随着国际空间的日益缩小、北京奥运会的悄然临近,英语演讲在中国正成为一种时尚。为了更有效地培养大学生的英语口语表达与交际能力,全国各地掀起了一股英语演讲赛的热潮,“CCTV杯大学生英语演讲赛”、“二十一世纪爱立信杯”等大学英语演讲赛一浪高过一浪。
演讲在美国及其他国家和地区的很多大专院校都是必修课,中国英语演讲虽然还没有达到这一步,但随着国家加大对大学生英语口语等知识的投入与培养,随着大学英语教学改革的力度的加大,英语演讲赛正以全新的姿态出现并蓬勃发展。
演讲作为一门语言和思维的艺术,有着很高的技巧,需要演讲者有扎实的英语基本功,要系统地学习和掌握英语演讲稿的写作方法,掌握一定的演讲技巧等。
什么是英语演讲
曾在2002年度21世纪爱立信杯等中国高校英语演讲比赛上担任评委的美国斯蒂芬.卢卡斯博士在他的《演讲的艺术》一书中给演讲下了这样的定义:“Public speaking? as its name implied? is a way of making your ideas public of sharing them with other people and of influencing other people.”演讲是指个人在特定的时间、环境中,针对某一事物,用英语语言(有声语言和无声语言)陈述自己的主张和看法,以思想、情绪征服听众,从而达到感召听众的一种信息交流活动。对于母语是汉语的学生来说,用英语进行演讲又多了一层语言障碍。因此,首先要掌握演讲的基本方法,消除胆怯心理,才能够将英语及其他方面的知识储备更好地展示出来。因此,做好演讲的准备是十分必要的。
演讲前的准备
准备是搞好演讲的前提。首先是要确立一个题目或一个话题。一般演讲赛都分为命题演讲和即兴演讲。如要进行演讲比赛则必须对各个方面加以准备:政治、经济、文化、教育等,找好立意点,拟定题目,如政治方面的演讲主题:WTO、统一、和平与发展、机遇与挑战;经济方面演讲主题:西部大开发、农村经济、再就业;教育方面演讲方题:中西方教育的不同、远程教育、终身教育、枪手;文化方面演讲主题:文化的交流与融合、校园文化;环保方面演讲主题:man and nature;科技方面演讲主题:网络、克隆、基因;卫生方面演讲主题:keep physically and mentally healthy;体育方面演讲主题:Olympics……有些方面题目太大,可从多角度和多侧面思考,找好切入点,将题目细化和具体化,写出演讲稿的提纲,构思和组织演讲稿结构。
拟定好话题后的第二步就是演讲材料的收集与整理。其中最好的方法就是有计划地阅读大量的英语原文以及各类英语报刊杂志,阅读是一个循序渐进的过程,同时也是培养英语思维的过程,对提高英语的口头表达能力和书面表达能力是至关重要的。利用有关资源与材料(如图书、报刊、杂志或网络资源等)收集所需的内容。然后对材料加以整理或进行梳理,舍弃不太重要的内容或用不上的材料,准备写演讲稿。
演讲稿的写作
演讲稿首先开头要开门见山,既要一下子抓住听众又要提出你的观点,中间要用各种方法和所准备的材料说明、支持你的论点,感染听众,然后在结尾加强说明论点或得出结论,结束演讲。
演讲稿的写作有严格的要求,就内容而言要主题鲜明,表达完整;就文章组织结构而言要思维清晰,逻辑性强;就语言而言要有感染力、形象生动。写作时可根据需要有效、正确地使用英语写作方法和技巧,如恰当地运用明喻、暗喻、夸张等各种修辞方法,用词要准确,尽量避免使用生僻、模糊、晦涩的字词。总之,要考虑听众对象,注意演讲的措辞,但又要简明扼要、有理有力、结构紧凑。许多著名的演说家的不朽之作都有振奋人心、扭转乾坤般的力量。从马丁.路德.金的“I have a dream”,美国总统林肯所作的著名的盖茨堡演说,到克林顿在北大的演说,不少句子都成为不朽的佳句,值得认真研读。
进行演讲
具备演讲的知识和技巧,演讲稿的完成只是演讲的序幕,要进行成功的演讲则要进行严格的训练。训练时,分析演讲要领,训练演讲技巧和姿势语,观看CCTV杯和爱立信杯等英语演讲的录像,了解并按照比赛评分标准进行严格的模拟训练,观察演讲过程是否具备以下特点:主题鲜明,表达完整(演讲内容);思维清晰,逻辑性强(文章组织结构);感情充沛,富有表现力(演讲气势);发音正确,语音语调标准(英语语音);反应敏捷,回答准确(心理素质);着装整洁,仪态大方等等。
除此之外,还要有良好的心理素质。多进行模拟演讲,有良好的心理素质,才能更好地表现自己,取得演讲的良好效果。有的同学能讲一口地道的美式英语,但由于缺乏良好的心理素质而怯场,甚至在比赛中紧张得说不出话来或有一些不良的举止而被淘汰出局。
有了充分的准备,进行演讲就不太难了。在演讲的整个过程中还要注意一些演讲的要领与技巧,如演讲者与听众目光的接触(eye contact),声音的抑扬顿挫(vocal variety),和肢体语言的配合(hand gestures and body language)等等,但要恰当,不要太多,否则会喧宾夺主,影响演讲效果。
掌握了这些要领,有了充分的知识储备,再加上良好的心理素质,一定会成功的。
大学生英语演讲稿 
青春
First I want to ask you some questions:

  1、 Do you know what is youth?

  2、 How do you master your youth?
Youth
Youth is not a time of life, it is a state of mind ; it is not rosy cheeks , red lips and supple knees, it is a matter of the emotions : it is the freshness ; it is the freshness of the deep springs of life .
Youth means a temperamental predominance of courage over timidity of the appetite , for adventure over the love of ease. This often exists in a man of 60 more than a boy of 20 . Nobody grows old merely by a number of years . We grow old by deserting our ideals.
Years wrinkle the skin , but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul . Worry , fear , self ?distrust bows the heart and turns the spirit back to dust .
Whether 60 of 16 , there is in every human being ‘s heart the lure of wonders, the unfailing childlike appetite of what’s next and the joy of the game of living . In the center of your heart and my heart there’s a wireless station : so long as it receives messages of beauty , hope ,cheer, courage and power from men and from the infinite, so long as you are young .
When the aerials are down , and your spirit is covered with snows of cynicism and the ice of pessimism, then you are grown old ,even at 20 , but as long as your aerials are up ,to catch waves of optimism , there is hope you may die young at
  80.
Thank you!
青春
青春不是指岁月,而是指心态。粉嫩的脸,红润的唇,矫健的膝并不是青春。青春表现在意志的坚强与懦弱。想象的丰富与苍白、情感的充沛与贫乏等方面。青春是生命深处清泉的喷涌。
青春是追求。只有当勇气盖过怯弱、进取压倒苟安之时,青春才存在。果如此,则60见之长者比20岁之少年更具青春活力。仅仅岁月的流逝并不能使他们衰老。而一旦抛弃理想和信念,则垂垂老也。
岁月只能使皮肤起皱。而一旦丧失生活的激情,则连灵魂枯老,使人生枯如死水,毫无活力。
60岁长者也好,16岁少年也罢,每个人的内心深处都渴望奇迹,都如孩子一般眨着期待的双眼,期待着下一次,期待着生活的情趣,你我灵魂深处都有一座无线电中转站只有你我年轻,则总能听到希望的呼唤,总能发出喜悦的欢呼,总能传达勇气的讯号,总能表现出青春的活力………
一旦青春的天线倒下,你的灵魂即为玩世不恭之雪、悲观厌世之冰覆盖;即使你年方
  20.其实你已垂垂老也。而只要你青春的天线高高耸起,就可以随时接收到乐观的电波即使你年过八旬,行将就木,而你却仍然拥有青春,你仍然年轻。
谢谢!
英语演讲稿 My definition of success
Today I am very glad to be here to share with you my ideas of success. What is success? It is what everyone is longing for.Sometimes success would be rather simple. Winning a game is success; getting a high grade in the exam is success; making a new friend is success; even now I am
standing here giving my speech is somehow also success.
However, as a person’s whole life is concerned, success becomes very
complicated. Is fortune success? Is fame success? Is high social status success? No, I don’t think so. I believe success is the realization of people’
s hopes and ideals.Nowadays, in the modern society there are many people
who are regarded as the successful. And the most obvious characteristics of hem are money, high position and luxurious life. So most people believe that s success and all that they do is for this purpose. But the problem is wether it is real success. We all know there are always more money, higher position and better condition in front of us. If we keep chasing them, where is the end? What will satisfy us at last? Therefore, we can see, to get the real Success we must need something inside, which is the realization of
people’ hopes and ideals.
Different people have different ideas about success; cause people’s hopes and ideas vary from one another. But I am sure every success is dear to everybody, cause it is not easy to come by, cause in the process of our striving for success, we got both our body and soul tempted, meanwhile we are enlightened by the most valuable qualities of human beings: love, patient, courage and sense of responsibility. These are the best treasures. So now I am very proud that I have this opportunity to stand here speaking to all of you. It is my success, cause I raise up to challenge my hope.
What is success? Everyone has his own interpretation as I do. But I am sure
every success leads to an ever-brighter future. So ladies and gentlemen, believe in our hopes, believe in ourselves, we, every one of us, can make a
successful life!
Wish you all good success!
Cherish Every Minute珍惜生命每一分
Good morning, everybody!
In this world, there is one thing that is fair to everybody, whether you are male or female, old or young, rich or poor. Do you know what that is?
Right. it is time.
Imagine there is a bank that credits your account each morning with $86,4
  00.
It carries over no balance from day to day.
Every evening deletes whatever part of the balance you failed to use during the day.
What would you do? Draw out every cent, of course!!!!
Each of us has such a bank. Its name is TIME.
Every morning, it credits you with 86,400 seconds.
Every night it writes off, as lost, whatever of this you have failed to invest to good purpose.
It carries over no balance.
It allows no overdraft. Each day it opens a new account for you.
Each night it burns the remains of the day. If you fail to use the day's deposits, the loss is yours.
There is no going back. There is no drawing against the "tomorrow".
You must live in the present on today's deposits.
Invest it so as to get from it the utmost in health, happiness, and success!
The clock is running. Make the most of today.
To realize the value of ONE YEAR, ask a student who failed a grade.
To realize the value of ONE MONTH, ask a mother who gave birth to a premature baby.
To realize the value of ONE WEEK, ask the editor of a weekly newspaper.
To realize the value of ONE HOUR, ask the lovers who are waiting to meet.
To realize the value of ONE MINUTE, ask a person who missed the train.
To realize the value of ONE SECOND, ask a person who just avoided an accident.
To realize the value of ONE MILLISECOND, ask the person who won a silver medal in the Olympics.
Treasure every moment that you have! And treasure it more because you shared it with someone special, special enough to spend your time with.
And remember that time waits for no one. Yesterday is history. Tomorrow is a mystery. Today is a gift. That's why it's called the present!!
Boys and girl, time waits for nobody. Please ch
  •  
 

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