英语 Yingyu
英语写作是 英语听、说、读、 写、 译中的一项输 出型技能。从初 中、高中再到大 学,几乎每一种英 语测验都有英语 作文题。 但英语作
英语写作要领及范文
◆ 司言
文似乎成了许多同学英语学习过程中的一大 “绊脚石” 。那么,该怎样写英语作文呢? 首先,要写好英语作文,一定要狠抓语言基 本功。平时要经常研读范文,一些美文往往都 是用精练、 地道的语言写成的。模仿范文是成 功作文的第一步。有现成可以套用的句、段、 篇,何苦还要再去写因思维负向迁移而导致的 大量 Chinglish。当然,精读范文不仅仅是学会 几个单词,重要的是要学习其结构、 句型和表 达方式等。 其次,有针对性地勤练多写。我们要养成 并保持写英语日记的习惯,因此我们要随时记 下刚刚发生的事、 碰到的人等。 除了随笔、 日记 外,还可以写课文概要。 再次,阅读是写作的源泉。用词贫乏、 内容 空洞的通病可通过广泛阅读来解决。 “语言的 学习就是一种习惯与感觉的养成” 。读的多了, 自然而然会有感觉。 最后,虽然我们总是说在学习英语过程中 一定要注意从母语思维中脱离出来,但在这里 要强调的是,在写英语作文时是离不开母语写 作水平的支撑的,这一点主要体现在审题能力 上。中文写作水平高的人, 在考场上写英语作 文时的审题、 立意、 布局、 逻辑等方面也会表现 出较高的水平。 英语写作同于其他英语技能的学习,要真 正提高英语写作能力是不能一蹴而就的,唯有 脚踏实地勤奋练习才可能实现质的飞跃。
范文

  1.活动 根据中文和英文提示语言, 写出意思连 贯、 符合逻辑、 不少于 60 词的短文。所给英文 提示词语选用。 2010 年 4 月 14 日青海玉树发生了
  7.1 级 地震,在这次灾难中,全国人民众志成城, 抗震 互爱的精 救灾,在灾难面前充分体现了互助、 神。在这次灾难中,你肯定也为灾区的人们做 了一些力所能及的事情,请谈谈你所做的事,以 及你将要做些什么,并谈谈你的感想。 提示词语:raise money (捐钱),give away some books / clothes, write letters, make cards 正文: April 14th, a strong earthquake hit On the northwest China. The earthquake was so powerful that till now the death toll has soared past 22
  20. As a Chinese, like other Chinese, I've done something to help people in Yushu. First, I raised some money to help those people. I believe that 100 yuan is nothing, but millions of 100 means much. I also made some cards with encouraging words on them I think this can make the survivors more optimistic. What's more, I've decided to give away some books to the children. Finally, I'll do things I need to do, which is the biggest help to the survivors. In short, I believe unity is strength. Let's offer our helping hand to render strong support. I'm sure we can tide over the difficulties together.
  2.经历 ①谈自己、 朋友、 老师 学校在即将毕业的初三学生中开展了一 次征文活动。很多学生参与其中,表达了自己 对学校的感情。
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英语
Yingyu
在即将告别的 3 年初中生活里,有很多东西值得 留恋,如学校优美的环境,和蔼的老师,相亲相爱的同 学们, 以及丰富的学校活动等。同时, 又是否留有一 些遗憾呢?中考后,你还有什么打算呢?你还会做出怎 样的努力呢?请你根据下列的提示词语,写出意思连 贯、 符合逻辑,不少于 60 词的短文。 提示词语:say goodbye, forget, enjoy, hope, pity (遗 憾) 正文: How time flies! It's already three years since I came to the school. Now, it's time to say goodbye to the wonderful school life. But there are so many things that I don't want to leave. I can't forget the beautiful trees and the flowers in the school, the persons that I really want to thank are the teachers who not only teach us much knowledge but also many skills on how to study well. I can't forget the classmates and friends whom I have known for three years, either. In class, we listened to the teachers carefully, after class, we played together. As for future, get into the best high school. I think I will study in a great high school, I won't let my teachers and friends down, so I will try my best to study harder. Though there will be so many tests that I have to pass, I am never going to be afraid of them. I believe if I work hard, I'll get a good result. Let's try to make our dreams come true. ②谈世博 根据中文大意和英文提示词语, 写出意思连贯、 符合逻辑、 不少于 60 词的短文。所给英文提示词语 供选用。 世博会召开了,作为北京的中学生,我们也为世 博做了许多事情。就这个话题,记述一下你在校外曾 经做过的、 印象最深的一两件事。 比如用英语做事情, 保持环境卫生等,并谈谈你的感受或体会,及今后的 计划。 提示词语:The World Exposition, hold, volunteers, modern, proud, as, student, work hard, share 正文: World Exposition was held in May, 2010, The lost of foreigners come to China. We have done a lot to meet it. We have done some cleaning in the neighborhood
and removed some rubbish ads in the streets. Picked up whatever litter I saw and threw it into the dustbin. And I once taught older people English in my committee so that they could possibly help a lost foreign visitor find the way. I also did well in my study, and I persuaded my parents and neighbors to drive less to help keep the air clean. I think we are going to show the world a New Shanghai, modern China. Everyone can make a contribution to The World Exposition by doing small things around us. Let us try our best to do something from now on.
  3.环境 根据中文提示,写出意思连贯、 符合逻辑、 不少于 60 词的短文。所给英文提示词语供选 用。 保护环境是十分重要的,它有利于我们的 身体健康。世界上仅有一个地球,我们就生活 在这个地球上,所以保护环境是我们义不容辞 的责任。 在生活中,我们该做些什么呢?我们又 不该做什么呢? 提示词语:important, environment, necessary, pickup, dustbin (垃圾箱) plant, shouldn't, keep... , clean 正文: important for everyone to care for It's the environment because it is good for our health and we are living on the earth, the only one earth. I think we can do a lot. For example, we're supposed to pick up the rubbish and throw it into the dustbin. Be sure not to litter anywhere. And we should recycle“waste things” as well, such as batteries, plastic bags and son on. Planting more trees isn't a bad way to refresh the air. In conclusion, it's our duty to keep the environment nice and clean. If everyone can do a little more fort it, our life must be more peaceful and beautiful.
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英语 Yingyu
Dear friend, I 'm really unhappy now because my parents always make me stay at home and study every night during the week. They say that I must study hard for my exams. But in my opinion, I don't have to work so hard all the time. I have problems on weekends, too. On weekends I can go out with my friends, but I have to be home before20:
  00. It's crazy! They don't want me to go to parties, either. They say it won't do good for my studies. What should I do? Can you give me some suggestions? Elizabeth Dear Elizabeth, I'm sorry to hear that you're not happy now.

  4.建议 同学们在进入九年级 (初三)之后,感觉 到了学习的压力和时间的紧迫。王磊同学因 不知如何处理学习和体育运动之间的关系,在 校园网上发帖,请求帮助。请你以李华的名义 给他回帖,告诉他体育运动的重要性,介绍自 己何时从事自己喜欢的运动,并对如何安排好 学习和体育运动的时间提出合理建议。 注意事项:
  1.必须包括 3 个方面的内容;
  2.提示词汇供选用;
  3.词数不少于 60;
  4.请不要写出真实的校名和姓名。 提示词语:build up muscles, be busy, do well in, do one's best... 正文: Wang Lei, Hi! Everybody knows that sports are very important in our life. Sports not only help build up our muscles, but also help us do well in our lessons. Although I am very busy now, I can still have time to do my favorite sports. I usually play basketball with my friends for twenty minutes after school and go swimming on Saturday afternoon. Of course we do morning exercise at school every day, but it is not enough. I think you should practice running after class. It doesn't take much time. Ten minutes will be enough. If you like basketball, why not join us?
Please have a try. I'm looking forward to hearing good news from you. Yours, Li Lin
例题
根据中文提示和英文书信内容,写一封意 思连贯、 符合逻辑、 不少于 60 词的回信。 信的 开头和结尾已给出,其字数不计入所完成的回 信内。 假设你叫李琳。你的加拿大网友 Elizabeth 最近遇到了一些不开心的事情。阅读她 发给你的 e- mail,然后根据她的问题给她写一 封回信,谈谈你的看法,同时提出一些建议,告 诉她应该做什么和不应该做什么。
参考答案: It's very common for us to have such kind of problems. So don't worry. Here I have some suggestions for you. Firstly, you'd better make a schedule, set up a goal for each day and show them to your parents. Secondly, you should talk with your parents, telling them all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Please don't angry with them, which only makes things worse. The last thing is to do what you have promised. When they find you are strong- minded and act properly, they won't be worried about you. Then they won't set so many rules for you.
编 辑 / 丁俊玲
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