议论文写作技巧 UNIT 1 What Attitude Should We Take to Sth
  1. 社会上对某事物的错误观念
  2. 分析批驳其错误所在
  3. 给出如何看待该事物的建议 写作模式(批驳分析类) 写作模式(批驳分析类)
  1) With the arrival / birth of …, sth. is becoming more and more … in our life.
  2) Hit / Affected with this trend, some / many people come to believe / contend that ...(错误观念)
  3) But their viewpoint / belief could not arouse any echo in my mind.(作者的立场)
  4) It is true that sth. is a key ingredient in one’s …(让步法分析)
  5) On any scale of …, in fact, there is almost nothing heavier than sth..
  6) If we see sth. in its true colors, however, it is nothing but… (批驳分析 I)
  7) ... (进一步阐述)
  8) And moreover, laying any undue stress on sth. may lead one to …, as can be easily seen in
  9) Therefore, it is necessary to take a correct the cases of …(批驳分析 II) attitude towards sth.
  10) On the one hand, … (正确看法 I)
  11) On the other, ... (正确看法 II)
  12) In sum, sth. means …but not … to our life. (结论句) 参考范文 What Attitude Should We Take to Money
  1.社会上对金钱的错误观念。
  2.分析批驳其错误所在。
  3.给出如何正确看待金钱的建议。Reference model: What Attitude Should We Take to Money
  1) With the arrival of market-based economy, money is becoming more and more important in our life.
  2) Hit with this trend, many people come to believe that money is above everything else in their life.
  3) But their belief could not arouse any echo in my mind.
  4) It is true that money is a key ingredient in one’s struggle towards happiness, without which, for example, there would be no way to go to college or form a family.
  5) On any scale of one’s daily worry, in fact, there is almost nothing heavier than money.
  6) If we see it in its true colors, however, money is nothing but a means to an end.
  7) Money can buy us food, but not appetite; medicine, but not health; diplomas, but not knowledge; and days of joy, but not the whole life of happiness.
  8) And moreover, laying any undue stress on money may lead one to stop at nothing in making it, as can be easily seen in the cases of most corrupt officials.
  9) Therefore, it is necessary to take a correct attitude towards money.
  10) On the one hand, money is vital to our daily life, in which case, it is wise of you to spend not where you may save.
  11) On the other, money is something to be plowed into something more important, so it is better to spare not where you must spend.
  12) In sum, money means something but not everything to our life.UNIT 2
1
Effects of Sth. On Sb. / Sth. Else
  1. 分析某事物的正面效应
  2. 分析某事物的负 面效应
  3. 给出怎样对待该事物的建议 写作模式(分析建议类)
  1) As is known to all, sth. does bring a lot of benefits to sb. / sth. else.
  2) First, it can greatly strengthen …, thereby changing …for the better.(正面分析 I)
  3) Besides, it can make /render sb. / sth. else better able to… (正面分析 II)
  4) And best of all, it can help sb.…(正面分析 III)
  5) all the above does not mean / follow that we But can turn a blind eye to the negative effects sth. brings about.
  6) If…, as a succession of scientific studies reveals / implies / suggests, there are more chances that… (负 面分析 I)
  7) In addition, the more ..., the worse... (负面分析 II)
  8) And worst of all, … (负面分析 III)
  9) Therefore, a scientific approach must be adopted to the problem of sth.
  10) On the one hand, …(建议 I)
  11) On the other, ... (建议 II)
  12) In sum, sth. can do sb. / sth. else good or harm, all depending on … (结论句) 参考范文 The Effects of Exercise on Our Health
  1. 分析体育锻炼给我们带来的益 处。
  2. 分析体育锻炼给我们带来的坏处。
  3. 给出如何参加体育锻炼的建议。 Reference model: The Effects of Exercise on Our Health
  1) As is known to all, exercise does bring a lot of benefits to our health.
  2) First, it can greatly strengthen our hearts, lungs, bones and muscles, thereby changing our whole health for the better.
  3) Besides, it can make our brains better able to react to what is going on around us.
  4) And best of all, it can help us breed optimism about our tough life.
  5) But all the above does not mean that we can turn a blind eye to the negative effects exercise brings about.
  6) If you are normally inactive and then, contrary to your usual habit, start a program of undue exercise, as a succession of scientific studies reveals, there are more chances that you have yourself injured.
  7) In addition, the more exercise those on a fat-reducing diet take, the more loss of iron they will suffer and the worse their health will get.
  8) Andworst of all, continual as well as excessive exercise can result in sudden death.
  9) Therefore, a scientific approach must be adopted to the problem of exercise.
  10) On the one hand, our physical exercise must be based on both progressiveness and regularity.
  11) On the other, we must go in for physical exercise according to local as well as health conditions of our own.
  12) In sum, exercise can do us good or harm, all depending on how we make use of it. UNIT3 A Letter to the College President
  1. 就学校的某些变化给校长写封信
  2. 分析变化主要表现在哪些方面
  3. 提出(进一步)改进的意见 写作模式(分析建议类)
  1) I am delighted (distressed) to find there have been favorable(unfavorable) changes in … (议论的主题) since I came here.
  2) From my angle of view, these changes indicate that what you have done is in (out of) line
2
with ...(作者的态度)
  3) In the long run, they will produce more positive (negative) effect on ...
  4) Such desirable (undesirable) changes can be found in the aspects as follows. Second, ... (分析 II)
  7)And best(worst) of all, …(分析 III)
  5) First, …(分析 I)
  6)
  8) ... (进一步阐述)
  9) But all the foregoing does not mean that there is little room for further improvement in …(that there is little you can do about …)
  10) Instead, to enrich (reverse)…, a richer variety (a better health) can be added to …(建议 I)
  11) And meanwhile, ... (建议 II)
  12) It should be born in mind that … (结论句) 参考范文 A Letter to the College President
  1.就校园生活的可喜变化给校长写封信。
  2.分析该变化表现在哪些方面。
  3.提出进一步改进的建议。Reference model: A Letter to the College President
  1) I am delighted to find there have been favorable changes in our campus life since I came here.
  2) From my angle of view, these changes indicate what you have done is in line with the interests of undergraduates.
  3) In the long run, they will produce more positive effect on our growth.
  4) Such desirable changes can be found in the aspects as follows.
  5) First, our dining conditions have turned for the better, thus ending our everyday worry about where to satisfy our hunger.
  6) Second, your faculties have paid as much attention to our emotional world as to our intellectual growth, which in turn lends much warmth of family to our life.
  7) And best of all, we find the campus a more pleasant place to live on.
  8) As a result of your efforts, we now have more places to go to for recreation, such as cafes, net bars, fitness centers and reading rooms.
  9) But all the foregoing does not mean that there is little room for further improvement in our college life.
  10) Instead, to enrich our life here to the fullest, a richer variety should be added to our spare time as well as our curriculums.
  11) And meanwhile, we should be allowed more access to scientific research, social practice and the frontier of our own fields.
  12) It should be born in mind that the purpose of our college life is to prepare us for the different needs of tomorrow’s society.
UNIT4 How to Do Something
  1. 某一事物的现状
  2. 分析该事物的重要性(或危害性/ 社会意义等)
  3. 怎样对待该事物 写作模式(分析建议类)
  1) Much to our distress / delight / surprise, these years have seen the popularity / worsening / much improvement / a widespread neglect of sth. (议论的主题) in society.
  2) According to a recent / official report / survey / opinion poll, ...(佐证陈述)
  3) If this current is allowed to run its course, things are bound to turn for the better / worse. (Para.
  1)
  4) The importance / harmfulness / significance of sth. to sb. / sth. else, (however), can be seen from the perspectives as
3
follows.
  5) In the first place, …(分析 I)
  6) In the second, ... (分析 II)
  7) And above all, …(分析 III)
  8) To sum up, ... (归纳总结) (Para.
  2)
  9) So the most pressing for us / basic problem now is how to…
  10) In my opinion, the first step should be focused upon …(建议 I)
  11) Then, greater efforts must be made to ... (建议 II)
  12) In one word, where there is …, there is …(结论句) (Para.
  3) 参考范文 How to Conduct Patriotic Education Among the Youth of Today
  1. 我国爱国主义教育的现状。
  2. 分析爱国主义教育的重要意义。
  3. 如何在青少年中开展爱国主义教育?
  1) Much to our distress, these years have seen a widespread neglect of patriotic education in our society.
  2) According to some official reports, many patriotic education centers have been closed down or kept open to the public for other more profitable purposes while many of our national heroes have given way to today’s pop stars in youths’ minds.
  3) If this current is allowed to run its course, I am afraid, things are bound to turn for the worse, with less and less sense of patriotism left in the youth.
  4) The significance of patriotic education to our society, however, can be seen from the perspectives as follows.
  5) In the first place, the patriotic education can make youth more aware of the glorious history and culture of our nation, thus building up their sense of pride as Chinese.
  6) In the second, the patriotic education helps youth value today’s hard-earned life so as to hold dearer their golden chances of enriching themselves with knowledge in peace.
  7) And above all, the patriotic education can push youth to draw upon more of their capabilities in order to make tomorrow’s life better than today’s and leave behind themselves more highlights for the nation’s culture.
  8) To sum up, patriotic education is a key ingredient in the all-round development of youth.
  9) So the most pressing for us now is how to effectively inculcate patriotism in the youth of today.
  10) In my opinion, the first step should be focused upon giving fuller play to the potentials of patriotic education centers instead of running them for the purpose of making money.
  11) Then, greater efforts must be made to integrate the patriotic education into the curriculums throughout youth’s education.
  12) In one word, where there is an effective patriotic education of youth, there is a greater enhancement of national cohesiveness. UNIT5My Way of Seeing Something
  1. 人们从不同的角度看待某一事物
  2. 我的看法是??????(说明理由) 写作模式 (理由陈述类) Something may be many things to many people.
  2) Some
  1) may see it as …while others may view it as …(人们的看法举例)
  3) As far as I am concerned, however, I would prefer to value it as … (我的看法) (Para. I)
  4) My insight into sth.(My outlook on sth. / My understanding of sth.) is bound up with three major factors.
  5) Primarily, sth. is so …that …(理由 I)
  6) …(进一步阐述)
  7) Secondly, sth. is also … (理由 II)
  8) ... (进一步阐述)
  9) And most of all, …(理由 III)
  10) …(进一步阐述) (Para. II)
  11) I have (not) much freedom / option in this matter, but I have never found any other way of seeing sth. more reasonable and acceptable than mine.
  12) Thus, I will leave no stone unturned during the course of …
4
in order to pave the way for ... (Para. III) 参考范文 My Way of Seeing Life
  1. 人们从 不同的角度看待人生
  2. 我所推崇的看法是??????(说明理由 My Way of Seeing Life
  1) Life may be many things to many people.
  2) Some may see it as building up as much material wealth as possible while others may view it as enjoying to the fullest the pleasures each day offers.
  3) As far as I am concerned, however, I would prefer to value it as my sole chance to enrich myself with knowledge first, then to serve the society with all my heart, and finally to leave the world without any regrets.
  4) My outlook on life is bound up with three major factors.
  5) Primarily, life is so wondrous that I am eager to explore it.
  6) Set your heart on a mystery and you can find something new; attach more of your mind to a challenge and you can get a sense of success, all of which, however, depends on how much knowledge you have equipped yourself with first.
  7) Secondly, life is also short to any individual like me.
  8) The flower you have just kissed for the first time is now fading away while the love from others you have come to cherish more is already on the wane.
  9) And most of all, both wondrousness and shortness of life push me to seize every golden minute and every golden chance.
  10) Once I idle away the time I am supposed to grasp to study or work for the people, there will be no more hope of making up for it.
  11) I have much option in this matter, but I have never found any other way of s
 

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