英文书信格式概述

  1、信头(Heading) 指发信人的姓名(单位名称) 地址和日期 、地址和日期 地址和日期,一般写在信纸的右上角 右上角。 右上角 英文地址的写法与中文完全不同,地址的名称按从小到大的顺序:第 一行写门牌号码和街名;第二行写县、市、省、州、邮编、国名;然 后再写日期。标点符号一般在每一行的末尾都不用,但在每一行的之 间,该用的还要用,例如在写日期的时候。 日期的写法,如 1997 年 7 月 30 日,英文为:July
  30,19
  97(最为普 日期的写法 遍) July 30th,19
  97;30th July,1997 等。1997 不可写成
  97。 ; ,
  2、信内地址(Inside Address) 在一般的社交信中,信内收信人的地址通常省略 通常省略,但是在公务信函中 通常省略 不能。将收信人的姓名、地址等写在信头日期下方的左角上 左角上,要求与 左角上 对信头的要求一样,不必再写日期。
  3、称呼(Salutation) 是写信人对收信人的称呼用语。位置在信内 地址下方一、二行的地方,从该行的顶格写起,在称呼后面一般用逗 称呼后面一般用逗 ,也可以用冒号(美国式) 。 号(英国式) (
  1)写给亲人、亲戚和关系密切的朋友时,用 Dear 或 My dear 再加 上表示亲属关系的称呼或直称其名(这里指名字,不是姓氏) 。例如: My dear father,Dear Tom 等。 (
  2)写给公务上的信函用 Dear Madam,Dear Sir 或 Gentleman (Gentlemen) 。注意:Dear 纯属公务上往来的客气形式。Gentlemen 总是以复数形式出现,前不加 Dear,是 Dear Sir 的复数形式。 (
  3)写给收信人的信,也可用头衔、职位、职称、学位等再加姓氏
或姓氏和名字。例如:Dear Prof. Tim Scales, Dear Dr. John Smith。 假如你不知道收信人的姓名,可用 Dear Sir(s), Dear Madam, Dear Sir or Madam. 假如你知道收信人的姓名, 但他并非你的好友, 可用 Dear Mr. Smith, Dear Ms. Smith, Dear Dr.Smith, Dear Prof.Smith.
  4、正文(Body of the Letter) 位置在下面称呼语隔一行,是信的核心部分。因此要求正文层次分 明、简单易懂。和中文信不同的是,正文中一般不用 Hello! 你好! 正文中一般不用 (你好 ) ! 你好! ( 正文有缩进式和齐头式 缩进式和齐头式两种。每段书信第一行的第一个字母稍微向 缩进式和齐头式 右缩进些,通常以五个字母为宜,每段第二行从左面顶格写起,这就 是缩进式。 但美国人写信各段落往往不用缩进式,用齐头式,即每一行都从左 面顶格写起。商务信件大都采用齐头式的写法。
  5、结束语(Complimentary Close) 在正文下面的一、二行处,从信纸的中间偏右处开始,第一个词开 头要大写,句末用逗号。不同的对象,结束语的写法也不同。 (
  1)写给家人、亲戚,用 Your loving grandfather,Lovingly yours, Lovingly,等; (
  2)写给熟人、朋友,用 Yours cordially,Yours affectionately, Best regards, Best wish, Love 等; (
  3) 写业务信函用 Truely yours Yours truely) Faithfully yours Yours ( , ( faithfully)等;

  4)对上级、长辈用 Yours obediently(Obediently yours) ,Yours respectfully(Respectfully yours)等; (
  5) 假 如 你 知 道 收 信 人 的 姓 名 , 但 他 并 非 你 的 好 友 , 用 Yours Sincerely。
  6、签名(Signature) 低于结束语一至二行,从信纸中间偏右的地方开始,在结束语的正 下方,在签完名字的下面还要有用打字机打出的名字,以便识别。职 务、职称可打在名字的下面。当然,写给亲朋好友的信,就不必再打 了。
书信格式
  1;缩进式 缩进式
July 7, 2008 Dear Prof. James, As one of your students, I am writing to ask for your kind assistance. I wish to enroll in College of Computer at Oxford University, for which I am required to provide a letter of recommendation. As a senior professor in your field, one of my most respected college teachers and a person who knows me very well, you are the most suitable referee for me. As you know, I have laid a solid foundation in computer science. I would be grateful if, in the letter, you would confirm that I have adequate qualifications to follow the course. Would you be so kind as to give a brief introduction to my academic performance during my undergraduate studies, especially that under your supervision? Besides, your personal opinion of me will carry special weight. I have to submit the letter next month. Thank you so much for your generous help in this matter. Yours sincerely, Henry Scott
书信格式
  2:齐头式 齐头式
July 7, 2008
Dear Prof. James, As one of your students, I am writing to ask for your kind assistance. I wish to enroll in College of Computer at Oxford University, for which I am required to provide a letter of recommendation. As a senior professor in your field, one of my most respected college teachers and a person who knows me very well, you are the most suitable referee for me. As you know, I have laid a solid foundation in computer science. I would be grateful if, in the letter, you would confirm that I have adequate qualifications to follow the course. Would you be so kind as to give a brief introduction to my academic performance during my undergraduate studies, especially that under your supervision? Besides, your personal opinion of me will carry special weight. I have to submit the letter next month. Thank you so much for your generous help in this matter. Yours sincerely, Henry Scott

  1. 书信类框架:(模板一) 第一段、文章开头:称呼 第二段、寒暄语句,引出写信的目的: 寒暄句+主题句 (注: 寒暄句和主题句可以是同一个句子) 第三段、根据提纲扩展主体段落: 主题句+扩展句 1+扩展句 2+扩展句 3 第四段、表明自己的观点,并结束书信主体段落 在最后要他谈自己的看法 第五段、寒暄句+落款
  2. 书信作文模板: (模板二) 第一段只写两句: 第一句:I am writing this letter today to …
第二句:My name is … and I am …
第二段按照题目要求写:
第三段只写三句: 第一句:I sincerely hope you can take my letter seriously. 第二句:Your prompt response will be highly appreciated. 第三句:Thanks a lot for your time and consideration.
(一) 感谢信
常用句型
  1.I am grateful/obliged to you for..我非常感谢你的…… .
  2.I am greatly indebted to you for what you have done. 我为你 所做的一切表示感激。
  3.I am thankful/obliged to you for your unselfish assistance during… 感谢你在……期间给予我无私的帮助。
  5.I take this opportunity to express my deep appreciation of your kind help you rendered me. 我借此机会对你所给予我的帮助表示深深的感谢。
  6. It was kind and generous of you to do this for me,and I appreciate it more than l can say. 你为我这样做真是太好了,我感激不尽。

  8. Please accept my most cordial thanks for your timely help, which l will never forget. 请接受我诚挚的谢意,感谢你及时的帮助,我将难以忘怀。
  9.Words fail me when I want to express my gratitude to you.感激 之情难以言表。
  4.I deeply appreciate your courtesy and we hope to have the opportunity of rewarding your kindness. 我非常感谢你的好意,并希望有机会回报你。
  7.My appreciate to you for your generous help is beyond my words.I wish I could repay it some day. 我无法用言语来表达对你的感激之情。但愿有朝一门能回报你 的帮助。
  10.Again,I would like to express our warm thanks to you.再次向 你表示感谢。 可用于书信类的结尾段,再次表明感谢!
范文
June 17th ,2006 Dear Xiao He,
Thank you so much for having invited me for the tour of Yunnan, your home province. I had a fantastic time with you and your family. Your great hospitality will be unforgettable throughout my life. When I think of those gorgeous places of scenic beauty you showed me around, I couldn’t be more delighted. And the pineapple pie Grandma prepared for me is out of this world. I had never had so delicious food! Indeed, I am still missing your snug log-cabin, small and cozy, which was turned into my dream house in fairy land those nights. Would you come to Harbin, my home town, some time this summer vacation? Harbin, a beautiful place frequently referred to as Oriental Paris, offers a picture of another kind. I can assure you another pleasant tour. My family and I cannot wait to see you here.
Yours, Li Ming (
  2)英文求职信范文 )

  1. I am writing to apply for…
  2. Through the job advertisement, I have learned that you are hunting a qualified secretary/sales manager/ Computer Engineer/interpreter
  3. I have enclosed(附上 a copy of my resume for your review. 附上) 附上

  4.
I believe that I have the training, experience and qualities
that you are looking for.
  5. As my resume indicates,…
  6. I strongly believe I meet the qualification listed in your advertisement.
  7. I would like to meet you at your earliest convenience and discuss the possibility of working with your company.
  8. I am writing you this letter to show my keen interest in the post of quality engineering manager which you recently advertised in the local newspaper.
  9. I am fully convinced that I am the right person for the job.
求职信例文: 求职信例文: 例文
To whom it may concern, I am writing you this letter to show my keen interest in the post of quality engineering manager which you recently advertised in the local newspaper. I strongly believe I meet the qualification listed in your advertisement. I have always been a student in the top ten percent of our Department of Electrical Engineering. I took several optional courses in my spare time and got A+ or A in all of them. Another point I am proud
of is that I have been doing part - time jobs in Lintong Company and Huafei Company for three years. In the due process, I enhance my working knowledge in quality control systems and
environmental management systems. Enclosed is my resume, and my references are available upon notice. I would like to meet you at your earliest convenience and discuss the possibility of working with your company. Or, if you are too busy these days, you can contact me at 13601869708 for further information. Thank you for your favorable consideration. Best regards. Yours Sincerely, , Li Ming
范文: 范文:
Directions: Suppose you were Li Ming. You want to apply for a job as a personal secretary to the General Manager of a trading company. Write a letter to the Human Resources Department of the company . You should base your composition on the outline
given in Chinese below.

  1. 简要介绍自己并说明应征该职位
  2. 告知公司为什么对此感兴趣
  3. 简述你为何是合适人选 An Application Letter Dear Sir or Madam, I am Li Ming, a would-be graduate from Ninjing University. My major is English. Through the job advertisement, I have learned that you are hunting a qualified individual for a personal secretary to the General Manager of your esteemed company. I am fully convinced that I am the right person for the job. I realize that my future boss is extremely busy. However, it is exactly the challenge of my prospective position that attracts me. I am sure that my honesty, carefulness, patience, expertise, commitment and extensive knowledge will produce an excellent job performance. Next month, I am going to graduate from the English Department of Nanjing University, and I have over two years of secretarial experience. I have enclosed the details of my academic record, skills, and language abilities. Thank you for your time in considering my application.
Yours Sincerely,
Li Ming

  3)投诉信
当你希望某事得到改善或者某个问题得到补救时, 当你希望某事得到改善或者某个问题得到补救时 ,往往会写 投诉信。 投诉信。 写作策略: 写作策略: 开头段:说明与收信人的相关性,并表明写作意图。 开头段:说明与收信人的相关性,并表明写作意图。 主体段:写明投诉的原因,要展开说明,可以说具体的理由, 主体段:写明投诉的原因,要展开说明,可以说具体的理由, 也可以说问题的具体体现方式,比如, 也可以说问题的具体体现方式, 比如,表达你对此事所带来 不便的感受、心情。此外, 不便的感受、心情。此外,提出你对如何改进或者解决问题 的建议,清楚表明你希望问题如何得到解决。 的建议,清楚表明你希望问题如何得到解决。 结尾段:表达你希望所述问题得到迅速解决的强烈愿望, 结尾段:表达你希望所述问题得到迅速解决的强烈愿望,并 对有关人员做出的努力表示感谢,希望尽快得到满意的答复。 对有关人员做出的努力表示感谢,希望尽快得到满意的答复。
20
  02.1 四级真题
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus. You shou
 

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