写作模板
辩论式议论文
模版1
Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点
  1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点
  2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea.
There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据
  1.
More importantly, 论据
  2.
Most important of all, 论据
  3.
In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
模版2
People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观点1, while others point out that 观点
  2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight.
For one thing, 论据
  1.
For another, 论据
  2.
Last but not the least, 论据
  3.
To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
模版3
There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点). Some people are of the view that 观点1, while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点
  2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious.
First of all, 论据
  1.
Furthermore, 论据
  2.
Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据
  3.
A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点.
As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
图表式作文
It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of …(多少).
What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第三个原因).
From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).
提纲式作文

  1. 对立观点式
A.有人认为X 是好事,赞成X, 为什么?
B. 有人认为X 是坏事, 反对X,为什么?
C.我的看法。
Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持X 的另一个原因。
However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。
There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。

  2. 批驳观点式
A.一个错误观点。
B. 我不同意。
Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。
There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。

  3. 社会问题(现象)式
A.一个社会问题或者现象。
B. 产生的原因
C.对社会和我们生活的影响
D. 如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)
E. 前景的预测。
Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。
There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. 下面参照辩论式议论文的写法。
X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。
A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。
Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will ……..
英语写作绝招
开头公式

  1. 开头公式一:名人名言
经典句型:
A proberb says /As an old saying goes, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)
It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)
更多经典句型:
As everyone knows, / No one can deny that…

  2. 开头公式二:数字统计

  1) According to a recent survey, about
  78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

  2) A recent statistics shows that …
结尾公式

  1. 结尾公式一:

  1) Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.

  2) to sum up / in conclusion / in brief / on account of this …

  3) Thus, it can be concluded that…,

  4) Therefore, we can find that…

  2. 结尾公式二:如此建议

  1) Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.

  2) Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.

  3) Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
写作的“七项基本原则”
一、 长短句原则
As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.
在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。
二、 主题句原则
一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然.
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.
三、 一二三原则
考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。

  1)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally

  2)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly

  3)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally

  4)to start with, next, in addition, finally

  5)first and foremost, besides, last but not least

  6)most important of all, moreover, finally

  7)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

  18)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
四、 短语优先原则
写作时,尤其是在考试时,使用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点?精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了
I cannot bear it.
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
I want it.
可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.
五、 多实少虚原则
原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:
走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room
但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room
小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room
小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room
老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room
六、 多变句式原则

  1)加法(串联)
都希望写下很长的句子,最保险的写长句的方法就是在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子有先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:
I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.
如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:
Not only is the fur coat soft, but it is also warm.
其它的短语可以用:
besides, furthermore, moreover

  2)转折(拐弯抹角)
批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后再说缺点。 The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.
The coat was thin, but it was warm.
更多的短语:
despite , still, however, nevertheless, in spite of,

  3)因果
The snow began to fall, so we went home.
then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

  4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)
其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句。
This is what I can do.
Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:
When to go, Why he goes away…

  5)附加
那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。
The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.
同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句?借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中。

  6)排比
Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.
Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.
We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life.
七、 挑战极限原则
如独立主格的句子,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:
The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.
Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.
文章主体段落三大原则
一、举实例
思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!
In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.
更多句型:
To take … as an example / One example is…/ Another example is…/ for example
二、做比较
方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;
相似的比较:
in comparison, similarly, in the same manner
相反的比较:
on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …
三、换言之
没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,实际就是重复。
I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.
I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.
或者上面我们举过的例子:
I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
更多短语:
in more difficult language, in simpler words, to put it more simply
写作常见句型

  1)用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型
①As the graph depicts , …
②From the cartoon / picture , we can see that …
③According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph ,
④The table shows / indicates / reveals that …
⑤It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that …

  2)用于句首提出论题或现象的句型
①Recently , …has become the focus of the society .
②…has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life .
③Nowadays there is a growing concern for …
④Nowadays it is common to hear /see …
⑤…has become a common occurrence in our daily life .
⑥Nowadays more and more people are beginning to be aware of the seriousness of …
⑦It is only during the last /past few years that man has become generally aware that …
⑧There is an old / popular saying / proverb which says / goes …
⑨In recent years , there is a general tendency …
⑩Nowadays … has become a problem we have to face .

  3)用于比较、阐述不同观点的常用句型
①Some people like / prefer …, while others are / feel inclined to …
②There are different opinions among people as to … Some believe … whole hold …
③Some people claim that … is superior to … Others , however , disagree with it .
④Some people believe … Others maintain … Still others c
 

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