 而 friends and relatives by their given names. 是喊他?的小名, 有?候小名就是??的名字 Instead, they often use nicknames. Sometimes 的??。例如?, 名?伊?莎白 (Elizabeth) nicknames are short forms of a longer name. For 的 女 孩 , 可 能 被 叫 做 ? 莎 (Lisa), ? ? instance, a girl named Elizabeth may be called (Beth), 或是?? (Betsy)。 Lisa, Beth or Betsy. People in America don't always call their ?孩子??大了之後, 他?可以?定要?人 As children grow up, they may decide for themselves which nickname they wish to be 叫他?哪?小名;如果他??得小名太幼稚了, called. If they consider their nickname childish, 就??始用一些比?像大人的?呼方式。有些人 they may start using a more adult form. Some 乾脆用第一和第二?名字的首字母作???, 相?普遍的名字像是 Fanny 或 Elmer, ? 今?起?都??了, 不?有些名字像是 John, David, Mary 和 Sarah 都 ?久不衰, 仍是大家的最?。
people just go by the initials of their first and middle names, like B.J. or R.C. And of course, people may call their children or their sweethearts other special nicknames. Often they have a “sweet” flavor, like Honey or Sugar.
像是 B.J.或 R.C.。?然, 人? ??有一些特殊的????呼 他?的孩子或是甜心。?些?? 通常有「甜甜」的味道, 像是 Honey 或是 Sugar。
在非正式的情?下, 人?一般?以名字相?, In informal settings, people are normally on a first-name basis. Sometimes older folks even 有?候??甚至允?年?人喊他?的名字。不? allow young people to call them by their first 大 部 份 的 正 式 ? 合 ? , 人 ? ? ? 用 ? ? 的 ? name. But in most formal situations, people use an ?。例如:先生、女士、博士、教授再加上姓? appropriate title?such as Mr. (Mister), Ms. ?呼人。??介?之後, ?方可能??:「?叫 。 否?, ?是以他的姓?呼之 。 (“Miz”), Dr. (doctor) or Prof. (professor)?with a 我 Tom 就好了 」 person’s last name. After an introduction, the person may say, for example, “Please call me Tom.” If not, use his or her surname. Americans still use a few very formal titles 美?人仍?使用一些很正式的???反映出 which reflect their Old World heritage. The 他??洲背景的??。英?人?呼他?的?王和 British address their king and queen as Your 皇后?殿下, 美?人??呼法官??下;美?人 Majesty; Americans address the judge in a court 很尊敬地??家元首???, ??他???先 as Your Honor. Americans speaking to their 生;而很多教?提到教?的??者, ?以牧?尊 nation’s leader respectfully call him Mr. ?。 President. And many churches refer to their leader as Reverend. 在日常生活中, 先生或是夫人???貌的? In everyday situations, the polite forms sir and madam (or ma'am) show a measure of respect. ?, 表?出相?的尊重。但是美?人一般不?用 But Americans don't generally use the names of ??或是?位的名???呼人。?生?可能?? occupations or positions as formal titles. 呼他?的老??哈德森先生 (或女士), 而不是 Students might address their teacher as Mr. (or 哈德森老?。 Ms.) Hudson, but not Teacher Hudson. What's in a name? It’s a world of significance. 「名字到底意味甚?呢?」意?可是很重大的 So if you're choosing an English name for 呢!所以如果你正?著?自己取?英文名字, yourself, take care to choose a good one. A 仔?地?一?好一?的吧。自?的名字?以英? made-up name could sound strange to native ?母?的人而言, 可能?起?有?奇怪。而直接 English speakers. And a translation of your 翻?你的中文名字可能也不太?合。一?好名字 Chinese name may not make an appropriate name, ?留?人持久的好印象, 就像一?美?政治家 either. But a good name can leave a positive and 曾???的:「有?於莎士比?的??的是, 在 lasting impression. As an American politician once 真?的生活中, 玫瑰花有多香, 就全看它的名字 remarked, “In real life, unlike in Shakespeare, 有多好?了。」 the sweetness of the rose depends upon the name it bears.”
The Zodiac between Chinese and the West



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