1. 重点单词拼写
  1) A large m 【答案】 majority
  2) Sarah s 【答案】slipped slipped
  3)What was his r 【答案】reaction
  4) He was one of the 200 a 【答案】applicants
  5) Now it is not easy to go into the US. There are strict controls on i into the country. for the teaching post. when you told him you were leaving? into the room and carefully shut the door. of people have never traveled outside China.
【答案】immigration
  6) Research I women. 【答案】indicates
  7) In that country, bicycles are a very important m 【答案】means means
  8) We h 【答案】hired
  2. 选词填空,作必要词形变化 apparent react immigration nationality available means mix applicant swap indicate a car for a week when we were in Italy. of transport. that men find it easier to give up smoking than

  1) He regarded his marriage merely as a wanted his wife's wealth. 【答案】means
  2) Tickets are 【答案】available
  3) The children's poor health was 【答案】apparent
  4) Sugar, when 【答案】mixed
  5) at the box office.
to an end : he just
from their physical appearance.
with water, dissolves quickly.
into the US became difficult after the September
  11.
【答案】Immigration

  6) To our surprise, there were 4,000 【答案】applicants
  7) He
for the job.
that he was turning right, but then he turned left!
【答案】indicated
  8) After dinner, they sat around 【答案】 swapping
  9) People can 【答案】react
  10) There are as many as 56 different 【答案】nationalities
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stories about their travels.
badly to certain food addictives (添加剂).
in China.

  1. 短语积累 take in take after sb take sth / sb off take off take sth over (from sb) take on take sth up 理) occur to sb. occur to sb it occurs to sb to do sth it occurs to sb that ... 包含;收留;领会;欺骗 (长相或举止)像(长辈) 脱掉;模仿(人);休假 (飞机)起飞;迅速走红 接管 雇用;承担;呈现(面貌) 开始从事/学习;占用(时间或空间); 接受(建议或挑战);继续(谈论或处 (想法或主意)被想到 某人想到 某人想到 某人想到

  2. 用方框中短语的正确形式填空 take in take after take off take on take up take over

  1) It took me a long time to 【答案】take in
  2) Mary really 【答案】takes after
  3) I'm Friday
what the teacher was saying.
her mother; she has the same eyes, nose and hair. because I'm moving house. any
【答案】taking; off
  4) My doctor says I'm too tired and has advised me not to more work. 【答案】take on
  5) These boxes of yours are too much space.
【答案】taking up
  6) I'm feeling too tired to drive any longer. Will you 【答案】 take over ?
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  1. Exactly when the first people arrived in what we now know as California, no one really knows.(P
  2) 这是一外多重复合句,主句no one really knows带了一个以exactly when引导的宾语从句(因为太长被前置),而宾语多句中介词in也 带了一个以what引导的宾语从句what we now know as California. when和what在这里引导的都是名词性从句,其中,what相当于the thing that或everything that,表示"所……之事".know ... as ...将…… 称 为;认为;认定 This area is known as Little Hong Kong. 这一地区被称为"小香港". 即时强化练习: 翻译下面句子 我将尽我所能来帮助你. 【答案】I'll do what I can (do) to help you.

  2. It is believed that before long the mix of nationalities will be so great that there will be no major racial or cultural groups, but simply a mixture of many races and cultures.(P
  3) It is believed that ... 据信…… It is said that ... 据说 It is reported that ... 据报道 It is known that ... 众所周知 即时强化练习: 翻译下面句子 人们普遍认为这种病毒最初来自猴子. 【答案】It is widely believed that the virus originally came from the monkeys.

  3. No one is known to have escaped.(P
  8) be known to do = It is known that ... 众所周知 本句相当于It is (well-) known that no one (has) escaped. They are known to have spoken to the President about it. 众所周知,他们已向总统提过此事. She is known to be interested in rap music. = It is known that she is interested in rap music. 她喜欢说唱乐是人所共知的. 这种结构中的动词不定式用完成式表示该动作是过去的或已经发生 的行为.试比较: He is believed to be living in Pakistan. 据信现在他任在巴基斯坦. 即时强化练习: 翻译下面句子
三个人失踪了,人们普遍认为他已被杀/死亡. 【答案】A third man is missing and is believed to have been killed / and is believed to be dead.
  4. Although some boys in his situation might have turned to crime to get money for food and clothing, Louis never did. 介词短语in his situation在这里相当于一个虚拟条件句if they (= some boys) had been as poor as Louis,表示与过去事实相反的假设,所以 后面的主句谓语动词也用了虚拟语气might have turned to crime. turn to sb /sth 转向;求助于 There is nobody she can turn to. 她求助无门. He turned to drugs / drinks when his wife left him. 妻子离开他之后,他开始吸毒/酗酒.
即时强化练习: 翻译下面句子 如果是另一种情况的话,我可能就拒绝了. 【答案】In different circumstances I would have said no
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  1. It didn't occur to me there had be a big festival on at the same time as my holiday. (P
  8) occur vi. 想起,想到;发生,出现 Just at that moment an idea occurred to me. 就在那时,我突然想起了一个主意. It suddenly occurred to me that we could use a computer to do the job. 我突然想到我们可以用计算机来做这项工作.
  2. Scientists believe that these first settlers crossed the Bering Strait from Asia to Alaska by means of a land bridge which existed in prehistoric time. (P
  2) means n.(单复数同形)方法,手段,工具 This plan must be put into practice by all means. 必须尽一切办法实施这个计划.
All the possible means have been used to solve the medical problem. 为了解决这个医疗问题,所有可能方法都尝试了. 【词汇网络】by all means 尽一切办法;一定;务必;当然可以 by any means 无论如何 by means of 用;依靠 by no means 决不;并没有 by this means 用这种方法
  3. Notice how the listener reacts. (P
  9) react v. 反应 reaction n 反应 How did your head teacher react after you destroyed the window of the classroom? 你的班主任对你损坏了班上的窗户有什么反应?
What was your brother's reaction to the news? 你的兄弟对这个消息有什么反应? 【词汇网络】react to 对……作出反应 react on / upon 对……有影响 react against 反对;反抗;作出反抗的反应
  4. Why is it important in a telephone conversation to indicate that you are paying attention to what the other person is saying? (P
  7) indicate vt. 指出,指示;表明,象征 The circle on the map indicates where the accident happened. 图上的圆圈表明事故发生的地点. A red sky at night indicates that the following day will be fine. 晚上天边红预示明朝天气好.
  5. He is from an immigrant family originally from South America and
speaks excellent Spanish. (P
  4) immigrate vi.移民入境,移居 immigrant n. 移民 Many Asians have immigrated to European countries. 很多亚洲人移居到欧洲国家. There are many immigrants from America in Australia. 澳大利亚有很多美洲移民.
  6. The famous prison on the island is kept up well. (P
  8) 在岛上的著名的监狱被保存得很好. keep up 维持,保持,保养;使不下降 It costs a lot of money to keep up a car. 要保养一部车子需要很多的钱. How much does it cost you to keep your large house and garden?
管理你的大房子和花园需要多少花费? 【词汇网络】keep away (from) 不接近 keep back 阻止,抑制,不能接近 keep ... from 阻止……做某事 keep off 远离 keep up with 跟上 keep an eye on 留心,关照 keep hold of 抓住 keep a record of 记载 keep in touch with 与……保持联系
  7. I teamed up with a couple from my hotel and hired a car. (P
  8) team up with 相称,合伙;合作,协作 The two factories have teamed up to make the new products.
两家工厂联手制造那些新产品. The new tie teams up nicely with your black suit. 这条新领带与你的黑西装很相称. 【词汇网络】team spirit 团队精神 team-work 协力工作
  8. I am exhausted and don't feel like doing anything else. (P
  9) feel like doing sth. 想要做某事 He feels like going out for a walk after supper. Don't you feel like swimming in winter? 【词汇网络】would like to do sth. 想要做某事 would prefer to do sth 宁愿做某事 prefer doing A to doing B 宁愿做A事而不愿做B事 prefer to do ... rather than do... 宁愿干……而不愿干 would rather do sth.宁愿做…… would rather sb. did sth. 宁愿某人做……
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  1. 重点单词拼写
  1) What's the p 【答案】 procedure
  2) She u 划). 【答案】undertook
  3) The only o 【答案】objection
  4) Further information can be o 【答案】obtained
  5) It is r to suppose that house prices will come down soon. 【答案】reasonable from our head office in Beijing. to hiring him is that he can't drive. full responsibility for the failure of the project(计 for renewing your car insurance(保险)?

  6) Muslim women are f 【答案】forbidden
  7) He didn't want to b their honeymoon(蜜月) 【答案】bother
  8) He a
to go out without a veil (面纱)
her with his financial problems during
a lot of material for writing a good composition.
【答案】accumulated
  9) Don't lie to her. She is b 【答案】bound
  10) They had to operate on his eyes to r 【答案】restore. his sight(视力) to find out about it.

  2. 选词填空 commercial regulation decoration shortly argument disturbing altogether merely
  1) Jim failed to see the 【答案】commercial
  2) There is a 【答案】disturbing
  3) How much do I owe you 【答案】altogether
  4) The million of our new house had taken months and cost nearly 1 ? increasing on the crime rate in the city. resist assumption
value of his discovery.
【答案】decoration

  5) Believing that I was charged too much, I got into an dtaxi driver. 【答案】argument
  6) A balanced diet will increase your ability to 【答案】resist
  7) I'm not trying to criticize(批评)you, I'm how the accident happened. 【答案】merely
  8) Many people make the the Third World. 【答案】assumption
  9) The accident happened after school was over.
with the
infection(感染) trying to find out
that poverty(贫困)only exists in
【答案】shortly
  10) There are strict 【答案】regulations about the use of chemicals in food.
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  1. 短语积累 in favor of 支持;赞同;有利于 be bound to 一定会;有义务 from time to time有时;间或= at times / now and again / now and then / every now and then pay off 还清;成功;得到回报 cast down 使沮丧;失望的 cast away (因般失事而)使漂流
  2. 用方框中短语的正确形式填空 in favor of time cast down object to pay off cast away from time to

  1) Two hundred workers have
.
【答案】been paid off (被付清工资解雇了)

  2) I'm people going out and enjoying themselves as long as they don't disturb other people. 【答案】in favor of (赞成;支持)
  3) I still come and see her although I've moved to another city. 【答案】from time to time (偶尔)
  4) I being spoken to like that. 【答案】 object to (反对;反感)
  5) Michael seems quite . What has happened to him? 【答案】cast down (沮丧)
  6) If you were on a desert island, what would you miss most? 【答案】cast away (因沉船而)流落
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  1. But at last the determination and patience of the scientists was rewarded in 1996 with a breakthrough ... the cloning of Dolly the Sheep (P
  11). Altogether Dolly lived for six years, half the length of the life of the original sheep.(P
  12) 上述两句中,the cloning of Dolly the Sheep 和half the length of the life of the original sheep分别是a breakthrough和six years的同位语.一个 名词(个别时候也可以是代词)后面可以接一个单词,短语或从句, 对前者作进一步的解释,说明它指的是谁或是什么,这就是同位语. 如: The defendant, a woman of 35, denies kicking the policeman. 那位被告,一位35岁的妇女,否认踢了警察. 同位语从句一般用that引导,不作任何成分,但不能省略.
  2. Cloning has always been with us and is here to stay. (P
  11)
克隆一直与我们同在,而如今它还要持续下去. be here to stay / have come to stay:某事物持续下去;某事物被普遍接 受;某事物成为生活的一部分 Do you think high unemployment is here to stay? 你认为高失业率会一直持续下去吗?
  3. On the other hand, Dolly's appearance raised a storm of objections and had a great impact on the media and public imagination.(P
  12) 另一方面,多莉的出生引起了一阵强烈的反对,对媒体和公众的想 象力也产生了巨大的影响. a storm of 一阵(感情的爆发) The decision was greeted with a storm of applause / cheers / abuse / booing. 这一决定引来了暴风雨般的掌声/欢呼声/招来了一阵怒骂/一阵嘘声 (喝倒彩的声音).
raise在这里表示"唤起;引起;发出" The men raised a loud che
 

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