Book I Lesson 11: Is this your shirt? Whose shirt is that? Is this your shirt, Dave? No, sir. It's not my shirt. This is my shirt. My shirts blue. Is this shirt Tim's? Perhaps it is, sir. Tim's shirts white. Tim! Yes, sir. Is this your shirt? Yes, Sir. Here you are. Catch. Thank you, sir.

  1.Whose shirt is that?那是谁的衬衫?
这是特殊疑问句。读时用降调。

  2.Yes,sir?什么事,先生?

  3.Here you are.给你。
是给对方东西时的习惯用语。递给对方东西或对方在找某物而你指出该物 在什么地方时,往往用这种表达方式。也可以说:Here it is(指单数的物) 或 Here they are(指复数的物)。句中的are和is一般应重读。

  4.非省略形式和省略形式之间的关 系: it is not = it isn't = it's not。

  5.数字30的英文写法: 30 ?thirty
语法 Grammar in use

  1.以疑问词 whose 引导的特殊疑问句

  1)用来询问所有关系。所有者总是一个 人而且期望得到的回答是某人的名字加-'s形 式(如 Tim's蒂姆的),或者是一个所有格 代词(如 mine我的)。

  2)这时 whose 也可在句子中作表语,如:

  3)当所有关系中指的是某件东西或某种 物质时,whose后面的名词可以省略:

  2.所有格形容词和所有格代词

  1)所有格形容词与所有格代词都表示所有,即某人或某物属于某一个 人,回答以whose引导的问句。所有格形容词my,your等是限定词,必须 始终放在名词之前,只能作定语。它们的形式取决于所有者,而不是被拥 有的东西。所有格代词mine,yours等不能用在名词前,并且在说话时要 加重语气。它们指人或物,单数或复数都一样。请见下表:
This is my car. 这是我的汽车。(定语) That is her coat. 这是她的上衣。(定语) Your car is red,mine is blue. 你的车是红色 的,我的是蓝色的。(主语) This book is his,not yours. 这本书是他的, 不是你的。(表语) I have my way, and she has hers. 我有我的 处事方式,她有她的。(宾语)

  2)名词所有格是在词尾加-'s构成的,不 仅可作定语,还可作表语:
Is this Dave's shirt? (作定语)
这是戴夫的衬衫吗?
Whose is that shirt? Is it your daughter' s? 那条裙子是谁的?是你女儿的吗?(作 表语)
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词汇学习 Word study

  2.catch v.

  1.perhaps adv. 可能:
或许,大概,

  1)接住,拦住: 接着!
Catch!
Perhaps it is, sir. 也许是,先 生。 Perhaps it will rain. 雨了。 也许要下

  2)逮住,捕捉: a thief 捉住一个贼
catch
Perhaps it's Sophie's hand bag. 也许这是索菲娅的手提 包。

  3)染上(疾病):catch a cold 伤风 I have caug ht a bad cold. 我得了重感 冒

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Book I Lesson 13: A new dress What color is your new dress? It is green. Come upstairs and see it. Thanks you. Look! Here it is! That's a nice dress. It's very smart. My hat's new, too. What color is it? It's the same color. It's green, too. That's a lovely hat.
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课文详注 Further notes on the text
  1.It's the same colour.一样的颜色。 same 通常与定冠词the连用,表示“同一的”、“相同的”: two boys of the same age 两个同龄的男孩子 We live in the same city. 我们住在同一个城市里。

  2.That is a lovely hat!真是一顶可爱的帽子! 句末用的是赞叹号,表现出较强的感情色彩。句中的 is 用斜体,是为了强调,应重 读。
  3.数字
  40,
  50,
  60,
  70,
  80,
  90,1
  00,101的英文写法: 40?forty 50?fifty 60?sixty 70?seventy 80?eighty hundred 101?a hundred and one 90?ninety 100?a
语法 Grammar in use
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  1.what colour(s)引导的非凡疑问句 (可参见 Lessons
  5~6语法中有关非凡 疑问句的说明。) 以疑问词 what引导的 What colour…?和 What colours…? 类型的非凡疑问句式用于询问颜色。又如:
What colour is Anna's hat? 安娜的帽子是什么颜色的? What colour's Helen's dog? 海伦的?是什么颜色的? What colour's your shirt? 你的衬衣是什么颜色的? What colour is it? 它是什么颜色的?

  2.祈使句

  1)祈使句的主语通常不直接表示出来,其谓语动词用原型。祈使句用来表示请 求、建议、命令、叮嘱等。如:
Follow me. 跟我来。
Shut the door, please. 请关门。
Look out! 当心!
Keep off the grass! 请勿践踏草地!
Help yourself. 请自己动手。
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  2)某些祈使动词可以后跟and和另一个祈使动词,而不是后跟人们预料的带to的 动词不定式结构: Come and see this goldfish. 来看这条金鱼。(不用 Come to see)
Go and buy yourself a new pair of shoes. 去给自己买双新鞋吧。(不用 Go to buy)
Wait and see. 等着瞧吧。(不用 Wait to see)
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词汇学习 Word study (
  3)使人兴奋的,令人愉快的:
  1.nice adj. (
  1)美好的,好看的: It is so nice to have you her e. 你能在这儿真是太好了。
It's a nice day today, isn't i t? 今天天气真好,不是吗?
Have a nice time! 祝你玩得 愉快点!
That's a nice dress. 那件 连衣裙真好看。

  2)和蔼的,友好的:
He is very nice to his neig hbours. 他对邻居很友善。
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  2.smart adj. (
  1)漂亮的,时髦的,巧妙的:
Anna's hat is smart. 安娜的帽子漂亮而别致。
You look smart in that new dress. 你穿那件新连衣裙看上去时髦而潇洒。

  2)聪明的,伶俐的,精明的:
She is a smart student. 她是一名聪颖的学生。
He is a smart businessman. 他是一位精明的商人。
 

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