1.No one can stand against the assault of humor. 无人能抵御幽默的进攻。

  2.The secret source of humour itself is not joy but sorrow.
幽默的秘密源泉不是欢乐,而是忧伤。?

  3.Humor must have its background of seriousness. 幽默须以严肃作为背景。?

  4.It is vital to have a sense of humor in this job. 做这工作重要的是要有幽默感。?

  5.The story is full of humor. 这故事妙趣横生。?

  6.The ability to laugh is universal, but the sense of humor differs from country to country. 笑的能力是普遍的,但幽默感却各国不同。?

  7.I don’t understand the English sense of humor. 我不理解英国人的幽默感。?

  8.I don’t see much humor in his remarks. 我看不出他的话中有什么幽默之处。?

  9.There is a grain / touch of humor in his remarks. 他的话带几分诙谐。?

  10.Biologically, ability to laugh distinguishes us from animals.从生物角度,笑的能力把人与动物区别开来。
 
【写作范文】?
It is generally accepted that a sense of humor is very important in ? one’s ? life. Do you agree or disagree with this? Use specific reasons with examples to support your answer.?
Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:?
On the Value of Humor?
A sense of humor, God’s gift to mankind, is universally considered the most valuable personality asset. It is born within everyone’ heart, but has to be cultivated. A person without humor is just like a spring without flowers or a dish without seasoning. In a sense, your personality lies in your sense of humor.
?Humor can enhance physical as well as mental well?being. It helps us bear our burdens, lessen our tension, overcome our frustration, relax our body muscles, and dissolve countless trifles and irritations. With the cracking of a joke, all our worries, sadness and tiredness disperse like mist and smoke, and we are full of vim and vigor again.?
Humor helps us live in harmony with others. It is unavoidable to have misunderstanding and tension with others in our work or study. But humor can, as a “pacifier”, injects a light note into the touchy situation to ease the problems more quickly than angry words or quarrels. With it, you can always keep on good terms with others.?
A sense of humor is really one of the keys to happiness. It gives zest to life to make it worth living.
 
【学习要点】?
① asset 资产;有益的东西?
② cultivate 耕作;培养?
③ seasoning 调味品,佐料?
④ well?being 康乐,安康?
⑤ dissolve 溶解,解散?
⑥ trifle 琐事?
⑦ irritation 刺激;烦恼;刺激物?
⑧ cracking 裂开;说话?
⑨ disperse 分散,散开,传播?
⑩ full of vim and vigor 充满活力?
? B11? pacifier 慰抚者;镇静剂?
? B12? inject 注射,注入?
? B13? touchy 易怒的,难以取悦的?
? B14? ease 使安乐;放松,减轻?
? B15? zest 兴趣,热情
 ?
【要点提示】?
本文为说明文。?
文章第一段首先说明幽默感是God’s gift to mankind, is universally considered the most valuable personality asset. 接着说明幽默是天赋给的,但需要后天培养,最后说明幽默的重要。第二段说明幽默对身体和情绪的积极作用。第三段说明幽默对人际关系的影响。最后一段概括总结幽默的作用。?写作技巧:作者在第一段用了一个含有明喻的句子说明幽默的重要,“A person without humor is just like a spring without flowers or a dish without seasoning.”(没有幽默的人如同没有花的春天或一盘未加调料的菜。);在第三段中作者用了一个含有明喻和暗喻的句子“But humor can, as a “pacifier”, inject a light note into the touchy situation to ease”,把幽默比作“pacifier”和“a light note”。比喻是用人们广为熟悉的事物来解释要说明的事物。这种说明方法的特点是生动、形象。

  1.What is bred in the bone will not go out of the flesh. (prov.) 习惯成自然,改变可真难。?

  2.Good habits should be formed from early childhood. Good habits are of great significance to one’s life. 良好的习惯应从小养成。良好的习惯对人生十分重要。

  3.Habit cures habit. (prov.) 习惯还须习惯医。?

  4.Once a use, for ever a custom. (prov.) 习惯成自然。?

  5.When in Rome, do as Romans do. (prov.) 入乡随俗。?

  6.Custom rules the law. (prov.) 风俗左右法律。?

  7.Habit is a second nature. (prov.) 习惯是第二天性。?

  8.Habit is a cable; we weave a thread of it every day, and at last we cannot break it. 习惯如绳索,我们每天虽编入一线,但最后我们却不能拉断它。?

  9.It is easier to fall into bad habits than to get into good ones. 染上坏习惯比养成好习惯更容易。?

  10.to have / develop / form / cultivate / keep /lose a habit of doing有/养成/养成/养成/保持/失去做…的习惯,to break away from / shake off a habit改掉一个习惯,to be in the habit of有…的习惯, to get / fall into the habit of养成(或染上)…的习惯,get out of a habit 戒除一种习惯,to get sb into the habit of让某人染上某嗜好?
 
【写作范文】?
What do you think about the force of habits? Use specific reasons for your answer.?
Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:?
On the Force of Habits?
Habits, whether good or bad, are gradually formed. The more we do a thing, the more we tend to like doing it; and if we do not continue to do it, we feel uncomfortable. Once a habit is formed, it is difficult, and sometimes impossible, to shake it off. This is called the force of habits.?
There are good habits which, when formed in early life, are great blessings. Many great people declare that they owe most of their accomplishments to the formation of certain good habits in their early life, such as early rising, punctuality, and doing physical exercise. However, bad habits do no good to people. Instead, some bad habits such as smoking, slovenliness, unpunctualness, are rather harmful to people both mentally and physically. And what is worse, bad habits are easy to form, but extremely difficult to get out of. For instance, many people swear to give up smoking repeatedly, but fail in the end.?
Therefore, it is advisable for us to develop good habits if we want to have a meaningful life. And we should try to break away from bad habits.
 
【学习要点】?
① blessings 祝福?
② slovenliness 懒散,不修边幅?
③ swear 发誓?
 ?
【要点提示】?
⑴ 本文第一段首先提出话题:习惯是逐渐养成的,然后解释了习惯的力量;第二段对好的习惯和坏的习惯进行对比;第三段提出对习惯的态度。?
⑵ 本文用定义法(definition)和对比法(contrast)论证。这两种方法具有生动的效果。
 ?
【模拟训练】?[35 MIN.]?
Some people believe that good habits are very important for a significant life.
Others disagree with this. What is your view on good habits? Use specific reasons for your answer.?
Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:?
On the Importance of Good Habits ?
You are to write in three paragraphs.?
In the first paragraph, state the aspects of good habits.?
In the second paragraph, state the significance of good habits to success.?
In the last paragraph, bring what you’ve written to a natural conclusion.

  1. A bicycle is really an important means of transportation in China. 在中国,自行车是一种重要的运输工具。?

  2. China is called the kingdom of bicycles. 中国被称为自行车王国。?

  3. Bicycles do not cause air or sound pollution. 自行车不造成空气或声音污染。?

  4. Compared with cars, bicycles cause no environmental problems.与汽车相比,自行车不造成环境问题。?

  5. Bicycles save energy and parking places. 自行车节省能源和停车场所。?

  6. Riding bikes to travel and appreciate the natural scenery is really a wonderful experience. 骑自行车旅行、欣赏自然风景的确是很美妙的活动。?

  7. The bicycle allows us to go anywhere nearby easily. 骑自行车可使我们很容易地到达附近的任何地方。?

  8. Bikes are not very expensive on average, and almost every family can afford them. 自行车一般不贵,几乎家家都能买得起。?

  9. During the rush hours, you can often see a boiling sea of bicycles running in all directions.在高峰期间,你可经常看见沸腾的自行车海洋涌向四面八方。?

  10. Riding bikes regularly does good to your health. 经常骑自行车有益于健康。??
 
【写作范文】?
Inventions such as the electric lamp and the television have had an important effect on our lives. Choose another invention that you think is important. Give specific reasons for your choice.?
Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:?
Bicycle ?
Bicycles have become more and more popular in China. People ride bikes to their work places, to shopping areas, to schools, and so on. During the rush hours, you can often see a boiling sea of bicycles running in all directions. With the largest number of bike riders in the world, China is often referred to as the kingdom of bicycles.?
Compared with cars, bikes have many advantages. First, they are not very expensive, and almost every family can afford them. Second, they are very handy and convenient though they are not so fast as cars. With a bike, you can go anywhere you like, and you don’t have to look for a large parking place. By riding bikes, you can avoid traffic jams and thus save the time and the money for taking taxis. Third, they do not cause air or sound pollution. ?
Riding bikes does good to your health if you ride it regularly. In modern times, people are usually too busy to spare any time for physical exercise. Riding a bike to your work place regularly serves as a good way to keep yourself strong and healthy. ?
Therefore, a bicycle is really an important means of transportation in China. It has been very useful, convenient and necessary ever since it was invented. And I do believe it will still be so in the future.?
【学习要点】?
① rush hour 交通拥挤的时间,高峰时刻?
② handy 便利的;容易取得的(useful and simple to use; near and easy to reach)
③ refer to sth. /sb. 把…称作。相当于regard sth. / sb. as?
④ serve as 起…的作用?
 
【要点提示】?
本文为说明文。本文首先说明自行车在中国普及的现象,然后从几方面说明自行车的advantages,最后总结:A bicycle is really an important means of transportation in China. 文章正文部分用列举法(一一列举自行车的好处)和比较对比法(与汽车相比)。关联词语:First, … Second, … Third, …

  1.Diligence outstrips poverty. (prov.) 勤能克穷。?

  2.Rome was not built in a day. (prov.) 罗马不是一天建成的。伟业非一日之功。?

  3.A little of everything, and nothing at all. (prov.) 每事浅尝辄止,结果将一事无成。?

  4.If you have great talents, industry will help improve them; if you have but moderate abilities, industry will supply their deficiency. ?Reynolds如果你有大才干,勤奋将会提高你的才干;如果你能力一般,勤奋将补足你能力的欠缺。??雷诺兹?

  5.He that will eat the kernel must crack the nut. (prov.) 要吃果仁,先破果壳。

  6.Work and patience will perform wonders. (prov.) 劳动加耐心必能创造出奇迹。?

  7.Few things are impossible to diligence and skill. (prov.) 勤奋加技巧,无事不可为。?
Every man is a fool sometimes, but none at all time.
人有时当傻瓜,但没有人始终当傻瓜。

  8.Full of youthful vigor, he is diligent and modest. Such people deserve more pay and promotion. 他充满青春活力、勤奋、谦虚。这样的人应得到加薪晋级。?

  9.Real happiness lies in the fruit of labor produced by one’s sweat and toil. (prov.) 真正的幸福是用汗水和辛劳创造出的劳动成果。?

  10.Once a man’s talents are governed by laziness, he will achieve nothing. (prov.)人的才能一旦让懒惰支配了,就将无所作为?

  11. Diligence redeems stupidity. (prov.) 勤能补拙。?

  12. Hard work conquers all things. (prov.) 勤劳赢得一切。
【写作范文】?
It is generally accepted that diligence is the mother of success. Use specific reasons and example to explain how important diligence is to anyone who wants to succeed. ?
Write a composition of about 150 words on the following topic:?
My View on Diligence and Success?
Everybody knows that diligence is the key to success. As a proverb says, “Diligence is the mother of success.” Diligence means working hard and persistently.
All famous people of great achievements are examples of diligence. They all owe their successes to hard work. Without constant efforts, no one can expect to succeed in doing anything great. Thomas Edison kept on working hard for a long time before he was able to invent the electric ligh
 

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