Unit 3
Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆
Travel journal 基础落实
  1.We shouldn’t have a wrong attitude (态度) towards the students who are poor at their studies. ? 有决心的)
  2.He is determined (有决心的) to catch up with the others. ? 顽固的)
  3.He was too stubborn (顽固的) to admit that he was wrong. ?
  4.The new bridge has been finished two years 日程). ahead of schedule (日程).

  5.We are looking for someone who is reliable 可靠的) hard(可靠的) and hard-working.
  6.We tried to persuade him to give up smoking,but he just wouldn’t listen.
  7.Though with great difficulty,I finished all my work finally.
  8.Excuse me,what is the f are to London?Is $5 enough? ?
  9.The captain kept a journal when he was at sea.He wrote down everything that happened.
  10.Your main d isadvantage is your lack of job experience.
Ⅱ.重点短语再现 Ⅱ.重点短语再现
  1. ever since 从那以后? 喜爱;
  2. be fond of 喜爱;喜欢 关心;忧虑;惦念?
  3.care about 关心;忧虑;惦念? 改变主意?
  4. change one’s mind 改变主意? 下决心;决定?
  5. make up one’s mind 下决心;决定? 投降;屈服;让步?
  6. give in 投降;屈服;让步? 照常?
  7. as usual 照常? 在午夜?
  8. at midnight 在午夜? ……毕业 毕业?
  9. graduate from 从……毕业?
  10.persuade sb.to do sth./persuade sb.into doing sth. 劝服某人做某事
Ⅲ.典型句式运用 Ⅲ.典型句式运用?

  1.Think about the fare for different kinds of transport and decide how to get there. 考虑一下不同交通方式的费用, 考虑一下不同交通方式的费用,再决定如何去 那儿。 那儿。? 属于“ 考点提炼 本句中的 How to get there 属于“疑 问词+不定式”结构,在此作动词decide decide的 问词+不定式”结构,在此作动词decide的 宾语。 该结构应用非常广泛,是一个重要的考点。 该结构应用非常广泛,是一个重要的考点。它的 用法如下: 用法如下:?

  1)“疑问词+不定式”结构中的疑问词,包括疑 疑问词+不定式”结构中的疑问词, 问代词who,what,which和疑问副词how,when,where 问代词who,what,which和疑问副词how,when,where who,what,which和疑问副词 等。这种结构可在句中作主语、宾语、表语等,相 这种结构可在句中作主语、宾语、表语等, 当于一个名词性从句, 当于一个名词性从句,常常可用同等成分的从句代 替。改写时只需在疑问词后加上适当的主语,并将 改写时只需在疑问词后加上适当的主语, 不定式改成适当形式的谓语。? 不定式改成适当形式的谓语。 (
  2)“疑问词+不定式”结构经常放在tell,show, 疑问词+不定式”结构经常放在tell,show, teach,learn,know,wonder,discuss,remember,forget, out等动词 词组)之后作宾语。 等动词( find out等动词(词组)之后作宾语。?

  2.When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres,she seemed to be excited about it. 当我告诉她我们的旅行将从五千多米的高地出发 时,她看起来很兴奋。? 她看起来很兴奋。 本句中的seem后面跟了不定式结构, seem后面跟了不定式结构 考点提炼 本句中的seem后面跟了不定式结构,意 现对seem seem的用法讲 为“ ……看起来好像……”。现对seem的用法讲 ……看起来好像 看起来好像…… 解如下: 解如下:? (
  1)vi.似乎,好像。后面可跟不定式的一般式、 vi.似乎,好像。后面可跟不定式的一般式、 完成式和进行式。 完成式和进行式。? (
  2)系动词,看来,似乎(是什么样子)。后面 系动词,看来,似乎(是什么样子)。后面 )。 跟形容词、名词或介词短语。 跟形容词、名词或介词短语。

  3.Once she has made up her mind,nothing can it.她一旦下定决心 她一旦下定决心, change it.她一旦下定决心,就没有事情能改变 它。? 本句是一个复合句,once是连词 是连词, 考点提炼 本句是一个复合句,once是连词,引导 从句,意为“ 一旦…… 条件状语从句,意为“ 一旦……就……”,once ……就 引导的从句常用一般现在时或现在完成时代替将 来时态。 来时态。

  4.It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys,travelling across western Yunnan Province.穿过深谷时它就变成了急湍, Province.穿过深谷时它就变成了急湍,流经云南 穿过深谷时它就变成了急湍 省西部。 省西部。? 考点提炼 句中 travelling across western 为现在分词短语作状语, Yunnan Province为现在分词短语作状语,伴随 主句谓语动词becomes发生。现在分词作状语时, becomes发生 主句谓语动词becomes发生。现在分词作状语时, 其分词动作的逻辑主语就是句子中的主语, 其分词动作的逻辑主语就是句子中的主语,表示 关系。 分词动作与主语是 主动 关系。

Which kind of transport do you prefers to train?(回归课本P use:bus or train?(回归课本P
  17) 观察思考? 观察思考? fish.? I would prefer meat to fish.? 我喜欢肉胜过(喜欢) 我喜欢肉胜过(喜欢)鱼。? I prefer singing to acting.? acting.? 我喜欢唱歌胜过演戏。 我喜欢唱歌胜过演戏。? He prefers to stay at home rather than go shopping.? shopping.? 他宁可呆在家里也不愿意去逛商店。 他宁可呆在家里也不愿意去逛商店。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? prefer v.更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物) 。 更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物) sth.更喜欢……? 更喜欢…… (
  1)prefer sth.更喜欢……? sth.更喜欢 某人) ……? 更喜欢( prefer (sb.) to do sth.更喜欢(某人)做……? that更喜欢 that从句中常用 should) 更喜欢[ 从句中常用( prefer that更喜欢[that从句中常用(should)+动 词原形] 词原形]? prefer sth./doing...to sth./doing...与……相比 sth./doing...与……相比 更喜欢……;宁愿……,不愿……? 更喜欢……;宁愿……,不愿……? …… …… …… do...宁可……也 宁可…… prefer to do...rather than do...宁可……也 不……? ……? 偏爱;爱好;喜爱? (
  2)preference n. 偏爱;爱好;喜爱? sb./sth.给……以优惠 以优惠; give preference to sb./sth.给……以优惠;优待 sb./sth.而不是 而不是? in preference to sb./sth.而不是?
即学即用? 即学即用? (
  1)He prefers afternoon.? afternoon.? A.to stay;to go C.to stay;to going (
  2)The little girl rather than night.? night.? A.preferred;stay B.prefers to;to stay C.preferred to;stay D.prefers to;stay C B.staying;to go D.staying;to going go to the cinema D indoors out this
at home alone that

...and then she persuaded me to buy one. 回归课本P (回归课本P
  18) 观察思考? 观察思考? He strongly urged me that I do that me.? thing,but he did not persuade me.? 他极力主张我去干那件事,但没有劝我。 他极力主张我去干那件事,但没有劝我。? Nothing can persuade her to change her up.? mind once it is made up.? 一旦她下定决心就没有什么可以说服她改变主意。 一旦她下定决心就没有什么可以说服她改变主意。 honesty.? ?I was almost persuaded of his honesty.? 我几乎相信他是诚实的了。 我几乎相信他是诚实的了。? She persuaded him that she was telling the truth.? truth.? 她让他相信她讲的是实话。 她让他相信她讲的是实话。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? persuade v.说服,劝说;使某人相信 。? 说服,劝说; persuade sb.to do sth.=persuade sb.into doing sth.说服某人做某事? sth.说服某人做某事? 说服某人做某事 persuade sb.not to do sth.=persuade sb.out of doing sth.说服某人不做某事? sth.说服某人不做某事 说服某人不做某事? sb.that...使某人 persuade sb.of sth.=persuade sb.that...使某人 相信某事? 相信某事? try to persuade sb.to do sth.=advise sb.to do sth.尽力劝说某人做某事(但未劝服) sth.尽力劝说某人做某事(但未劝服) 尽力劝说某人做某事
易混辨异 convince,persuade,advise? convince,persuade,advise? (
  1)convince是通过摆事实 是通过摆事实、 (
  1)convince是通过摆事实、讲道理使人相信某个事 实;persuade表示用劝说的方法,使人愿意采纳某 persuade表示用劝说的方法, 表示用劝说的方法 种意见或采取某一个行动。? 种意见或采取某一个行动。 What she said convinced me that I was mistaken.? mistaken.? 她的一番话使我认识到自己错了。 她的一番话使我认识到自己错了。? (
  2)convince可接含of短语或that从句的双宾语 可接含of短语或that从句的双宾语, (
  2)convince可接含of短语或that从句的双宾语,还 可用在convince do或 of结构 可用在convince sb.to do或be convinced of结构 persuade后可接含不定式或that从句的复合宾 后可接含不定式或that 中;persuade后可接含不定式或that从句的复合宾 sth.结构中 结构中。 语,也可用在persuade sb.of sth.结构中。? 也可用在persuade honesty?? How can I convince you of her honesty?? 我怎样才能使你相信她很诚实呢? 我怎样才能使你相信她很诚实呢??
  3)advise表示“劝告”的动作,不看结果, (
  3)advise表示“劝告”的动作,不看结果,而 表示 persuade强调“已经说服” advise可接动词的persuade强调“已经说服”;advise可接动词的强调 可接动词的 ing 形式作宾语,也可接that引导的宾语从句( 形式作宾语,也可接that引导的宾语从句(必须用 that引导的宾语从句 虚拟语气即should+动词原形),而persuade不能。 虚拟语气即should+动词原形) should+动词原形 persuade不能。 不能 My friends advised him to see a doctor,but he him?? refused all of them.Who can persuade him?? 我的朋友们建议他去看医生,但他拒绝了所有的人。 我的朋友们建议他去看医生,但他拒绝了所有的人。 谁能说服他? 谁能说服他?
即学即用? 即学即用? (
  1)我禁不住劝说,参加了比赛。? 我禁不住劝说,参加了比赛。 I allowed myself to be persuaded into entering the competition. (
  2)她劝我不要放弃工作,离开家人。? 她劝我不要放弃工作,离开家人。 She persuaded me out of giving up the job and leaving the family. (
  3)我还不能完全信服这个计划的优点。? 我还不能完全信服这个计划的优点。 I am still not fully persuaded of the plan’s advantages.

look.(回归课本 回归课本P She gave me a determined look.(回归课本P
  18) 观察思考? 观察思考? Have they determined where the new school built?? will be built?? 他们已决定了建新校的地方了吗?? 他们已决定了建新校的地方了吗? tomorrow.? She has determined on going tomorrow.? 她已经决定明天去。 她已经决定明天去。? I was determined not to follow their advice. 我决定不接受他们的建议。 我决定不接受他们的建议。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? determine vt.& vi.决定;确定;(使)下定决心; vt.& vi.决定;确定;( ;(使 下定决心; 查明。? sth.决定做某事 决定做某事? determine to do sth.决定做某事? thatthatdetermine that-clause/be determined thatclause决定……? clause决定……? 决定…… sth.使某人决定做某事 使某人决定做某事? determine sb.to do sth.使某人决定做某事? sth.决定某事 决定某事? determine on/upon sth.决定某事? sth.决定做某事 决定做某事? be determined to do sth.决定做某事?
即学即用??选词填空 即学即用??选词填空 ?? (
  1)I’ve never met such a determined (determining/determined) person in my life. (
  2)He has determined on coming (coming/on coming/to coming) here tomorrow. ? (
  3)That determined me to do (do/to do/ doing) it without delay.
  4.give in
.(回归课本 回归课本P Finally,I had to give in.(回归课本P
  18) 观察思考 They have given in to our views.? views.? 他们已经对我们的观点让步了。 他们已经对我们的观点让步了。? She determined to be brave and not to give fears.? in to her fears.? 她决心变勇敢,不向恐惧屈服。 她决心变勇敢,不向恐惧屈服。? Mother kept asking Mrs.Smith to stay for in.? lunch,and finally she gave in.? 母亲坚持要求史密斯夫人留下来吃午饭, 母亲坚持要求史密斯夫人留下来吃午饭,最后史 密斯夫人让步了。 密斯夫人让步了。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? give in意为:屈服;投降;让步 。? in意为:屈服;投降; 意为 sb.对某人作出让步 give in to sb.对某人作出让步 away赠送 泄漏;出卖? 赠送; give away赠送;泄漏;出卖? back归还 归还? give back归还? give off放出


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