英语写作专题训练??过渡词 英语写作专题训练??过渡词 ??
众所周知,要写出清晰流畅的文章,需要把文章中各部分巧妙地连接在一起。这样可使文章自然而别 致,并能层层展开主题句,完整地表达中心思想。而过渡词(Transitional Words)是连接这些部分的纽 带。 过渡词是一种关系指引词,一般由副词或起副词作用的短语承担。此外,代词、连词、上下文的近义 词等也可作过渡词。过渡词能使文章启、承、转、合,融会贯通,连成一体。 一、过渡词的分类
  1. 根据意思和作用的不同,过渡词可以分为以下十五类: (
  1)表并列关系的过渡词: and, also, as well, as well as, or, too, not only…but also, both … and, either … or, neither… nor (
  2)表递进关系的过渡词: besides, in addition(加之,除……之外), moreover(此外,而且), what’s more, what’s worse (
  3)表转折对比的过渡词: but, however, yet, instead, on the other hand, on the contrary, although, different from, despite, in pite of, whereas, unlike, nevertheless, not only…but also, here…there, years ago…today, this…that, the former…the latter, then…now, the first… whereas the second, once…now, on the one hand … on the other hand, some…others (
  4)表原因的过渡词: because, because of, since, as, for, now that, thanks to, due to(由于) (
  5)表结果的过渡词: so, thus, therefore, as a result, so that, then, thereby, hence, so…that, such…that (
  6)表条件的过渡词: if, unless, on condition that, as/so long as (
  7)表时间的过渡词: when, while, after, before, until, as soon as, later, afterwards, soon, lately, recently, since, from then on, eventually, in the meantime, then, suddenly, at the same time, next, early this morning / year / century, after a while, in a few days, now, presently, finally, at last, all of a sudden, form now on, at present, immediately, the moment (
  8)表特定的顺序关系的过渡词: first, firstly, second, secondly, third, thirdly, above all, first of all, then, next, finally, in the end, at last, afterward(s)(后来), meanwhile(几乎同时), thereafter(在那以后), last, finally, eventually(终于) (
  9)表换一种方式表达的过渡词: in other words, that is to say, to put it another way (
  10)表进行举例说明的过渡词: for instance, for example, like, such as (
  11)表陈述事实的过渡词: in fact, actually, as a matter of fact, to tell you the truth (
  12)表强调的过渡词: certainly, indeed, above all, surely, most important, in fact, no doubt, without any doubt, truly, obviously (
  13)表比较的过渡词: like, unlike, in the same way, similarly, similar to

  14)表目的的过渡词: for this reason, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to (
  15)表总结的过渡词: in a word(总之,简言之), in general, in short(总之), above all, after all, generally speaking, to sum up, finally, in conclusion, at last, in summary
  2. 文章段落之间的逻辑关系主要由过渡词来完成,在修辞中称为启、承、转、合。 “启”就是开头, “承” 是承接,“转”是转折,“合”是综合或总结。 (
  1)用于“启”的过渡词语 用于表示“启”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落或文章的开头: first, first of all, at first, in the first place, firstly, to being with, to start with, recently, now, at present, in recent years, in general, generally speaking, at present, lately, currently, It is often said that…, As the proverb says…, It goes without saying that…, It is clear/obvious that…, Many people often ask … (
  2)用于“承”的过渡词语 表示“承”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落中的第一个扩展句中: second, similarly, in addition, besides, then, furthermore, moreover, what is more, what is worse, for example, for instance, certainly, surely, obviously, in other words, especially, particularly, in particular, indeed, still, third, truly, in fact, at the same time, no doubt, It is true that…, Everybody knows that…, It can be easily proved that…, No one can deny that… The reason why …is that …, There is no doubt that…, To take…for an example (instance) …, We know that…, What is more serious is that… (
  3)用于“转”的过渡词语 用于“转”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落中的第二个扩展句中: but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary, in contrast, in any case, at any rate(无论 如何), nevertheless(虽然如此), otherwise, or, or else, while, whereas, but, despite, in spite of ..., yet, instead, I do not believe that…, Perhaps you’ll ask why… This may be true, but we still have a problem with regard to…, Though we are in basic agreement with …, yet differences will be found, That’s why I feel that… (
  4)用于“合”的过渡词语 用于“合”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落的结论句或文章的结 论段中: in a word, in general, in short, above all, after all, generally speaking,to sum up, finally, in conclusion, at last, in summary, therefore, as a result, above all, thus,after all(毕竟), eventually, hence, in short, in conclusion, in a word, in sum(总之), on the whole(就整体而言), to sum up From this point of view … On account of this we can find that …
The result is dependent on … Thus, this is the reason why we must… 二、过渡词的应用 有的学生在作文中使用过多简单句,成了简单句堆砌;有的写复杂句时,动辄 用 so, and,then,but,or,however,yet 等非但达不到丰富表达方式的目的,反而使句子结构松散、 呆板。为了避免这种现象,可以通过使用不同的过渡词,不仅能够丰富句型,而且还能够把思想表达得更 清楚,意义更连贯。例如:
  1. 学生习作 TV and website TV and website are popular media. They have something in common. Both of them make money from ads. Websites also have different sections. You may choose the one you are most interested in. They are different in many ways. Moving pictures are shown on TV with sound and interpretation. It makes you feel that you are just on the spot. The programs change every day. Professional TV reporters do the report for TV. Some information on websites change all the time. Not all of it is so updated. Everybody can write articles for websites rather than professional reporter. Every medium has its own features. It is hard to say which is better. 这段文字用简单句表达,它们之间内在的逻辑关系含糊不清,意思支离破碎。如果使用过渡词,将单句 与其前后合并,形成主次关系,就把一个比较复杂的内容和关系表达得层次清楚、结构严谨。 修改后的文章: TV and website Both TV and website are popular media. They have something in common. Both of them make money from ads. Similar to TV, websites also have different sections, so that you may choose the one you are most interested in. However, they are different in many ways. Above all, moving pictures are shown on TV with sound and interpretation, which makes you feel as if you are just on the spot. Then, the programs change every day and professional TV reporters do the report for TV. Unlike TV, some information on websites change all the time, but not all of it is so updated. In addition, everybody can write articles for websites rather than professional reporter. In a word, every medium has its own features, so it is hard to say which is better. 修改后的文章用过渡词来衔接上下段 第一段第一句为:Both TV and website are popular media. They have something in common. 第二段第一句为:However, they are different in many ways. 第三段第一句为:In a word, every medium has its own features… 这篇短文每一段的第一句都是主题句,在每个主题句前使用 Both…and, However, In a word 使全文有序 地衔接起来。 如果在文章中再恰当使用其他的过渡词,会使文章增色很多。(见上文) 我们常常遇到这样的作文题目,如:发展私人轿车的利与弊、科学发明的利与弊、网上购物的利与弊。这 些题目常常是谈论一个事物的两个方面,这时只要使用表示转折的过渡词就能很好地连接上下段。 As a new way of shopping, online shopping is becoming more and more popular in our daily life. Online shopping has many disadvantages. First, online shopping makes it easier for us to buy things. Instead of searching a crowded store, we just need to watch the computer screen and choose
the things we like. Second, it is much faster for us to do shopping. We don’t have to spend a lot of time going to shops. Third, we can see a great deal of goods shown on the computer screen at the same time. However, online shopping is not so perfect. The pictures of goods shown on the computer screen are not always what they are. As a result, we can be cheated easily. What’s worse, we can not see the things in detail. Despite the disadvantages of online shopping, I think it is an advanced way to do shopping. So we should develop it.
  2. 2005 年高考作文题 我们主要看一下今年的高考作文题中过渡词的使用: 2005 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(
  1) 英 语 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,正在英国牛津参加短期语言培训,计划星期天去伦敦旅游。互联网上一则广告引起了你的 注意,但一些具体信息不明确(箭头所指内容)。请给该旅行社发一封电子邮件,询问有关情况。 注意:
  1. 词数 100 左右,信的格式已为你写好。
  2. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  3. 参考词汇:牛津??Oxford 费用??fee Dear Sir/Madame, Yours, Li Hua Possible version: Dear Sir/Madame, I’m writing for more information about the day tour to London. As a student at Oxford University, I’d like to know if you have any special price for students. As for the money you charge, does it cover the entrance fees for visiting the places listed? What about lunch? Is it included? Or do I need to bring along my own food? How long will the tour last? Since I need to prepare my lessons for the next day, I’d like to know the time to return. Besides, is there any time for shopping? I really want to have a look at the big stores in London. Yours, Li Hua 2005 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英 语(北京卷) 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节 情景作文(20 分) 美国中学生 Jeff 将要来你所在的红星中学学习中文,经协商安排住在你家。假设你是李华,请给 Jeff 写 一封信,按照下图顺序介绍他来中国后的生活安排。 注意:

  1. 信的开头已为你写好。
  2. 词数不少于
  60。 Dear Jeff, I’m Li Hua from Beijing Hongxing Middle School. I’m very happy to learn that you’re going to stay with my family while you’re in Beijing.
Best wishes,
Li Hua Possible version: Dear Jeff, I’m Li Hua from Beijing Hongxing Middle School. I’m very happy to learn that you’re going to stay with my family while you’re in Beijing. While you are here, we’ll provide you with a room of your own with a bed, a desk, a couple of chairs and a TV. You’ll also have your own bathroom. Our school is quite close to our home, so we could go to school together by bike. At noon we’ll eat at the school dining hall. I’ m sure you’ll like the delicious Chinese food there, and enjoy talking with friends over lunch. Classes in our school usually finish at 4:00 in the afternoon. You can then join other students in playing ball games or swimming. It’ll be a lot of fun. If you have any questions or requests, please let me know. We’ll try our best to make your stay here in Beijing a pleasant experience.
Best wishes,
Li Hua
第二节 开放作文(15 分) 请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于
  50。 In your English class, the teacher shows this picture of a little boy looking into a mirror, and asks the class to discuss it. Your classmates have different understandings. Look at the picture carefully and tell the class how you understand the picture. Write what you would say on the next page. One possible version: We can see in the picture a little boy standing in front of a mirror. He’s letting his imagination fly. What he sees in the mirror is not his physical self but what he will be like in twenty years. Although he is small and short now, he believes he will grow up to be a tall and strong young man like Yao Ming, who he admires. I think this picture tries to tell us that we should always look into the future with hope and confidence.
2005 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(
  3) 第三节 书面表达(满分 30 分) 假设你是李华,最近国内一家英文报纸正在讨论北京动物园是否应迁出市区。以下是你所在班级讨论的 情况。请你给该报写一封信,反映讨论结果。 赞成迁出:
  1. 游客多,交通堵塞
  2.
 

相关内容

英语写作专题训练

   英语写作专题训练??过渡词 英语写作专题训练??过渡词 ?? 众所周知,要写出清晰流畅的文章,需要把文章中各部分巧妙地连接在一起。这样可使文章自然而别 致,并能层层展开主题句,完整地表达中心思想。而过渡词(Transitional Words)是连接这些部分的纽 带。 过渡词是一种关系指引词,一般由副词或起副词作用的短语承担。此外,代词、连词、上下文的近义 词等也可作过渡词。过渡词能使文章启、承、转、合,融会贯通,连成一体。 一、过渡词的分类 1. 根据意思和作用的不同,过渡词可以分为以下十 ...

广东高考英语基础写作题专题训练

   广东高考英语基础写作题专题训练 1.写信介绍北京 写信介绍北京 假设你是李华,你的网友 Peter 来信,他想 2008 年北京奥运会期间来北京旅游,你回信 给他,介绍北京。内容要点如下: 地名 比赛时 间 北京,中国首都 8 月 8 日至 24 日 历史 场馆建 设 3000 多年 国家体育馆、 国 家游泳馆 旅游名胜 比赛安 排 长城、故宫、天安门 2008 奥运信息 国家体育馆:开幕式、闭幕式; 国家游泳馆:游泳比赛项目 [写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容,开头和结尾已经 ...

广东省2011年高考英语基础写作热点专题训练(16篇)

   高考资源网(ks5u.com) 您身边的高考专家 广东省 2009 年高考英语基础写作专题训练 1. 写信介绍北京 假设你是李华,你的网友 Peter 来信,他想 2008 年北京奥运会期间来北京旅游, 你回信给他, 介绍北京。内容要点如下: 地名 北京,中国首都 历史 3000 多年 2008 奥运信息 国家体育馆、 国家 比赛时间 8 月 8 日至 24 日 场馆建设 游泳馆 比赛安排 国家游泳馆:游泳比赛项目 国家体育馆:开幕式、闭幕式; 旅游名胜 长城、故宫、天安门 [写作要求] 只 ...

英语专题训练

   www.xkb1.com 2009 年 12 月 新课标第一网不用注册,免费下载! 小剑桥英语专题训练 一、 找出与所给单词不属于同类的。 1. ( ) mango A. monkey B. apple C. pineapple 2. ( ) blue A. black B. peaches C. brown 3. ( ) Mrs A. Mr. B. Miss C. Mum 4. ( ) White A. Black B. orange C. Green 5. ( ) brother A. ...

初中英语专题训练

   初中英语 专有名词 名词的分类 可数名词 普通名词 不可数名词 可数名词的数 名词的数 专题一 名词 不可数名词的数 名词单数,复数的特 殊用法 名词的所有格概述 ’S 所有格的构成 ’S 所有格的用法 名词的所有 格 ’S 所有格与“名词 +OF+名词性物主 代词 双重所有格 基数词 规则构成 不规则构成 规则构成 序数词 数词的分类 专题二 数词 分数 小数(百分数) 数词的句法 功能 数词的应用 冠词的分类 不定冠词 a,an 定冠词 the 用于可数名词前 用于表示数量 不定冠词的 ...

初中英语专题训练题

   初中英语专题训练题 专题一:词汇部分(名词、数词、冠词) 专题一:词汇部分(名词、数词、冠词) A:名词专项 可修饰名词的常用词: 可修饰名词的常用词: 1) 修饰可数名词与不可数名词:some, any, a lot of, lots of, plenty of 2) 饰可数名词的有:many, (a)few, a large (great) number of ) 3) 只修饰不可数名词的有:much, (a)little, a great deal of ) 2、难点 、 1)名词 ...

湖北省高一英语专题训练:完成句子(5)

   专题训练 (19) 11 . It is strange that the twin girls (无共同之处). (common) 12. To the delight of the WHO, the Chinese government (在采取措 施阻止) the spread of AIDS. (take) 13.(下次你进来时), please close the door. (next time) 14. Colour-blind people often find it dif ...

新目标八年级英语句型转换专题训练

   八年级英语句型转换专题训练 姓名 一.如何变一般疑问句: (should)等提前 方法 A:将 be, can (should) Do\Does\Did; 方法 B:在句首加 Do\Does\Did 注意: 注意:要将第一人称改为第二人称;将 some 改为 any ;将动词改为原形. 1. I need some help. help? 2. I can come to your party. party? 3. Jason’s has the worst quality. the wor ...

高二英语:阅读专题训练(7)(新人教版必修3)

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 高二英语:阅读专题训练( ) (新人教版必修 ) 高二英语:阅读专题训练(7) 新人教版必修 3) ( A A punctual person is in the habit of doing a thing at the proper time and is never late in keeping an appointment. The unpunctual man, on the other hand, neve ...

高二英语:阅读专题训练(6)(新人教版必修3)

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 高二英语:阅读专题训练( ) (新人教版必修 ) 高二英语:阅读专题训练(6) 新人教版必修 3) ( A Three blondes (金发碧眼的女人) were being trained to become detectives by a policeman. To test their skills in recognizing a suspect (嫌疑犯), the policeman showed the ...

热门内容

2011年高考英语复习计划

   2011 年高考英语复习计划 一,时间和任务安排 第一阶段:完成课本一轮复习 时间:2 月和 3 月 内容:高二上,下册 练习:课时练,单元练,单元检测,穿插听力训练和限时阅读训练. 目的:积累知识,夯实基础,到边到角,全面具体,有的放矢. 方式:讲练结合,课前预习,课后巩固. 第二阶段:专题讲座及专项训练 时间:4 月 内容:词法,句法,阅读理解,完形填空,完成句子,书面表达 练习:专人专项,精选练习,以历年高考试题为主,其他资料为辅 目的:固强补弱,查漏补缺;限时训练,提高能力;指导学生 ...

2011届高考英语一轮复习单元专题配套精练:选修7 unit1

   选修 7 Unit 1 Living well 能力演练 一、语法填空  Nowadays bargains are a 1 sight in our society.Almost every shop is full of bargains.In fact,nearly all kinds of commodities can be sold 2 a discount,which ranges 〖JP+3〗 from 10 percent to even 90 percent, 3 y ...

公司常用英语

   公司英?? 教育?}舨 一:常用?S?? CMM CEM IBSC PCEG CCBG CPBG ESBG SABG NWE NSE NSG NFE Component module move Contract Manufacture service Internet Business Solution Center Personal Computer Enclosure group Connector&cable business group Competition busines ...

30个经典英语激励语句

   30 个经典英语激励语句 1. pain past is pleasure. (过去的痛苦就是快乐. ) 2. while there is life, there is hope. (有生命就有希望.) 3. wisdom in the mind is better than money in the hand. (脑中有知识,胜过手中有金钱. ) 4. storms make trees take deeper roots. (风暴使树木深深扎根. ) 5. nothing is imp ...

高一英语Speaking

   人教修订版 高中一年级(下 高中一年级 下) Unit 19 Speaking Useful expressions In my opinion you should… If I were you… As far as I can see the best thing would be to … Wouldn't it be better if …? I think he is right… We have to make a choice… We can't do both, so… Th ...