否定段的主题句: 否定段的主题句: ① However (Nonetheless/ Nevertheless/ But), there are some disadvantages of owing a private car/ Every coin has two sides. ② While enjoying the convenience that private cars bring us, we should not ignore the problem they create/ produce/ introduce/ make. ③ Despite/ In spite of/ For all the advantages, they brings their own disadvantages/ problems/ negative effects ④ Like anything else, private cars also have their own weakness/ limits. ⑤ However, private cars are not without shortcomings/ faults. ⑥ Yet other speak of the problems private cars have brought. They complain that...... ⑦ However, private cars may also bring with it problems our society had not previously faced. ⑧ Despite the increase in efficiency and convenience generated by private cars, the changes they bring could very well lead to potentially adverse consequences 第四段(总结段)的写法: 第四段(总结段)的写法: ① Despite all the disadvantages mentioned above, I still think that the advantages outweigh/ are greater than the disadvantages. As for the above problem, I'm sure they will be settled by the scientists in the future/ It is only a matter of time for the problems to be solved. ② Unquestionably, the challenge of private cars means we all should consider how we can control them, so that they will not control us. ③ Whether the private cars are a blessing or a curse is a difficult question to answer, yet the desire for the comfort and independence a private car can bring will not be eliminated. ④ Anyway/ Anyhow/ In any case, whether the effect is good or bad, one thing is certain: private cars have changed and will continue to change the way of our transportation, our leisure and our life. 常用词组 now, nowadays when, before, after, while, during between…and… since, later, earlier, formerly at the turn of the century (decade), in the first half of the century, in the 1990s, etc. at birth, in childhood, in infancy, in adolescence, as an adult, in adulthood, in old age, at death simultaneously, simultaneous with, at the same time as, the former , the latter, previous, previously, prior to, first, second, etc. in the first place, in the second place, etc. to begin with, nest, then, subsequently, in the next place in conclusion, finally, lastly, in the end firstly, secondly/thirdly, the last first of all, next, lastly primarily, then, finally initially, moreover/ another step, the final
并列 in addition, moreover, likewise, and, and then, again, furthermore, further, also, the next was, A is followed by B, another friend 举例 the example was, as proof, to illustrate, specifically, as an illustration, this exemplifies…, to typify, for instance, like 因果关系 as a result, thus, because, since, hence, accordingly, therefore, consequently, then 顺序关系 first, second, formerly, during the day, before, usually, later, then, to begin with, finally, next, soon, afterwards, at last, meanwhile, one thing, at the same time, generally, for a minute, in order to, shortly after, now, the next day, to follow, to precede 对比 but, still, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, after all, even though, in contrast, conversely, otherwise, yet, whereas, on the other hand, in spite of, notwithstanding 总结 therefore, in conclusion, finally, as a result, in short, as I have shown, consequently, thus, to sum up, accordingly, in brief, in other words, all in all 强调 surely, certainly, to be sure, undoubtedly, indeed, truly, in face, without a doubt 空间关系 at the left, over, next, in the center, straight ahead, next ti, on the side, at the tip, nearby, along the edge, surrounding, in the distance, opposite, beyond, below, at the rear, at the front, within sight, under, beside, out of sight, around, behind, near, above 图表题的适用句型: 图表题的适用句型:
  1. As we can see from the chart/ graph/ table/ diagram, ...
  2. The chart/ graph shows/ displays that ...
  3. As can be shown in the table ...,
  4. The figures/ statistics in the chart reflect/ show/ reveal that ...,
  5. It is clear/ apparent from the chart/ table that .. 致谢: 致谢 I deeply appreciate your courtesy and I hope to reciprocate your favor when the opportunity arises. / I am greatly indebted to you for (the double) you have gone to on my behalf. / Thank you for your letter about studying in Canada. / I am writing to tell you how grateful I am for… / I would like to thank you most sincerely for… 期盼回信: 、期盼回信:R.S.V.P. (
  1)I look forward to your prompt response. (
  2)Looking forward to a prompt reply, (
  3)I expect to hear from you very soon. (
  4)I hope to receive your reply shortly. (
  5)I am already eagerly awaiting your reply to this first letter.
 

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